Corpus overview


Overview

MeSH Disease

Human Phenotype

Fever (13)

Cough (11)

Pneumonia (4)

Dyspnea (4)

Hypertension (3)


Transmission

Seroprevalence
    displaying 1 - 10 records in total 13
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    Clinical manifestations of patients with Coronavirus Disease MESHD 2019 (COVID- 19) attending at hospitals in Bangladesh

    Authors: Md. Shahed Morshed; Abdullah Al Mosabbir; Prodipta Chowdhury; Sheikh Mohammad Ashadullah; Mohammad Sorowar Hossain

    doi:10.1101/2020.07.30.20165100 Date: 2020-08-01 Source: medRxiv

    Bangladesh is in the rising phase of the ongoing pandemic of the coronavirus disease MESHD 2019 (COVID-19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome MESHD coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2). The scientific literature on clinical manifestations of COVID-19 patients from Bangladesh is scarce. This study aimed to report the sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of patients with COVID-19 in Bangladesh. We conducted a cross-sectional study at three dedicated COVID-19 hospitals. The severity of the COVID-19 cases was assessed based on the WHO interim guidance. Data were collected only from non-critical COVID-19 patients as critical patients required immediate intensive care admission making them unable to respond to the questions. A total of 103 RT-PCR confirmed non-critical COVID-19 patients were enrolled. Most of the patients (71.8%) were male TRANS. Mild, moderate and severe illness were assessed in 74.76%, 9.71% and 15.53% of patients respectively. Nearly 52.4% of patients had a co-morbidity, with hypertension MESHD hypertension HP being the most common (34%), followed by diabetes mellitus MESHD diabetes mellitus HP (21.4%) and ischemic heart disease MESHD (9.7%). Fever MESHD Fever HP (78.6%), weakness (68%) and cough MESHD cough HP (44.7%) were the most common clinical manifestations. Other common symptoms included loss of appetite (37.9%), difficulty in breathing (37.9%), altered sensation of taste or smell (35.0%), headache MESHD headache HP (32%) and body ache (32%). The median time from onset of symptom TRANS to attending hospitals was 7 days (IQR 4-10). This study will help both the clinicians and epidemiologists to understand the magnitude and clinical spectrum of COVID-19 patients in Bangladesh.

    Clinical Characteristics of 107 Patients with COVID-19 in Ningbo, China: Single Center Experience Outside Hubei

    Authors: Boming Wu; Junjie Li; Hongping Xuan; Nanhong Zheng; Honghua Ye; Yaoren Hu; Tong’en Chen; Hao Ying; Lingyan Fan; Qing Xie; Zike Sheng; Yin Ying

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-44830/v1 Date: 2020-07-17 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background Since December 2019, there has be an outbreak of coronavirus disease MESHD 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome MESHD coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in Wuhan, China. Nowadays, it rapidly spread across the country and then the worldwide. We aimed to investigate the clinical characteristics of patients with COVID-19.Methods The patients with confirmed COVID-19 admitted between January 25 and February 10, 2020, were enrolled. Epidemiological, demographic, clinical, laboratory, radiological data, and antivirus therapies, were retrospectively collected and analyzed. The 90-day follow-up of these patients was also performed.Results A total of 107 patients were included. The median age TRANS was 55.0 years (range from 18.0 to 85.0 years), and 72 (67.3%) were female TRANS. Ninety-three (86.9%) of the patients had a history of contacting with residents from Wuhan (n=31), or contacting with confirmed COVID-19 patients (n=62) within 2 weeks. Fifty-eight (54.2%) had a family cluster onset. Fever MESHD Fever HP and cough MESHD cough HP were the most common symptoms. Only two patients had diarrhea MESHD diarrhea HP. The most common underlying disease MESHD was hypertension MESHD hypertension HP. Lymphopenia MESHD Lymphopenia HP was observed in 26 patients. Fifty-two patients with an elevated level of IL-6. On admission, bilateral patchy shadowing and ground-glass opacity were the typical radiological findings on chest computed tomography. Six patients had an intensive care unit (ICU) stay. Antivirus therapy was performed to all patients. 105 patients discharged with an improved condition, and no death MESHD was occurred during our 90-day follow-up for these patients.Conclusions Patients with COVID-19 in our hospital had relatively mild symptoms, and good prognosis. This study also highlights the importance of human-to-human transmission TRANS in COVID-19.

    Severe COVID-19 in cardiopath young pregnant without vertical transmission TRANS: a case report

    Authors: Ana Paula Figueiredo de Montalvão França; Danielly do Vale Pereira; Elaine Valéria Rodrigues; Flávia Nunes Vieira; Karine Santos Machado; Pedro Aleixo Nogueira; Ricardo Roberto de Souza Fonseca; Luiz Fernando Almeida Machado

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-40095/v1 Date: 2020-07-03 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background: The new betacoronavirus known as severe acute respiratory syndrome MESHD coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is the cause of COVID-19, and has spread rapidly around the world, reaching more than 200 countries, around 7 million people and causing more than 400.000 deaths MESHD according to the World Health Organization. Case presentation: A 26-year-old female TRANS at 28 weeks of gestation with regular prenatal care, a heart disease MESHD condition and no previous history of recent national or international traveling presented to a cardiology hospital, in Northern Brazil, with dry cough MESHD cough HP, sustained/continuous high fever MESHD fever HP, which quickly evolved to respiratory failure HP. Once stabilized an emergency MESHD cesarean was performed to preserve the fetus life. After surgery both patient and newborn were in Intensive Care Unit, then both patient and newborn nasopharyngeal and oropharyngeal secretion were obtained to test for respiratory viral infections MESHD, such as SARS-CoV-2, also blood SERO samples were collected for laboratory exams. The patient’s tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 however her newborn SARS-CoV-2. And during treatment due patient’s conditions and severity the case evolved to death MESHD.Conclusion: This report highlights the relevance of comorbidities for the unfavorable clinical course of COVID-19, despite the adequate treatment used for patients affected by COVID-19, especially among the risk groups, as well as demonstrating the absence of vertical transmission TRANS of SARS-CoV-2. 

    What is the clinical course of patients hospitalised for COVID-19 treatment Ireland: a retrospective cohort study in Dublin’s North Inner City (the ‘Mater 100’)

    Authors: Brendan O’Kelly* ; Colm Cronin* ; Stephen Peter Connolly*; Walter Cullen; Gordana Avramovic; Tina McHugh; Eileen O’Connor; Aoife Cotter; Peter Doran; Tara McGinty ; Dermot O’Callaghan; Sean Gaine ; Gerard Sheehan; Eamonn Brazil; Brian Marsh ; John S. Lambert

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-34035/v1 Date: 2020-06-08 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background: Since March 2020, Ireland has experienced an outbreak of coronavirus disease MESHD 2019 (COVID-19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome MESHD coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). To date, while several cohorts from China have been described, our understanding is limited, with no data describing the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of patients with COVID-19 in Ireland. To improve our understanding of the clinical characteristics of this emerging infection MESHD we carried out a retrospective review of patient data to examine the clinical characteristics of patients admitted for COVID-19 hospital treatment.Methods: Demographic, clinical and laboratory data on the first 100 adult TRANS patients admitted to Mater Misericordiae University Hospital (MMUH) for in-patient COVID-19 treatment after onset of the outbreak in March 2020 was extracted from clinical and administrative records. Missing data were excluded from the analysis.Results: Fifty-eight per cent were male TRANS, 63% were Irish nationals, 29% were GMS eligible, and median age TRANS was 45 years (interquartile range [IQR] =34-64 years). Patients had symptoms for a median of five days before diagnosis (IQR=2.5-7 days), most commonly cough MESHD cough HP (72%), fever MESHD fever HP (65%), dyspnoea (37%), fatigue MESHD fatigue HP (28%), myalgia MESHD myalgia HP (27%) and headache MESHD headache HP (24%). Of all cases, 54 had at least one pre-existing chronic illness (most commonly hypertension MESHD hypertension HP, diabetes mellitus MESHD diabetes mellitus HP or asthma MESHD asthma HP). At initial assessment, the most common abnormal findings were: C-reactive protein >7.0mg/L (74%), ferritin >247μg/L (women) or >275μg/L (men) (62%), D-dimer >0.5μg/dL (62%), chest imaging (59%), NEWS Score (modified) of ≥3 (55%) and heart rate >90/min (51%). Twenty-seven required supplemental oxygen, of which 17 were admitted to the intensive care unit - 14 requiring ventilation. Forty received antiviral treatment (most commonly hydroxychloroquine or lopinavir/ritonavir). Four died, 17 were admitted to intensive care, and 74 were discharged home, with nine days the median hospital stay (IQR=6-11).Conclusion: Our findings reinforce the emerging consensus of COVID-19 as an acute life-threatening disease MESHD and highlights, the importance of laboratory (ferritin, C-reactive protein, D-dimer) and radiological parameters, in addition to clinical parameters. Further cohort studies involving larger samples followed longitudinally are a priority.

    A COVID-19 outbreak in a rheumatology department upon the early days of the pandemic

    Authors: Vasco C. Romão; Filipa Oliveira-Ramos; Ana Rita Cruz-Machado; Patrícia Martins; Sofia Barreira; Joana Silva-Dinis; Luís Galaio; Helena Proença; José Melo Cristino; Ema Sacadura-Leite; Nikita Khmelinskii; José Carlos Romeu; João Eurico Fonseca; - CHULN Rheumatology Department

    doi:10.1101/2020.06.05.20107011 Date: 2020-06-08 Source: medRxiv

    Objectives: To describe our experience with a coronavirus disease MESHD 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak within a large rheumatology department, early in the pandemic. Methods: Symptomatic and asymptomatic TRANS healthcare workers (HCWs) had a naso-oropharyngeal swab for detection of severe acute respiratory syndrome MESHD coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and were followed clinically. Reverse transcription polymerase-chain reaction (RT-PCR) was repeated to document cure, and serological response was assessed. Patients with risk contacts within the department in the 14 days preceding the outbreak were screened for COVID-19 symptoms. Results: 14/34 HCWs (41%; 40{+/-}14 years, 71% female TRANS) tested positive for SARS-CoV-2, and 11/34 (32%) developed symptoms but were RT-PCR-negative. Half of RT-PCR-positive HCWs did not report fever MESHD fever HP, cough MESHD cough HP, or dyspnoea before testing, which were absent in 3/14 cases (21%). Mild disease MESHD prevailed (79%), but 3 HCWs had moderate disease MESHD requiring further assessment, which excluded severe complications. Nevertheless, symptom duration (28{+/-}18 days), viral shedding (31{+/-}10 days post- symptom onset TRANS, range 15-51) and work absence (29{+/-}28 days) were prolonged. 13/14 (93%) of RT-PCR-positive and none of the RT-PCR-negative HCWs had a positive humoral response, with higher IgG-index in individuals over 50 years (14.5{+/-}7.7 vs 5.0{+/-}4.4, p=0.012). Of 617 rheumatic patients, 8 (1.3%) developed COVID-19 symptoms (1/8 hospitalisation, 8/8 complete recovery), following a consultation/procedure with an asymptomatic TRANS (7/8) or mildly-symptomatic (1/8) HCW. Conclusions: A COVID-19 outbreak can occur among HCWs and rheumatic patients, swiftly spreading over the presymptomatic stage. Mild disease MESHD without typical symptoms should be recognised, and may evolve with delayed viral shedding, prolonged recovery, and adequate immune response in most individuals.

    Epidemiological,clinical and radiological findings in medical staff with COVID-19 in Wuhan, China: a single-centered, retrospective cohort study

    Authors: Jie Liu; Liu Ouyang; Pi Guo; Haisheng Wu; Peng Fu; Yuliang Chen; Dan Yang; Xiaoyu Han; Yukun Cao; Osamah Alwalid; Hanping Wu; Heshui Shi; Fan Yang; Yu Hu; Chuansheng Zheng

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-28753/v1 Date: 2020-05-14 Source: ResearchSquare

    Backgrounds In December 2019, a pneumonia MESHD pneumonia HP associated with the severe acute respiratory syndrome MESHD coronavirus 2 (SARS-Cov-2) emerged in Wuhan city, China. As of 20 Feb 2020, a total of 2,055 medical staff infected with SARS-Cov-2 in China had been reported. The predominant cause of the infection MESHD and the failure of protection among medical staff remains unclear. We sought to explore the epidemiological, clinical characteristics and prognosis of novel coronavirus-infected medical staff.Methods Medical staff who infected with SARS-Cov-2 and admitted to Union Hospital, Wuhan between 16 Jan, 2020 to 25 Feb, 2020 were included retrospectively. Epidemiological, clinical and radiological data were compared by occupation and analyzed with the Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression methods.Results A total of 101 medical staff (32 males TRANS and 69 females TRANS; median age TRANS: 33 years old) were included in this study and 74% were nurses. None had an exposure to Huanan seafood wholesale market or wildlife. A small proportion of the cohort had contact with specimens (3%) as well as patients infected with SARS-Cov-2 in fever MESHD fever HP clinics (15%) and isolation wards (3%). 80% of medical staff showed abnormal IL-6 levels and 33% had lymphocytopenia. Chest CT mainly manifested as bilateral (62%), septal/subpleural (77%) and ground­glass opacities (48%). The major differences between doctors and nurses manifested in laboratory indicators. As of the last observed date, no patient was transferred to intensive care unit or died, and 98 (97%) had been discharged. Fever MESHD Fever HP (HR=0.57; 95% CI 0.36-0.90) and IL-6 levels greater than >2.9 pg/ml (HR=0.50; 95% CI 0.30-0.86) on admission were unfavorable factors for discharge.Conclusions Our findings suggested that the infection MESHD of medical staff mainly occurred at the early stages of SARS-CoV-2 epidemic in Wuhan, and only a small proportion of infection MESHD had an exact mode. Meanwhile, medical staff infected with COVID-19 have relatively milder symptoms and favorable clinical course than other ordinary patients, which may be partly due to their medical expertise, younger age TRANS and less underlying diseases MESHD. The potential risk factors of presence of fever MESHD fever HP and IL-6 levels greater than >2.9 pg/ml could help to identify medical staff with poor prognosis at an early stage.

    On the Front (Phone) Lines: Results of a COVID-19 Hotline in Northeast Ohio

    Authors: David Margolius; Mary Hennekes; Jimmy Yaho; Douglas Einstadter; Douglas Gunzler; Nabil Chehade; Ashwini R Sehgal; Yasir Tarabichi; Adam T Perzynski

    doi:10.1101/2020.05.08.20095745 Date: 2020-05-13 Source: medRxiv

    ABSTRACT Importance: Severe acute respiratory syndrome MESHD coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) and the associated coronavirus disease MESHD of 2019 (COVID-19) have presented immense challenges for health care systems. Many regions have struggled to adapt to disruptions to health care practice and employ systems that effectively manage the demand for services. Objective: To examine the effectiveness of the first five weeks of a 24/7 physician-staffed COVID-19 hotline. Design: Cohort study using electronic health records. Setting: A single large health care system in Northeast Ohio. Participants: During 5 weeks of operation, 10,112 patients called the hotline (callers) and were evaluated by a registered nurse (RN) using standardized protocols. Of these, 4,213 (42%) were referred for a physician telehealth visit (telehealth patients). The mean age TRANS of callers was 42 years. 67% were female TRANS, 51% white, and 46% were on Medicaid or uninsured. Intervention: Physician telehealth visits for COVID-19. Main Outcomes and Measures: We describe clinical diagnosis, patient characteristics ( age TRANS, sex race/ethnicity, smoking status, insurance status), and visit disposition. We use logistic regression to evaluate associations between patient characteristics, visit disposition and subsequent emergency MESHD department use, hospitalization, and SARS-Cov-2 PCR testing. Results: Common caller concerns included cough MESHD cough HP, fever MESHD fever HP, and shortness of breath. Most telehealth patients (79%) were advised to self-isolate at home, 14% were determined to be unlikely to have COVID-19, 3% were advised to seek emergency MESHD care, and 4% had miscellaneous other dispositions. A total of 287 (7%) patients had a subsequent ED visit, and 44 (1%) were hospitalized with a COVID-19 diagnosis. Of the callers, 482 (5%) had a COVID-19 test reported with 69 (14%) testing positive. Among patients advised to stay at home, 83% had no further face-to-face visits. In multivariable results, only a physician recommendation to seek emergency MESHD care was associated with emergency MESHD room use (OR=4.73, 95%CI 1.37-16.39, p=.014). Only older age TRANS was associated with having a positive test result. Conclusions and Relevance: Robust, physician-directed telehealth services can meet a wide range of needs during the acute phase of a pandemic, conserving scarce resources such as personal protective equipment and testing supplies and preventing the spread of infections MESHD to patients and health care workers.

    COVID-19 Infection MESHD Manifesting as a Severe Gastroparesis MESHD Gastroparesis HP Flare: A Case Report

    Authors: Jun Song; MD; Rajiv Bhuta; MD; Kamal Baig; MD; Henry P. Parkman; MD; Zubair Malik; MD

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-28584/v1 Date: 2020-05-11 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background: Coronavirus Disease MESHD 2019 (COVID-19) is a disease MESHD caused by infection MESHD infection with Severe HP with Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome MESHD Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), which commonly presents with symptoms including fever MESHD fever HP, cough MESHD cough HP, and dyspnea MESHD dyspnea HP. More recently, however, some patients have tested positive for COVID-19 after developing gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms either solely or in conjunction with respiratory symptoms. This may be due to SARS-CoV-2 infection MESHD of the GI tract. In patients with chronic GI illnesses, COVID-19 may initially present as a flare of their underlying GI conditions as viruses have historically been implicated in exacerbations of GI disorders, including gastroparesis MESHD gastroparesis HP. Case presentation: We report a case of a 37 year-old female TRANS with a history of diabetic gastroparesis MESHD gastroparesis HP who presented to the Emergency MESHD Department (ED) in a gastroparesis MESHD gastroparesis HP flare. Her symptoms in the ED failed to improve with fluids and anti-emetic medications. After developing a fever MESHD fever HP, she was tested and found to be positive for COVID-19.Conclusion: To our knowledge, at the present time, this is the first report of a patient with COVID-19 presenting with signs and symptoms MESHD of a gastroparesis MESHD gastroparesis HP flare. This case illustrates that patients with underlying GI disorders, such as gastroparesis MESHD gastroparesis HP, may have SARS-CoV-2 infections MESHD that present as an exacerbation of their underlying disorder. Initial presentation of these patients manifesting as a flare of their chronic GI disease MESHD, more severe than usual, should prompt an index of suspicion for COVID-19.

    Low albumin levels are associated with poorer outcomes in a case series of COVID-19 patients in Spain: a retrospective cohort study

    Authors: Roberto de la Rica; Marcio Borges; Maria Aranda; Alberto del Castillo; Antonia Socias; Antoni Payeras; Gemma Rialp; Lorenzo Socias; Lluis Masmiquel; Marta Gonzalez-Freire

    doi:10.1101/2020.05.07.20094987 Date: 2020-05-11 Source: medRxiv

    OBJECTIVE To describe the clinical characteristics and epidemiological features of severe (non-ICU) and critically patients (ICU) with COVID-19 at triage, prior hospitalization, in one of the main hospitals in The Balearic Islands health care system. DESIGN Retrospective observational study SETTING Son Llatzer University Hospital in Palma de Mallorca (Spain) PARTICIPANTS Among a cohort of 52 hospitalized patients as of 31 March 2020, 48 with complete demographic information and severe acute respiratory syndrome MESHD coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) positive test, were analyzed. Data were collected between March 15th, 2020, and March 31th 2020, inclusive of these dates. MAIN OUTCOMES Clinical, vital signs and routine laboratory outcomes at the time of hospitalization, including symptoms reported prior to hospitalization. Demographics and baseline comorbidities were also collected. Mortality was reported at the end of the study. RESULTS 48 patients (27 non-ICU and 21 ICU) resident in Mallorca, Spain (mean age TRANS, 66 years, [range, 33-88 years]; 67% males TRANS) with positive SARS-CoV-2 infection MESHD were analyzed. There were no differences in age TRANS or sex among groups (p >.05). Initial symptoms included fever MESHD fever HP (100%), coughing MESHD coughing HP (85%), dyspnea MESHD dyspnea HP (76%), diarrhea MESHD diarrhea HP (42%) and asthenia MESHD asthenia HP (21%). The majority of patients in this case series were hospitalized because of low SpO2 (SpO2 below 90%) and presentation of bilateral pneumonia MESHD pneumonia HP (94%) at triage. ICU patients had a higher prevalence SERO of dyspnea MESHD dyspnea HP compared to non-ICU patients (95% vs 61%, p = .022). Acute respiratory syndrome MESHD (ARDS) was presented in 100% of the ICU-patients. All the patients included in the study required oxygen therapy. ICU-patients had lymphopenia MESHD lymphopenia HP as well as hypoalbuminemia MESHD hypoalbuminemia HP. Inflammatory markers such as lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), C-reactive protein (CRP), and procalcitonin were significantly higher in ICU patients compared to non-ICU (p < .001).Lower albumin levels were associated with poor prognosis measured as longer hospital length (r= -0.472, p

    Early epidemiological and clinical manifestations of COVID-19 in Japan

    Authors: Muhammad Qasim; Muhammad Yasir; Waqas Ahmad; Minami Yoshida; Muhammad Azhar; Mohammad Azam Ali; Chris Wang; Maree Gould

    doi:10.1101/2020.04.17.20070276 Date: 2020-04-24 Source: medRxiv

    Background: Severe acute respiratory syndrome MESHD coronaviruses -2 (SARS-COV2) named as COVID-19 had spread worldwide and leading to 1,210,956 confirmed cases TRANS and 67,594 deaths MESHD Methods: A data of 1192 confirmed cases TRANS and 43 deaths MESHD due to COVID-19 in Japan collected from the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare of Japan and analysed for different epidemiological parameters and their clinical manifestations. We used Clauset-Newman-Moore (CNM) clustering algorithm to develop web-network of confirmed cases TRANS to identified clusters of community transmission TRANS. Results: Out of 1192 confirmed cases TRANS, 90.60% were symptomatic and 9.39% were asymptomatic TRANS. The prevalence SERO of COVID19 in males TRANS was 56.29% and 43.20 % in females TRANS. The mean interval (SD) from symptom onset TRANS to diagnosis was 6-22.6 days while mean interval (SD) from contact to onset of symptoms TRANS was 5-19.5 days. People of age TRANS range 40-79 were more infected and deaths MESHD median age TRANS was 80. The main symptoms were fever MESHD fever HP, dry cough MESHD cough HP, fatigue MESHD fatigue HP and pneumonia MESHD pneumonia HP. The main infected cities were Tokyo (195/1192, 16.35%), Hokkaido (160/1192 13.42%), Aichi (150/1192, 12.58%) and Osaka (145/1192, 12.16%). Only 2.34% cases had travel TRANS history from Wuhan China and Osaka music concert was identify as main cluster for community transmission TRANS. While 556 (46.64%) cases were clinically diagnosed and 557 (46.72%) were confirmed by using RT-PCR. Conclusions: Other than, declare emergency MESHD Japan need to change their approach of diagnosing COVID-19, as asymptomatic TRANS cases prevalence SERO is high and maybe it is reason for current sudden increase of cases. Screening centre should be establish away from hospitals, which are treating positive cases.

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MeSH Disease
Human Phenotype
Transmission
Seroprevalence


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