Corpus overview


MeSH Disease

COVID-19 (14)

Pneumonia (14)

Inflammation (6)

Fever (4)

Death (4)

HGNC Genes

SARS-CoV-2 proteins

There are no SARS-CoV-2 protein terms in the subcorpus


SARS-CoV-2 Proteins
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    Authors: Zelalem Temesgen; Charles D. Burger; Jason Baker; Christopher Polk; Claudia Libertin; Colleen Kelley; Vincent C Marconi; Robert Orenstein; Cameron Durrant; Dale Chappell; Omar Ahmed; Gabrielle Chappell; Andrew Badley

    doi:10.1101/2021.05.01.21256470 Date: 2021-05-05 Source: medRxiv

    BACKGROUND: Severe COVID19 MESHD pneumonia MESHD results from a hyperinflammatory immune response (cytokine storm, CS), characterized by GM CSF HGNC mediated activation and trafficking of myeloid cells, leading to elevation of downstream inflammatory chemokines ( MCP1 HGNC, IL8 HGNC, IP10 HGNC), cytokines ( IL6 HGNC, IL1 HGNC), and other markers of systemic inflammation MESHD ( CRP HGNC, D dimer, ferritin). CS leads to fever MESHD, hypotension MESHD, coagulopathy MESHD, respiratory failure MESHD, ARDS, and death MESHD. Lenzilumab is a novel Humaneered anti-human GM CSF HGNC monoclonal antibody that directly binds GM CSF HGNC and prevents signaling through its receptor. The LIVE AIR Phase 3 randomized, double blind, placebo controlled trial investigated the efficacy and safety of lenzilumab to assess the potential for lenzilumab to improve the likelihood of ventilator free survival (referred to herein as survival without ventilation, SWOV), beyond standard supportive care, in hospitalized subjects with severe COVID-19 MESHD. METHODS: Subjects with COVID-19 MESHD (n=520), >18 years <94% oxygen saturation on room air and/or requiring supplemental oxygen, but not invasive mechanical ventilation, were randomized to receive lenzilumab (600 mg, n=261) or placebo (n=259) via three intravenous infusions administered 8 hours apart. Subjects were followed through Day 28 following treatment. RESULTS: Baseline demographics were comparable between the two treatment groups: male, 64.7%; mean age, 60.5 years; mean BMI, 32.5 kg/m2; mean CRP HGNC, 98.36 mg/L; CRP HGNC was <150 mg/L in 77.9% of subjects. The most common comorbidities were obesity MESHD (55.1%), diabetes MESHD (53.4%), chronic kidney disease MESHD (14.0%), and coronary artery disease MESHD (13.6%). Subjects received steroids (93.7%), remdesivir (72.4%), or both (69.1%). Lenzilumab improved the likelihood of SWOV by 54% in the mITT population (HR: 1.54; 95% CI: 1.02 to 2.31, p=0.041) and by 90% in the ITT population (HR: 1.90; 1.02 to 3.52, nominal p=0.043) compared to placebo. SWOV also relatively improved by 92% in subjects who received both corticosteroids and remdesivir (1.92; 1.20 to 3.07, nominal p=0.0067); by 2.96-fold in subjects with CRP HGNC<150 mg/L and age <85 years (2.96; 1.63 to 5.37, nominal p=0.0003); and by 88% in subjects hospitalized <2 days prior to randomization (1.88; 1.13 to 3.12, nominal p=0.015). Survival was improved by 2.17-fold in subjects with CRP HGNC<150 mg/L and age <85 years (2.17; 1.04 to 4.54, nominal p=0.040). CONCLUSION: Lenzilumab significantly improved SWOV in hospitalized, hypoxic subjects with COVID-19 MESHD pneumonia MESHD over and above treatment with remdesivir and/or corticosteroids. Subjects with CRP HGNC<150 mg/L and age <85 years demonstrated an improvement in survival and had the greatest benefit from lenzilumab. NCT04351152

    Randomized, Comparative, Clinical Trial to Evaluate Efficacy and Safety of PNB001 in Moderate COVID-19 MESHD Patients

    Authors: Eric Lattman; Pradnya Bhalerao; ShashiBhushan BL; Neeta Nargundkar; Pornthip Lattmann; Sadasivan Pillai K; P.N. Balaram

    doi:10.1101/2021.04.16.21255256 Date: 2021-04-16 Source: medRxiv

    Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of PNB001 a CCK-A HGNC agonist and CCK-B HGNC antagonist, a new chemical entity with anti-inflammatory and immune stimulation properties, along with Standard of Care (SOC) in patients with moderate COVID-19 MESHD infection. Design: Multi-center, randomized, parallel group, comparative, open label study. Setting: Two tertiary-care hospitals in India. Participants: Patients with laboratory-confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection MESHD as determined by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) within 2 days of randomization, having pneumonia MESHD with no signs of severe disease MESHD (severe disease means SpO2<=94% on room air), and any two of the following signs or symptoms suggestive of COVID-19 MESHD: fever MESHD, cough MESHD, dyspnea MESHD, or hypoxia MESHD. Interventions: Patients were randomized 1:1 to receive PNB001 at an oral dose of 100 mg three times daily for 14 days with Standard of Care (PNB001+SOC) or only SOC. Main outcome measures: The primary endpoints were mean change in the 8-point WHO Ordinal Scale score from baseline by Day 14 and mortality rate by Day 28. The key secondary endpoints were percentage of patients showing change in clinical status using the ordinal scale, improvement in inflammatory segments in X-ray chest, reduction of days of hospitalization, duration of supplemental oxygen use, days to negative PCR for COVID-19 MESHD and change in inflammation MESHD markers Interlukin-6 ( IL6 HGNC) and C-reactive protein HGNC ( CRP HGNC) from baseline by Day 14. Results: A total of 40 (20 in PNB 001+SOC arm and 20 in SOC arm) patients were randomized and received treatment. The primary endpoint showed significant clinical improvement from baseline to Day 14 with PNB001+SOC (0.22 Vs 1.12; P=0.0421). One patient in PNB001+SOC arm and two patients in SOC arm died (1 Vs 2; HR: 2.0 [95%CI=0.18, 22.05]; P=0.5637) by Day 28. At the end of the treatment by Day 14, more patients achieved zero ordinal scale in PNB001+SOC arm (17 Vs 12; P=0.0766). In the PNB001+SOC arm, change in mean chest X-ray score showed significant improvement (2.05 Vs 1.16; P=0.0321), and more patients quickly showed complete improvement (10 Vs 7; HR: 1.48 [95%CI=0.64, 3.44]; P=0.4309). In the PNB001+SOC arm, patients needed shorter duration of hospitalization in days (9.45 Vs 9.80) and more patients attained earlier discharge from the hospital (19 Vs 15; P=0.0486) with respect to days. The mean duration of supplemental oxygen requirement in days was shorter (5.45 Vs 7.10) and complete withdrawal from supplemental oxygen was more frequent with PNB001+SOC compared to SOC by Day 14 (17 Vs 13; P=0.1441). All patients in both the arms had negative PCR by the end of the study (18 Vs 17; P=0.6265) by similar time (7.6 Vs 7.0). Exploratory analysis done for IL-6 HGNC, CRP HGNC, Neutrophil-Lymphocyte-Ratio (NLR), Platelet-Lymphocyte-Ratio (PLR) and Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR) showed statistically significant reduction by Day 14 demonstrating PNB001's anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory properties. Lymphocyte and neutrophil counts also improved by Day 14. 11 adverse events (AE) in 8 patients were observed with PNB001+SOC compared to 13 AEs in 10 patients with SOC; none of the AEs in PNB001+SOC arm were related to PNB001. The most common AE were tachycardia MESHD and acute respiratory distress syndrome MESHD; there were isolated cases of hepatic enzyme elevation and hyperglycemia MESHD. Overall, safety profile was similar between PNB001+SOC and SOC arms. Conclusions: PNB001 with standard of care showed significant clinical improvement in moderate COVID-19 MESHD patients when compared to standard of care and was well tolerated by moderate COVID-19 MESHD patients.

    Clinical course and risk factors for in-hospital mortality of 205 patients with SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia MESHD in Como, Lombardy Region, Italy

    Authors: Mauro Turrini; Angelo Gardellini; Livia Beretta; Lucia Buzzi; Stefano Ferrario; Sabrina Vasile; Raffaella Clerici; Andrea Colzani; Luigi Liparulo; Giovanni Scognamiglio; Gianni Imperiali; Giovanni Corrado; Antonella Strada; Marco Galletti; Nunzio Castiglione; Claudio Zanon

    doi:10.1101/2021.02.25.20134866 Date: 2021-03-05 Source: medRxiv

    Importance: With randomized clinical trials ongoing and vaccine still a long distance away, efforts to repurpose old medications used for other diseases provide hope for treatment of COVID-19 MESHD. Objectives: To examine the risk factors for in-hospital mortality and describe the effectiveness of different treatment strategies in a real-life setting of patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pneumonia MESHD. Design: Real-life single-center study during the Lombardy COVID-19 MESHD outbreak. Setting: Valduce Hospital in Como, Lombardy Region, Italy. Participants: 205 laboratory-confirmed patients presenting with SARS-Cov-2 pneumonia MESHD requiring hospitalization. Interventions: All patients received best supportive care and, based on their clinical needs and comorbidities, specific interventions that included the main drugs being tested for repurposing to treat COVID-19 MESHD, such as hydroxychloroquine, anticoagulation, antiviral drugs, steroids or interleukin-6 HGNC pathway inhibitors. Main outcomes and measures: Clinical, laboratory and treatment characteristics were analyzed with univariate and multivariate logistic regression methods to explore their impact on in-hospital mortality and compared with current literature data. Results: Univariate analyses for clinical variables showed prognostic significance for age equal or greater than 70 years (estimated 28-days survival: 21.4 vs 67.4%; p<0.0001), presence of 2 or more relevant comorbidities (35.3 vs 61.8%; p=0.0008), ratio of arterial oxygen partial pressure to fractional inspired oxygen (P/F) less than 200 at presentation (21-days survival: 14.7 vs 52.4%;p<0.0001), high levels of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) (26.4 vs 65.3%; p=0.0001), and elevated C-reactive protein HGNC (CRP) values (25.4 vs 74.9%; p=0.0001), while no statistical significance was found for all the other clinical variables tested. At univariate analysis for the different treatment scheduled, prognostic significance for survival was showed for intermediate or therapeutic-dose anticoagulation (estimated 28-days survival: 37.1 vs 23.4%; p=0.0001), hydroxychloroquine (35.7 vs 27.3%; p=0.0029), early antiviral therapy with lopinavir/ritonavir (60.1 vs 22.4%; p<0.0001), late short-course of steroids (47.9 vs 18.2%; p<0.0001) or tocilizumab therapy (69.4 vs 29.4%; p=0.0059). Multivariable regression confirmed increasing odds of in-hospital death associated with age older than 70 years (odds ratio 3.26, 95% CI 1.81 - 5.86; p<0.0001) and showed a reduction in mortality for patients treated with anticoagulant (-0.37, 0.49 - 0.95; p=0.0273), antiviral (-1.22, 0.16 - 0.54; p<0.0001), or steroids (-0.59, 0.35 - 0.87; p=0.0117) therapy.

    Compassionate use of rectal Ozone (O3) in severe COVID-19 MESHD pneumonia MESHD: a case-control study.

    Authors: Marcos Edgar Fernández-Cuadros; María Jesús Albaladejo-Florín; Sandra Alava-Rabasa; Juan Gallego-Galiana; Gerardo Fabiel Pérez-Cruz; Isabel Usandizaga-Elio; Enrique Pacios; David Torres-Garcia; Daiana Peña-Lora; Luz Casique-Bocanegra; María Jesús López-Muñoz; Javier Rodríguez-de-Cía; Olga Susana Pérez-Moro

    doi:10.21203/ Date: 2021-02-11 Source: ResearchSquare

    Objectives: To evaluate effect of rectal Ozone in severe COVID-19 MESHD pneumonia MESHD and to compare to Standard-of-care (SOC). Material and Methods: In a case-control study, 14 patients with severe bilateral COVID-19 MESHD pneumonia MESHD (positive RT-PCR), treated with SOC and rectal Ozone, were evaluated before-and-after treatment and compared with SOC (14 patients) in a 10 day follow-up period. Ozone-protocol consisted of 8 sessions (1 session/day) of intra-rectal Ozone, (150mL volume, 35mg/ml concentration [5.25mg total dose]). The SOC-protocol included O 2- supply, antivirals (Remdesivir), corticosteroids (Dexamethasone/Metilprednisolone), monoclonal antibodies (Anakinra/Tocilizumab), antibiotics (Azytromicine), anticoagulants (Enoxaparine) and hyperimmune serum (if necessary). Primary outcome variables: a) clinical (O 2- saturation and O 2- supply); b) biochemical (Lymphocyte count, Fibrinogen HGNC, D-Dimer, Urea, Ferritin, LDH, IL-6 HGNC and CRP HGNC); c) radiological Taylor Scale. Secondary outcome variables: a) hospitalization length-of-stay, b) mortality-rate. Results: At baseline, Ozone/SOC-groups were not different on age, comorbidities, O 2 -saturation and O 2 -supply. Patients in Ozone-Group improved O 2- saturation and decrease O 2- supply. SOC maintained O 2- saturation and required more O 2- supply. Lymphocyte-count improved only in Ozone-group and with statistical difference (p<0.05). Biomarkers of inflammation MESHD ( Fibrinogen HGNC, D-Dimer, Urea, LDH, CRP HGNC and IL-6 HGNC) decreased in both groups, but only significantly in favor of Ozone-group (p<0.05). Ferritin showed a significant decrease in the Ozone-group but an increase on the SOC-Group. Radiological pneumonitis MESHD decreased on both groups but the decrease was only significant in the Ozone-Group (p<0.0001). Mortality and length-of-stay, although not significant, were inferior in Ozone-Group. Conclusion: Compassionate use of Rectal Ozone improved O 2 -saturation, reduced O 2 -supply, decreased inflammation MESHD biomarkers and improved Taylor’s radiological scale significantly when compared to SOC-Group. Mortality and length-of-stay was inferior in the Ozone-group, but this difference was not significant.

    Prognostic and predictive biomarkers in patients with COVID-19 MESHD treated with tocilizumab in a randomised controlled trial

    Authors: Jennifer Tom; Min Bao; Larry Tsai; Aditi Qamra; David Summers; Montserrat Carrasco-Triguero; Jacqueline McBride; Carrie M Rosenberger; Celia J F Lin; William Stubbings; Kevin G Blyth; Jordi Carratala; Bruno Francois; Thomas Benfield; Derrick Haslem; Paolo Bonfanti; Cor H van der Leest; Nidhi Rohatgi; Lothar Wiese; Charles Edouard Luyt; Farrah Kheradmand; Ivan O Rosas; Fang Cai

    doi:10.1101/2020.12.23.20247379 Date: 2020-12-26 Source: medRxiv

    Background Retrospective observational studies suggest that interleukin-6 HGNC ( IL-6 HGNC), C-reactive protein HGNC ( CRP HGNC), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), ferritin, lymphocytes, monocytes, neutrophils, D-dimer, and platelets are associated with disease progression, treatment outcomes, or both, in patients with COVID-19 MESHD pneumonia MESHD. We explored these candidate prognostic and predictive biomarkers with efficacy outcomes after treatment with tocilizumab, an anti- IL-6 HGNC receptor antibody using data from the COVACTA trial for patients hospitalised with severe COVID-19 MESHD pneumonia MESHD. Methods Candidate biomarkers were measured in 295 patients in the tocilizumab arm and 142 patients in the placebo arm. Efficacy outcomes assessed were clinical status on a seven-category ordinal scale (1, discharge; 7, death), mortality, time to hospital discharge, and mechanical ventilation (if not receiving it at randomisation) through day 28. Prognostic and predictive biomarkers were evaluated continuously with proportional odds, binomial or Fine-Gray models, and additional sensitivity analyses. Findings Modelling in the placebo arm showed all candidate biomarkers except LDH and D-dimer were strongly prognostic for day 28 clinical outcomes of mortality, mechanical ventilation, clinical status, and time to hospital discharge. Modelling in the tocilizumab arm showed a predictive value of ferritin for day 28 clinical outcomes of mortality (predictive interaction p=0.03), mechanical ventilation (predictive interaction p=0.01), and clinical status (predictive interaction p=0.02) compared with placebo. Interpretation Multiple biomarkers prognostic for clinical outcomes were confirmed in COVACTA. Ferritin was identified as a predictive biomarker for the effects of tocilizumab in the COVACTA patient population; high ferritin levels were associated with better clinical outcomes for tocilizumab compared with placebo at day 28.

    Tocilizumab is associated with reduction in inflammation and improvement in P/F ratio in critically sick COVID19 MESHD patients

    Authors: Muhammad Asim Rana; Mubashar Sultan Hashmi; Muhammad Muneeb Ullah Saif; Muhammad Faisal Munir; Ahad Qayyum; Rizwan Pervaiz; Muhammad Mansoor Hafeez

    doi:10.1101/2020.10.20.20210195 Date: 2020-10-21 Source: medRxiv

    Introduction: Coronavirus disease 2019 MESHD was initially detected in China and has been declared a global pandemic by World Health Organization on March 11, 2020. In the majority of patients, SARS-CoV-2 causes a mild to moderate illness characterized by fever MESHD and respiratory symptoms MESHD, with or without evidence of pneumonia MESHD. The recent studies suggest that anti-cytokine targeted therapies might be associated with benefit for patients with severe COVID-19 MESHD especially in improving respiratory failure MESHD. Tocilizumab, a monoclonal antibody against interleukin 6 HGNC (IL6) receptor, is associated with clinical benefit for COVID-19 MESHD patients as it inhibits IL6 HGNC and decreases inflammation MESHD. Methods: As Tocilizumab has been an important part of our treatment and a strict criterion was followed to administer Tocilizumab, a retrospective study design used to assess the beneficial effects of Tocilizumab in improvement of ratio partial pressure of arterial Oxygen and fraction of inspired Oxygen (PaO2/FiO2 or P/F ratio) and C- reactive protein HGNC ( CRP HGNC) in COVID19 MESHD patients has been done. 60 patients were taken for this study by using convenient sampling technique the data of demographics, laboratory results, and clinical outcomes i.e. improvement of respiratory failure MESHD depicted in the form of PF Ratio were obtained from the medical records, Statistical analysis was done with SPSS, version 21.0. Results: Sixty patients (47 males and 13 females) with COVID-19 MESHD were included in this study, the mean age of patients was 53.83 (14-81) years. After administration of Tocilizumab the lab parameters were changed as CRP HGNC decreased down to .40 (9.6-73) mg/L but other parameters were not affected. The PF ratio improved in COVID-19 MESHD patients after administration of Tocilizumab the median of PF Ratio before treatment was 108 (52-362) and improved up to 128 (37-406) after Tocilizumab therapy. Conclusion: In summary, Tocilizumab appears to be associated with improvement in P/F Ratio and CRP HGNC in COVID19 MESHD patients but other markers did not improve in response to Tocilizumab therapy in severely ill COVID-19 MESHD patients.

    Recombinant interleukin-2 HGNC stimulates lymphocyte recovery in severe patients with COVID-19 MESHD

    Authors: Meng‘en Zhu; Qian Wang; Shaoqiong Zhou; Bin Wang; Li Ke; Ping He

    doi:10.21203/ Date: 2020-07-03 Source: ResearchSquare

    Object: A recently developing pneumonia MESHD called COVID-19 MESHD which caused by SARS-CoV-2 has quickly spread across the world. Lymphopenia MESHD and a proinflammatory cytokine storm frequently happened in severe COVID-19 MESHD patients. But no specific immunomodulate therapy on COVID-19 MESHD had been reported. In this retrospect case control study, we observed the potential therapeutic effect of recombinant human i nterleukin-2 HGNC(rIL-2) on severe COVID-19 MESHD patients in a hospital in Wuhan, China. Methods: Fifty nine severe cases with COVID-19 MESHD admitted in hospital from January 29, 2020 to February 29, 2020 were included in this study. Twenty patients received a one-week to 10 days subcutaneous injection of the recombinant human interleulin-2 1 million IU per day other than regular treatment were classified as rIL-2 group. Twenty from thirty nine patients with regular treatment without intervention of rIL-2 were matched as the control group. Clinical characteristic such as age, gender, symptoms, signs, laboratory data and comorbidities were paired in these two groups. Changes of lymphocytes counts, I L-6 HGNCand C - reactive protein HGNC(C RP) HGNC before and after rIL-2 treatment and differences between rIL-2 group and non-rIL-2 group were analyzed.Results: There were a clearly visible increasing in lymphocyte counts and a decreasing in C RP HGNClevel in non rIL-2 group and rIL-2 group. The difference of the change of lymphocyte counts were significant in rIL-2 group and non-rIL-2 group (p<0.01). Though C RP HGNCdecreased more in rIL-2 group, it did not show a significant difference between the two groups (p>0.05).Conclusion: RIL-2 might be a prospective adjuvant therapy for severe COVID-19 MESHD patients by increasing lymphocytes number.

    Temporal clinical and laboratory response to interleukin-6 HGNC receptor blockade with Tocilizumab in 89 hospitalized patients with COVID-19 MESHD pneumonia

    Authors: Daria S Formina; Mar'yana A Lysenko; Irina P Beloglazova; zinaida Y Mutinova; Nataliya G Poteshkina; Inna V Samsonova; Tat'yana S Kruglova; Anton A Chernov; Alexander V Karaulov; Michael M Lederman

    doi:10.1101/2020.06.12.20122374 Date: 2020-06-12 Source: medRxiv

    Abstract: Background:. Emerging evidence links morbidity and mortality of pandemic COVID-19 MESHD pneumonia MESHD to an inflammatory cytokine storm. Methods: Eighty nine patients with COVID-19 MESHD pneumonia MESHD and heightened systemic inflammation MESHD (elevated serum C reactive protein HGNC and interleukin-6 HGNC levels) were treated with Tocilizumab (TCZ), a human monoclonal IgG1 antibody to the interleukin-6 receptor HGNC. Results: Clinical and laboratory improvement was seen comparing baseline and 1-2 day post-infusion indices. Among 72 patients not receiving mechanical ventilation, NEWS2 scores fell from 5 to 2 (p <0.001) C reactive protein HGNC levels fell from 95 to 14 mg/L (p <0.001) and lymphocyte counts rose from 900 to 1000/uL (p=0.036). Sixty three of 72 patients were discharged from hospital, one patient died, and 8 remained in hospital at time of writing. Among 17 patients receiving mechanical ventilation, despite a rapid decrease in CRP HGNC levels from 89 to 35 mg/L (p = 0.014) and early improvements in NEWS2 scores in 10 of 17, ten patients died and seven remain in hospital at time of writing. Overall, mortality was only seen in patients who had markedly elevated CRP HGNC levels (>30 mg/L) and low lymphocyte counts (<1000/uL) before TCZ administration. Conclusions: Inflammation MESHD and lymphocytopenia MESHD are linked to mortality in COVID-19 MESHD. Inhibition of IL-6 HGNC activity by administration of Tocilizumab, an anti IL-6 receptor antibody is associated with rapid improvement in both CRP HGNC and lymphocyte counts and in clinical indices. Controlled clinical trials are needed to confirm the utility of IL-6 HGNC blockade in this setting. Additional interventions will be needed for patients requiring mechanical ventilation.

    Laboratory findings in coronavirus disease 2019 MESHD ( COVID-19 MESHD) patients: a comprehensive systematic review and meta-analysis

    Authors: Mohammad Karimian; Amirreza Jamshidbeigi; Gholamreza Badfar; Milad Azami

    doi:10.1101/2020.06.07.20124602 Date: 2020-06-08 Source: medRxiv

    Background: In early December 2019, the first patient with COVID-19 MESHD pneumonia MESHD was found in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China. Recent studies have suggested the role of primary laboratory tests in addition to clinical symptoms for suspected patients, which play a significant role in the diagnosis of COVID-19 MESHD. Therefore, the present study was conducted to evaluate laboratory findings in COVID-19 MESHD patients. Material and methods: The present meta-analysis was reported in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis (PRISMA) guidelines. This protocol is registered with the code CRD42019145410 in PROSPERO International Database. Results: Finally, 52 studies involving 5490 patients with COVID-19 MESHD entered the meta-analysis process. The prevalence of leukopenia MESHD, lymphopenia MESHD, elevated c-reactive protein HGNC ( CRP HGNC), elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), elevated serum amyloid A, elevated ferritin was estimated to be 20.9% (95%CI: 17.9-24.3), 51.6% (95%CI: 44.0-59.1), 63.6% (95%CI: 57.0-69.8), 62.5% (95%CI: 50.1-73.5), 63.6% (95%CI: 57.0-69.8), 62.5% (95%CI: 50.1-73.5), 74.7% (95%CI: 50.0-89.7), and 72.6% (95%CI: 58.1-83.5), respectively. The prevalence of elevated interleukin-6 HGNC was 59.9% (95%CI: 48.2-70.5), CD3 was 68.3% (95%CI: 50.1-82.2), reduced CD4 HGNC was 62.0% (95%CI: 51.1-71.6), reduced CD8 HGNC was 42.7% (95%CI: 32.2-53.9). The prevalence of elevated troponin-I was 20.6% (95%CI: 9.0-40.5), elevated creatine kinase-MB (CKMB) was 14.7% (95%CI: 7.1-28.0), elevated brain natriuretic peptide ( BNP HGNC) was 48.9% (95%CI: 30.4-67.7), elevated blood urea nitrogen was 13.1% (95%CI: 6.6-24.4),, elevated creatinine was 7.2% (95%CI: 4.4-11.8), elevated lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) was 53.1% (95%CI: 43.6-62.4), hyperglycemia MESHD was 41.1% (95% CI: 28.2-55.5), elevated total bilirubin was 48.9% (95%CI: 30.4-67.7), reduced albumin was 54.7% (95%CI: 38.1-70.2), reduced pre-albumin was 49.0% (95%CI: 26.6-71.8), and reduced PT was 53.1% (95% CI: 43.6-62.4), and D-dimer was 44.9% (95%CI: 31.0-59.6). Conclusion This study provides a comprehensive description of laboratory characteristics in patients with COVID-19 MESHD. The results show that lymphopenia MESHD, elevated CRP HGNC, elevated ESR, elevated ferritin, elevated serum amyloid A, elevated BNP HGNC, reduced albumin, reduced pre-albumin, reduced CD3, reduced CD4 HGNC, reduced CD8 HGNC, elevated D-dimer, reduced PT, elevated interleukin-2 HGNC, elevated interleukin-6 HGNC, elevated LDH and hyperglycemia MESHD are the common findings at the time of admission.

    Clinical Features of Hypertensive Patients With Covid-19 MESHD Compared With a Normotensive Group

    Authors: shuang wang; qiang zhang; zhao bin zheng; peng wang; hua hong ye; xiao qing jing; jun hua zhang; da yu fan; ping jia; zhong dan zhang; ting ting luo; shi sheng zhu

    doi:10.21203/ Date: 2020-05-26 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background: The novel coronavirus ( COVID-19 MESHD), which began in Wuhan, China, in December 2019, has spread worldwide and poses a great threat to human health. Among COVID-19 MESHD patients, those with hypertension MESHD have been reported to have higher morbidity and mortality. This study was conducted to provide the international community with a deeper understanding of COVID-19 MESHD with hypertension MESHD.Methods: A total of 188 COVID-19 MESHD patients were studied from January to March 2020. The epidemiology, clinical features, and laboratory data of hypertensive MESHD patients with COVID-19 MESHD were collected, retrospectively analyzed, and compared with a normotensive group. The use of anti- hypertensive MESHD drugs, general treatment, and clinical outcomes of hypertensive MESHD patients were also analyzed.Results: The median ages in hypertensive MESHD patients with mild and severe COVID-19 MESHD were both significantly greater than the median age in the normotensive group. But there was no significant gender difference between the hypertensive MESHD and normotensive groups. All patients had lived in the Wuhan area. Common symptoms of all of the patients included fever MESHD, cough MESHD, and fatigue MESHD. Chest CT scans showed bilateral patchy shadows or ground glass opacity in the lungs of all of the patients. All (98 [100%]) of the hypertensive MESHD patients received antiviral therapy (Arbidol was used alone or in combination with Ribavirin), antibiotic therapy (85 [86.7%]), and corticosteroids (31 [31.6%]). It has been suggested that the combination of Arbidol and Ribavirin as initial therapy for hypertensive MESHD patients with COVID-19 MESHD is effective and safe. There were no significant differences in laboratory data between the mild cases in the hypertensive MESHD and the normotensive groups. In the severe cases, the hypertensive MESHD patients had higher plasma levels of D-dimer, C-reactive protein HGNC ( CRP HGNC), and Interleukin-6 HGNC ( IL-6 HGNC) (P < 0.05). Furthermore, the hypertensive MESHD patients who were treated with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors/angiotensin receptor blockers (ACEI/ARB) had no statistically significant differences between the mild and severe groups (p > 0.05).Conclusion: In this study, we demonstrated that the hypertensive MESHD patients who were treated with ACEI/ARB did not have an increased risk of developing severe COVID-19 MESHD. Arbidol and Ribavirin played an important role in the treatment of the viral pneumonia MESHD. Hypertensive MESHD patients with severe viral pneumonia MESHD had stronger inflammatory responses than non- hypertensive MESHD patients.

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MeSH Disease
HGNC Genes
SARS-CoV-2 Proteins

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