Corpus overview


Overview

MeSH Disease

Human Phenotype

Hypertension (48)

Fever (13)

Cough (9)

Pneumonia (9)

Obesity (7)


Transmission

Seroprevalence
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     Seroprevalence of SARS-CoV-2 in an Asymptomatic TRANS US Population 

    Authors: Steven Rigatti, MD; Robert L. Stout, PhD.

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-80313/v1 Date: 2020-09-18 Source: ResearchSquare

    Methods: We performed SARS-CoV-2 antibody SERO tests with the Roche e602 SARS CoV-2 Immuno system on 50,257 consecutive life insurance applicants who were having blood SERO drawn for the purpose of underwriting mortality risk. Other variables included height, weight, and blood SERO pressure at the time of the blood SERO draw, a history of smoking and common ch ronic diseases ( MESHD hypertension HP pertension, MESHDhe art disease, MESHDdi abetes, MESHDand ca ncer). MESHDResults: The overall prevalence SERO of SARS-CoV-2 was 3.0%, and was fairly consistent across the age TRANS range and similar in males TRANS and females TRANS. Geographical distribution revealed a very high level of positivity in the state of New York compared to all other areas (17.1%). Using US Census state population data to adjust state specific rates of positivity, it is estimated that this level of seropositivity would correspond to 6.98 million (99% CI: 6.56-7.38 million) SA RS-CoV-2 infections i MESHDn the US, which is 3.8 times the cumulative number of cases in the US reported to the CDC as of June 1, 2020.Conclusions: The estimated number of total SA RS-CoV-2 infections b MESHDased on positive serology is substantially higher than the total number of cases reported to the CDC. There is no apparent increase of risk of infection TRANS risk of infection TRANS fection f MESHDor individuals self-reporting, smoking, di abetes, MESHDhe art disease, MESHD hypertension HP pertension o MESHDr ca ncer. MESHD

    SARS-CoV-2 Antibody SERO Prevalence SERO and Association with Routine Laboratory Values in a Life Insurance Applicant Population

    Authors: Steven J. Rigatti; Robert Stout; Ruth E Mitchell; Michael V Holmes; George Davey Smith; Dominik Schulz; Ulrich Mayr; Jochen Schneider; Christoph Spinner; Fabian Geisler; Roland M. Schmid; Tobias Lahmer; Wolfgang Huber; Xiushan Yin; Arsen Arakelyan; Denise Haslwanter; Rohit Jangra; Alev Celikgil; Duncan Kimmel; James H Lee; Margarette Mariano; Antonio Nakouzi; Jose Quiroz; Johanna Rivera; Wendy A Szymczak; Karen Tong; Jason Barnhill; Mattias NE Forsell; Clas Ahlm; Daniel T. Stein; Liise-anne Pirofski; Doctor Y Goldstein; Scott J. Garforth; Steven C. Almo; Johanna P. Daily; Michael B. Prystowsky; James D. Faix; Amy S. Fox; Louis M. Weiss; Jonathan R. Lai; Kartik Chandran

    doi:10.1101/2020.09.09.20191296 Date: 2020-09-11 Source: medRxiv

    Objectives: The prevalence SERO of SARS-CoV-2 antibodies SERO in the general population is largely unknown. Since many infections MESHD, even among the elderly TRANS and other vulnerable populations, are asymptomatic TRANS, the prevalence SERO of antibodies SERO could help determine how far along the path to herd immunity the general population has progressed. Also, in order to clarify the clinical manifestations of current or recent past COVID-19 illness, it may be useful to determine if there are any common alterations in routine clinical laboratory values. Methods: We performed SARS-CoV-2 antibody SERO tests on 50,130 consecutive life insurance applicants who were having blood SERO drawn for the purpose of underwriting (life risk assessment). Subjects were also tested for lipids, liver function tests, renal function studies, as well as serum SERO proteins. Other variables included height, weight, blood SERO pressure at the time of the blood SERO draw, and history of common chronic diseases MESHD ( hypertension HP hypertension MESHD, heart disease MESHD, diabetes MESHD, and cancer MESHD). Results: The overall prevalence SERO of SARS-CoV-2 was 3.0%, and was fairly consistent across the age TRANS range and similar in males TRANS and females TRANS. Several of the routine laboratory tests obtained were significantly different in antibody SERO-positive vs. antibody SERO-negative subjects, including albumin, globulins, bilirubin, and the urine albumin:creatinine ratio. The BMI was also significantly higher in the antibody SERO-positive group. Geographical distribution revealed a very high level of positivity in the state of New York compared to all other areas (17.1%). Using state population data from the US Census, it is estimated that this level of seropositivity would correspond to 6.98 million (99% CI: 6.56-7.38 million) SARS-CoV-2 infections MESHD in the US, which is 3.8 times the cumulative number of cases in the US reported to the CDC as of June 1, 2020. Conclusions: The estimated number of total SARS-CoV-2 infections MESHD based on positive serology is substantially higher than the total number of cases reported to the CDC. Certain laboratory values, particularly serum SERO protein levels, are associated with positive serology, though these associations are not likely to be clinically meaningful.

    Positive association of Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers, not Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors, with an increased vulnerability to SARS-CoV-2 infection MESHD in patients hospitalized for suspected COVID-19 pneumonia HP pneumonia MESHD

    Authors: Jean-Louis GEORGES; Floriane Floriane Gilles; Helene Cochet; Alisson Bertrand; Marie De Tournemire; Victorien Monguillon; Maeva Pasqualini; Alix Prevot; Guillaume Roger; Joseph Saba; Josephine Soltani; Mehrsa Koukabi-Fradelizi; Jean Paul Beressi; Cecile Laureana; Jean Fran&ccedilois Prost; Livarek Bernard; Elisabet Leiva; Albert Ariza-Sole; Paolo D Dallaglio; Maria Quero; Antonio Soriano; Alberto Pasqualetto; Maylin Koo; Virginia Esteve; Arnau Antoli; Rafael Moreno; Sergi Yun; Pau Cerda; Mariona Llaberia; Francesc Formiga; Marta Fanlo; Abelardo Montero; David Chivite; Olga Capdevila; Ferran Bolao; Xavier Pinto; Josep Llop; Antoni Sabate; Jordi Guardiola; Josep M Cruzado; Josep Comin-Colet; Salud Santos; Ramon Jodar; Xavier Corbella

    doi:10.1101/2020.08.30.20182451 Date: 2020-09-01 Source: medRxiv

    Background. Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) type 2 is the receptor of SARSCoV-2 for entry into lungs cells. Because ACE-2 may be modulated by ACE inhibitors (ACEIs) and angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs), there is concern that patients treated with ACEIs and ARBs are at higher risk for COVID-19 infection MESHD. Aim. This study sought to analyze the association of COVID-19 with previous treatment with ACEI and ARB. Methods. We retrospectively reviewed 684 consecutive patients hospitalized for suspected COVID-19 pneumonia HP pneumonia MESHD and tested by PCR. Patients were split into 2 groups, whether (group 1, n=484) or not (group 2, n=250) COVID-19 was confirmed. Multivariate adjusted comparisons included a propensity score analysis. Results Age TRANS was 63.6 {+/-} 18.7 years, and 302(44%) were female TRANS. Hypertension HP Hypertension MESHD was present in 42.6% and 38.4% patients of group 1 and 2, respectively (P=0.28). A treatment with ARBs (20.7% versus 12.0%, respectively, OR 1.92, 95% confidence interval [1.23-2.98], p=0.004) was more frequent in patients of group 1 than in group 2. No difference was found for treatment with ACEIs (12.7% vs 15.7%, respectively, OR 0.81 [0.52-1.26], p=0.35). Propensity score matched multivariate logistic regression confirmed a significant association between COVID-19 and a previous treatment with ARBs (adjusted OR 2.18 [1.29-3.67], p=0.004). Significant interaction between ARBs and ACEIs for the risk of COVID-19 was observed in patients aged TRANS>60, women, and hypertensive MESHD patients. Conclusion . This study suggests that ACEIs and ARBs are not similarly associated with the COVID-19. In this retrospective series, patients with COVID-19 pneumonia HP pneumonia MESHD received more frequently a previous treatment with ARBs, than patients without COVID-19.

    Clinical Characteristics of Severe Covid Pneumonia HP: Exploring New Trends in ICU

    Authors: Aftab Akhtar; Sheher Bano; Ahtesham Iqbal; Moazma Ramzan; Aayesha Qadeer; Syed Waqar Hussain; Anam Saleem; Omair-ul-Haq Lodhi; Sana Zubair; Abdul Hameed kiani

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-69224/v1 Date: 2020-08-31 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background: In late December 2019, Covid-19 emerged as clusters of pneumonia HP pneumonia MESHD of unknown cause in a province of china, Wuhan. Etiological agent was identified as novel coronavirus that resembles severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) and Middle East Respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) MESHD and has zoonotic transmission TRANS. Covid pneumonia HP can remain asymptomatic TRANS, present as mild infection, severe HP infection, severe MESHD pneumonia HP pneumonia MESHD or respiratory failure HP respiratory failure MESHD. Diagnosis is based on rRT-PCR carried out on respiratory secretions. Covid related mortality exceeds 50% once patient requires ICU admission. Objective: To study the characteristics of ICU population admitted to ICU of Shifa International hospital.Results: we prospectively analysed 74 patients which included 43.3% females TRANS and 56.7% males TRANS. Commonest symptoms were shortness of breath MESHD (94.5%), fever HP fever MESHD (74.3%) and cough HP (74.3%). Most of our study population consisted of non-smokers (79.7%) and had hypertension HP hypertension MESHD (59.4%) followed by diabetes MESHD (47.2%). Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) and azithromycin combination is superior to hydroxychloroquine and doxycycline in reducing mortality (p=0.023) whereas Doxycycline alone resulted in increased mortality (p=0.009). Those who did not require antibiotics or required only narrow spectrum antibiotics had increased survival and reduced requirement of invasive mechanical ventilation (p=< 0.0001). in our study population, (44.9%) developed acute kidney injury HP acute kidney injury MESHD, 2.7% needed re-intubations 10.8% developed surgical emphysema HP emphysema MESHD and 2.7 % thromboembolic MESHD events despite full anticoagulation. ICU mortality was 41.8% and was higher in females TRANS (59.4%, p=0.008), those who had SOFA score > 3.5 at time of admission, raised D-Dimers > 931 ng/ml, NLR > 9.2. It was further high in those who required invasive mechanical ventilation and vasopressor support (58.1% mortality p=< 0.001). ICU stay was more prolonged in those requiring invasive mechanical ventilation as compared to those who did not. (23 days vs 6 days, p=0.001). Mean plateau pressure was 19.6 ± 7.6; mean Driving pressures 14.4 ± 4.6; mean PaO2/FiO2 150.7 ± 73.9; mean SPO2/FiO2 173.9 ± 106.9; mean PEEP was 8.2 ±4.33.Conclusion: We concluded that severe covid pneumonia HP pneumonia MESHD is common amongst males TRANS, non-smokers those who had comorbid. HCQ and azithromycin combination is superior to combination of HCQ and doxycycline or doxycycline alone and QT prolongation MESHD is a rare complication. Baseline NLR, APACHI II, SOFA, SAPS II, NUTRIC scores, D-Dimers, invasive ventilation and vasopressor support are important tools to predict ICU mortality. Invasive mechanical ventilation carries higher mortality and associated with more prolonged ICU stay. AKI is most common complication followed by shock HP and surgical emphysema HP emphysema MESHD. CRP, Ferritin levels has no impact on outcome.

    Clinico-epidemiological characteristics of asymptomatic TRANS and symptomatic COVID-19-positive patients in Bangladesh

    Authors: Mohammad Jahid Hasan; Sayeda Mukta Chowdhury; Md Abdullah Saeed Khan; Monjur Rahaman; Jannatul Fardous; Tanjir Adit; Mustafizur Rahman; Md. Tarek Hossain; Shakila Yesmin; Enayetur Raheem; Mohammad Robed Amin; Juan Ruiz; Peter Hart; Hemant Kulkarni; Tracy Hussell; John R. Grainger; Craig J Smith; Stuart M Allan; Michelle M. Lister; Hannah C. Howson-Wells; Edward C Holmes; Matthew W. Loose; Jonathan K. Ball; C. Patrick McClure; - The COVID-19 Genomics UK consortium study group; Shi Chen

    doi:10.1101/2020.08.18.20177089 Date: 2020-08-21 Source: medRxiv

    Background: As of August 15, 2020, Bangladesh lost 3591 lives since the first Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) case announced on March 8. The objective of the study was to report the clinical manifestation of both symptomatic and asymptomatic TRANS COVID-19-positive patients. Methods: A online-based cross-sectional survey was conducted for initial recruitment of participants with subsequent telephone interview by the three trained physicians in 237 adults TRANS with confirmed COVID-19 infection MESHD in Bangladesh. The study period was between 27 April to 26th May, 2020. Consent was ensured before commencing the interview. Collected data were entered in a predesigned case report form and subsequently analyzed by SPSS 20. Results: The mean age TRANS at presentation was 41.59 (13.73 SD) years and most of the cases were male TRANS (73%). A total of 90.29% of patients reside in urban areas. Among the positive cases, 13.1% (n=31) were asymptomatic TRANS. Asymptomatic TRANS cases were significantly more common in households with 2 to 4 members (p=.008). Both symptomatic and asymptomatic TRANS patients shared similar ages TRANS of presentation (p=0.23), gender TRANS differences (p=0.30), and comorbidities (p=0.11). Only 5.3% of patients received ICU care during their treatment. The most frequent presentation was fever HP fever MESHD (88.3%), followed by cough HP (69.9%), chest pain HP chest pain MESHD (34.5%), body ache MESHD (31.1%), and sore throat (30.1%). Thirty-nine percent (n=92) of the patients had comorbidities, with diabetes MESHD and hypertension HP hypertension MESHD being the most frequently observed. Conclusion: There has been an upsurge in COVID-19 cases in Bangladesh. Patients were mostly middle- aged TRANS and male TRANS. Typical presentations were fever HP fever MESHD and cough HP cough MESHD. Maintenance of social distancing and increased testing are required to meet the current public health challenge.

    Observational Study on Clinical Features, Treatment and Outcome of COVID 19 in a tertiary care Centre in India- a retrospective case series

    Authors: Raja Bhattacharya; Rohini Ghosh; Manish Kulshrestha; Sampurna Chowdhury; Rishav Mukherjee; Indranil Ray; Lionel Tim Ee Cheng; Lynette Lin Ean Oon; Min Han Tan; Kian Sing Chan; Li Yang Hsu; Ramgyan Yadav; Ashish Timalsina; Chetan Nidhi Wagle; Brij Kumar Das; Ramesh Kunwar; Binaya Chalise; Deepak Raj Bhatta; Mukesh Adhikari; Michael Gale; Daniel J Campbell; David Rawlings; Marion Pepper

    doi:10.1101/2020.08.12.20170282 Date: 2020-08-14 Source: medRxiv

    ABSTRACT Objective: This study will attempt to explore the demographic profile and outcome in the patients receiving multidisciplinary, personalised approach including use of Broad Spectrum Antivirals - Ivermectin, anti-inflammatory and antioxidants roles of Statins and N-acetyl-cysteine along with Standard of Care (SOC) in hospitalised COVID19 patients in a tertiary care centre. Setting: Inpatient department Participants: 191 COVID-19 patients with laboratory confirmed severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infections MESHD in the year 2020 between June 14- 28, 2020 Main outcome measures: The outcome of Interests are : Studying the demographic profile of COVID 19 cases Study the treatment outcomes in terms of death MESHD or discharge in patients receiving Ivermectin+N-acetyl-cysteine+Statin along with Standard of care. Results: 148 patients were included in the study. All of them had confirmed COVID19 infection MESHD by the rtPCR method. Average age TRANS of the patients was 57.57 years ( Range = 17 - 88), 49% were male TRANS, 51% female TRANS. 81% of the patients had at least one or more comorbidities. Most common comorbidities included diabetes MESHD( 32%), Hypertension HP Hypertension MESHD (27%), Ischaemic Heart Disease MESHD (8%). More comorbidities. The in hospital, Case Fatality Rate was therefore, 1.35 %. The remaining 144 were discharged from the facility after an average 12 days duration of stay. Conclusions: Triple therapy with ivermectin + atorvastatin + N-acetylcysteine can be an useful adjunct to standard of care. Keywords: SARS-CoV-2, COVID-19, outpatients, treatment, zinc, hydroxychloroquine, azithromycin

    Clinical course and severity outcome indicators among COVID 19 hospitalized patients in relation to comorbidities distribution Mexican cohort

    Authors: Genny Carrillo; Nina Mendez Dominguez; Kassandra D Santos Zaldivar; Andrea Rochel Perez; Mario Azuela Morales; Osman Cuevas Koh; Alberto Alvarez Baeza

    doi:10.1101/2020.07.31.20165480 Date: 2020-08-04 Source: medRxiv

    Introduction: COVID-19 affected worldwide, causing to date, around 500,000 deaths. In Mexico, by April 29, the general case fatality was 6.52%, with 11.1% confirmed case TRANS mortality and hospital recovery rate around 72%. Once hospitalized, the odds for recovery and hospital death rates depend mainly on the patients' comorbidities and age TRANS. In Mexico, triage guidelines use algorithms and risk estimation tools for severity assessment and decision-making. The study's objective is to analyze the underlying conditions of patients hospitalized for COVID-19 in Mexico concerning four severity outcomes. Materials and Methods: Retrospective cohort based on registries of all laboratory-confirmed patients with the COVID-19 infection MESHD that required hospitalization in Mexico. Independent variables were comorbidities and clinical manifestations. Dependent variables were four possible severity outcomes: (a) pneumonia HP pneumonia MESHD, (b) mechanical ventilation (c) intensive care unit, and (d) death; all of them were coded as binary Results: We included 69,334 hospitalizations of laboratory-confirmed and hospitalized patients to June 30, 2020. Patients were 55.29 years, and 62.61% were male TRANS. Hospital mortality among patients aged TRANS<15 was 9.11%, 51.99% of those aged TRANS >65 died. Male TRANS gender TRANS and increasing age TRANS predicted every severity outcome. Diabetes MESHD and hypertension HP hypertension MESHD predicted every severity outcome significantly. Obesity HP did not predict mortality, but CKD, respiratory diseases MESHD, cardiopathies were significant predictors. Conclusion: Obesity HP increased the risk for pneumonia HP pneumonia MESHD, mechanical ventilation, and intensive care admittance, but it was not a predictor of in-hospital death. Patients with respiratory diseases MESHD were less prone to develop pneumonia HP pneumonia MESHD, to receive mechanical ventilation and intensive care unit assistance, but they were at higher risk of in-hospital death.

    A Comprehensive Evaluation of Early Predictors of Disease MESHD Progression in Patients with COVID-19: A Case Control Study

    Authors: Qiang Tang; Yanwei Liu; Yingfeng Fu; Ziyang Di; Kailiang Xu; Bo Tang; Hui Wu; Maojun Di

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-50527/v1 Date: 2020-07-29 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background: The 2019 coronavirus disease MESHD (COVID-19) has become an unprecedented public health crisis with nearly 16 million confirmed cases TRANS and 630,000 deaths worldwide. Methods: We retrospectively investigated the demographic, clinical, laboratory, radiological and treatment data of COVID-19 patients consecutively enrolled from January 18 to May 15, 2020, in Taihe and Jinzhou central hospital. Results: Of all 197 patients, the median age TRANS was 66.5 years (IQR 7-76), and 120 (60.9%) patients were males TRANS. We identified 88 (44.7%) of 197 COVID-19 patients as the disease progression (aggravation) cases. The aggravation cases tend to have more medical comorbidity: hypertension HP hypertension MESHD (34.1%), diabetes MESHD (30.7%), and presented with dyspnea HP dyspnea MESHD (34.1%), neutrophilia HP (60.2%), and lymphocytopenia MESHD (73.9%), compared with those without. And the patients with disease progression showed significantly higher level of Fibrinogen (Fbg), D-dimer, IL-6, C-reactive protein (CRP), procalcitonin (PCT), and serum SERO ferritin, and were more prone to develop organ damage in the liver, kidney, and heart (P<0.05). Multivariable regression showed that advanced age TRANS, comorbidities, lymphopenia HP lymphopenia MESHD, and elevated level of Fbg, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), Cardiac troponin (CTnI), IL-6, serum SERO ferritin were the significant predictors of disease progression. Further, we investigated antibody SERO responses to SARS-CoV-2 and found that the levels of IgM and IgG were significantly higher in the disease progression cases compared to non-progression cases from 3 weeks after symptom onset TRANS. In addition, the disease progression group tended to peak later and has a more vigorous IgM/IgG response against SARS-CoV-2. Further, we performed Kaplan-Meier analysis and found that 61.6% of patients had not experienced ICU transfer or survival from hospital within 25 days from admission.Conclusions: Investigating the potential factors of advanced age TRANS, comorbidities and elevated level of IL-6, serum SERO ferritin and Kaplan-Meier analysis enables early identification and management of patients with poor prognosis. Detection of the dynamic antibody SERO may offer vital clinical information during the course of SARS-CoV-2 and provide prognostic value for patients infection MESHD.  

    The impact of previous history of bariatric surgery on outcome of Covid-19: A nationwide medico-administrative French study.

    Authors: Antonio Iannelli; Samir Bouam; Anne-Sophie Schneck; Sébastien Frey; Jean Gugenheim; Marco Alifano

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-48313/v1 Date: 2020-07-24 Source: ResearchSquare

    Purpose: To determine the risk of invasive mechanical ventilation and death MESHD in obese MESHD individuals with history of bariatric surgery compared to standard ones admitted for Covid-19 infection MESHD.Methods: Nationwide retrospective observational study based on electronic health data. 4 248 253 individuals aged TRANS 15 to 75 years with a diagnosis of obesity HP obesity MESHD were included. All obese MESHD inpatients, undergoing bariatric surgery or not, recorded during a hospital stay by the French National Health Insurance were followed, during a mean observation time of 5.43 ± 2.93 years. This exposition was bariatric surgery (n=389,671) including adjustable gastric banding, sleeve gastrectomy, gastric bypass versus no bariatric surgery (n=3,858,582). The primary outcome was Covid-19 related death MESHD and the secondary outcome was the need for invasive mechanical ventilation.Results: 8 286 (0.2%) obese MESHD individuals were admitted for Covid-19 infection between January 1st and May 15th 2020 with a diagnosis of Covid-19 infection MESHD. 541 (0.14%) had a history of bariatric surgery and 7,745 (0.2%) did not. Invasive mechanical ventilation was necessary in 14.54% of patients and death MESHD occurred in 13.58% of cases. The need for an invasive mechanical ventilation and death MESHD occurred in 7% and 3.5% in the bariatric surgery group versus 15% and 14.2% in the non-bariatric surgery group, respectively (both p<0.0001). After a logistic regression, the risk of invasive mechanical ventilation significantly increased with age TRANS being higher in the age TRANS class 61-75, male TRANS gender TRANS, and hypertension HP hypertension MESHD, whereas bariatric surgery showed an independent protective effect. Mortality was independently associated with increasing age TRANS, male TRANS gender TRANS, known history of heart failure MESHD, cancer MESHD, and diabetes MESHD, whereas BS was in favor with a protective effect. Conclusion: This nationwide administrative study showed that bariatric surgery is independently associated with a reduced risk of death MESHD and invasive mechanical ventilation in obese MESHD individuals with Covid-19 infection MESHD.

    The impact of COVID-19 on patients with asthma HP asthma MESHD: A Big Data analysis

    Authors: Jose Luis Izquierdo; Carlos Almonacid; Yolanda Gonzalez; Carlos Del Rio-Bermudez; Julio Ancochea; Remedios Cardenas; Joan B Soriano

    doi:10.1101/2020.07.24.20161596 Date: 2020-07-24 Source: medRxiv

    Background: From the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, an association between the severity of COVID-19 and the presence of certain medical chronic conditions has been suggested. However, unlike influenza and other viruses, the burden of the disease in patients with asthma HP asthma MESHD has been less evident. Objective: This study aims at a better understanding of the burden of COVID-19 in patients with asthma HP asthma MESHD and the impact of asthma HP, its related comorbidities, and treatment on the prognosis of COVID-19. Methods: We analyzed clinical data from patients with asthma HP asthma MESHD from January 1st to May 10th, 2020 using big data analytics and artificial intelligence through the SAVANA Manager clinical platform. Results: Out of 71,192 patients with asthma HP asthma MESHD, 1,006 (1.41%) suffered from COVID-19. Compared to asthmatic individuals without COVID-19, patients with asthma HP asthma MESHD and COVID-19 were significantly older (55 vs. 42 years), predominantly female TRANS (66% vs. 59%), had higher prevalence SERO of hypertension HP hypertension MESHD, dyslipidemias MESHD, diabetes MESHD, and obesity HP obesity MESHD, and smoked more frequently. Contrarily, allergy HP allergy MESHD-related factors such as rhinitis HP rhinitis MESHD and eczema HP eczema MESHD were less frequent in asthmatic patients with COVID-19 (P < .001). Higher prevalence SERO of hypertension HP hypertension MESHD, dyslipidemia MESHD, diabetes MESHD, and obesity HP obesity MESHD was also confirmed in those patients with asthma HP asthma MESHD and COVID-19 who required hospital admission. The percentage of individuals using inhaled corticosteroids ( ICS MESHD) was lower in patients who required hospitalization due to COVID-19, as compared to non-hospitalized patients (48.3% vs. 61.5%; OR: 0.58: 95% CI 0.44-0.77). During the study period, 865 (1.21%) patients with asthma HP asthma MESHD were being treated with biologics. Although these patients showed increased severity and more comorbidities at the ear, nose, and throat (ENT) level, their hospital admission rates due to COVID-19 were relatively low (0.23%). COVID-19 increased inpatient mortality in asthmatic patients (2.29% vs 0.54%; OR 2.29: 95% CI 4.35-6.66). Conclusion: Our results indicate that the number of COVID-19 cases in patients with asthma HP has been low, although higher than the observed in the general population. Patients with asthma HP asthma MESHD and COVID-19 were older and were at increased risk due to comorbidity-related factors. ICS and biologics are generally safe and may be associated with a protective effect against severe COVID-19 infection MESHD.

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MeSH Disease
Human Phenotype
Transmission
Seroprevalence


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