Corpus overview


Overview

MeSH Disease

Human Phenotype

Fatigue (2)

Cough (2)

Fever (2)

Pneumonia (2)

Chest pain (1)


Transmission

Seroprevalence
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    SARS-CoV-2 Serology Results in the First COVID-19 Case in California: A Case Report and Recommendations for Serology Testing and Interpretation

    Authors: Richard B. Lanman, MD; Todd H. Lanman

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-35358/v1 Date: 2020-06-12 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background: As countries in COVID-19 pandemic lockdown begin relaxation of shelter-in-place mitigation strategies, the role of serology testing escalates in importance. However, there are no clear guidelines as to when to use qualitative rapid diagnostic serology tests (RDTs) vs. SARS-CoV-2 viral RNA load (PCR) tests as an aid in acute diagnosis of patients presenting with flu-like symptoms, nor how to interpret serology test results in asymptomatic TRANS individuals or those with atypical COVID-19 symptomatology. Here we describe, in the context of the likely first case of COVID-19 in California, with an atypical presentation and not tested acutely, who nearly 3 months later was found to be IgM- and IgG+ positive for SARS-CoV-2 antibodies SERO, highlighting the role of RDT- based serology testing SERO and interpretation in retrospective diagnosis.Case Presentation: A 62-year-old male TRANS practicing neurosurgeon had onset of flu-like symptoms on January 20 with fatigue HP fatigue MESHD, slight cough HP only on deep inspiration, intermittent pleuritic chest pain MESHD chest pain HP unrelated to exertion, dyspnea HP dyspnea MESHD, and night sweats HP but without fever HP fever MESHD, sore throat or rhinorrhea HP rhinorrhea MESHD. He had recently traveled TRANS abroad but not to China. CT scan revealed right lower lobe infiltrate and effusion. Because of atypical symptoms, and low prevalence SERO of COVID-19 in January, community acquired pneumonia HP pneumonia MESHD was diagnosed and one week of doxycycline was prescribed without relief, followed by a second week of azithromycin with symptom remission. Three months later the physician-patient (author THL), tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 antibodies SERO by a serology point-of-care rapid diagnostic test (RDT).Conclusions: Serology testing may be an aid in acute diagnosis of COVID-19, especially in patients with atypical presentations, as well as in assessment of asymptomatic TRANS higher-risk persons such as healthcare workers for prior infection MESHD. Recommendations for serology testing and interpretation are explicated.

    Epidemiological and clinical features of 291 cases with coronavirus disease MESHD 2019 in areas adjacent to Hubei, China: a double-center observational study

    Authors: Xu Chen; Fang Zheng; Yanhua Qing; Shuizi Ding; Danhui Yang; Cheng Lei; Zhilan Yin; Xianglin Zhou; Dixuan Jiang; Qi Zuo; Jun He; Jianlei Lv; Ping Chen; Yan Chen; Hong Peng; Honghui Li; Yuanlin Xie; Jiyang Liu; Zhiguo Zhou; Hong Luo

    doi:10.1101/2020.03.03.20030353 Date: 2020-03-06 Source: medRxiv

    Abstract Background: The clinical outcomes of COVID-19 patients in Hubei and other areas are different. We aim to investigate the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of patient with COVID-19 in Hunan which is adjacent to Hubei. Methods: In this double-center, observational study, we recruited all consecutive patients with laboratory confirmed COVID-19 from January 23 to February 14, 2020 in two designated hospitals in Hunan province, China. Epidemiological and clinical data from patients' electronic medical records were collected and compared between mild, moderate and severe/critical group in detail. Clinical outcomes were followed up to February 20, 2020. Findings: 291 patients with COVID-19 were categorized into mild group (10.0%), moderate group (72.8%) and severe/critical group (17.2%). The median age TRANS of all patients was 46 years (49.8% were male TRANS). 86.6% patients had an indirect exposure history. The proportion of patients that had been to Wuhan in severe/critical group (48.0% vs 17.2%, p=0.006) and moderate group (43.4% vs 17.2%, p=0.007) were higher than mild group. Fever HP Fever MESHD (68.7%), cough HP (60.5%), and fatigue HP fatigue MESHD (31.6%) were common symptoms especially for severe and critical patients. Typical lung imaging finding were bilateral and unilateral ground glass opacity MESHD or consolidation. Leukopenia HP Leukopenia MESHD, lymphopenia HP lymphopenia MESHD and eosinopenia occurred in 36.1%, 22.7% and 50.2% patients respectively. Increased fibrinogen was detected in 45 of 58 (77.6%) patients with available results. 29 of 44 (65.9%) or 22 of 40 (55.0%) patients were positive in Mycoplasma pneumonia MESHD pneumonia HP or Chlamydia pneumonia MESHD pneumonia HP antibody test SERO respectively. Compared with mild or moderate group, severe/critical group had a relative higher level of neutrophil, Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio, h-CRP, ESR, CK, CK-MB, LDH, D-dimer, and a lower level of lymphocyte, eosinophils, platelet, HDL and sodium (all p<0.01). Most patients received antiviral therapy and Chinese Medicine therapy. As of February 20, 2020, 159 (54.6%) patients were discharged and 2 (0.7%) patients died during hospitalization. The median length of hospital stay in discharged patients was 12 days (IQR: 10-15). Interpretation: The epidemiological and clinical characteristics of COVID-19 patients in Hunan is different from patients in Wuhan. The proportion of patients that had been to Wuhan in severe/critical group and moderate group were higher than mild group. Laboratory and imaging examination can assist in the diagnosis and classification of COVID-19 patients.

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MeSH Disease
Human Phenotype
Transmission
Seroprevalence


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