Corpus overview


Overview

MeSH Disease

Human Phenotype

Cough (28)

Fatigue (28)

Fever (27)

Pneumonia (11)

Dyspnea (7)


Transmission

Seroprevalence
    displaying 1 - 10 records in total 28
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    A case report of moderate COVID-19 with an extremely long-term viral shedding period in China

    Authors: yonghong wang; chaoyuan liu; qinghui meng; shuang gui; yu wu; pengjiang cheng; peng wang; xiuyong liao

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-59700/v1 Date: 2020-08-14 Source: ResearchSquare

    BackgroundAn ongoing outbreak of novel coronavirus disease MESHD 2019 (COVID-19) from Wuhan, China, is currently recognized as a global public health emergency, which has subsequently spread to the rest of China and other countries. The WHO raised the COVID-19 alert to the highest level. The virus is a new highly contagious via human-to-human transmission TRANS. The median duration of viral shedding is 20.0 days. We report that the longest duration of viral shedding was 32.0 days from illness onset in a patient with moderate COVID-19 admitted to QianJiang Central Hospital.Case presentationA 37-year-old male TRANS sought medical advice while suffering from fever HP fever MESHD, dry cough MESHD cough HP, fatigue HP fatigue MESHD, dizziness MESHD, runny nose and diarrhoea MESHD. Five days before the visit, he had a history of travel TRANS from affected geographic areas. The patient had a positive RT-PCR test, and chest CT images showed multiple nodules and mixed ground-glass opacification with consolidation in both lungs. Laboratory findings showed that his lymphocyte and CD4+ counts were below the normal range. The patient was given antiviral treatment, including arbidol, lopinavir, IFN-α, and traditional Chinese medicine, and other necessary support care. All clinical symptoms and CT imaging manifestation abnormalities resolved during the course of therapy.ConclusionAlthough the positive RT-PCR tests were verified in consecutive upper respiratory specimens, the clinical symptoms, CT imaging findings, CD4 + lymphocyte counts, and IgG antibody SERO levels had obviously improved. Positive tests may be detecting pieces of inactive viruses, which would not be transmissible in individual cases.

    A Large-Scale Clinical Validation Study Using nCapp Cloud Plus Terminal by Frontline Doctors for the Rapid Diagnosis of COVID-19 and COVID-19 pneumonia HP pneumonia MESHD in China

    Authors: Dawei Yang; Tao Xu; Xun Wang; Deng Chen; Ziqiang Zhang; Lichuan Zhang; Jie Liu; Kui Xiao; Li Bai; Yong Zhang; Lin Zhao; Lin Tong; Chaomin Wu; Yaoli Wang; Chunling Dong; Maosong Ye; Yu Xu; Zhenju Song; Hong Chen; Jing Li; Jiwei Wang; Fei Tan; Hai Yu; Jian Zhou; Jinming Yu; Chunhua Du; Hongqing Zhao; Yu Shang; Linian Huang; Jianping Zhao; Yang Jin; Charles A. Powell; Yuanlin Song; Chunxue Bai

    doi:10.1101/2020.08.07.20163402 Date: 2020-08-11 Source: medRxiv

    Background The outbreak of coronavirus disease MESHD 2019 (COVID-19) has become a global pandemic acute infectious disease MESHD, especially with the features of possible asymptomatic TRANS carriers TRANS and high contagiousness. It causes acute respiratory distress HP respiratory distress MESHD syndrome and results in a high mortality rate if pneumonia HP is involved. Currently, it is difficult to quickly identify asymptomatic TRANS cases or COVID-19 patients with pneumonia HP pneumonia MESHD due to limited access to reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) nucleic acid tests and CT scans, which facilitates the spread of the disease TRANS at the community level, and contributes to the overwhelming of medical resources in intensive care units. Goal This study aimed to develop a scientific and rigorous clinical diagnostic tool for the rapid prediction of COVID-19 cases based on a COVID-19 clinical case database in China, and to assist global frontline doctors to efficiently and precisely diagnose asymptomatic TRANS COVID-19 patients and cases who had a false-negative RT-PCR test result. Methods With online consent, and the approval of the ethics committee of Zhongshan Hospital Fudan Unversity (approval number B2020-032R) to ensure that patient privacy is protected, clinical information has been uploaded in real-time through the New Coronavirus Intelligent Auto-diagnostic Assistant Application of cloud plus terminal (nCapp) by doctors from different cities (Wuhan, Shanghai, Harbin, Dalian, Wuxi, Qingdao, Rizhao, and Bengbu) during the COVID-19 outbreak in China. By quality control and data anonymization on the platform, a total of 3,249 cases from COVID-19 high-risk groups were collected. These patients had SARS-CoV-2 RT-PCR test results and chest CT scans, both of which were used as the gold standard for the diagnosis of COVID-19 and COVID-19 pneumonia HP pneumonia MESHD. In particular, the dataset included 137 indeterminate cases who initially did not have RT-PCR tests and subsequently had positive RT-PCR results, 62 suspected cases who initially had false-negative RT-PCR test results and subsequently had positive RT-PCR results, and 122 asymptomatic TRANS cases who had positive RT-PCR test results, amongst whom 31 cases were diagnosed. We also integrated the function of a survey in nCapp to collect user feedback from frontline doctors. Findings We applied the statistical method of a multi-factor regression model to the training dataset (1,624 cases) and developed a prediction model for COVID-19 with 9 clinical indicators that are fast and accessible: 'Residing or visiting history in epidemic regions', 'Exposure history to COVID-19 patient', 'Dry cough HP', ' Fatigue HP', 'Breathlessness', 'No body temperature decrease after antibiotic treatment', 'Fingertip blood SERO oxygen saturation<=93%', ' Lymphopenia HP Lymphopenia MESHD', and 'C-reactive protein (CRP) increased'. The area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve (AUC) for the model was 0.88 (95% CI: 0.86, 0.89) in the training dataset and 0.84 (95% CI: 0.82, 0.86) in the validation dataset (1,625 cases). To ensure the sensitivity SERO of the model, we used a cutoff value of 0.09. The sensitivity SERO and specificity of the model were 98.0% (95% CI: 96.9%, 99.1%) and 17.3% (95% CI: 15.0%, 19.6%), respectively, in the training dataset, and 96.5% (95% CI: 95.1%, 98.0%) and 18.8% (95% CI: 16.4%, 21.2%), respectively, in the validation dataset. In the subset of the 137 indeterminate cases who initially did not have RT-PCR tests and subsequently had positive RT-PCR results, the model predicted 132 cases, accounting for 96.4% (95% CI: 91.7%, 98.8%) of the cases. In the subset of the 62 suspected cases who initially had false-negative RT-PCR test results and subsequently had positive RT-PCR results, the model predicted 59 cases, accounting for 95.2% (95% CI: 86.5%, 99.0%) of the cases. Considering the specificity of the model, we used a cutoff value of 0.32. The sensitivity SERO and specificity of the model were 83.5% (95% CI: 80.5%, 86.4%) and 83.2% (95% CI: 80.9%, 85.5%), respectively, in the training dataset, and 79.6% (95% CI: 76.4%, 82.8%) and 81.3% (95% CI: 78.9%, 83.7%), respectively, in the validation dataset, which is very close to the published AI model. The results of the online survey 'Questionnaire Star' showed that 90.9% of nCapp users in WeChat mini programs were 'satisfied' or 'very satisfied' with the tool. The WeChat mini program received a significantly higher satisfaction rate than other platforms, especially for 'availability and sharing convenience of the App' and 'fast speed of log-in and data entry'. Discussion With the assistance of nCapp, a mobile-based diagnostic tool developed from a large database that we collected from COVID-19 high-risk groups in China, frontline doctors can rapidly identify asymptomatic TRANS patients and avoid misdiagnoses of cases with false-negative RT-PCR results. These patients require timely isolation or close medical supervision. By applying the model, medical resources can be allocated more reasonably, and missed diagnoses can be reduced. In addition, further education and interaction among medical professionals can improve the diagnostic efficiency for COVID-19, thus avoiding the transmission TRANS of the disease from asymptomatic TRANS patients at the community level.

    Examining Australian's beliefs, misconceptions, and sources of information for COVID-19: A national online survey

    Authors: Rae Thomas; Hannah Greenwood; Zoe A Michaleff; Eman Abukmail; Tammy Hoffmann; Kirsten J McCaffery; Leah Hardiman; Paul Glasziou

    doi:10.1101/2020.07.27.20163204 Date: 2020-07-29 Source: medRxiv

    Objective: Public cooperation to practice preventive health behaviours is essential to manage the transmission TRANS of infectious diseases MESHD such as COVID-19. We aimed to investigate beliefs about COVID-19 diagnosis, transmission TRANS and prevention that have the potential to impact the uptake of recommended public health strategies. Design: An online cross-sectional survey conducted May 8 to May 11 2020. Participants: A national sample of 1500 Australian adults TRANS with representative quotas for age TRANS and gender TRANS provided by online panel provider. Main outcome measure: Proportion of participants with correct/incorrect knowledge of COVID-19 preventive behaviours and reasons for misconceptions. Results: Of the 1802 potential participants contacted, 289 were excluded, 13 declined, and 1500 participated in the survey (response rate 83%). Most participants correctly identified washing your hands regularly with soap and water (92%) and staying at least 1.5m away from others (90%) could help prevent COVID-19. Over 40% (incorrectly) considered wearing gloves outside of the home would prevent them contracting COVID-19. Views about face masks were divided. Only 66% of participants correctly identified that regular use of antibiotics would not prevent COVID-19. Most participants (90%) identified fever HP fever MESHD, fatigue HP fatigue MESHD and cough HP as indicators of COVID-19. However, 42% of participants thought that being unable to hold your breath for 10 seconds without coughing HP was an indicator of having the virus. The most frequently reported sources of COVID-19 information were commercial television channels (56%), the Australian Broadcasting Corporation (43%), and the Australian Government COVID-19 information app (31%). Conclusions: Public messaging about hand hygiene and physical distancing to prevent transmission TRANS appear to have been effective. However, there are clear, identified barriers for many individuals that have the potential to impede uptake or maintenance of these behaviours in the long-term. Currently these non-drug interventions are our only effective strategy to combat this pandemic. Ensuring ongoing adherence to is critical.

    Prediction Model of Severe Coronavirus Disease MESHD 2019(COVID-19) Cases Shows the Leading Risk Factor of Hypocalcemia HP Hypocalcemia MESHD

    Authors: Chenchan Hu; Feifei Su; Jianyi Dai; Shushu Lu; Lianpeng Wu; Dong Chen; Qifa Song; Fan Zhou

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-41318/v1 Date: 2020-07-12 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background A striking characteristic of Coronavirus Disease MESHD 2019(COVID-19) is the coexistence of clinically mild and severe cases. A comprehensive analysis of multiple risk factors predicting progression to severity is clinically meaningful. Methods The patients were classified into moderate and severe groups. The univariate regression analysis was used to identify their epidemiological and clinical features related to severity, which were used as possible risk factors and were entered into a forward-stepwise multiple logistic regression analysis to develop a multiple factor prediction model for the severe cases.Results 255 patients (mean age TRANS, 49.1±SD 14.6) were included, consisting of 184 (72.2%) moderate cases and 71 (27.8%) severe cases. The common symptoms were dry cough HP (78.0%), sputum (62.7%), and fever HP fever MESHD (59.2%). The less common symptoms were fatigue HP fatigue MESHD (29.4%), diarrhea HP diarrhea MESHD (25.9%), and dyspnea HP dyspnea MESHD (20.8%). The univariate regression analysis determined 23 possible risk factors. The multiple logistic regression identified seven risk factors closely related to the severity of COVID-19, including dyspnea HP dyspnea MESHD, exposure history in Wuhan, CRP (C-reactive protein), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), calcium, lymphocytes, and age TRANS. The probability model for predicting the severe COVID-19 was P=1/1+exp (-1.78+1.02×age+1.62×high- transmission TRANS-setting-exposure +1.77× dyspnea MESHD+1.54×CRP+1.03×lymphocyte+1.03×AST+1.76×calcium). Dyspnea HP Dyspnea MESHD (OR=5.91) and hypocalcemia HP hypocalcemia MESHD (OR=5.79) were the leading risk factors, followed by exposure to a high- transmission TRANS setting (OR=5.04), CRP (OR=4.67), AST (OR=2.81), decreased lymphocyte count (OR=2.80), and age TRANS (OR=2.78). Conclusions This quantitative prognosis prediction model can provide a theoretical basis for the early formulation of individualized diagnosis and treatment programs and prevention of severe diseases.

    Preparedness and Approaches of Healthcare Providers to Tackle the Transmission TRANS of Covid-19 among North Shewa Zone Hospitals, Amhara, Ethiopia, 2020.

    Authors: Getaneh Baye Mulu; worku Misganaw Kebede; Solomon Adanew worku; Yohannes Moges Mittiku; Birhanu Ayelign Jemere

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-36151/v1 Date: 2020-06-16 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19 is an emerging respiratory disease that is caused by a novel coronavirus and was first detected in December 2019 in Wuhan, China. The disease is highly infectious, and its main clinical symptoms include fever HP, dry cough HP, fatigue HP, myalgia HP, and dyspnea HP. Health care providers are in front in fighting the coronavirus spread by making themselves the risk of contracting the disease. This study aimed to assess the preparedness and approaches of healthcare providers to tackle the transmission TRANS of COVID-19 among North Shewa Zone Hospitals.Methods Facility-based cross-sectional study was conducted from April to May 2020 among 422 healthcare providers in the North Shewa Zone, Amhara, Ethiopia using a self-administered questionnaire. Study subjects were selected through systematic random sampling based on their proportional distribution of sample size to each hospital. A structured questionnaire will be used to collect data. The data were coded and entered into the Epi data 4.2.1 version and the analysis was carried out in statistical package for social science 25 versions.Results 404 participants involved in the study gives a response rate of 95.7%. The self-satisfaction of healthcare providers revealed 301 (74.5%) of study participants feel unsafe in their workplace. Two-third, 260 (64.4%) of them responded that they feel anxious while working with febrile patients. Nearly one -third (31%), 27.4%, 15.9%, 14.5%, 14.2% of HCP had access to gloves, facemask, goggle, shoe, and apron respectively in hospitals.Conclusion Protecting healthcare workers is a public health priority. Access to essential personal protective equipment during the COVID-19 pandemic was limited. The poor perception of healthcare professionals about not having enough support from medical institutions and public health authorities raises the need to urgently implement strategies to protect healthcare workers in the time of the COVID-19 pandemic.

    Management and Outcomes of patients on maintenance dialysis during the COVID-19 pandemic: a report from Geneva, Switzerland

    Authors: Ido Zamberg; Thomas Mavrakanas; Thomas Ernandez; Vincent Bourquin; Michael Zellweger; Nicola Marangon; Francoise Raimbault; Rebecca Winzeler; Anne Iten; Pierre-Yves Martin; Patrick Saudan

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-35053/v1 Date: 2020-06-12 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background Patients on maintenance hemodialysis are at high risk for serious complications from COVID-19 infection MESHD including death. We present an overview of the local experience with dialysis units management and reorganization, local epidemiology and outcomes during the COVID-19 outbreak in Geneva, Switzerland.Methods All SARS-CoV-2 positive outpatients on maintenance dialysis were transferred from their usual dialysis facility to the Geneva University Hospitals dialysis unit to avoid creation of new clusters of transmission TRANS. Within this unit, appropriate mitigation measures were enforced as suggested by the institutional team for prevention and control of infectious diseases MESHD.Results From February 25 to May 18, 2020, 19 of 246 patients on maintenance dialysis were tested positive for SARS-CoV-2, representing an incidence rate of 97.6 cases per 100,000 person-days. Eighteen patients were on maintenance hemodialysis and one on peritoneal dialysis. Twelve of these infections were detected during the first two weeks after mitigation strategies were enforced. Most common symptoms were fever HP fever MESHD (89%), cough HP (84%) and fatigue HP fatigue MESHD (68%). Two patients required orotracheal intubation. Six patients on maintenance hemodialysis who had previously tested positive for SARS-CoV-2, all of them male TRANS, died (32%). Five deaths were COVID-19 related and one death was due to dialysis withdrawal at the patient’s request. Conclusion Strict mitigation measures seemed to be effective to control infection MESHD spread among patients on maintenance dialysis. COVID-19 infection MESHD is associated with a high fatality rate. Large scale epidemiological studies are needed to assess the efficacy of preventive measures in decreasing infection MESHD and mortality rate within the dialysis population.

    SARS-CoV-2 Existence in Different Types of Biological Specimens and Leading Public Health Concern

    Authors: Priyanka Yadav

    id:10.20944/preprints202006.0041.v1 Date: 2020-06-04 Source: Preprints.org

    There is a new public health crisis threatening the world with the emergence and spread of novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2). The outbreak of coronavirus disease MESHD 2019 (COVID-19), which originated in Wuhan, China, in December 2019, has been declared a public health emergency of international concern by WHO. Most patients infected with SARS-CoV-2 exhibited symptoms of fever HP fever MESHD, cough HP cough MESHD, myalgia HP myalgia MESHD, fatigue HP fatigue MESHD and shortness of breath MESHD. Many infected people MESHD may be asymptomatic TRANS. It is generally believed that airway exposure to respiratory droplets from an infected patient is the main transmission TRANS route of this disease. However, apart from respiratory source, other source specimens like faecal matter and urine could be possible for COVID-19 infectivity. The spreading other routes of the virus has been alarming sign, both for public and health care professionals. Understanding the spreading routes of SARS-CoV-2 is crucial for patient management and defining biosafety strategies for public and health care workers.

    Clinical features of COVID-19 patients in one designated medical institutions in Chengdu, China

    Authors: Gui Zhou; Yun-Hui Tan; Jiang-Cuo Luo; Yi-Xiao Lu; Jing Feng; Juan Li; Yun-Mei Yang; Long Chen; Jian-Ping Zhang

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-30405/v1 Date: 2020-05-19 Source: ResearchSquare

    OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical characteristics of patients infected with the 2019 severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 MESHD (SARS-Cov-2) responsible for coronavirus disease MESHD (COVID-2019).METHODS: Data were collected from 20 patients admitted to the Pidu District People’s Hospital in Chengdu from January 26, 2020 to March 1, 2020 with laboratory-confirmed SARS-Cov-2 infection. Clinical data were collected using the World Health Organization (WHO) nCoV CASE RECORDFORM Version 1.2 28JAN2020, which includes parameters such as: temperature, epidemiological characteristics, social network, history of exposure, and incubation period TRANS. If information was unclear, the team reviewed the original data and contacted TRANS patients directly if necessary.RESULTS: The median age TRANS of the 20 COVID-19 infected MESHD patients studied was 42.5 years. In this cohort, four patients became severely ill and one deteriorated rapidly during treatment. This patient was transferred to another medical center with an intensive care unit (ICU) for treatment. This patient died after admission to the ICU. Two of the twenty patients remained positive SARS-Cov-2 more than three weeks, and they were quarantined in a medical facility without medication. According to our analysis, all of the studied cases were infected by human-to-human transmission TRANS due to the lack of protective measures; transmission TRANS through contact within families requires confirmation. The most common symptoms at onset TRANS of illness were fever HP fever MESHD in 13 (65%) patients, cough HP in 9 (45%), headache HP headache MESHD in 3 (15%), fatigue HP fatigue MESHD in 6 (30%), diarrhea HP diarrhea MESHD in 3 (15%), and abdominal pain HP abdominal pain MESHD in 2 (10%). Six patients (30%) developed shortness of breath MESHD upon admission. The median time from exposure to onset of illness was6.5 days (interquartile range 3.25–9 days), and from the onset of symptoms TRANS to first hospital admission was 3.5 (1.25–7) days.CONCLUSION: Compared with patients infected with SARS-Cov-2 in Wuhan (up to the end of February 2020), the symptoms of patients in one hospital in Chengdu, Sichuan Province, were relatively mild and patients were discharged from the hospital after only a short stay. However, the fasting blood SERO glucose of the infected individuals was found to be slightly elevated because of the state of emergency. The dynamic changes in lymphocyte levels can predict disease status of COVID-19. They are also suggestive of changes in mean platelet volume during disease progression. This suggests that the patients had mild cases of COVID-19. However, because there is no effective drug treatment for COVID-19, it is important to detect and identify severe cases from mild cases early.

    Epidemiologic, Clinical, and Laboratory Findings of the COVID-19 in the current pandemic: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

    Authors: Yewei Xie; Zaisheng Wang; Huipeng Liao; Gifty Marley; Dan Wu; Weiming Tang

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-28367/v2 Date: 2020-05-11 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has affected the world deeply, with more than 3,000,000 people infected and nearly 200,000 deaths. This review aimed to summarize the epidemiologic traits, clinical spectrum, CT results and laboratory findings of the COVID-19 pandemic.Methods: We scoped for relevant literatures published during 1st Dec 2019 to 23rd Apr 2020 based on four databases using English and Chinese languages. We reviewed and analyzed the relevant clinic outcomes of COVID-19.Results: The COVID-19 pandemic was found to have a higher transmission TRANS rate compared to SARS and MERS MESHD and involved 4 stages of evolution. The basic reproduction number TRANS ( R0 TRANS) is 3.32 (95% CI:3.24-3.39), the incubation period TRANS was 5.24 days (95% CI:3.97-6.50, 5 studies) on average, and the average time for symptoms onset TRANS varied by countries. Common clinical spectrums identified included fever HP fever MESHD (38.1-39.0℃), cough HP cough MESHD and fatigue HP fatigue MESHD, with Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome MESHD Respiratory Distress HP Syndrome ( ARDS MESHD) being the most common complication reported. Body temperatures above 39.0 ℃, dyspnea HP dyspnea MESHD, and anorexia HP anorexia MESHD were more common symptoms in severe patients. Aged TRANS over 60 years old, having co-morbidities, and developing complications were the commonest high-risk factors associated with severe conditions. Leucopenia and lymphopenia HP lymphopenia MESHD were the most common signs of infection MESHD while liver and kidney damage MESHD were rare but may cause bad outcomes for patients. The bilateral, multifocal Ground-Glass Opacification (GGO) on peripheral, and the consolidative pulmonary opacity HP were the most frequent CT results and the tendency of mortality rates differed by region.Conclusions: We provided a bird’s-eye view of the COVID-19 during the current pandemic, which will help better understanding the key traits of the disease. The findings could be used for disease’s future research, control and prevention.

    Epidemiologic, Clinical, and Laboratory Findings of the COVID-19 in the current pandemic: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

    Authors: Yewei Xie; Zaisheng Wang; Huipeng Liao; Gifty Marley; Dan Wu; Weiming Tang

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-28367/v3 Date: 2020-05-11 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has affected the world deeply, with more than 3,000,000 people infected and nearly 200,000 deaths. This review aimed to summarize the epidemiologic traits, clinical spectrum, CT results and laboratory findings of the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: We scoped for relevant literatures published during 1 st Dec 2019 to 23 rd Apr 2020 based on four databases using English and Chinese languages. We reviewed and analyzed the relevant clinic outcomes of COVID-19. Results: The COVID-19 pandemic was found to have a higher transmission TRANS rate compared to SARS and MERS MESHD and involved 4 stages of evolution. The basic reproduction number TRANS (R 0 ) is 3.32 (95% CI:3.24-3.39), the incubation period TRANS was 5.24 days (95% CI:3.97-6.50, 5 studies) on average, and the average time for symptoms onset TRANS varied by countries. Common clinical spectrums identified included fever HP fever MESHD (38.1-39.0℃), cough HP cough MESHD and fatigue HP fatigue MESHD, with Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome MESHD Respiratory Distress HP Syndrome ( ARDS MESHD) being the most common complication reported. Body temperatures above 39.0 ℃, dyspnea HP dyspnea MESHD, and anorexia HP anorexia MESHD were more common symptoms in severe patients. Aged TRANS over 60 years old, having co-morbidities, and developing complications were the commonest high-risk factors associated with severe conditions. Leucopenia and lymphopenia HP lymphopenia MESHD were the most common signs of infection MESHD while liver and kidney damage MESHD were rare but may cause bad outcomes for patients. The bilateral, multifocal Ground-Glass Opacification (GGO) on peripheral, and the consolidative pulmonary opacity HP were the most frequent CT results and the tendency of mortality rates differed by region. Conclusions: We provided a bird’s-eye view of the COVID-19 during the current pandemic, which will help better understanding the key traits of the disease. The findings could be used for disease’s future research, control and prevention.

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MeSH Disease
Human Phenotype
Transmission
Seroprevalence


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