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MeSH Disease

Human Phenotype

Transmission

Seroprevalence

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    Mitigating Arrhythmia HP Arrhythmia MESHD Risk in Hydroxychloroquine and Azithromycin Treated COVID-19 Patients using Arrhythmia HP Arrhythmia MESHD Risk Management Plan

    Authors: Kazimieras Maneikis M.D.; Ugne Ringeleviciute M.D.; Justinas Bacevicius M.D.; Egle Dieninyte-Misiune M.D.; Emilija Burokaite M.D.; Gintare Kazbaraite M.D.; Marta Monika Janusaite M.D.; Austeja Dapkeviciute M.D.; Andrius Zucenka M.D.; Valdas Peceliunas M.D. Ph.D.; Lina Kryzauskaite M.D.; Vytautas Kasiulevicius M.D. Ph.D.; Donata Ringaitiene M.D. Ph.D.; Birute Zablockiene M.D. Ph.D.; Tadas Zvirblis; Germanas Marinskis M.D. Ph.D.; Ligita Jancoriene M.D. Ph.D.; Laimonas Griskevicius M.D. Ph.D.

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-50501/v1 Date: 2020-07-29 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background: Hydroxychloroquine and Azithromycin use is associated with QT interval prolongation MESHD and arrhythmias HP arrhythmias MESHD. Despite ongoing multiple clinical trials for treatment of COVID19 infection MESHD, no definite cardiac safety protocols were proposed. The aim of our study was to assess cardiac safety in COVID-19 patients treated with the combination of Hydroxychloroquine and Azithromycin using close monitoring and arrhythmia HP arrhythmia MESHD risk management plan.Methods and results: We retrospectively examined arrhythmia HP arrhythmia MESHD safety of treatment with Hydroxychloroquine and Azithromycin in the setting of pre-defined cardiac arrhythmia MESHD arrhythmia HP risk management plan. 81 patients were included from March 23rd to May 10th 2020. The median age TRANS was 59 years, 58.0% were female TRANS. The majority of the study population (82.7%) had comorbidities, 98.8% had radiological signs of pneumonia HP pneumonia MESHD. 7 patients (8.6%) had QTc prolongation MESHD of ≥500 ms. The treatment was discontinued in 4 patients (4.9%). 14 patients (17.3%) experienced QTc≥480 ms and 16 patients (19.8%) had an increase of QTc≥60 ms. None of the patients developed ventricular tachycardia HP ventricular tachycardia MESHD. The risk factors significantly associated with QTc≥500 ms were hypokalemia HP hypokalemia MESHD (p = 0.032) and use of diuretics during the treatment (p = 0.020). Three patients had a lethal outcome; none of them associated with ventricular arrhythmias HP ventricular arrhythmias MESHD.Conclusion: We recorded a low incidence of QTc prolongation MESHD ≥500 ms and no ventricular tachycardia HP ventricular tachycardia MESHD events in COVID-19 patients treated with Hydroxychloroquine and Azithromycin using cardiac arrhythmia MESHD arrhythmia HP risk management plan.

    Hydroxychloroquine with or without macrolide and standard of care versus standard of care alone for COVID-19 cases: a systematic review and meta-analysis

    Authors: Dhan Bahadur Shrestha; Pravash Budhathoki; Sitaram Khadka; Era Rawal

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-39092/v1 Date: 2020-06-29 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background: Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has been a global health threat. The specific treatment of this disease has not yet been approved. In this review, we aimed at assessing the role of hydroxychloroquine with/without macrolide in terms of efficacy and adverse effects against the standard of care. Methods: Pubmed, Medline, Google Scholar, Cochrane Library, and Clinicaltrials.gov were searched for the quantitative and qualitative synthesis of 13 studies using PRISMA guidelines for a proper review. Assessment of heterogeneity was done using the I-squared (I2) test and fixed/random effect analysis was done to determine the odds/risk ratio among the selected studies.Results: Meta-analysis of our study demonstrated no significant differences in improvement for the virological cure (RR 0.95, 0.67-1.34), whereas a significant relationship was there in radiological progression ( pneumonia HP pneumonia MESHD resolution) (RR 1.40, 1.03-1.91) between the two arms. There are 1.52 times the odds of intubation during treatment (CI 0.61-3.77), 1.08 times the risk of mortality (CI 0.65-1.79), and about 2.21 times increased risk of development of adverse effect (OR 2.21, 0.95-5.17). Though overall it is of no statistical significance, clinical relevance to thinking while using the treatment for COVID-19 is advised. Among randomized controlled trials, the treatment group has 3.5 times (OR 3.48, 1.64-7.42) higher risk of developing adverse effects. There is 2.5 times the likelihood of severe arrhythmias HP arrhythmias MESHD and QT prolongation MESHD (OR 2.49, 1.67-3.70) on the treatment arm compared to control.Conclusion: Hydroxychloroquine with/without macrolide has shown no beneficial effect in viral clearance, survival rates while shows significant relation with the radiological improvement compared to standard of care but may increase the risk of intubation, overall side effects, and cardiac complications like arrhythmias MESHD arrhythmias HP and QT prolongation MESHD. Thus utilizing this treatment needs to be judged in clinical relevance and proper monitoring.

The ZB MED preprint Viewer preVIEW includes all COVID-19 related preprints from medRxiv and bioRxiv, from ChemRxiv, from ResearchSquare, from arXiv and from Preprints.org and is updated on a daily basis (7am CET/CEST).
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MeSH Disease
Human Phenotype
Transmission
Seroprevalence


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