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Overview

MeSH Disease

Human Phenotype

Transmission

Seroprevalence
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    COVID-19 misinformation: mere harmless delusions HP or much more? A knowledge and attitude cross-sectional study among the general public residing in Jordan

    Authors: Malik Sallam; Deema Dababseh; Alaa Yaseen; Ayat Al-Haidar; Duaa Taim; Huda Eid; Nidaa A. Ababneh; Faris G. Bakri; Azmi Mahafzah

    doi:10.1101/2020.07.13.20152694 Date: 2020-07-15 Source: medRxiv

    Abstract Since the emergence of the recent coronavirus disease MESHD 2019 (COVID-19) and its spread as a pandemic, media was teeming with misinformation that led to psychologic, social and economic consequences among the global public. Probing knowledge and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD regarding this novel infectious disease MESHD is necessary to identify gaps and sources of misinformation which can help public health efforts to design and implement more focused interventional measures. The aim of this study was to evaluate the knowledge, attitude and effects of misinformation about COVID-19 on anxiety HP anxiety MESHD level among the general public residing in Jordan. An online survey was used that targeted people aged TRANS 18 and above and residing in Jordan. The questionnaire included items on the following: demographic characteristics of the participants, knowledge about COVID-19, anxiety HP anxiety MESHD level and misconceptions regarding the origin of the pandemic. The total number of participants included in final analysis was 3150. The study population was predominantly females TRANS (76.0%), with mean age TRANS of 31 years. The overall knowledge of COVID-19 was satisfactory. Older age TRANS, male TRANS gender TRANS, lower monthly income and educational levels, smoking and history of chronic disease MESHD were associated with perceiving COVID-19 as a very dangerous disease. Variables that were associated with a higher anxiety HP anxiety MESHD level during the pandemic included: lower monthly income and educational level, residence outside the capital (Amman) and history of smoking. Misinformation about the origin of the pandemic (being part of a conspiracy, biologic warfare and the 5G networks role) was also associated with higher anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and lower knowledge about the disease. Social media platforms, TV and news releases were the most common sources of information about the pandemic. The study showed the potential harmful effects of misinformation on the general public and emphasized the need to meticulously deliver timely and accurate information about the pandemic to lessen the health, social and psychological impact of the disease MESHD.

    Prevalence SERO of Anxiety HP Anxiety MESHD and Depression in General Population of Iran during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Web-Based Cross-Sectional Study

    Authors: Saman Maroufizadeh; Majid Pourshaikhian; Ali Pourramzani; Farzaneh Sheikholeslami; Mohammad Taghi Moghadamnia; Seyed Amirhossein Alavi

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-39082/v1 Date: 2020-06-29 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a global public health emergency and may result in psychological problems MESHD such as anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and depression MESHD in general population. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the prevalence SERO of anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and depression and their associated factors in general population of Iran during the COVID-19 pandemic.Methods: We conducted this web-based cross-sectional study on 5328 individuals in Iran, between 17 and 29 April 2020. Data were collected through an anonymous online questionnaire via social media like WhatsApp and Telegram. The online survey collected information on demographic characteristics, COVID-19-related variables, and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and depression. Anxiety HP Anxiety MESHD and depression MESHD were assessed using the Generalized Anxiety HP Anxiety MESHD Disorder-7 (GAD-7) and the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), respectively. Simple and multiple logistic regression analyses were performed to determine independent predictors of anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and depression.Results: The mean GAD-7 and PHQ-9 total scores were 7.17 (SD=5.42) and 7.80 (SD=6.68), respectively. The prevalence SERO of anxiety HP anxiety MESHD, depression MESHD, and comorbid anxiety HP anxiety MESHD-depression were 30.1%, 33.4%, and 22.1%, respectively. According to the adjusted analysis, anxiety HP anxiety MESHD was significantly associated with being female TRANS, being young and middle- aged TRANS, being unemployed or housewife, having chronic diseases MESHD, long time thinking about COVID-19, having family members TRANS, friends TRANS, and/or relatives infected with COVI-19, and death of family members TRANS, relatives or friends TRANS due to COVID-19. Same results were also found for depression MESHD. Furthermore, depression MESHD was associated with being single, being resident in urban area, and having high risk individual in family. Conclusion: The prevalence SERO of anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and depression MESHD were considerably high in general population of Iran during the COVID-19 pandemic. In addition, the findings suggest that more attention needs to be paid to vulnerable groups such as women, young/middle- aged TRANS adults TRANS, unemployed people, people with chronic disease MESHD. Thus, a holistic approach, including management policies, psychosocial interventions, training, support, and tele-mental health, is absolutely crucial to reduce mental health problems of the COVID-19 and any outbreaks of other infectious diseases MESHD.

    The German COVID-19 Survey on Mental Health: Primary Results

    Authors: Stefanie Jung; Jonas Kneer; Tillmann Krueger

    doi:10.1101/2020.05.06.20090340 Date: 2020-05-12 Source: medRxiv

    Abstract First cases of COVID-19 were reported in Wuhan, China in early December 2019. Preliminary data from China indicated a substantial impact on mental health by the pandemic and its associated lockdown measures. Such measures are unprecedented for the majority of people and may affect their lives tremendously. The current survey was developed to assess mental health in response to the lockdown in Germany. Methods We conducted a web-based self-report survey including various aspects of mental health (e.g. PHQ-D, PHQ-4, WHO-5 and comparative questions on a 5-point Likert scale concerning sleep, irritability HP irritability MESHD & interpersonal violence). First wave data were taken during the height of lockdown measures in Germany from 1 April to 15 April 2020. Results A total of 3,545 volunteers took part in this cross-sectional survey. Mean age TRANS was 40.36 years (SD = 11.70; 83.1% female TRANS, 15.2% male TRANS). Acute or chronic disease MESHD was reported by 36.7% (physical) and 24.7% (mental) of subjects. Participants scored mild severity distress in the PHQ stress module. Depression MESHD and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD as assessed by PHQ-4 was significantly higher than in reference samples. The mean well-being score (WHO-5) was 50.7, thus pointing towards possible signs of depression MESHD. Furthermore, we found significant gender TRANS differences for anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and depression with women showing higher levels. 45.3% of participants reported worsened sleep, increased levels of irritation, anger and aggression MESHD compared to pre-pandemic times. Most importantly, 5% of all participants reported experiencing interpersonal violence (IPV). Discussion This is one of the first and largest surveys on mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic in a European society reflecting a relatively well educated and financially secure sample. Yet, there is evidence for a substantial mental burden with increased levels of stress, anxiety HP anxiety MESHD, depressive symptoms MESHD, sleep disturbance HP sleep disturbance MESHD and irritability HP. Most importantly and also most concerning is the finding of a one-month prevalence SERO of 5% IPV. We think it is of vital importance to continuously monitor the mental health of the general public during this pandemic and its aftermath and to carefully screen for IPV and its risk factors such as stress, sleep problems and anger.

    Disrupted Rhythms of Life, Work and Entertainment Behaviours and Their Associations with Mental Health Problems under the Stress of COVID-19 Epidemic: A Survey in 5854 Chinese People with Different Backgrounds

    Authors: Min Yang; Ping He; Xiaoming Xu; Jing Wang; Yanjun Wang; Kaijun Liu; Liangzhi Wen; Xiao Xiao; Yuqing He; Wen Tang; Rong Zhao; Yan Cao; Linlin Chen; Yanling Wei; Chunhui Lan; Xingwei Wang; Bin Wang; Wo Wang; Mingming Zhao; Mei Zhao; Hui Lin; Ruihua Yue; Mingming Deng; Tianwei Deng; Li Kuang; Dongfeng Chen

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-27400/v1 Date: 2020-05-07 Source: ResearchSquare

    BACKGROUND and OBJECTIVE The rhythms of life, work and entertainment behaviours are considered as the external behavioural manifestations of biological rhythm.To evaluate the distinctive disrupted rhythms of behaviours and their associations with mental health problems in people with different backgrounds under the stress of COVID-19 epidemic.SUBJECTS AND METHODS A cross-sectional study was conducted from 10-17 March 2020 under the stress of COVID-19 epidemic.A structured e-questionnaire containing general information,rhythm scale(subscale1 for life-work rhythms and subscale2 for entertainment rhythm) and Zung's self-rating depression MESHD and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD scale(SDS and SAS) were filled and the data were analysed.RESULTS Overall 5854 participants were included.Significant differences were found in rhythm, SDS and SAS scores among people with different backgrounds (all P<0.05). Subjects with female TRANS gender TRANS and poor health status were mostly suffered from disrupted rhythms of life- work-entertainment behaviours, combined with depression MESHD and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD. Nurses and subjects being divorced or with chronic disease MESHD with psychosomatic diseases MESHD were mostly suffered from disrupted rhythms of life-work behaviours, combined with depression MESHD and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD. Subjects with aged TRANS 26-30 years, or annual income of 50,000-100,000CY were mostly suffered from disrupted rhythms of life-work combined with depression MESHD. Subjects with income over 300,000CY were mostly suffered from disrupted rhythm of entertainment combined with anxiety HP anxiety MESHD.The prevalence SERO rates of depression MESHD and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD in people with the high-scores of rhythm disruption increased by 34.50% and 47.16%, respectively, compared with those with low-scores.People with the high-scores of rhythm disruption had higher SDS and SAS scores, compared to those with low scores (all P<0.001). The independent related factors of disrupted rhythms included gender TRANS, age TRANS,marital status, health status,annual income and chronic diseases MESHD with psychosomatic diseases MESHD using logistic regression.The disrupted rhythms of life and work behaviours was positively correlated with both SDS and SAS scores.CONCLUSIONS The disrupted rhythms of life, work and entertainment behaviours were closely associated with mental health problems.The disrupted rhythms of behaviours are frequent and fluxible,triggering more severe mental health problems under the stress of COVID-19 epidemic.The physicians should be aware of their importance when evaluating their interviewees or patients’ mental health and achieving maximization of therapeutic efficacy by integrating the intervention of circadian rhythm and its behaviour.

    Mental health status of the general population, healthcare professionals, and university students during 2019 coronavirus disease outbreak in Jordan: a cross-sectional study

    Authors: Abdallah Y Naser; Eman Zmaily Dahmash; Rabaa Al-Rousan; Hassan Alwafi; Hamzeh Mohammad Alrawashdeh; Imene Ghoul; Anwar Abidine; Mohammed A. Bokhary; H. T. AL-Hadithi; Dalia Ali; Rasha Abuthawabeh; Ghada Mohammad Abdelwahab; Yosra J Alhartani; Haneen Al Muhaisen; Ayah Dagash

    doi:10.1101/2020.04.09.20056374 Date: 2020-04-11 Source: medRxiv

    Background: The emergence of COVID-19 global pandemic coupled with high transmission TRANS rate and mortality has created an unprecedented state of emergency worldwide. This global situation may have a negative impact on the psychological well-being of individuals which in turn impacts individuals performance SERO. Methods: A cross-sectional study using an online survey was conducted in Jordan between 22nd and 28th of March 2020 to explore the mental health status ( depression MESHD and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD) of the general population, healthcare professionals, and university students during the COVID-19 outbreak. The Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and Generalized Anxiety HP Anxiety MESHD Disorder-7 (GAD-7) were used to assess depression MESHD and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD among the study participants. Logistic regression analysis was used to identify predictors of depression MESHD and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD. Results: The prevalence SERO of depression MESHD and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD among the entire study participants was 23.8% and 13.1%, respectively. Anxiety HP Anxiety MESHD was most prevalent across university students 21.5%, followed by healthcare professionals 11.3%, and general population 8.8%. Females TRANS among healthcare professionals and university students, divorced healthcare professionals, pulmonologists, and university students with history of chronic disease MESHD were at higher risk of developing depression MESHD. Females TRANS, divorced participants among the general population, and university students with history of chronic disease MESHD and those with high income ([≥]1500 JD) were at higher risk of developing anxiety HP anxiety MESHD. Conclusions: During outbreaks, individuals are put under extreme stressful condition resulting in higher risk of developing anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and depression MESHD particularly for students and healthcare professionals. Policymakers and mental healthcare providers are advised to provide further mental support to these vulnerable groups during this pandemic.

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MeSH Disease
Human Phenotype
Transmission
Seroprevalence


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