Corpus overview


Overview

MeSH Disease

Human Phenotype

Transmission

Seroprevalence
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    The Influence of Family Function on State and Trait Anxiety HP Anxiety MESHD of Chinese College Students During the Epidemic of COVID-19

    Authors: Lingping Yang; Miao Wu; Yuqi Wang; Bin Peng

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-76133/v1 Date: 2020-09-11 Source: ResearchSquare

    BACKGROUND: COVID-19 has a terrible impact worldwide, and more than 0.8 million people had died of it before September 2020. Many countries had taken many measures to against it, and one of the most effective methods was "stay-at-home" order. But staying at home for a long time is not good for human beings with social features, and that may lead to the occurrence of psychological diseases MESHD. Because of COVID-19, many people were forced to stay at home and spend more time with family members TRANS. As a special group of population, Chinese college student are more dependent on families, and their psychology, such as anxiety HP anxiety MESHD, may be more affected by family during the outbreak of COVID-19.METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted online from March 14, 2020 to March 21, 2020.The State-Trait  Anxiety MESHD Inventory (ST-AI) and Chinese Family Function Scale (FAD-18) were used in this study. ANOVA was used in basic information. Path analysis was used to estimate the relationship among family function, state anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and trait anxiety HP anxiety MESHD.RESULTS: A total of 1039 respondents (695 females TRANS and 344 males TRANS) were included in the study. Their state anxiety HP anxiety MESHD scores were 39.28 and 36.84, respectively. The trait anxiety HP anxiety MESHD scores were 40.66 and 38.36, respectively. There were significant differences (p<0.01). But compared with the healthy norm, there was no significant difference. Except gender TRANS, there were significant differences (p<0.01) in state anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and trait anxiety HP anxiety MESHD between college students of medicine and art majors. In path analysis, the standard direct effect of family function on trait anxiety HP anxiety MESHD was 0.434(p< 0.001) in male TRANS group, 0.271(p< 0.001) in female TRANS group. While the standard direct and indirect effect of family function on state anxiety HP anxiety MESHD were not significant.CONCLUSIONS: This study found that during the outbreak of COVID-19, the state anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and trait anxiety HP anxiety MESHD of Chinese college students were related to gender TRANS and major. What’s more, family function had a great influence on anxiety HP anxiety MESHD. It is very important to pay attention to health function of family and psychological counseling for different genders TRANS and majors.

    The Mental Health of Healthcare Staff during the COVID-19 Pandemic: It Depends on How Much They Work and Their Age TRANS

    Authors: Xingzi Xu; Stephen X. Zhang; Asghar Afshar Jahanshahi; Jizhen Li; Afsaneh Bagheri; Khaled Nawaser; Annalisa Ruggeri; Marina Sironi; Peter Radermacher; Panagiotis Skendros; Konstantinos Ritis; Ilenia Manfra; Simona Iacobelli; Markus Huber-Lang; Bo Nilsson; Despina Yancopoulou; E. Sander Connolly; Cecilia Garlanda; Fabio Ciceri; Antonio M. Risitano; Rodrigo T. Calado; John D. Lambris

    doi:10.1101/2020.08.18.20173500 Date: 2020-08-21 Source: medRxiv

    Background: Healthcare staff are the forefront of fight against COVID-19 and they are under enormous pressure due to the fast growth in the number and severity of infected cases. This creates their mental issues such as distress, depression MESHD and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD. Exploring healthcare staff's mental health during the pandemic contributes to improving their persistence in the growing challenges created by COVID-19 and enabling effective management of their mental health. Methods: An online survey of 280 healthcare staff in all the 31 provinces of Iran was conducted during April 5 to 20, 2020. The survey assessed staff's distress, depression MESHD and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD in the COVID-19 pandemic. Results: Nearly a third of healthcare staff suffered from distress, depression MESHD and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD. Females TRANS and more educated healthcare staff were more likely to experience distress. Compared to personnel who did not have COVID-19, those who were unsure whether they had COVID-19 were more likely to experience distress and depression MESHD. The number of COVID-19 cases among the staff's colleagues or friends TRANS positively predicted their anxiety HP anxiety MESHD. Compared to radio technologists, doctors were less likely to experience distress and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD. Technicians and obstetrics experienced less anxiety HP anxiety MESHD. Analysis the interaction between weekly working days and age TRANS of the staff indicated the chance of experiencing distress and depression MESHD varied greatly by working days among younger but not older healthcare staff. Conclusion: Exploring the potential predictors of mental health issues assists healthcare organizations to develop approaches to prevent and decrease the issues among staff and improve their task performance SERO in sever crises such as COVID-19, so they can stay motivated in the COVID-19 pandemic. It is useful to identify more working characteristic predictors for healthcare staff at different ages TRANS.

    Risk Factors for Adolescents' Mental Health During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Comparison between Wuhan and Other Areas in China

    Authors: Shitao Chen; Zeyuan Cheng; Jing Wu

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-58710/v1 Date: 2020-08-13 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background: The outbreak of Coronavirus Disease MESHD is causing considerable acute risk to public health and might have an unanticipated impact on the mental health of children TRANS and adolescents in the long run. This study aims to understand whether there is a clinically significant difference in anxiety HP anxiety MESHD, depression MESHD, and parental rearing style when comparing adolescents from Wuhan and other cities in China. This study also intends to examine whether gender TRANS, grade in school, single child TRANS status, online learning participation MESHD, parents TRANS' involvement in COVID-19 related work, and parents TRANS being quarantined or infected due to the disease would lead to clinically significant differences in anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and depression. Beyond that, this study explored the pathways among the different variables in order to better understand how these factors play a part in impacting adolescents' mental health condition. Results: Results showed that there was a statistically significant difference in anxiety HP anxiety MESHD symptoms between participants who were from Wuhan compared to other areas, but not in depressive symptoms MESHD. In addition, participants’ grade level, gender TRANS, relative being infected, and study online have direct positive predictive value SERO for depressive MESHD and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD symptoms, whereas location and sibling status have indirect predictive value. Having relatives who participated in COVID-19 related work had positive direct predictive value only toward depression MESHD, but not anxiety HP anxiety MESHD.Conclusions: This study discovered several risk factors for adolescents’ depression MESHD and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD during the pandemic. It also called for a greater awareness of Wuhan parents’ mental wellbeing and recommended a systematic approach for mental health prevention and intervention. 

    Explainable-Machine-Learning to discover drivers and to predict mental illness during COVID-19

    Authors: Indra Prakash Jha; Raghav Awasthi; Ajit Kumar; VIBHOR KUMAR; Tavpritesh Sethi

    doi:10.1101/2020.07.19.20157164 Date: 2020-07-21 Source: medRxiv

    COVID-19 pandemic has deeply affected the global economy, education, and travel TRANS and stranded people in their respective zones. Most importantly, it has claimed more than half a million lives and is poised to create long and short term consequences through mental health impairment. Identification of important factors affecting mental health can help people manage emotional, psychological, and social well-being. Here, we focus on identifying factors that have a significant impact on mental health during COVID pandemics. In this study, We have used a survey of 17764 adults TRANS in the USA at different age groups TRANS, genders TRANS, and socioeconomic statuses. Through initial statistical analysis followed by Bayesian Network inference, we have identified key factors affecting Mental health during the COVID pandemic. Integrating Bayesian networks with classical machine learning approaches lead to effective modeling of the level of mental health. Overall, females TRANS are more stressed than males TRANS, and people of age-group TRANS 18-29 are more vulnerable to anxiety HP anxiety MESHD than other age groups TRANS. Using the Bayesian Network Model, we found that people with the chronic medical condition of mental illness MESHD are more prone to mental disorders MESHD during COVID age TRANS. The new realities of working from home, home-schooling, and lack of communication with family/ friends TRANS/neighbors induces mental pressure. Financial assistance from social security helps in reducing mental stress during COVID generated economic crises. Finally, using supervised ML models, we predicted the most mentally vulnerable people with ~80% accuracy.

    Psychosocial impact of respiratory infectious disease pandemics on children TRANS: a systematic review

    Authors: Chenran Wang; Shuyue Xiao; Yijie Sun; Jinpeng Wang; Tao Xu

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-41460/v1 Date: 2020-07-13 Source: ResearchSquare

    Objective To examine the impact of respiratory infectious disease MESHD pandemics in the new millennium on mental health, behavioral responses, and parenting TRANS practices in children TRANS, and provide further intervention directions to mitigate negative effects of the 2019 novel coronavirus disease MESHD (COVID-19).Methods We conducted a systemic literature review of researches from January 2003 to May 2020 with three mainstream electronic databases including PubMed, Web of Science, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure. Quality of included studies were assessed using Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS), and Critical Appraisal Skills Programme (CASP) according to different study design. Further directions were identified for developing appropriate interventions.Results Twenty-four studies conducted in the context of severe acute respiratory syndrome MESHD (SARS) (n = 10), influenza A (H1N1) (n = 3), and COVID-19 (n = 11) pandemics met the inclusion criteria. Children TRANS showed emotional conditions such as anxiety HP anxiety MESHD, fear, and depression MESHD, while psychological responses varied across age TRANS and gender TRANS groups. Children TRANS with mental illness MESHD history experienced an exacerbation of psychological symptoms. The pandemics changed hygiene habits and learning styles, and led to the increased participation in unfavorable lifestyles. For families with pediatric patients, the pandemic decreased parents’ participation in providing family-centered care and threatened to supportive family relationship and effective parents TRANS- child TRANS communication.Conclusion The emerging virus outbreaks and subsequent disease-control measures have impacts on mental health status, behavioral responses, and parenting TRANS practices in children TRANS. In response to COVID-19, greater efforts taking into account children’s developmental stage should be made to implement evidence-based psychological interventions, enhance effective communication, and encourage collaboration.

    The mental health impact of the covid-19 pandemic onhealthcare workers, and interventions to help them: a rapid systematic review

    Authors: Ashley Elizabeth Muller; Elisabet Vivianne Hafstad; Jan Peter William Himmels; Geir Smedslund; Signe Flottorp; Synne Stensland; Stijn Stroobants; Stijn Van de Velde; Gunn Elisabeth Vist

    doi:10.1101/2020.07.03.20145607 Date: 2020-07-04 Source: medRxiv

    Background: The covid-19 pandemic has heavily burdened, and in some cases overwhelmed, healthcare systems throughout the world. Healthcare workers are not only at heightened risk of infection TRANS risk of infection TRANS infection MESHD, but also of adverse mental health outcomes. Identification of organizational, collegial and individual risk and resilience factors impacting the mental health of healthcare workers are needed to inform preparedness planning and sustainable response. Methods: We performed a rapid systematic review to identify, assess and summarize available research on the mental health impact of the covid-19 pandemic on healthcare workers. On 11 May 2020, we utilized the Norwegian Institute of Public Health's Live map of covid-19 evidence, the visualization of a database of 20,738 screened studies, to identify studies for inclusion. We included studies reporting on any type of mental health outcome in any type of healthcare workers during the pandemic. We described interventions reported by the studies, and narratively summarized mental health-related outcomes, as study heterogeneity precluded meta-analysis. We assessed study quality using design-specific instruments. Results: We included 59 studies, reporting on a total of 54,707 healthcare workers. The prevalence SERO of general psychological distress across the studies ranged from 7-97% (median 37%), anxiety HP anxiety MESHD 9-90% (median 24%), depression MESHD 5-51% (median 21%), and sleeping problems 34-65% (median 37%). Seven studies reported on implementing mental health interventions, and most focused on individual symptom reduction, but none reported on effects of the interventions. In most studies, healthcare workers reported low interest in and use of professional help, and greater reliance on social support and contact with family and friends TRANS. Exposure to covid-19 was the most commonly reported correlate of mental health problems, followed by female TRANS gender TRANS, and worry about infection MESHD or about infecting others. Social support correlated with less mental health problems. Discussion: Healthcare workers in a variety of fields, positions, and exposure risks are reporting anxiety HP anxiety MESHD, depression MESHD, sleep problems, and distress during the covid-19 pandemic, but most studies do not report comparative data on mental health symptoms. before the pandemic. There seems to be a mismatch between risk factors for adverse mental health outcomes among healthcare workers in the current pandemic and their needs and preferences, and the individual psychopathology focus of current interventions. Efforts to help healthcare workers sustain healthy relationships to colleagues, family and friends TRANS over time may be paramount to safeguard what is already an important source of support during the prolonged crisis. Expanding interventions' focus to incorporate organizational, collegial and family factors to support healthcare workers responding to the pandemic could improve acceptability and efficacy of interventions. Other: The protocol for this review is available online. No funding was received.

    Investigation on the influencing factors of mental health of healthcare workers for aid in Hubei during the outbreak of the COVID-19

    Authors: Peng Zhou; Na Du; Dongmei Diao; Yingjie OuYang; Heshan Sameera Kankanam Pathiranage

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-39313/v1 Date: 2020-07-01 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background The objective of this study is to understand the psychological health status and analyze the related factors of healthcare workers for aid in Hubei during the epidemic. 220 subjects were investigated by Self-Rating Scale of Sleep(SRSS), Generalized Anxiety HP Scale (GAD-7), and 9-item patient health questionnaire (PHQ-9).Results The average SRSS score of all subjects was significantly higher than the national norm (p < 0.001)and the influencing factors were gender TRANS, whether the patients died under the charge of nursing/treatment, the history of psychosis HP and whether their family members TRANS were infected with the COVID-19. The average GAD-7 score of all subjects was in a moderate anxiety HP level, and the main influencing factors were gender TRANS, years of work, history of psychosis HP, self-perceived health statues and whether their family members TRANS were infected with the COVID-19. The average PHQ-9 score of all subjects was in mild depression level. The primary influencing factors were whether they nursed/treated severely ill patients during aid in Hubei and whether they had a history of psychosis HP.Conclusions During the outbreak of COVID-19, the symptoms of insomnia HP and anxiety HP of the healthcare workers for aid in Hubei were prominent. Moreover, male TRANS workers, those whose patients have died during their treatment, with previous anxiety HP disorders and whose family members TRANS infected with COVID-19 were facing more serious problems. Therefore, this special group needs to be strengthened follow-up psychological support individually.

    Prevalence SERO of Anxiety HP Anxiety MESHD and Depression in General Population of Iran during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Web-Based Cross-Sectional Study

    Authors: Saman Maroufizadeh; Majid Pourshaikhian; Ali Pourramzani; Farzaneh Sheikholeslami; Mohammad Taghi Moghadamnia; Seyed Amirhossein Alavi

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-39082/v1 Date: 2020-06-29 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a global public health emergency and may result in psychological problems MESHD such as anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and depression MESHD in general population. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the prevalence SERO of anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and depression and their associated factors in general population of Iran during the COVID-19 pandemic.Methods: We conducted this web-based cross-sectional study on 5328 individuals in Iran, between 17 and 29 April 2020. Data were collected through an anonymous online questionnaire via social media like WhatsApp and Telegram. The online survey collected information on demographic characteristics, COVID-19-related variables, and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and depression. Anxiety HP Anxiety MESHD and depression MESHD were assessed using the Generalized Anxiety HP Anxiety MESHD Disorder-7 (GAD-7) and the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), respectively. Simple and multiple logistic regression analyses were performed to determine independent predictors of anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and depression.Results: The mean GAD-7 and PHQ-9 total scores were 7.17 (SD=5.42) and 7.80 (SD=6.68), respectively. The prevalence SERO of anxiety HP anxiety MESHD, depression MESHD, and comorbid anxiety HP anxiety MESHD-depression were 30.1%, 33.4%, and 22.1%, respectively. According to the adjusted analysis, anxiety HP anxiety MESHD was significantly associated with being female TRANS, being young and middle- aged TRANS, being unemployed or housewife, having chronic diseases MESHD, long time thinking about COVID-19, having family members TRANS, friends TRANS, and/or relatives infected with COVI-19, and death of family members TRANS, relatives or friends TRANS due to COVID-19. Same results were also found for depression MESHD. Furthermore, depression MESHD was associated with being single, being resident in urban area, and having high risk individual in family. Conclusion: The prevalence SERO of anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and depression MESHD were considerably high in general population of Iran during the COVID-19 pandemic. In addition, the findings suggest that more attention needs to be paid to vulnerable groups such as women, young/middle- aged TRANS adults TRANS, unemployed people, people with chronic disease MESHD. Thus, a holistic approach, including management policies, psychosocial interventions, training, support, and tele-mental health, is absolutely crucial to reduce mental health problems of the COVID-19 and any outbreaks of other infectious diseases MESHD.

    Factors associated with self-reported anxiety HP anxiety MESHD, depression MESHD, and general health during the UK lockdown; a cross-sectional survey

    Authors: Louise E. Smith; Richard Amlôt; Helen Lambert; Isabel Oliver; Charlotte Robin; Lucy Yardley; G James Rubin

    doi:10.1101/2020.06.23.20137901 Date: 2020-06-23 Source: medRxiv

    Background: To investigate factors associated with anxiety HP anxiety MESHD, depression MESHD, and self-reported general health during "lockdown" due to COVID-19 in the UK. Methods: Online cross-sectional survey of a nationally-representative sample of 2240 participants living in the UK aged TRANS 18 years or over (data collected 6-7 May 2020). Participants were recruited from YouGov's online research panel. Outcomes: In this sample, 21.9% (n=458, 95% CI [20.1% to 23.7%]) reported probable anxiety HP anxiety MESHD (scored three or over on the GAD-2); while 23.5% (n=494, 95% CI [21.7% to 25.3]) reported probable depression MESHD (scored three or over on the PHQ-2). Poorer mental health was associated with greater financial hardship during the lockdown, thinking that you would lose contact with friends TRANS or family if you followed Government measures, more conflict with household members during the lockdown, less sense of community with people in your neighbourhood, and lower perceived effectiveness of Government measures. Females TRANS and those who were younger were likely to report higher levels of anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and depression. The majority of participants reported their general health as "good" (as measured by the first item of the SF-36). Poorer self-reported general health was associated with psychological distress MESHD, greater worry about COVID-19 and markers of inequality. Interpretation: Rates of self-reported anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and depression MESHD in the UK during the lockdown were greater than population norms. Reducing financial hardship, promoting social connectedness, and increasing solidarity with neighbours and household members may help ease rifts within the community which are associated with distress, thereby improving mental health. Reducing inequality may also improve general health.

    The inevitability of Covid-19 related distress among healthcare workers: findings from a low caseload country under lockdown

    Authors: Feras Ibrahim Hawari; Nour A Obeidat; Yasmeen I Dodin; Asma S Albtoosh; Rasha M Manasrah; Ibrahim O Alaqeel; Asem H Mansour

    doi:10.1101/2020.06.14.20130724 Date: 2020-06-16 Source: medRxiv

    Objectives: To characterize psychological distress MESHD and factors associated with distress in healthcare practitioners working during a stringent lockdown in a country (Jordan) with one of the lowest incidence rates of Covid-19 globally. Methods: A cross-sectional online survey sent to physicians, nurses and technicians, and pharmacists working in various hospitals and community pharmacies. Demographic, professional and psychological characteristics (distress using Kessler-6 questionnaire, anxiety HP anxiety MESHD, depression MESHD, burnout, sleep issues, exhaustion) were measured as were potential sources of fear. Descriptive and multivariable statistics were performed using level of distress as the key outcome. Results: We surveyed 1,006 practitioners (55.3% females TRANS). Approximately 63%, 13%, 17% and 7% were nurses/technicians, physicians, pharmacists, and other nonmedical personnel (respectively). 32% suffered from high distress while 20% suffered from severe distress. Exhaustion, anxiety HP anxiety MESHD, depression MESHD, and sleep disturbances HP sleep disturbances MESHD were reported (in past seven days) by approximately 34%, 34%, 19%, and 29% of subjects (respectively). Being older or male TRANS, perception of effective protective institutional measures, and being satisfied at work, were significantly associated with lower distress. Conversely, suffering burnout; reporting sleep-related functional problems; exhaustion; being a pharmacist (relative to a physician) and working in a cancer MESHD center; harboring fear about virus spreading; fear that the virus threatened life; fear of alienation from family/ friends TRANS; and fear of workload increases, were significantly associated with higher distress. Conclusion: Despite low caseloads, Jordanian practitioners still experienced high levels of distress. Identified demographic, professional and psychological factors influencing distress should inform interventions to improve medical professional resilience and distress likelihood, regardless of the variable Covid-19 situation.

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MeSH Disease
Human Phenotype
Transmission
Seroprevalence


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