Corpus overview


Overview

MeSH Disease

Human Phenotype

Transmission

Seroprevalence
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    Screening Supportive Care Needs, Compliance to Exercise Program, Quality of Life, and Anxiety HP Anxiety MESHD Level During the COVID-19 Pandemic in Individuals Treated with Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation

    Authors: Vesile Yildiz Kabak; Songul Atasavun Uysal; Tulin Duger

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-64169/v1 Date: 2020-08-22 Source: ResearchSquare

    Purpose: Primary aim was to address supportive care needs, compliance to exercise program, quality of life level (QOL), and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD level during the COVID-19 pandemic in individuals treated with hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Secondary aim was to investigate differences in outcome measures in terms of gender TRANS and to determine associated factors with supportive care needs and compliance to exercise program during pandemic.Methods: The present study included individuals treated with HSCT and previously consulted to physical therapy. Data were collected by interviewing with participants on phone. Supportive care needs were assessed by using Supportive Care Needs Survey-Short Form 29TR. Compliance to the exercise program was recorded as percentage of walking duration to the recommended duration during the last week. The European Cancer Research and Treatment Organization Quality of Life Questionnaire-Cancer30 was used to assess QOL. The State-Trait Anxiety HP Anxiety MESHD Inventory-I and Visual Analogue Scale were used to assess anxiety HP anxiety MESHD level. Results: Totally 106 individuals were included. The psychological and physical supportive care needs were predominant in participants. Compliance to exercise program was low during the pandemic. Anxiety HP Anxiety MESHD level was low, yet anxiety HP anxiety MESHD about COVID-19 was moderate severity in participants. Supportive care needs were correlated with anxiety HP anxiety MESHD level, performance SERO level, duration after HSCT, and QOL (p˂0.05). Compliance to exercise program was associated with performance SERO level and QOL (p˂0.05). Conclusion: Our results offer supportive telehealth interventions should be considered during the COVID-19 pandemic for individuals treated with HSCT to decrease unmet supportive care needs and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD, to increase QOL, and to reduce isolation related physical inactivity.

    The Mental Health of Healthcare Staff during the COVID-19 Pandemic: It Depends on How Much They Work and Their Age TRANS

    Authors: Xingzi Xu; Stephen X. Zhang; Asghar Afshar Jahanshahi; Jizhen Li; Afsaneh Bagheri; Khaled Nawaser; Annalisa Ruggeri; Marina Sironi; Peter Radermacher; Panagiotis Skendros; Konstantinos Ritis; Ilenia Manfra; Simona Iacobelli; Markus Huber-Lang; Bo Nilsson; Despina Yancopoulou; E. Sander Connolly; Cecilia Garlanda; Fabio Ciceri; Antonio M. Risitano; Rodrigo T. Calado; John D. Lambris

    doi:10.1101/2020.08.18.20173500 Date: 2020-08-21 Source: medRxiv

    Background: Healthcare staff are the forefront of fight against COVID-19 and they are under enormous pressure due to the fast growth in the number and severity of infected cases. This creates their mental issues such as distress, depression MESHD and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD. Exploring healthcare staff's mental health during the pandemic contributes to improving their persistence in the growing challenges created by COVID-19 and enabling effective management of their mental health. Methods: An online survey of 280 healthcare staff in all the 31 provinces of Iran was conducted during April 5 to 20, 2020. The survey assessed staff's distress, depression MESHD and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD in the COVID-19 pandemic. Results: Nearly a third of healthcare staff suffered from distress, depression MESHD and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD. Females TRANS and more educated healthcare staff were more likely to experience distress. Compared to personnel who did not have COVID-19, those who were unsure whether they had COVID-19 were more likely to experience distress and depression MESHD. The number of COVID-19 cases among the staff's colleagues or friends TRANS positively predicted their anxiety HP anxiety MESHD. Compared to radio technologists, doctors were less likely to experience distress and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD. Technicians and obstetrics experienced less anxiety HP anxiety MESHD. Analysis the interaction between weekly working days and age TRANS of the staff indicated the chance of experiencing distress and depression MESHD varied greatly by working days among younger but not older healthcare staff. Conclusion: Exploring the potential predictors of mental health issues assists healthcare organizations to develop approaches to prevent and decrease the issues among staff and improve their task performance SERO in sever crises such as COVID-19, so they can stay motivated in the COVID-19 pandemic. It is useful to identify more working characteristic predictors for healthcare staff at different ages TRANS.

    Impacts of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Life of Higher Education Students: A Global Perspective

    Authors: Aleksander Aristovnik; Damijana Keržič; Dejan Ravšelj; Nina Tomaževič; Lan Umek

    id:10.20944/preprints202008.0246.v2 Date: 2020-08-19 Source: Preprints.org

    The paper presents the most comprehensive and large-scale study to date on how students perceive the impacts of the COVID-19 crisis on various aspects of their lives on a global level. With a sample of 30,383 students from 62 countries, the study reveals that amid the worldwide lockdown and transition to online learning students were most satisfied with the support provided by teaching staff and their universities’ public relations. Still, deficient computer skills MESHD and the perception of a higher workload prevented them from perceiving their own improved performance SERO in the new teaching environment. Students were mainly concerned about issues to do with their future professional career and studies, and experienced boredom, anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and frustration. The pandemic has led to the adoption of particular hygienic behaviours (e.g. wearing masks, washing hands) and discouraged certain daily practices (e.g. leaving home, shaking hands). Students were also more satisfied with the role played by hospitals and universities during the epidemic compared to the government and banks. The findings also show that students with selected socio-demographic characteristics ( male TRANS, part-time, first level, applied sciences, lower living standard, from Africa or Asia) were generally more strongly affected by the pandemic since they were significantly less satisfied with their academic work/life. Key factors influencing students' satisfaction with the role of their university are also identified. Policymakers and higher education institutions around the world may benefit from these findings while formulating policy recommendations and strategies to support students during this and any future pandemics.

    Risk Factors for Adolescents' Mental Health During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Comparison between Wuhan and Other Areas in China

    Authors: Shitao Chen; Zeyuan Cheng; Jing Wu

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-58710/v1 Date: 2020-08-13 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background: The outbreak of Coronavirus Disease MESHD is causing considerable acute risk to public health and might have an unanticipated impact on the mental health of children TRANS and adolescents in the long run. This study aims to understand whether there is a clinically significant difference in anxiety HP anxiety MESHD, depression MESHD, and parental rearing style when comparing adolescents from Wuhan and other cities in China. This study also intends to examine whether gender TRANS, grade in school, single child TRANS status, online learning participation MESHD, parents TRANS' involvement in COVID-19 related work, and parents TRANS being quarantined or infected due to the disease would lead to clinically significant differences in anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and depression. Beyond that, this study explored the pathways among the different variables in order to better understand how these factors play a part in impacting adolescents' mental health condition. Results: Results showed that there was a statistically significant difference in anxiety HP anxiety MESHD symptoms between participants who were from Wuhan compared to other areas, but not in depressive symptoms MESHD. In addition, participants’ grade level, gender TRANS, relative being infected, and study online have direct positive predictive value SERO for depressive MESHD and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD symptoms, whereas location and sibling status have indirect predictive value. Having relatives who participated in COVID-19 related work had positive direct predictive value only toward depression MESHD, but not anxiety HP anxiety MESHD.Conclusions: This study discovered several risk factors for adolescents’ depression MESHD and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD during the pandemic. It also called for a greater awareness of Wuhan parents’ mental wellbeing and recommended a systematic approach for mental health prevention and intervention. 

    Impacts of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Life of Higher Education Students: A Global Perspective

    Authors: Aleksander Aristovnik; Damijana Keržič; Dejan Ravšelj; Nina Tomaževič; Lan Umek

    id:10.20944/preprints202008.0246.v1 Date: 2020-08-10 Source: Preprints.org

    The paper aims to present the most comprehensive and large-scale study to date of students’ perceived impacts of COVID-19 crisis on different aspects of their lives on a global level. The study with a sample of 30,383 students from 62 countries reveals that due to worldwide lockdown and transition to online learning students were most satisfied with the support of teaching staff and universities’ public relations. Nevertheless, a lack of computer skills and the perception of increased workload prevented them from perceiving higher performance SERO in a new teaching environment. Students were mainly concerned about their future professional career and studying issues, and were feeling boredom, anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and frustration. The pandemic encouraged some hygienic behaviors MESHD (i.e. wearing masks, washing hands) and discouraged certain daily habits (i.e. leaving home, shaking hands). Students were also more satisfied with the role of hospitals and universities during the epidemic, compared to government and banks. Further findings demonstrate that students with selected sociodemographic characteristics ( male TRANS, part-time, first level, applied sciences, lower living standard, from Africa or Asia) were, in general, more strongly affected by the pandemic as they were significantly less satisfied with their academic work/life. Key factors influencing students' satisfaction with the role of university have also been identified. Policymakers and higher education institutions worldwide may benefit from these findings when formulating policy recommendations and tactics on how to support students during the pandemic.

    Knowledge, attitudes, anxiety HP anxiety MESHD, and preventive behaviors towards COVID-19 among health care providers in Yemen: an online cross-sectional survey

    Authors: Gamil Ghaleb Alrubaiee; Talal Ali Hussein Al-Qalah; Mohammed Sadeg A. Al-Aawar

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-32387/v1 Date: 2020-05-29 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background: The current rapid prevalence SERO of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic over the world is associated with a considerable level of scared, anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and panic among the public, in particular, healthcare providers (HCPs) as the most vulnerable group at risk for SARS-CoV-2 infection MESHD. To protect and enhance HCPs' capacity to carry out their duties in responding to COVID-19, healthcare authorities should keep them away from stress and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and improve their knowledge, attitude, and practice towards COVID-19 to ensure their compliance to infection control precautions. Therefore, this study aimed to explore knowledge, attitudes, anxiety HP anxiety MESHD, and preventive behaviours among Yemeni HCPs towards COVID-19.Methods: A descriptive, web-based-cross-sectional study was used. It was conducted among a number of 1244 Yemeni HCPs. The COVID-19 related questionnaire was designed using Google forms. The link of the survey was sent to the respondents via emails, WhatsApp messages and WhatsApp groups as well as Telegram and other social media. The data collection started on 22nd April 2020, at 6 PM and closed on 26th April 2020 at 11 AM.Results: The results indicated that out of 1244 of the Yemeni HCPs participating in this study, 61.3% were male TRANS and more than (67%) were in the age group TRANS of 20 to 30 years old with a mean of 29.25±6.75. Most of them (85.9%) had a bachelor degree or above and had 10 years of working experience or less (88.2%). Besides, although 57.1% of the respondents obtained their information via social and news media and 60.3% had never attended lectures/discussions about COVID-19, the results revealed that the majority of respondents had an adequate level of knowledge, an optimistic attitude, moderate anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and high performance SERO in preventive behaviors (60.3%, 85.00%, 50.80 & 87.60%, respectively) toward the COVID-19 pandemic.Conclusion: Although the Yemeni HCPs exhibited an adequate level of knowledge, an optimistic attitude, moderate anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and high performance SERO in preventive behaviours toward the COVID-19 pandemic, the results showed gaps in some themes, particularly in their knowledge and attitude on COVID-19 pandemic which need to be updated or refreshed.

    Knowledge, attitudes, anxiety HP anxiety MESHD, and preventive behaviors towards COVID-19 among health care providers in Yemen: an online cross-sectional survey

    Authors: Gamil Ghaleb Alrubaiee; Talal Ali Hussein Al-Qalah; Mohammed Sadeg A. Al-Aawar

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-32387/v2 Date: 2020-05-29 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background: The current rapid prevalence SERO of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic over the world is associated with a considerable level of scared, anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and panic among the public, in particular, healthcare providers (HCPs) as the most vulnerable group at risk for SARS-CoV-2 infection MESHD. To protect and enhance HCPs' capacity to carry out their duties in responding to COVID-19, healthcare authorities should keep them away from stress and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and improve their knowledge, attitude, and practice towards COVID-19 to ensure their compliance to infection control precautions. Therefore, this study aimed to explore knowledge, attitudes, anxiety HP anxiety MESHD, and preventive behaviours among Yemeni HCPs towards COVID-19. Methods: A descriptive, web-based-cross-sectional study was conducted among a number of 1231 Yemeni HCPs. The COVID-19 related questionnaire was designed using Google forms. The responses were coded and analysed using the software package (IBMSPSS), version 22.0. Descriptive statistics and Pearson's correlation coefficient test were also used in this study. A p-value of < 0.05 levels with a 95% confidence interval was considered as statistically significant. The data collection started on 22nd April 2020, at 6 PM and closed on 26th April 2020 at 11 AM. Results: The results indicated that out of 1231 of the HCPs participating in this study, 61.6% were male TRANS and more than (67%) were in the age group TRANS of 20 to 30 years old with a mean of 29.29±6.75. Most of them (86%) had a bachelor degree or above and had 10 years of working experience or less (88.1%). Besides, although 57.1% of the respondents obtained their information via social and news media and 60.0% had never attended lectures/discussions about COVID-19, the results revealed that the majority of respondents had an adequate level of knowledge, an optimistic attitude, moderate anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and high performance SERO in preventive behaviors (69.8%, 85.10%, 51.0& 87.70%, respectively) toward the COVID-19 pandemic. Conclusion: Although the Yemeni HCPs exhibited an adequate level of knowledge, an optimistic attitude, moderate anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and high performance SERO in preventive behaviours toward the COVID-19 pandemic, the results showed gaps in some themes, particularly in their knowledge and attitude on COVID-19 pandemic which need to be updated or refreshed.

    Knowledge, attitudes, anxiety HP anxiety MESHD, and preventive behaviors towards COVID-19 among health care providers in Yemen: an online cross-sectional survey

    Authors: Gamil Ghaleb Alrubaiee; Talal Ali Hussein Al-Qalah; Mohammed Sadeg A. Al-Aawar

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-32387/v3 Date: 2020-05-29 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background: The current rapid prevalence SERO of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic over the world is associated with a considerable level of scared, anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and panic among the public, in particular, healthcare providers (HCPs) as the most vulnerable group at risk for SARS-CoV-2 infection MESHD. To protect and enhance HCPs' capacity to carry out their duties in responding to COVID-19, healthcare authorities should keep them away from stress and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and improve their knowledge, attitude, and practice towards COVID-19 to ensure their compliance to infection control precautions. Therefore, this study aimed to explore knowledge, attitudes, anxiety HP anxiety MESHD, and preventive behaviours among Yemeni HCPs towards COVID-19. Methods: A descriptive, web-based-cross-sectional study was conducted among a number of 1231 Yemeni HCPs. The COVID-19 related questionnaire was designed using Google forms. The responses were coded and analysed using the software package (IBMSPSS), version 22.0. Descriptive statistics and Pearson's correlation coefficient test were also used in this study. A p-value of < 0.05 levels with a 95% confidence interval was considered as statistically significant.. The data collection started on 22nd April 2020, at 6 PM and closed on 26th April 2020 at 11 AM. Results: The results indicated that out of 1231 of the HCPs participating in this study, 61.6% were male TRANS and 67% were in the age group TRANS of 20 to 30 years old with a mean of 29.29±6.75. Most of them (86%) had a bachelor degree or above and had 10 years of working experience or less (88.1%). Besides, although 57.1% of the respondents obtained their information via social and news media and 60.0% had never attended lectures/discussions about COVID-19, the results revealed that the majority of respondents had an adequate level of knowledge, an optimistic attitude, moderate anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and high performance SERO in preventive behaviors (69.8%, 85.10%, 51.0& 87.70%, respectively) toward the COVID-19 pandemic. Conclusion: Although the Yemeni HCPs exhibited an adequate level of knowledge, an optimistic attitude, moderate anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and high performance SERO in preventive behaviours toward the COVID-19 pandemic, the results showed gaps in some themes, particularly in their knowledge and attitude on COVID-19 pandemic which need to be updated or refreshed.

    Prediction for the Negative Conversion Probability of Nucleic Acid Testing in Patients with Nonsevere COVID-19 Pneumonia HP: A Model Based on Retrospective Cohort Study

    Authors: Facai Zhang; Huan Hu; Xiaoming Wang; Xiaodan Li; Yang Yang; Li Li; Ping Han; Long Li

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-29277/v1 Date: 2020-05-14 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background: We aimed to screen clinical independent predictive factors for negative conversion of nucleic acid testing and established a predictive nomogram, so as to relieve patients' anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and reduce unnecessary repeated nucleic acid testing.Methods: All 70 consecutive patients with nonsevere COVID-19 pneumonia HP pneumonia MESHD were admitted to the Fangcang shelter hospital in Wuhan from February 12th to March 8th, 2020. We used univariate Kaplan-Meier analysis and univariate and multivariate Cox regression to identify independent predictive factors and refit the predictive model. Area under ROC (AUR), Brier scores and calibration plots were used to assess the performance SERO.Results: diabetes mellitus HP diabetes mellitus MESHD, gender TRANS and lymphocyte were deemed independent predictive factors and were incorporated into a Cox proportional hazards model. The AUR and Brier scores of the predictive model at 14 days were 0.694 [0.472; 0.890] and 0.163 [0.109; 0.219] in the internal validation set, respectively. Similarly, the AUR and Brier scores at 21 days were 0.779 [0.505; 0.957] and 0.105 [0.042; 0.175] in the internal validation set.Conclusions: By using the predictive nomogram, the clinicians could inform patients with nonsevere COVID-19 regarding a certain time to possible negative conversion, which would relieve the patients’ anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and reduce repeated testing.

    Mental health status of the general population, healthcare professionals, and university students during 2019 coronavirus disease outbreak in Jordan: a cross-sectional study

    Authors: Abdallah Y Naser; Eman Zmaily Dahmash; Rabaa Al-Rousan; Hassan Alwafi; Hamzeh Mohammad Alrawashdeh; Imene Ghoul; Anwar Abidine; Mohammed A. Bokhary; H. T. AL-Hadithi; Dalia Ali; Rasha Abuthawabeh; Ghada Mohammad Abdelwahab; Yosra J Alhartani; Haneen Al Muhaisen; Ayah Dagash

    doi:10.1101/2020.04.09.20056374 Date: 2020-04-11 Source: medRxiv

    Background: The emergence of COVID-19 global pandemic coupled with high transmission TRANS rate and mortality has created an unprecedented state of emergency worldwide. This global situation may have a negative impact on the psychological well-being of individuals which in turn impacts individuals performance SERO. Methods: A cross-sectional study using an online survey was conducted in Jordan between 22nd and 28th of March 2020 to explore the mental health status ( depression MESHD and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD) of the general population, healthcare professionals, and university students during the COVID-19 outbreak. The Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and Generalized Anxiety HP Anxiety MESHD Disorder-7 (GAD-7) were used to assess depression MESHD and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD among the study participants. Logistic regression analysis was used to identify predictors of depression MESHD and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD. Results: The prevalence SERO of depression MESHD and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD among the entire study participants was 23.8% and 13.1%, respectively. Anxiety HP Anxiety MESHD was most prevalent across university students 21.5%, followed by healthcare professionals 11.3%, and general population 8.8%. Females TRANS among healthcare professionals and university students, divorced healthcare professionals, pulmonologists, and university students with history of chronic disease MESHD were at higher risk of developing depression MESHD. Females TRANS, divorced participants among the general population, and university students with history of chronic disease MESHD and those with high income ([≥]1500 JD) were at higher risk of developing anxiety HP anxiety MESHD. Conclusions: During outbreaks, individuals are put under extreme stressful condition resulting in higher risk of developing anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and depression MESHD particularly for students and healthcare professionals. Policymakers and mental healthcare providers are advised to provide further mental support to these vulnerable groups during this pandemic.

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MeSH Disease
Human Phenotype
Transmission
Seroprevalence


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