Corpus overview


Overview

MeSH Disease

Human Phenotype

Transmission

Seroprevalence
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    The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on mental health in the general population: a comparison between Germany and the UK

    Authors: Franziska Knolle; Lisa Ronan; Graham K Murray; Marie-Anne Vanderhasselt; Rudi De Raedt; Eva Van den Bussche; Rajesh Jain; Sachee Tainwala Agrawal; Sandeep Juneja; Sofia Imad; Ullas Kolthur-Seetharam; Hongjie Yu; Lars I Eriksson; Anna Norrby-Teglund; Hans-Gustaf Ljunggren; Niklas K Bjorkstrom; Soo Aleman; Marcus Buggert; Jonas Klingstrom; Kristoffer Stralin; Johan K. Sandberg

    doi:10.1101/2020.08.27.20182980 Date: 2020-09-01 Source: medRxiv

    In March 2020 the SARS-CoV-2infection (COVID-19) was declared a pandemic. In response to its world-wide outbreak radical measures were taken by governments across the world including curfew, quarantine, travel TRANS bans, social distancing, work place and school closures, etc, to reduce the transmission TRANS of the virus. These measures led to dramatic social and economic changes for the general population, in addition to the fears and worries related to the disease and its contraction. First studies report the impact of the pandemic on mental well-being of the general population showing increased levels of anxiety HP anxiety MESHD, stress and depression MESHD. In this study, we compare the impact of the pandemic on two European countries: the UK and Germany, which reported their first cases within a week. 241 residents of the UK and 541 residents of Germany filled in an online survey, including questions on COVID-19 exposure, impact on financial situation and work, substance and media consumption, self-reported mental and physical health, as well as including two clinical questionnaires, the general mental health Symptom Check List-27 (SCL-27) and the Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire. Data collection was completed between 27/04/20-31/05/20. We found distinct differences between the two countries. UK responders reported a stronger direct impact on their health, financial situation and their families. UK responders had higher clinical scores on the SCL-27, with a higher percentage being above cut-off. Interestingly, however, we found that German responders were less hopeful for an end of the pandemic and more concerned about their life-stability. Generally, we found that a younger age TRANS, being female TRANS, lower education, poorer mental and physical health before the pandemic, as well as more social media and substance consumption was associated with a higher clinical risk. As 25% of all responders report a subjective worsening of the general psychological symptoms and 20-50% of responders reaching the clinical cut-off for depressive MESHD, dysthymic and anxieties HP anxieties MESHD, future pandemics require a tailored intervention system to assist not only people vulnerable for mental health problems, but also large proportions of the general public.

    Perceptions and Behavioral Adoptions of the Preventive Strategies from Person-to-Person Transmission TRANS of COVID-19 Among the Public in China: An Online Cross-Sectional Survey

    Authors: Xian Zhu; Yong Gan; Bo Wu; Qinyong Gou; Daikun Zheng; Chenglu Liu; Chang Xu; Zhou Tao; Hong Xu; Qian Long

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-64462/v1 Date: 2020-08-23 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background: The strategies adopted to prevent spreading of COVID-19 are quarantine, social distancing and isolation of infected cases. This study investigates perceptions and behavioral adoptions of COVID-19 prevention strategies among the Chinese public and identified factors predicting individual health behavior.Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional online survey between 22 February and 5 March, 2020. We approached to urban residents aged TRANS over 18 years through snowball sampling method using the Chinese social media. The Health Belief Model was adopted to guide the analysis. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regressions were used to examine impacts of modifying factors (including demographic and socio-economic characteristics) and individual beliefs on individual health behavior.Results: of 5675 valid questionnaires, 95.8% of the respondents well understood the preventive measures from COVID-19 transmission TRANS, while 79.9% of the respondents adopted the behavior advised. 45.7% of the respondents perceived severity of the disease, 75.6% of the respondents perceived benefits of social constraints measures and 62.7% reported anxiety HP anxiety MESHD during the epidemic. After adjusting for modifying factors and individual beliefs, those who were female TRANS, had better income and good knowledge on preventive measures, perceived benefits on social constraint measures and did not feel anxiety HP anxiety MESHD were more likely to adopt behaviors advised.Conclusions: The Chinese public highly accepted and adopted behaviors advised to slow down the COVID-19 epidemic. People with low income or feeling anxiety HP anxiety MESHD were less likely to adopt the behavior advised. The policy support should target on the social vulnerable groups. The psychological support should be disseminated through different means, and the consultation should be provided to those who are in need.

    Perceptions and Behavioral Adoptions of the Preventive Strategies from Person-to-Person Transmission TRANS of COVID-19 among the Public in China: An Online Cross-Sectional Survey

    Authors: Xian Zhu; Yong Gan; Bo Wu; Qinyong Gou; Daikun Zheng; Chenglu Liu; Chang Xu; Zhou Tao; Hong Xu; Qian Long

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-54686/v1 Date: 2020-08-06 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background: The strategies adopted to prevent spreading of COVID-19 are quarantine, social distancing and isolation of infected cases. This study investigates perceptions and behavioral adoptions of COVID-19 prevention strategies among the Chinese public and identified factors predicting individual health behavior.Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional online survey between 22 February and 5 March, 2020. We approached to urban residents aged TRANS over 18 years through snowball sampling method using the Chinese social media. The Health Belief Model was adopted to guide the analysis. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regressions were used to examine impacts of modifying factors (including demographic and socio-economic characteristics) and individual beliefs on individual health behavior.Results: of 5675 valid questionnaires, 95.8% of the respondents well understood the preventive measures from COVID-19 transmission TRANS, while 79.9% of the respondents adopted the behavior advised. 45.7% of the respondents perceived severity of the disease, 75.6% of the respondents perceived benefits of social constraints measures and 62.7% reported anxiety HP anxiety MESHD during the epidemic. After adjusting for modifying factors and individual beliefs, those who were female TRANS, had better income and good knowledge on preventive measures, perceived benefits on social constraint measures and did not feel anxiety HP anxiety MESHD were more likely to adopt behaviors advised.Conclusions: The Chinese public highly accepted and adopted behaviors advised to slow down the COVID-19 epidemic. People with low income or feeling anxiety HP anxiety MESHD were less likely to adopt the behavior advised. The policy support should target on the social vulnerable groups. The psychological support should be disseminated through different means, and the consultation should be provided to those who are in need.

    Level of anxiety HP anxiety MESHD caused by the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic among dentists in Poland.

    Authors: Ewa Rusyan; Agnieszka Mielczarek; Agnieszka Kapała; Kamil Adamczyk; Robert Piec; Barbara Szykuła- Piec

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-52883/v1 Date: 2020-08-03 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background: The early information on both the speed and high morbidity rate and, above all, mortality, triggered the symptoms of COVID-19-related panic and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD. Dentists were listed in the top five professions with the highest risk of transmission TRANS of the virus. The paper aimed to assess the level of anxiety HP anxiety MESHD among dentists in Poland. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted via an online survey questionnaire. The study used a tool developed by the team of Ahorsu et al. The COVID-19 Fear Scale (FCV-19S) translated into the Polish language. The online questionnaire was completed by 356 dentists. Results: In the studied population of dentists, the perceived level of anxiety HP anxiety MESHD associated with COVID -19 should be considered relatively low. Both gender TRANS and work experience had no significant impact on their level. When the respondents had children TRANS, lived with the elderly TRANS, or looked after them the observed level of anxiety HP anxiety MESHD was higher and physical symptoms such as sweating palms and increased heart rate occurred.Conclusion: Despite the high risk of infection TRANS risk of infection TRANS infection MESHD, the tested low level of anxiety HP anxiety MESHD among dentists is a positive predictor of the appropriate level of medical services provided by this group of doctors. 

    The impact of SARS-CoV-2 transmission TRANS fear and COVID-19 pandemic on the mental health of patients with primary immunodeficiency disorders MESHD immunodeficiency HP disorders, severe asthma HP asthma MESHD, and other high-risk groups

    Authors: Fatih Colkesen; Oguzhan Kilincel; Mehmet Sozen; Eray Yildiz; Sengul Beyaz; Fatma Colkesen; Gokhan Aytekin; Mehmet Zahit Kocak; Yakup Alsancak; Murat Araz; Sevket Arslan

    doi:10.1101/2020.06.26.20140616 Date: 2020-06-28 Source: medRxiv

    Background: The adverse effects of COVID-19 pandemic on the mental health of high-risk group patients for morbidity and mortality and its impact on public health in the long term have not been clearly determined. Objective: To determine the level of COVID-19 related transmission TRANS fear and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD in healthcare workers and patients with primary immunodeficiency disorder MESHD immunodeficiency HP disorder ( PID MESHD), severe asthma HP asthma MESHD, and the ones with other comorbidities. Methods: The healthcare workers and patients with PID MESHD, severe asthma HP asthma MESHD (all patients receiving biological agent treatment), malignancy MESHD, cardiovascular disease MESHD, hypertension HP hypertension MESHD (90% of patients receiving ACEI or ARB therapy), diabetes mellitus HP diabetes mellitus MESHD (42 % of patients receiving DPP-4 inhibitor therapy) were included in the study. A total of 560 participants, 80 individuals in each group, were provided. The hospital anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and depression MESHD scale ( HADS ) and Fear of illness and virus evaluation (FIVE ) scales were applied to the groups with face to face interview methods. Results: The mean age TRANS was 49.30 years and 306 (55 %) were female TRANS. The FIVE Scale and HADS-A scale scores of health care workers were significantly higher than other groups' scores (p = 0.001 and 0.006). The second-highest scores belonged to patients with PID MESHD. There was no significant difference between the groups for the HADS-D score (p=0.07). The lowest score in all scales was observed in patients with hypertension HP hypertension MESHD. Conclusions: This study demonstrated that in the pandemic process, patients with primary immunodeficiency MESHD immunodeficiency HP, asthma HP asthma MESHD patients, and other comorbid patients, especially healthcare workers, should be referred to the centers for the detection and treatment of mental health conditions.

    Evaluation of Knowledge, Practices, Attitude and Anxiety HP Anxiety MESHD of Pakistans Nurses towards COVID-19 during the Current Outbreak in Pakistan

    Authors: Shaheena Salman Alwani; Muhammad Mansoor Majeed; Monia Zeeshan Hirwani; Shahzad Rauf; Syed Muhammad Saad; Sheikh Haroon Shah; Faiq Munir Hamirani

    doi:10.1101/2020.06.05.20123703 Date: 2020-06-07 Source: medRxiv

    Since the emergence of novel corona virus the front line soldiers during this pandemic are the healthcare professionals because of their direct association with the patients. In the management of COVID-19 patient nurses play a significant role through proper care and preventive measures. Due to the contagious nature, fatality and no proper medicine, it is a risk to the health and life of nurses and has impact on their psychological health. In the current study we accessed the knowledge, attitude, practices and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD levels of the nurses who are directly involved in the management of COVID-19 patients. It was an online questionnaire based cross sectional survey targeted only those only nurses involved in the management of COVID-19 patients from different hospitals of Karachi, Pakistan. SPSS 21 was used for data analysis. Descriptive analysis, Chi Square and t-tests were applied. Value <0.05 was considered significant. Data of 78 nurses were analyzed .We observed that nurses possess good knowledge about COVID-19, its sources, symptoms, routes of transmission TRANS of virus and etc. The knowledge mean score was calculated 14.67 {+/-} 3.36. Health department /Hospital and social media are the main sources of information regarding COVID-19. We investigated that 92.3% of the nurses had mild to very severe anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD levels are significantly higher among the females TRANS (P<0.05). We conclude that the nurses performing their duties with COVID-19 positive patients have good knowledge and attitude. But their anxiety HP anxiety MESHD levels are high. Psychological interventions along with training should be given.

    Anxiety HP Anxiety MESHD and Depression Symptoms of Patients in Fangcang Shelter Hospital During the COVID-19 Outbreak in China: a Web-Based Cross-Sectional Study

    Authors: Ling-Ling Dai; Xi Wang; Tian-Chi Jiang; Peng-Fei Li; Yu Wang; Shu-Jun Wu; Liu-Qun Jia; Meng Liu; Lin An; Zhe Cheng

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-30347/v1 Date: 2020-05-19 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background The COVID-19 pandemic is a major health crisis has led to adverse mental health consequences in the general public, medical staff, and individual in self isolation. In order to stop transmission TRANS of the virus and save lives, Fangcang shelter hospitals were developed and used for the first time in China. However, there is no research on mental health problems in Fangcang shelter hospitals patients during the COVID-19 outbreak. The aim of this study was to survey the prevalence SERO and major influencing factors of anxiety HP anxiety MESHD, depression MESHD among the hospitalized Coronavirus Disease MESHD 2019 (COVID-19) cases in Fangcang shelter hospital.Methods From February 23rd, 2020, to February 26th, 2020, we obtained the information of demographic data, clinical symptoms, and assessed the mental health status, sleep quality by using an online questionnaire including self-rating anxiety HP anxiety MESHD scale ( SAS MESHD), self-rating depressive MESHD scale (SDS) and pittsburgh sleep quality MESHD index (PSQI) at Jianghan Fangcang shelter hospital. We assessed the prevalence SERO of anxiety HP anxiety MESHD, depression symptoms MESHD and poor sleep quality via the scores of SAS, SDS and PSQI. We explored the influencing factors of anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and depression in COVID-19 patients using multivariable logistic regression models.Results We collected data from 307 COVID-19 patients in Jianghan Fangcang shelter hospital. The prevalence SERO of anxiety HP anxiety MESHD, depression MESHD symptoms were 18.6% and 13.4%, respectively. Poor Sleep quality, number of current physical symptoms ≥ 2 were independent risk factors for anxiety HP anxiety MESHD symptoms (P < 0.05); female TRANS, family member TRANS confirmed COVID-19, number of current physical symptoms ≥ 2 were independent risk factors for depression MESHD symptoms (P < 0.05). PSQI scores were significant positively associate with SAS MESHD scores and SDS scores (P ༜ 0.05).Conclusions Anxiety HP Anxiety MESHD and depression are common among the COVID-19 patients in Fangcang shelter hospital. Those with more current physical symptoms, poor sleep quality are more likely to have anxiety HP anxiety MESHD. Females TRANS, those with their family members TRANS diagnosed with COVID-19, more current physical symptoms are more vulnerable to depression MESHD symptom. Our findings can be used to formulate targeted psychological interventions to reduce adverse psychological impacts MESHD in Fangcang shelter hospital during the outbreak of epidemic disease MESHD in the future.

    Assessment of Community Psycho-behavioral Responses during the outbreak of novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV): A cross sectional study

    Authors: Doaa Mohamed Magdy; Ahmed Metwally; Omar Magdy

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-25146/v1 Date: 2020-04-24 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background: The novel coronavirus 2019 (2019-nCoV) is a public health emergency of international concern resulting in adverse psychological impacts MESHD during the epidemic.The aim of this study: To examine the public’s knowledge and psychological impact during the outbreak of (2019-nCoV) and the extent to which various precautionary measures have been adopted.Materials & Methods: From 1 to 10 April 2020, we conducted an online survey.  The online survey collected information on demographic data, precautionary measures against (2019-nCoV), self-health evaluation, knowledge and concerns about (2019-nCoV) and appraisal of crisis management. Psychological impact was assessed by General Anxiety HP Anxiety MESHD Disorder 7-item (GAD-7) scale. The designed questionnaire was answered by participants, and the collected data were statistically analyzed.Results: This study included 1200 respondents. In total, 80% of respondents rated the psychological impact; 18% reported minimal anxiety HP anxiety MESHD; 34% reported mild anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and (48%) with moderate anxiety HP anxiety MESHD symptoms. A large proportion (74%) believed that they were very or somewhat likely to contract (2019-nCoV) while only 35% believed they were unlikely to survive if they contracted the disease. (58%) of the respondents, practiced the precautionary measures directed against person to person droplet spread.Respondents with moderate level of anxiety HP anxiety MESHD were most likely to take comprehensive precautionary measures against the infection. In addition, older, female TRANS, more educated people as well as those who are more likely to contract infection MESHD.Conclusions: During the outbreak, more than half of the respondents rated the psychological impact as moderate anxiety HP anxiety MESHD. Thus, the psychological needs during the outbreak should be addressed appropriately. Our results highlight the need to promote protective personal health practices to interrupt the transmission TRANS of the (2019-nCoV) in the community must take into account. Therefore, educational public programs about preventive measures should be targeted at the identified groups with low current uptake of precautions.

    Mental health status of the general population, healthcare professionals, and university students during 2019 coronavirus disease outbreak in Jordan: a cross-sectional study

    Authors: Abdallah Y Naser; Eman Zmaily Dahmash; Rabaa Al-Rousan; Hassan Alwafi; Hamzeh Mohammad Alrawashdeh; Imene Ghoul; Anwar Abidine; Mohammed A. Bokhary; H. T. AL-Hadithi; Dalia Ali; Rasha Abuthawabeh; Ghada Mohammad Abdelwahab; Yosra J Alhartani; Haneen Al Muhaisen; Ayah Dagash

    doi:10.1101/2020.04.09.20056374 Date: 2020-04-11 Source: medRxiv

    Background: The emergence of COVID-19 global pandemic coupled with high transmission TRANS rate and mortality has created an unprecedented state of emergency worldwide. This global situation may have a negative impact on the psychological well-being of individuals which in turn impacts individuals performance SERO. Methods: A cross-sectional study using an online survey was conducted in Jordan between 22nd and 28th of March 2020 to explore the mental health status ( depression MESHD and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD) of the general population, healthcare professionals, and university students during the COVID-19 outbreak. The Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and Generalized Anxiety HP Anxiety MESHD Disorder-7 (GAD-7) were used to assess depression MESHD and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD among the study participants. Logistic regression analysis was used to identify predictors of depression MESHD and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD. Results: The prevalence SERO of depression MESHD and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD among the entire study participants was 23.8% and 13.1%, respectively. Anxiety HP Anxiety MESHD was most prevalent across university students 21.5%, followed by healthcare professionals 11.3%, and general population 8.8%. Females TRANS among healthcare professionals and university students, divorced healthcare professionals, pulmonologists, and university students with history of chronic disease MESHD were at higher risk of developing depression MESHD. Females TRANS, divorced participants among the general population, and university students with history of chronic disease MESHD and those with high income ([≥]1500 JD) were at higher risk of developing anxiety HP anxiety MESHD. Conclusions: During outbreaks, individuals are put under extreme stressful condition resulting in higher risk of developing anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and depression MESHD particularly for students and healthcare professionals. Policymakers and mental healthcare providers are advised to provide further mental support to these vulnerable groups during this pandemic.

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MeSH Disease
Human Phenotype
Transmission
Seroprevalence


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