Corpus overview


Overview

MeSH Disease

Human Phenotype

Fever (2)

Cough (2)

Anosmia (2)

Myalgia (1)


Transmission

Seroprevalence
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    Estimates of the rate of infection MESHD and asymptomatic TRANS COVID-19 disease in a population sample from SE England

    Authors: Philippa M Wells; Katie M Doores; Simon Couvreur; Rocio Martin Martinez; Jeffrey Seow; Carl Graham; Sam Acors; Neophytos Kouphou; Stuart Neil; Richard Tedder; Pedro Matos; Kate Poulton; Maria Jose Lista; Ruth Dickenson; Helin Sertkaya; Thomas Maguire; Edward Scourfield; Ruth Bowyer; Deborah Hart; Aoife O'Byrne; Kathryn Steele; Oliver Hemmings; Carolina Rosadas; Myra McClure; Joan Capedevila-Pujol; Jonathan wolf; Sebastien Ourseilin; Matthew Brown; Michael Malim; Timothy Spector; Claire Steves

    doi:10.1101/2020.07.29.20162701 Date: 2020-07-30 Source: medRxiv

    Background: Understanding of the true asymptomatic TRANS rate of infection of SARS-CoV-2 MESHD is currently limited, as is understanding of the population-based seroprevalence SERO after the first wave of COVID-19 within the UK. The majority of data thus far come from hospitalised patients, with little focus on general population cases, or their symptoms. Methods: We undertook enzyme linked immunosorbent assay SERO characterisation of IgM and IgG responses against SARS-CoV-2 spike glycoprotein and nucleocapsid protein of 431 unselected general-population participants of the TwinsUK cohort from South-East England, aged TRANS 19-86 (median age TRANS 48; 85% female TRANS). 382 participants completed prospective logging of 14 COVID-19 related symptoms via the COVID Symptom Study App, allowing consideration of serology alongside individual symptoms, and a predictive algorithm for estimated COVID-19 previously modelled on PCR positive individuals from a dataset of over 2 million. Findings: We demonstrated a seroprevalence SERO of 12% (51participants of 431). Of 48 seropositive individuals with full symptom data, nine (19%) were fully asymptomatic TRANS, and 16 (27%) were asymptomatic TRANS for core COVID-19 symptoms: fever HP fever MESHD, cough HP cough MESHD or anosmia HP anosmia MESHD. Specificity of anosmia HP anosmia MESHD for seropositivity was 95%, compared to 88% for fever HP fever MESHD cough HP and anosmia HP anosmia MESHD combined. 34 individuals in the cohort were predicted to be Covid-19 positive using the App algorithm, and of those, 18 (52%) were seropositive. Interpretation: Seroprevalence SERO amongst adults TRANS from London and South-East England was 12%, and 19% of seropositive individuals with prospective symptom logging were fully asymptomatic TRANS throughout the study. Anosmia HP demonstrated the highest symptom specificity for SARS-CoV-2 antibody SERO response. Funding: NIHR BRC, CDRF, ZOE global LTD, RST-UKRI/MRC

    A population-based study of the prevalence SERO of COVID-19 infection MESHD in Espirito Santo, Brazil: methodology and results of the first stage

    Authors: Cristiana Costa Gomes; Crispim Cerutti Jr.; Eliana Zandonade; Ethel Leonor Noia Maciel; Filomena Euridice Carvalho de Alencar; Gilton Luiz Almada; Orlei Amaral Cardoso; Pablo Medeiros Jabor; Raphael Lubiana Zanotti; Tania Queiroz Reuter; Vera Lucia Gomes de Andrade; Whisllay Maciel Bastos; Nesio Fernandes de Medeiros Jr.

    doi:10.1101/2020.06.13.20130559 Date: 2020-06-16 Source: medRxiv

    BACKGROUND: COVID-19 is affecting almost the entire world, causing more than four hundred thousand deaths and undermining the health care systems, as much as the economy, of the afflicted countries. The strategies for prevention depend on largely lacking information, as infection MESHD prevalence SERO and virus pathogenicity. This study aimed to determine the prevalence SERO, the pathogenicity, and the speed of infection MESHD spreading in a large population in Brazil. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a serial cross-sectional study designed on a population basis and structured over houses as the sampling units. The sampling consisted of four visits at 15 days intervals in randomly selected census-designated sectors of the State major municipalities (reference municipalities) and two visits at 30 days intervals in smaller municipalities of the same regions of those of reference. At each visit, the investigators sampled houses and sampled one individual in each house for data collection. After the informed consent, the investigators performed a rapid antibody SERO detection test (Celer Technology, Inc) and applied a questionnaire containing clinical and demographic questions. RESULTS: From May 13th to 15th, the investigators performed 6,393 rapid tests SERO in 4,612 individuals of the reference municipalities, 1,163 individuals of the smaller municipalities, and 166 contacts of the positive individuals. Ninety-seven dwellers were positive in the reference municipalities, giving a prevalence SERO of 2.1% (CI 95%: 1.67-2.52%). In the smaller municipalities, the figure was 0.26% (CI 95%: 0.05%-0.75%) (three positives). There was an association of the positive result with female TRANS sex (p = 0.013) and houses with five dwellers or more (p = 0.003). Seventy-eight positive individuals reported symptoms in the previous 15 days (80.4%), being anosmia HP anosmia MESHD (45.4%), cough HP (40.2%), and myalgia HP myalgia MESHD (38.1%) the more frequent. About one-third of them reported fever HP fever MESHD (28.9%). CONCLUSIONS: The results reveal a still small prevalence SERO of infection MESHD in the study area, despite the significant number of sick people overloading the health system. The figures indicate an important underreporting in the area and a frequency that still can grow, making necessary public health actions for the containment of the transmission TRANS.

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MeSH Disease
Human Phenotype
Transmission
Seroprevalence


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