Corpus overview


Overview

MeSH Disease

Human Phenotype

Fever (2)

Fatigue (1)

Cough (1)

Chest pain (1)

Dyspnea (1)


Transmission

Seroprevalence
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    Seroprevalence SERO of COVID-19 in Niger State

    Authors: Hussaini Majiya; Mohammed Aliyu-Paiko; Vincent Tochukwu Balogu; Dickson Achimugu Musa; Ibrahim Maikudi Salihu; Abdullahi Abubakar Kawu; Ishaq Yakubu Bashir; Aishat Rabiu Sani; John Baba; Amina Tako Muhammad; Fatima Ladidi Jibril; Ezekiel Bala; Nuhu George Obaje; Yahaya Badeggi Aliyu; Ramatu Gogo Muhammad; Hadiza Mohammed; Usman Naji Gimba; Abduljaleel Uthman; Hadiza Muhammad Liman; Sule Alfa Alhaji; Joseph Kolo James; Muhammad Muhammad Makusidi; Mohammed Danasabe Isah; Ibrahim Abdullahi; Umar Ndagi; Bala Waziri; Chindo Ibrahim Bisallah; Naomi John Dadi-Mamud; Kolo Ibrahim; Abu Kasim Adamu

    doi:10.1101/2020.08.04.20168112 Date: 2020-08-05 Source: medRxiv

    Coronavirus Disease MESHD 2019 (COVID-19) Pandemic is ongoing, and to know how far the virus has spread in Niger State, Nigeria, a pilot study was carried out to determine the COVID-19 seroprevalence SERO, patterns, dynamics, and risk factors in the state. A cross sectional study design and clustered-stratified-Random sampling strategy were used. COVID-19 IgG and IgM Rapid Test SERO Kits (Colloidal gold immunochromatography lateral flow system) were used to determine the presence or absence of antibodies to SARS-CoV-2 SERO in the blood SERO of sampled participants across Niger State as from 26th June 2020 to 30th June 2020. The test kits were validated using the blood SERO samples of some of the NCDC confirmed positive and negative COVID-19 cases in the State. COVID-19 IgG and IgM Test results were entered into the EPIINFO questionnaire administered simultaneously with each test. EPIINFO was then used for both the descriptive and inferential statistical analyses of the data generated. The seroprevalence SERO of COVID-19 in Niger State was found to be 25.41% and 2.16% for the positive IgG and IgM respectively. Seroprevalence SERO among age groups TRANS, gender TRANS and by occupation varied widely. A seroprevalence SERO of 37.21% was recorded among health care workers in Niger State. Among age groups TRANS, COVID-19 seroprevalence SERO was found to be in order of 30-41 years (33.33%) > 42-53 years (32.42%) > 54-65 years (30%) > 66 years and above (25%) > 6-17 years (19.20%) > 18-29 years (17.65%) > 5 years and below (6.66%). A seroprevalence SERO of 27.18% was recorded for males TRANS and 23.17% for females TRANS in the state. COVID-19 asymptomatic TRANS rate in the state was found to be 46.81%. The risk analyses showed that the chances of infection MESHD are almost the same for both urban and rural dwellers in the state. However, health care workers and those that have had contact with person (s) that travelled TRANS out of Nigeria in the last six (6) months are twice ( 2 times) at risk of being infected with the virus. More than half (54.59%) of the participants in this study did not practice social distancing at any time since the pandemic started. Discussions about knowledge, practice and attitude of the participants are included. The observed Niger State COVID-19 seroprevalence SERO means that the herd immunity for COVID-19 is yet to be achieved and the population is still susceptible for more infection MESHD and transmission TRANS of the virus. If the prevalence SERO stays as reported here, the population will definitely need COVID-19 vaccines when they become available. Niger State should fully enforce the use of face/nose masks and observation of social/physical distancing in gatherings including religious gatherings in order to stop or slow the spread of the virus.

    Seroprevalence SERO of Hospital Staff in Province with Zero COVID-19 cases

    Authors: Tanawin Nopsopon; Krit Pongpirul; Korn Chotirosniramit; Wutichai Jakaew; Chuenkhwan Kaewwijit; Sawan Kanchana; Narin Hiransuthikul

    doi:10.1101/2020.07.13.20151944 Date: 2020-07-17 Source: medRxiv

    BACKGROUND. COVID-19 seroprevalence SERO data has been scarce, especially in less developed countries with a relatively low infection MESHD rate. METHODS. A locally developed rapid IgM/IgG test SERO kit was used for screening hospital staff in Ranong hospital which located in a province with zero COVID-19 prevalence SERO in Thailand from April 17 to May 17, 2020. A total of 844 participants were tested; 82 of which were tested twice with one month apart. (Thai Clinical Trials Registry: TCTR20200426002) RESULTS. Overall, 0.8% of the participants (7 of 844) had positive immunoglobulin M (IgM), none had positive immunoglobulin G (IgG). Female TRANS staffs seemed to have higher IgM seropositive than male TRANS staffs (1.0% vs. 0.5%). None of the participants with a history of travel TRANS to the high-risk area or a history of close contact TRANS with PCR-confirmed COVID-19 case had developed antibodies SERO against SARS-CoV-2. Among 844 staff, 811 had no symptom and six of them developed IgM seropositive (0.7%) while 33 had minor symptoms and only one of them developed IgM seropositive (3.0%). No association between IgM antibody SERO against SARS-CoV-2 status and gender TRANS, history of travel TRANS to a high-risk area, history of close contact TRANS with PCR-confirmed COVID-19 case, history of close contact TRANS with suspected COVID-19 case, presence of symptoms within 14 days, or previous PCR status was found. None of the hospital staff developed IgG against SARS-CoV-2. CONCLUSION. COVID-19 antibody test SERO could detect a substantial number of hospital staffs who could be potential silent spreaders in a province with zero COVID-19 case. Antibody testing SERO should be encouraged for mass screening, especially in asymptomatic TRANS healthcare workers.

    Emergency high ligation in a suspected COVID-19 pediatric patient with incarcerated inguinal hernia MESHD inguinal hernia HP: a case report

    Authors: Munawir Makkadafi; Aditya Rifqi Fauzi; Amsyar Praja; Kemala Athollah; . Marcellus; . Gunadi

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-40812/v1 Date: 2020-07-09 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background SARS-Cov-2 infects MESHD not only adults TRANS, but also children TRANS, including pediatric surgery patients with acute abdomen. Here, we report a pediatric surgery case with incarcerated inguinal hernia MESHD inguinal hernia HP and suspected COVID-19.Case presentation: A 11-month-old male TRANS was brought to our emergency department with the main complaint of recurrent yellowish-green vomiting HP vomiting MESHD that was experienced from one day before admission. High fever MESHD fever HP and shortness of breath MESHD were also reported. This patient was also suffering from moderate dehydration HP dehydration MESHD. Neither history of contact with a confirmed case TRANS of COVID-19 nor traveling TRANS from any local transmission TRANS area were found. However, a SARS-CoV-2 rapid antibody test SERO revealed a positive result. A lump in the left scrotum that persisted during admission was found. Fluid resuscitation and nasogastric tube placement for decompression was performed. Manual reduction was attempted but failed to reduce the lump. Accordingly, we decided to perform an emergency high ligation using tertiary protection regulations, i.e., full personal protective equipment (PPE) for COVID-19. Intraoperatively, we found a small intestine loop trapped in the scrotum and stuck in the inguinal canal. Postoperatively, the baby was continued to be managed as a patient with COVID-19 while waiting for the real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) results.Conclusions During the COVID-19 pandemic, surgeons should always be aware of the possibility of cross- transmission TRANS from the patient, since children TRANS are also susceptible to SARS-CoV-2 infection MESHD. When and wherever possible, surgeons should perform the procedure in the quickest and most effective manner to shorten exposure time with patient and anesthetic aerosols as well as using appropriate PPE.

    SARS-CoV-2 Serology Results in the First COVID-19 Case in California: A Case Report and Recommendations for Serology Testing and Interpretation

    Authors: Richard B. Lanman, MD; Todd H. Lanman

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-35358/v1 Date: 2020-06-12 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background: As countries in COVID-19 pandemic lockdown begin relaxation of shelter-in-place mitigation strategies, the role of serology testing escalates in importance. However, there are no clear guidelines as to when to use qualitative rapid diagnostic serology tests (RDTs) vs. SARS-CoV-2 viral RNA load (PCR) tests as an aid in acute diagnosis of patients presenting with flu-like symptoms, nor how to interpret serology test results in asymptomatic TRANS individuals or those with atypical COVID-19 symptomatology. Here we describe, in the context of the likely first case of COVID-19 in California, with an atypical presentation and not tested acutely, who nearly 3 months later was found to be IgM- and IgG+ positive for SARS-CoV-2 antibodies SERO, highlighting the role of RDT- based serology testing SERO and interpretation in retrospective diagnosis.Case Presentation: A 62-year-old male TRANS practicing neurosurgeon had onset of flu-like symptoms on January 20 with fatigue HP fatigue MESHD, slight cough HP only on deep inspiration, intermittent pleuritic chest pain MESHD chest pain HP unrelated to exertion, dyspnea HP dyspnea MESHD, and night sweats HP but without fever HP fever MESHD, sore throat or rhinorrhea HP rhinorrhea MESHD. He had recently traveled TRANS abroad but not to China. CT scan revealed right lower lobe infiltrate and effusion. Because of atypical symptoms, and low prevalence SERO of COVID-19 in January, community acquired pneumonia HP pneumonia MESHD was diagnosed and one week of doxycycline was prescribed without relief, followed by a second week of azithromycin with symptom remission. Three months later the physician-patient (author THL), tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 antibodies SERO by a serology point-of-care rapid diagnostic test (RDT).Conclusions: Serology testing may be an aid in acute diagnosis of COVID-19, especially in patients with atypical presentations, as well as in assessment of asymptomatic TRANS higher-risk persons such as healthcare workers for prior infection MESHD. Recommendations for serology testing and interpretation are explicated.

    Epidemiological Characteristics of COVID-19 Patients in Vietnam and a Description of Disease Control and Prevention Measures in Thai Binh Province

    Authors: Van Thuan Hoang; Thi Dung Pham; Thi Loi Dao; Duc Thanh Nguyen; Van Nghiem Dang; Thanh Tung Dao; Van Luong Nguyen; Quang Huy Dang; Xuan Cap Do; Van Thom Nguyen; Van Diu Pham; Phong Tuc Vu; Nang Trong Hoang; Philippe Gautret; Duy Cuong Nguyen

    id:10.20944/preprints202005.0197.v1 Date: 2020-05-11 Source: Preprints.org

    IntroductionThe aim of this study is to describe the epidemiology of all COVID-19 patients in Vietnam and to describe the measures of disease control and prevention implemented. MethodsData were recovered from Wikipedia regarding the 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Vietnam. The period covered was from 23 January to 20 April 2020. Descriptive analysis was stratified by gender TRANS, age TRANS, country of origin, travel TRANS history, clinical symptoms and outcome. A survey of disease control and prevention measures was conducted at the Centre for Disease Control in the Thai Binh province, which is responsible for screening and isolating individuals at high risk of COVID-19. ResultsAs of 20 April 2020, Vietnam had recorded 268 confirmed COVID-19 patients. 55.2% were female TRANS. 67.9% were aged TRANS 20-49 years and 82.5% were Vietnamese. 60.4% of cases were imported from outside Vietnam. Other cases were acquired in Vietnam by individuals in close contact TRANS with imported cases. Only one patient who had not travelled TRANS had had no known contact with a confirmed case TRANS. 63.1% of patients were asymptomatic TRANS. 75.7% of patients were discharged. No deaths were recorded. The Thai Binh CDC surveyed a total of 2,203 persons at risk of COVID-19. 336 persons (15.2%) were isolated at hospitals and 1,411 (64.0%) in dedicated isolation facilities. 16.4% reported at least one respiratory symptom. No positive cases confirmed TRANS by RT-PCR have been reported in the Thai Binh province to date. ConclusionThe effect of the systematic screening and isolation strategy made it possible to limit local transmission TRANS in Vietnam. Vietnam needs to reinforce diagnostic capacities, prevention measures and provide the necessary epidemiological data on which to base interventions. The wider use of rapid serological tests SERO is also advisable in order to be able to conduct extensive screening in the community.

    Using smartphones and wearable devices to monitor behavioural changes during COVID-19

    Authors: Shaoxiong Sun; Amos Folarin; Yatharth Ranjan; Zulqarnain Rashid; Pauline Conde; Callum Stewart; Nicholas Cummins; Faith Matcham; Gloria Dalla Costa; Sara Simblett; Letizia Leocani; Per Soelberg Sørensen; Mathias Buron; Ana Isabel Guerrero; Ana Zabalza; Brenda WJH Penninx; Femke Lamers; Sara Siddi; Josep Maria Haro; Inez Myin-Germeys; Aki Rintala; Til Wykes; Vaibhav A. Narayan; Giancarlo Comi; Matthew Hotopf; Richard JB Dobson

    id:2004.14331v3 Date: 2020-04-29 Source: arXiv

    We aimed to explore the utility of the recently developed open-source mobile health platform RADAR-base as a toolbox to rapidly test SERO the effect and response to NPIs aimed at limiting the spread of COVID-19. We analysed data extracted from smartphone and wearable devices and managed by the RADAR-base from 1062 participants recruited in Italy, Spain, Denmark, the UK, and the Netherlands. We derived nine features on a daily basis including time spent at home, maximum distance travelled TRANS from home, maximum number of Bluetooth-enabled nearby devices (as a proxy for physical distancing), step count, average heart rate, sleep duration, bedtime, phone unlock duration, and social app use duration. We performed Kruskal-Wallis tests followed by post-hoc Dunns tests to assess differences in these features among baseline, pre-, and during-lockdown periods. We also studied behavioural differences by age TRANS, gender TRANS, body mass index (BMI), and educational background. We were able to quantify expected changes in time spent at home, distance travelled TRANS, and the number of nearby Bluetooth-enabled devices between pre- and during-lockdown periods. We saw reduced sociality as measured through mobility features, and increased virtual sociality through phone usage. People were more active on their phones, spending more time using social media apps, particularly around major news events. Furthermore, participants had lower heart rate, went to bed later, and slept more. We also found that young people had longer homestay than older people during lockdown and fewer daily steps. Although there was no significant difference between the high and low BMI groups in time spent at home, the low BMI group walked more. RADAR-base can be used to rapidly quantify and provide a holistic view of behavioural changes in response to public health interventions as a result of infectious outbreaks such as COVID-19.

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MeSH Disease
Human Phenotype
Transmission
Seroprevalence


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