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HGNC Genes

SARS-CoV-2 proteins

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    Immunological and Inflammatory Indicators of COVID-19 MESHD Patients With Returned-positive Nucleic Acid Tests During Hospitalization: a Retrospective Cohort Study

    Authors: Yin Wang; Xiaobei Chen; Yi Zhang; Hongyan Chen; Quan Zhou; Dong Li; Zhili Niu; Huidan Yu; Xiaojun Wang; Haijun Zhang; Tingting Liu; Bicheng Zhang; Hui Yu; Xiaochuan Wang; Yuan Jiang; Yalan Dou; Xiaotian Chen; Xiaoyang Zhou; Weili Yan

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-142839/v1 Date: 2021-01-07 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background: COVID-19 MESHD cases with suspected returned-positive SRAS-CoV-2 tests following consecutive negative tests have been reported, but evidence-based explanations for this phenomenon is still lacking. We aimed to describe the clinical and laboratory characteristics of returned-positive COVID-19 MESHD patients during treatment in comparison with other patients.Methods: From January 20 to April 10, 2020, all COVID-19 MESHD inpatient with at least three RT-PCR SARS-CoV-2 tests in Renmin Hospital in Wuhan, China were enrolled. Patients with 2 consecutively negative RT-PCR results followed by a positive result were classified as returned-positive patients, and their characteristics and repeatedly measured laboratory results were compared with the rest of the patients. Linear mixed effects models were performed.Results: A total of 789 COVID-19 MESHD patients were included and 22.8% patients returned positive in RT-PCR SARS-CoV-2 test. No significant differences were found for general characteristics between the returned-positive and the control groups. The trends of inflammatory and immune factors including the third component of complement (C3), C-reactive protein HGNC, procalcitonin (PCT), IL-4 HGNC, IL-6 HGNC, the counts of lymphocyte, CD3+, CD8+, white blood cell and immunoglobulin levels during hospitalization were significantly different between the two groups. During the returned-positive period, C3, PCT, serum IgM, anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgM and anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG were significantly higher in the returned-positive patients at certain time points.Conclusions: Returned-positive COVID-19 MESHD patients appeared to be more sever at admission, and had periodically higher levels in C3, PCT, serum IgM and two specific antibodies during hospitalization. This suggests that positive return of SARS-COV-2 could not be completely explained by false-negative testing and longer observation of these patients is warranted. 

    Altered Transcript Levels of Cytokines in COVID-19 MESHD Patients

    Authors: Majid Samsami; Alireza Fatemi; Reza Jalili Khoshnoud; Karim Kohansal; Arezou Sayad; Shabnam Soghala; Shahram Arsang-Jang; Mohammad Taheri; Soudeh Ghafouri-Fard

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-126215/v1 Date: 2020-12-10 Source: ResearchSquare

    The pandemic caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 MESHD and the related disorder i.e. “ coronavirus disease 2019 MESHD” ( COVID-19 MESHD) have encouraged researchers to unravel the molecular mechanism of disease severity. Several lines of evidence support the impact of "cytokine storm" in the pathogenesis of severe forms of the disorder MESHD. We aimed to assess the expression levels of nine cytokine coding in COVID-19 MESHD patients admitted in a hospital. Expression levels of IFN-G HGNC, IL-2 HGNC, IL-4 HGNC, IL-6 HGNC, IL-17 HGNC, TGF-B HGNC, IL-8 HGNC and IL-1B HGNC were significantly higher in COVID-19 MESHD patients compared with healthy controls and in both female and male patients compared with sex-matched controls. However, expression of none of these cytokines was different between ICU-admitted patients and other patients except for IL-6 HGNC whose expression was lower in the former group compared with the latter (ratio of means = 0.33, P value = 4.82E-02). Expression of TNF-A HGNC was not different between COVID-19 MESHD patients and healthy controls. Then, we assessed diagnostic power of cytokine coding genes in differentiating between COVID-19 MESHD patients and controls. The area under curve (AUC) values range from 0.94 for IFN-G HGNC to 1.0 for IL-2 HGNC and IL-1B HGNC. After combining the transcript levels of all cytokines, AUC, sensitivity and specificity values reached 1.0, 1.0 and 0.99, respectively. For differentiation between ICU-admitted patients and other patients, IL-4 HGNC with AUC value of 0.68, had the best diagnostic power among cytokine coding genes. Expression of none of cytokine coding genes was correlated with the assessed clinical/demographic data including age, gender, ICU admission, or CRP HGNC/ESR levels. Our study provides further evidence for contribution of “cytokine storm” in the pathobiology of moderate/severe forms of COVID-19 MESHD.

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MeSH Disease
HGNC Genes
SARS-CoV-2 Proteins


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