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SARS-CoV-2 proteins

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    Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice During the COVID-19 MESHD Pandemic in South-east Gabon.

    Authors: Roméo Karl IMBOUMY-LIMOUKOU; Barthélemy NGOUBANGOYE; Serge Ely DIBAKOU; Lydie Sandrine OYEGUE-LIBAGUI; Franck MOUNIOKO; Lady Charlene KOUNA; Steede Seinnat ONTOUA; Nancy Cheronne MBANI MPEGA; Walter Roddy MATANGOYE; Jean-Bernard LEKANA-DOUKI

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-299801/v1 Date: 2021-03-05 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background COVID-19 MESHD is an emerging respiratory disease MESHD caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 MESHD. It has spread from China to more than 200 countries and has been declared a global pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO). This survey aimed to describe the knowledge, attitudes, perception and practices ( KAP HGNC) of the Gabonese public towards the COVID-19 MESHD disease.MethodsThis cross-sectional study was performed on 1016 participants aged 10 years and over in rural and urban area in south-east Gabon, using a questionnaire. All participants filled the questionnaire voluntarily, reporting demographic characteristics and answering questions assessing their level of knowledge, attitudes, perceptions and practice toward the COVID-19 MESHD. ResultsAmong the 1016 participants, there were 535 men (52.7%) and 476 women (46.9%). The mean age of the participants was 33.2±16.7 years old. Almost all participants (98.1%) said that they had heard about COVID-19 MESHD but only 2.8% knew the pathogenic agent responsible for COVID-19 MESHD. Only 20.9% of respondents thought that vaccination can protect them but 51.9% were looking forward to getting the vaccine when available. More than 80% knew that the disease could be transmitted by greeting infected people (87.3%), kissing an infected person (90.0%), touching an infected doorknobs (83.5%), and attending meetings (83.9%). The mean knowledge score was higher among younger than older participants, higher among participants living in urban area than those living in rural areas, and higher among participants with higher levels of education than those with lower levels of education.ConclusionIn general, respondents had good knowledge of COVID-19 MESHD, and a positive attitude towards using protective measures. These results are encouraging in the fight against the spread of COVID-19 MESHD in Gabon. However, efforts are needed to improve the knowledge level in older participants, those living in rural areas and those with low levels of education. Awareness campaigns in local languages could, for example, be conducted to improve knowledge of the disease in rural areas.

    Knowledge, attitude and practice of secondary school students toward COVID-19 MESHD epidemic in Italy: a cross selectional study

    Authors: Maddalena Dilucca; Dafni Souli

    doi:10.1101/2020.05.08.084236 Date: 2020-05-09 Source: bioRxiv

    The coronavirus disease MESHD ( COVID-19 MESHD) is a highly transmittable and pathogenic viral infection MESHD caused by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 MESHD (SARS-CoV-2), which emerges in December 2019 in Wuhan, China and spreads around the world at the beginning of 2020. The World Health Organization declares the outbreak a Public Health Emergency of International Concern on the 30th of January, and a pandemic on the 11th of March. On the 4th of March, the Italian government orders the full closure of all schools and universities nationwide.The aim of this study is to investigate the knowledge, practice and attitudes ( KAP HGNC) of secondary school at the time of COVID-19 pandemic MESHD in Italy. In this cross-sectional, web-based survey, conducted among the high school student population with age ranging from 14 to 19 years old, a questionnaire with 19 items regarding the KAP HGNC toward COVID-19 MESHD is asked. Study participants are recruited from several secondary schools of different areas. Frequencies and histograms are computed for descriptive purposes. Statistical analysis is computed with Chi square test, utilized to depict relevant difference between geender. Among a total of 2380 students who answers the questionnaire, 40.7% are male and 59.3% are female.Level of knowledge about generical characteristics of COVID-19 MESHD is quite similar among gender. Students present a good level of knowledge about the clinical presentation of the disease, the basic hygiene principles, the modes of transmission and the method of protection against virus transmission. The knowledge about number of this pandemia and easy scientific correlation with COVID-19 MESHD is quite confused. The most frequently reported source of knowledge about COVID-19 MESHD is television, whereas the less is the school. Our findings suggest that student population shows appropriate practice, and positive attitude towards COVID-19 MESHD at the time of its outbreak.More emphasis should be placed on education of the student partecipants about biological meaning of this infection and relative preventive or future measures.Competing Interest StatementThe authors have declared no competing interest.View Full Text

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MeSH Disease
HGNC Genes
SARS-CoV-2 Proteins


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