Corpus overview


Overview

MeSH Disease

Human Phenotype

Transmission

Seroprevalence
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    Differentiating coronavirus disease MESHD 2019 (COVID-19) from influenza and dengue

    Authors: Tun-Linn Thein; Li Wei Ang; Barnaby Edward Young; Mark IC Chen; Yee-Sin Leo; David Chien Lye

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-36343/v1 Date: 2020-06-18 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background: The novel coronavirus disease MESHD 2019 (COVID-19) presents with non-specific clinical features. This may result in misdiagnosis or delayed diagnosis, and lead to further transmission TRANS in the community. We aimed to derive early predictors to differentiate COVID-19 from influenza and dengue.Methods: The study comprised 126 patients with COVID-19, 171 with influenza and 180 with dengue, who presented within 5 days of symptom onset TRANS. All cases were confirmed TRANS by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction tests. We used logistic regression models to identify clinical characteristics and laboratory markers in classifying COVID-19 versus influenza, and COVID-19 versus dengue. The performance SERO of the models were evaluated using receiver operating characteristic curves (ROC).Results: Shortness of breath MESHD was the strongest predictor in the models for differentiating between COVID-19 and influenza, followed by diarrhoea MESHD. Higher lymphocyte count was predictive of COVID-19 versus influenza and versus dengue. In the model for differentiating between COVID-19 and dengue, patients with cough HP cough MESHD and higher platelet count were at increased odds of COVID-19, while headache HP headache MESHD, joint pain MESHD pain HP, skin rash HP skin rash MESHD and vomiting/nausea HP vomiting/nausea MESHD nausea MESHD were indicative of dengue. The area under the ROC was 0.92 for flu model and 0.99 for dengue model.Conclusion: Models based on clinical features and simple laboratory markers for differentiating COVID-19 from influenza and dengue, which possess good predictive performance SERO, can serve as a useful tool for primary care physicians to determine if further investigations or referrals would be required.

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MeSH Disease
Human Phenotype
Transmission
Seroprevalence


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