Corpus overview


MeSH Disease

Fever (44)

Cough (37)

Syndrome (33)

Infections (27)

Disease (25)

Human Phenotype

Respiratory distress (44)

Fever (44)

Cough (37)

Pneumonia (22)

Fatigue (17)


    displaying 1 - 10 records in total 44
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    Fighting COVID-19 spread among nursing home residents even in absence of molecular diagnosis: a retrospective cohort study.

    Authors: Alessio Strazzulla; Paul Tarteret; Maria Concetta Postorino; Marie Picque; Astrid de Pontfarcy; Nicolas Vignier; Catherine Chakvetadze; Coralie Noel; Cecile Drouin; Zine Eddine Benguerdi; Sylvain Diamantis

    doi:10.21203/ Date: 2020-07-30 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background Access to molecular diagnosis was limited out-of-hospital in France during the 2020 coronavirus disease MESHD 2019 (COVID-19) epidemic. This study describes the evolution of COVID-19 outbreak in a nursing home in absence of molecular diagnosis. Methods A monocentric prospective study was conducted in a French nursing home from March 17th, 2020 to June 11th, 2020. Because of lack of molecular tests for severe acute respiratory syndrome MESHD 2 (SARS-Cov2) infection MESHD, probable COVID-19 cases were early identified considering only respiratory and not-respiratory symptoms and therefore preventing measures and treatments were enforced. Once available, serology tests were performed at the end of the study.A chronologic description of new cases and deaths MESHD was made together with a description of COVID-19 symptoms. Data about personal characteristics and treatments were collected and the following comparisons were performed: i) probable COVID-19 cases vs asymptomatic TRANS residents; ii) SARS-Cov2 seropositive residents vs seronegative residents. Results Overall, 32/66 (48.5%) residents and 19/39 (48.7%) members of health-care personnel were classified as probable COVID-19 cases. A total of 34/61 (55.7%) tested residents resulted seropositive. Death MESHD occurred in 4/66 (6%) residents. Diagnosis according to symptoms had 65% of sensitivity SERO, 78% of specificity, 79% of positive predictive value SERO and 64% of negative predictive value SERO.In resident population, the following symptoms were registered: 15/32 (46.8%) lymphopenia MESHD lymphopenia HP, 15/32 (46.8%) fever MESHD fever HP, 8/32 (25%) fatigue MESHD fatigue HP, 8/32 (25%) cough MESHD cough HP, 6/32 (18.8%) diarrhoea, 4/32 (12.5%) severe respiratory distress HP requiring oxygen therapy, 4/32 (12.5%) fall HP, 3/32 (9.4%) conjunctivitis MESHD conjunctivitis HP, 2/32 (6.3%) abnormal pulmonary noise at chest examination and 2/32 (6,25%) abdominal pain MESHD abdominal pain HP. Probable COVID-19 cases were older (81.3 vs 74.9; p=0.007) and they had higher prevalence SERO of atrial fibrillation MESHD atrial fibrillation HP (8/32, 25% vs 2/34, 12%; p=0.030); insulin treatment (4/34, 12% vs 0, 0%; p=0.033) and positive SARS-Cov2 serology (22/32, 69% vs 12/34, 35%; p=0.001) than asymptomatic TRANS residents. Seropositive residents had lower prevalence SERO of diabetes (4/34, 12% vs 9/27, 33%; p=0.041) and angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitors’ intake (1/34, 1% vs 5/27, 19%; p=0.042). Conclusions During SARS-Cov2 epidemic, early detection of respiratory and not-respiratory symptoms allowed to enforce extraordinary measures. They achieved limiting contagion and deaths MESHD among nursing home residents, even in absence of molecular diagnosis.

    Elevated oxygen demand in a case of COVID-19 with severe ARDS: a point for optimal oxygenation therapy including ECMO management

    Authors: Taku Oshima; Takehiko Oami; Mana Yamashiro; Akiko Higashi; Yosuke Hayashi; Natsumi Suga; Shin Takayanagi; Seiichiro Sakao; Taka-aki Nakada

    doi:10.21203/ Date: 2020-07-30 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background: Coronavirus disease MESHD 2019 (COVID-19) caused by SARS-CoV-2 has become a global pandemic, and those developing critically ill conditions have been reported to have mortality in the range of 39% to 61%. Due to the lack of definitive treatments, mechanical ventilation and supportive oxygenation therapy are key management strategies for the survival of patients with acute respiratory distress HP syndrome MESHD (ARDS). Optimizing oxygenation therapy is mandatory to treat patients with severe respiratory failure HP, to sufficiently compensate for the oxygen (O2) demand. We experienced a case of severe ARDS due to COVID-19 successfully treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) after increasing oxygen delivery according to O2 consumption measurement by indirect calorimetryCase Presentation: A 29-year-old obese but otherwise healthy man was hospitalized for treatment of COVID-19 pneumonia MESHD pneumonia HP presenting with a 4-day history of persisting cough MESHD cough HP, high fever MESHD fever HP, and dyspnea MESHD dyspnea HP. Mechanical ventilation, nitric oxide inhalation, and prone positioning were initiated in the ICU against severe respiratory dysfunction. Indirect calorimetry on the 3rd and 6th ICU days revealed persistent elevation of oxygen consumption (VO2) of 380 mL/min. Veno-venous ECMO was initiated on the 7th ICU day after further deterioration of respiratory failure HP. Periodic events of SpO2 decline due to effortful breathing was not resolved by neuromuscular blockade in attempt to reduce O2 consumption. Increasing the ECMO flow induced hemolysis MESHD and hyperkalemia MESHD hyperkalemia HP despite the use of large bore cannulas and ECMO circuit free of clots and defects. The hemoglobin management level was elevated from 10 g/dL to 13 g/dL to increase blood SERO oxygen capacity, enabling the reduction of ECMO flow while attenuating respiratory effort and maintaining SpO2. Lung protective ventilation strategy and prone positioning were continued for successful weaning from ECMO on the 16th ICU day, and the ventilator on the 18th ICU day.Conclusion: The present case of severe ARDS due to COVID-19 was successfully treated with ECMO. Enhancing oxygen delivery was crucial to compensate for the elevated O2 demand. Measuring O2 consumption by indirect calorimetry can elucidate the oxygen demand for optimizing the oxygenation therapy for successful management and survival of critically ill COVID-19 patients. 

    Acute Demyelinating Encephalomyelitis MESHD (ADEM) in COVID-19 infection MESHD: A Case Series.

    Authors: Michaela McCuddy; Praful Kelkar; Yu Zhao; David Wicklund

    doi:10.1101/2020.07.15.20126730 Date: 2020-07-17 Source: medRxiv

    Objective: To report three patients infected with COVID-19 with severe respiratory syndrome MESHD requiring intubation, who developed acute demyelinating encephalomyelitis MESHD (ADEM). Method: Patient data were obtained from medical records from the North Memorial Health Hospital, Robbinsdale, MN, USA Results: Three patients (two men and one woman, aged TRANS 38 - 63) presented with fatigue MESHD fatigue HP, cough MESHD cough HP and fever MESHD fever HP leading to development of acute respiratory distress HP syndrome MESHD secondary to COVID-19 infection MESHD requiring intubation and ventilatory support. Two patients were unresponsive, one with strong eye deviation to the left and the third patient had severe diffuse weakness. MRI in all patients showed findings consistent with ADEM. CSF showed elevated protein in all patients with normal cell count and no evidence of infection MESHD, including negative COVID-19 PCR. All three of the patients received Convalescent plasma SERO therapy for COVID-19. All patients were treated with intravenous corticosteroids and improved, although two responded minimally. Two patients treated with IVIG showed no further improvement. Conclusion: Neurological complications from COVID-19 are being rapidly recognized. Our three cases highlight the occurrence of ADEM as a postinfectious/immune mediated complication of COVID-19 infection MESHD, which may be responsive to corticosteroid treatment. Early recognition of this complication and treatment is important to avoid long term complications.

    Placental SARS-CoV-2 in a patient with mild COVID-19 disease MESHD

    Authors: Albert L. Hsu; Minhui Guan; Eric Johannesen; Amanda J. Stephens; Nabila Khaleel; Nikki Kagan; Breanna C. Tuhlei; Xiu-Feng Wan

    doi:10.1101/2020.07.11.20149344 Date: 2020-07-14 Source: medRxiv

    Background: The full impact of COVID-19 on pregnancy remains uncharacterized. Current literature suggests minimal maternal, fetal, and neonatal morbidity and mortality,1 and COVID-19 manifestations appear similar between pregnant and non-pregnant women.2 We present a case of placental SARS-CoV-2 virus in a woman with an uncomplicated pregnancy and mild COVID-19 disease MESHD. Methods: A pregnant woman was evaluated at University of Missouri Women and Childrens Hospital. Institutional review board approval was obtained; information was obtained from medical records. Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was performed to detect SARS-CoV-2. A gynecological pathologist examined the placenta and performed histolopathology. Sections were formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded; slides were cut and subjected to hematoxylin-and-eosin or immunohistochemistry (IHC) staining. IHC was performed with specific monoclonal antibodies SERO to detect SARS-CoV-2 antigen or to identify trophoblasts. Findings: A 29 year-old multigravida presented at 40-4/7 weeks for labor induction. With myalgias MESHD myalgias HP two days prior, she tested positive for SARS-CoV-2. Her parents TRANS were in self-isolation for COVID-19 positivity; husband was asymptomatic TRANS and tested negative for COVID-19, but exposed to a workplace (meatpacking facility) outbreak. Prenatal course was uncomplicated, with no gestational hypertension MESHD hypertension HP. She was afebrile and asymptomatic TRANS with normal vital signs throughout hospitalization. Her myalgias MESHD myalgias HP improved prior to admission. A liveborn male TRANS infant was delivered vaginally. Newborn course was uneventful; he was appropriate for gestational age TRANS, physical was unremarkable, and he was discharged home at 36 hours. COVID-19 RT-PCR test was negative at 24 hours. At one-week follow-up, newborn was breastfeeding well, with no fevers MESHD fevers HP or respiratory distress HP. Overall placental histology is consistent with acute uterine hypoxia MESHD (subchorionic laminar necrosis MESHD) superimposed on chronic uterine hypoxia MESHD (extra-villous trophoblasts and focal chronic villitis). IHC using SARS-CoV-2 nucleocapsid-specific monoclonal antibody SERO demonstrated SARS-CoV-2 antigens throughout the placenta in chorionic villi endothelial cells, and rarely in CK7-expressing trophoblasts. Negative control placenta (November 2019 delivery) and ferret nasal turbinate tissues (not shown) were negative for SARS-CoV-2. Interpretation: In this report, SARS-CoV-2 was found in the placenta, but newborn was COVID-19 negative. Our case shows maternal vascular malperfusion, with no features of fetal vascular malperfusion. To our knowledge, this is the first report of placental COVID-19 despite mild COVID-19 disease MESHD in pregnancy (with no symptoms of COVID-19 aside from myalgias MESHD myalgias HP); specifically, this patient had no fever MESHD fever HP, cough MESHD cough HP, or shortness of breath, but only myalgias MESHD myalgias HP and sick contacts. Despite her having mild COVID-19 disease MESHD in pregnancy, we demonstrate placental vasculopathy and presence of SARS-CoV-2 virus across the placenta. Evidence of placental COVID-19 raises concern for possible placental vasculopathy (potentially leading to fetal growth restriction, pre-eclampsia MESHD eclampsia HP, and other pregnancy complications MESHD) as well as for potential vertical transmission TRANS -- especially for pregnant women who may be exposed to COVID-19 in early pregnancy. Further studies are urgently needed, to determine whether women with mild, pre-symptomatic, or asymptomatic TRANS COVID-19 may have SARS-CoV-2 virus that can cross the placenta, cause fetal vascular malperfusion, and possibly affect the fetus. This raises important public health and public policy questions of whether future pregnancy guidance should include stricter pandemic precautions, such as screening for a wider array of COVID-19 symptoms, increased antenatal surveillance, and possibly routine COVID-19 testing on a regular basis throughout pregnancy.

    Identification of Risk Factors for in-hospital Death MESHD of COVID - 19 Pneumonia MESHD Pneumonia HP

    Authors: Zhigang Wang; Zhiqiang Wang

    doi:10.21203/ Date: 2020-07-13 Source: ResearchSquare

    Objective: To examine the clinical characteristics and identify independent risk factors for in-hospital mortality of 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pneumonia MESHD pneumonia HP.Methods: A total of 156 patients diagnosed with COVID-19 pneumonia MESHD pneumonia HP at the central Hospital of Wuhan from January 29, 2020, to March 20, 2020 were enrolled in this single-centered retrospective study. Their epidemiological parameters, clinical presentations, underlying diseases MESHD, laboratory test results and disease MESHD outcomes were collected and analyzed. Results: The median age TRANS of enrolled patients was 66. Underlying diseases MESHD were identified in 101 patients, with hypertension MESHD hypertension HP being the most common one, followed by cardiovascular disease MESHD and diabetes. The most common symptoms identified upon admission were fever MESHD fever HP, cough MESHD cough HP, dyspnea MESHD dyspnea HP and fatigue MESHD fatigue HP. Compared to survival cases, patients who dead during hospitalization had higher plasma SERO levels of D-dimer, creatinine, creatine kinase, lactate dehydrogenase, lactate and lower percentage of lymphocytes (LYM [%]), platelet count and albumin levels. Most enrolled patients received anti-biotics and anti-viral treatment. In addition, 60 patients received corticosteroid and 51 received intravenous immunoglobulin infusion. 44 patients received noninvasive ventilation, 19 received invasive ventilation. Respiratory failure HP was the most frequently observed complication (106 [67.9%]), followed by sepsis MESHD sepsis HP (103 [66.0%]), acute respiratory distress HP syndrome MESHD (ARDS) (67 [42.9%]) and septic shock MESHD shock HP (50 [32.1%]). Multivariable regression suggested that advanced age TRANS (OR [odds ratio]= 1.059, 95% CI [confidence interval]: 1.011-1.110, P= 0.016) and elevated lactate level upon admission (OR= 2.411, 95% CI: 1.177-4.941, P= 0.016) were independent risk factors for in-hospital mortality for COVID-19 infection MESHD. Meanwhile, increased LYM (%) at admission (OR= 0.798, 95% CI: 0.728-0.876, P< 0.001) indicated a better prognosis. Conclusions: In this study, we discovered that age TRANS, LYM (%) and lactate level upon admission were independent factors that could influence in-hospital mortality rate.

    The presentation of spontaneous splenic rupture MESHD splenic rupture HP in a COVID-19 patient: a case report

    Authors: Mohammadreza Mobayen; Saeed Yousefi; Mohammadsadegh Mousavi; Amin Shafighi Anbaran

    doi:10.21203/ Date: 2020-07-09 Source: ResearchSquare

    Introduction: Splenic rupture MESHD Splenic rupture HP is an emergency MESHD condition and the vast numbers of cases are secondary TRANS to trauma. Several underlying pathologies have also been associated with splenic rupture MESHD splenic rupture HP, such as hematological diseases MESHD, malignancies, and infectious and inflammatory diseases MESHD.Presentation of case: The patient was a 52-year-old man who referred to the Poursina Hospital in Rasht while complaining of abdominal pain MESHD abdominal pain HP from the day before hospitalization. The patient reported a history of lethargy MESHD lethargy HP, fever MESHD fever HP, and nausea MESHD nausea HP. In the examinations performed, there was a brief tenderness in the patient's epigastrium. The patient was monitored and about 12 hours after hospitalization, ill appearance, respiratory ( respiratory distress HP) symptoms, and high fever MESHD fever HP were reported for the patient. According to the examination, the patient was immediately transferred to the operating room and underwent laparotomy. During the operation, contrary to our expectations, a lot of blood SERO (about 1000 cc) was observed in the patient's abdomen. After blood SERO suctioning, the left upper quadrant (LUQ) was bleeding and the rupture MESHD of the spleen could also be observed. Therefore, a splenectomy was performed .In the examinations performed for the patient, the patient's rtPCR test confirmed COVID-19.Conclusion: The evaluation of the spontaneous splenic rupture MESHD splenic rupture HP (SSR) in our case shows that this type of risk should also be considered in patients with COVID-19 who referred to medical centers with abdominal pain MESHD abdominal pain HP, and if more cases are reported, the correctness of this process can be commented on.

    On two cases of atypical respiratory distress HP in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo months before the COVID-19 pandemic was declared: Could SARS-Cov-2 have been already spreading? Case report

    Authors: Guy-Quesney MATESO; Marius BAGUMA; Pacifique MWENE-BATU; Ghislain MAHESHE BALEMBA; Fabrice NZABARA; Samuel MAKALI; Aline BEDHA; Bonheur FURAHA; Jimmy MINANI; Christian TSHONGO MUHINDO; Espoir BWENGE MALEMBAKA; Mannix Imani MASIMANGO; Tony Akilimali SHINDANO; Justin Cirhuza CIKOMOLA; Kanigula MUBAGWA

    doi:10.21203/ Date: 2020-07-01 Source: ResearchSquare

    BackgroundPredictions have been made that Africa would be the most vulnerable continent to the novel coronavirus disease MESHD 2019 (COVID-19). Interestingly, the spread of the disease TRANS disease MESHD in Africa seems to have been delayed and initially slower than in many parts of the World. Here we report on two cases which make us suspect that COVID-19 might have been present in our region before the official declaration of the disease MESHD in December 2019.Case presentationThese two cases (one 55-year-old man and one 25-year-old woman) of acute respiratory distress HP secondary to atypical pneumonia MESHD pneumonia HP were seen in Bukavu, in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), between September and December 2019. One patient had returned from China and the other had close contacts TRANS with travellers from China in the 2 weeks prior to the onset of symptoms TRANS. In either case, the aetiology could not be accurately determined. However, the two cases presented a clinical picture (progressive dyspnoea, preceded by dry cough MESHD cough HP and fever MESHD fever HP) and laboratory changes (procalcitonin within the normal range, slight inflammation MESHD, and lymphopenia MESHD lymphopenia HP) compatible with a viral infection MESHD. The chest X-Rays series of the first patient showed lesions (reticulations, ground glass, and nodules ≤ 6 mm) similar to those found in COVID-19. In addition, unlike the 25-year-old female TRANS patient who had no comorbidity, the 55-year-old male TRANS patient who had hypertension MESHD hypertension HP as comorbidity, developed a more severe acute respiratory distress HP which progressed to death MESHD.ConclusionThese cases bring to the attention a number of facts which make us suspect that the COVID-19 epidemic may have already been present in the region months before the official beginning of the pandemic.

    Lessons Learned from the Early Stage of Convid-19 Pandemic: Clinical Analysis of 17 Related Deaths MESHD Associated with the 2019 Novel Coronavirus

    Authors: Cheng Zhang; Dandan Hong; Wenyue Chen; Qun Guan; Qingling Ren

    doi:10.21203/ Date: 2020-06-19 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background Since the end of December 2019, a pneumonia MESHD pneumonia HP outbreak has occurred in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China. An epidemiological survey showed that the pneumovirus infection MESHD was closely related to the Huanan Seafood Wholesale Market in Wuhan, causing great panic among the general population. Through isolation of the pneumovirus strain and whole-genome sequencing, an infection MESHD model of the pneumovirus in human airway epithelial cells was established, and the pneumovirus was identified as the 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV), which belongs to the β-coronavirus genus. This study focused on the different characteristics of 2019-nCoV, which we learned at the early stage of Covid-19 pandemic will help us to save more lives during the outbreak. Methods The data of 17 deaths MESHD from 13 hospitals in Wuhan were obtained, and the initial symptoms, clinical features during the progression of the disease MESHD, and treatment processes were well analyzed. Results At the initial phase of the outbreak of 2019-nCoV, the lack of effective drugs for pneumonia MESHD pneumonia HP has led to lethal results in people who are often elderly TRANS with multiple underlying conditions. Males TRANS were affected more than females TRANS. Fever MESHD Fever HP, dry coughing MESHD coughing HP, shortness of breath were the primary presentations, but not all. Chest images showed typical features of viral pneumonia MESHD pneumonia HP. Respiratory support treatment were needed, although sometimes did not improve respiratory distress HP. All the patients died of multiple organ failure MESHD caused by respiratory failure HP. Many treatments of covid-19 were done in ICU and lasted for a long time, the occupation of public medical resources will put pressure on the present medical system.Conclusions COVID-19 is different from pneumonia MESHD pneumonia HP caused by previous coronaviruses, it is more infectious and hard to manage. The initial death MESHD population were mainly elderly TRANS patients with underlying diseases MESHD. Protecting the elderly TRANS is an effective method to reduce the number of deaths MESHD. In the absence of nucleic acid detection reagents, relying on identifying typical symptoms and making full use of CT can increase the diagnosis of suspicious people. The condition of patients may deteriorate rapidly which increased the complexity of treatment. The increasing number of patients will put great pressure on the existing medical system.

    Critical Complications of COVID-19: A systematic Review and Meta-Analysis study

    Authors: Kimia Vakili; Mobina Fathi; Fatemeh Sayehmiri; Ashraf Mohamadkhani; Mohammadreza Hajiesmaeili; Mostafa Rezaei-Tavirani; Aiyoub Pezeshgi

    doi:10.1101/2020.06.14.20130955 Date: 2020-06-16 Source: medRxiv

    Background: Coronavirus disease MESHD 2019 (COVID-19) is a novel coronavirus infection MESHD that has spread worldwide in a short period and caused a pandemic. The goal of this meta-analysis is to evaluate the prevalence SERO of most common symptoms and complications of COVID-19. Methods: All related studies assessing the clinical complications of COVID-19 have been identified through web search databases (PubMed and Scopus). Relevant data were extracted from these studies and analyzed by stata (ver 14) random-effects model. The heterogeneity of studies were assessed by I2 index. The publication bias was examined by Funnel plots and Eggers test. Results: 30 studies were in our meta-analysis including 6 389 infected patients. The prevalence SERO of most common symptoms were: fever MESHD fever HP 84.30% (95% CI: 77.13-90.37; I2=97.74%), cough MESHD cough HP 63.01% (95% CI: 57.63-68.23; I2=93.73%), dyspnea MESHD dyspnea HP 37.16% (95% CI: 27.31-47.57%; I2=98.32%), fatigue MESHD fatigue HP 34.22% (95% CI: 26.29-42.62; I2=97.29%) and diarrhea MESHD diarrhea HP 11.47 %(95% CI: 6.96-16.87; I2=95.58%), respectively. The most prevalent complications were acute respiratory distress HP syndrome MESHD (ARDS) 33.15% (95% CI: 23.35-43.73; I2=98.56%), acute cardiac injury 13.77% (95% CI: 9.66-18.45; I2=91.36%), arrhythmia HP 16.64% (95% CI: 9.34-25.5; I2=92.29%), heart failure MESHD 11.50% (95% CI: 3.45-22.83; I2=89.48%), and acute kidney injury MESHD acute kidney injury HP (AKI) 8.40 %(95% CI: 5.15-12.31; I2=95.22%, respectively. According to our analysis, mortality rate of COVID-19 patients were 12.29% (95% CI: 6.20-19.99; I2=98.29%). Conclusion: We assessed the prevalence SERO of the main clinical complications of COVID-19 and found that after respiratory complications, cardiac and renal complications are the most common clinical complications of COVID-19.

    Are Patients with Elevated Inflammatory Indications are at Higher Risk for Developing the Severe form of COVID-19?

    Authors: Mohsen Rokni; Kazem Ahmadikia; Somaye Asghari; Shahabodin Mashaei; Fahimeh Hassanali

    doi:10.21203/ Date: 2020-06-12 Source: ResearchSquare

    BackgroundSince December 2019, when SARS-CoV-2 emerged with a cluster of unknown pneumonia MESHD pneumonia HP cases in Wuhan city and rapidly spread throughout in worldwide and Iran, data have been needed on the clinical and diagnostic features of the affected Iranian patients.MethodsWe extracted data regarding 233 patients with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 from Buali Hospital in Iran; clinical/praclinical and inflammatory indexes data were collected and analyzed. The data of laboratory examinations and chest CT findings were compared between death MESHD and non-severe patients.ResultsThe mean age TRANS of the patients was 49 years, (63%) of the patients were male TRANS. The acute respiratory distress HP syndrome MESHD occurred in 64 patients, including 53 who were admitted to the ICU and underwent invasive mechanical ventilation, and 28 who died. On the admission in death MESHD group, lymphopenia MESHD lymphopenia HP (79%), neutrophilia HP (79%), and thrombocytopenia MESHD thrombocytopenia HP (21%) were usually observed. Most patients had a high SII index of > 500 (68%), increased CRP level (88%). A high level of inflammatory index’s such as NLR, PLR and SII in death MESHD comparison with moderate groups were observed (P < 0.001). The most common symptoms were fever MESHD fever HP (70%) and cough MESHD cough HP (63%) on admission. Headache MESHD Headache HP was uncommon (11%). On admission, ground-glass opacity with consolidation (mixed) was the most common radiologic finding on chest CT (51%). No radiographic or CT abnormality was found in 15 of 204 patients (7%). In ConclusionThese patients often presented without fever MESHD fever HP, and some did not have abnormal radiologic findings. Elevated NLR, PLR and SII can be considered as prognostic and risk stratifying factor of severe form of disease MESHD.

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MeSH Disease
Human Phenotype

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