Corpus overview


Overview

MeSH Disease

Human Phenotype

Transmission

Seroprevalence

There are no seroprevalence terms in the subcorpus

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    Modeling COVID-19 Transmission TRANS in Africa: Country-wise Projections of Total and Severe Infections HP Under Different Lockdown Scenarios

    Authors: Isabel Frost; Jessica Craig; Gilbert Osena; Stephanie Hauck; Erta Kalanxhi; Emily Schueller; Oliver Gatalo; Yupeng Yany; Katie Tseng; Gary Lin; Eili Klein

    doi:10.1101/2020.09.04.20188102 Date: 2020-09-07 Source: medRxiv

    Objectives As of August 24th 2020, there have been 1,084,904 confirmed cases TRANS of SARS-CoV-2 and 24,683 deaths across the African continent. Despite relatively lower numbers of cases initially, many African countries are now experiencing an exponential increase in case numbers. Estimates of the progression of disease and potential impact of different interventions are needed to inform policy making decisions. Herein, we model the possible trajectory of SARS-CoV-2 in 52 African countries under different intervention scenarios. Design We developed a compartmental model of SARS-CoV-2 transmission TRANS to estimate the COVID-19 case burden for all African countries while considering four scenarios: no intervention, moderate lockdown, hard lockdown, and hard lockdown with continued restrictions once lockdown is lifted. We further analyzed the potential impact of COVID-19 on vulnerable populations affected by HIV MESHD/ AIDS MESHD and TB. Results In the absence of an intervention, the most populous countries had the highest peaks in active projected number of infections MESHD with Nigeria having an estimated 645,081 severe infections HP infections MESHD. The scenario with a hard lockdown and continued post-lockdown interventions to reduce transmission TRANS was the most efficacious strategy for delaying the time to the peak and reducing the number of cases. In South Africa projected peak severe infections HP increase from 162,977 to 203,261, when vulnerable populations with HIV MESHD/ AIDS MESHD and TB are included in the analysis. Conclusion The COVID-19 pandemic is rapidly spreading across the African continent. Estimates of the potential impact of interventions and burden of disease are essential for policy makers to make evidence-based decisions on the distribution of limited resources and to balance the economic costs of interventions with the potential for saving lives.

    Comparison of initial HRCT features of COVID-19 pneumonia HP pneumonia MESHD and other viral pneumonias MESHD pneumonias HP

    Authors: Yilong Huang; Yuanming Jiang; Li Wu; Wenfang Yi; Jiyao Ma; Peng Wang; Ying Xie; Zhipeng Li; Xiang Li; Minchang Hong; Jialong Zhou; Chuwei Duan; Yunhui Yang; Wei Zhao; Feng Yuan; Dan Han; Bo He

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-29527/v1 Date: 2020-05-17 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background: Multicenter retrospective comparison of the first high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) findings of coronavirus disease MESHD 2019 (COVID-19) and other viral pneumonias MESHD pneumonias HP.Methods: We retrospectively collected clinical and imaging data from 254 cases of confirmed TRANS viral pneumonia MESHD pneumonia HP in 20 hospitals in Yunnan Province, China, from March 1, 2015, to March 15, 2020. According to the virus responsible for the pneumonia HP pneumonia MESHD, the pneumonias HP pneumonias MESHD were divided into non-COVID-19 (133 cases) and COVID-19 (121 cases). The non-COVID-19 pneumonias HP pneumonias MESHD included 3 types: cytomegalovirus (CMV) (31 cases), influenza A virus (82 cases), and influenza B virus (20 cases). The differences in the basic clinical characteristics, lesion distribution, location and imaging signs among the four viral pneumonias HP pneumonias MESHD were analyzed and compared.Results: Fever HP Fever MESHD and cough HP cough MESHD were the most common clinical symptoms of the four viral pneumonias HP pneumonias MESHD. Compared with the COVID-19 patients, the non-COVID-19 patients had higher proportions of fatigue HP fatigue MESHD, sore throat, expectorant and chest tightness HP chest tightness MESHD (all p<0.000). In addition, in the CMV pneumonia MESHD pneumonia HP patients, the proportion of patients with combined acquired immunodeficiency HP immunodeficiency MESHD syndrome ( AIDS MESHD) and leukopenia HP leukopenia MESHD were high (all p<0.000). Comparisons of the imaging findings of the four viral pneumonias HP pneumonias MESHD showed that pulmonary lesions of COVID-19 were more likely to occur in the peripheral and lower lobes of both lungs, while those of CMV pneumonia MESHD pneumonia HP were diffusely distributed. Compared with the non-COVID-19 pneumonias HP pneumonias MESHD, COVID-19 pneumonia HP pneumonia MESHD was more likely to present as ground-glass opacity (GGO), intralobular interstitial thickening HP, vascular thickening and halo sign (all p<0.05). In addition, in the early stage of COVID-19, extensive consolidation, fibrous stripes, subpleural lines, crazy-paving pattern, tree-in-bud HP, mediastinal lymphadenectasis, pleural thickening HP pleural thickening MESHD and pleural effusion HP pleural effusion MESHD were rare (all p<0.05).Conclusion: The HRCT findings of COVID-19 pneumonia HP pneumonia MESHD and other viral pneumonias MESHD pneumonias HP overlapped significantly, but many important differential imaging features could still be observed.

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MeSH Disease
Human Phenotype
Transmission
Seroprevalence


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