Corpus overview


Overview

MeSH Disease

Coronavirus Infections (97)

Fatigue (97)

Fever (79)

Cough (34)

Dyspnea (33)


Human Phenotype

Fatigue (92)

Fever (82)

Cough (78)

Myalgia (29)

Pneumonia (27)


Transmission

Seroprevalence
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    Safety and immunogenicity of the Ad26.COV2.S COVID-19 vaccine candidate: interim results of a phase 1/2a, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial

    Authors: Jerry Sadoff; Mathieu Le Gars; Georgi Shukarev; Dirk Heerwegh; Carla Truyers; Anna Marit de Groot; Jeroen Stoop; Sarah Tete; Wim Van Damme; Isabel Leroux-Roels; Pieter-Jan Berghmans; Murray Kimmel; Pierre Van Damme; Jan De Hoon; William Smith; Kathryn Stephenson; Dan Barouch; Stephen De Rosa; Kristen Cohen; Juliana McElrath; Emmanuel Cormier; Gert Scheper; Jenny Hendriks; Frank Struyf; Macaya Douoguih; Johan Van Hoof; Hanneke Schuitemaker

    doi:10.1101/2020.09.23.20199604 Date: 2020-09-25 Source: medRxiv

    BACKGROUND The ongoing coronavirus disease MESHD (COVID)-19 pandemic caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 MESHD (SARS-CoV-2) might be controlled by an efficacious vaccine. Multiple vaccines are in development, but no efficacious vaccine is currently available. METHODS We designed a multi-center phase 1/2a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled clinical study to assesses the safety, reactogenicity and immunogenicity of Ad26.COV2.S MESHD, a non-replicating adenovirus 26 based vector expressing the stabilized pre-fusion spike (S) protein of SARS-CoV-2. Ad26.COV2.S was administered at a dose level of 5x1010 or 1x1011 viral particles (vp) per vaccination, either as a single dose or as a two-dose schedule spaced by 56 days in healthy adults TRANS (18-55 years old; cohort 1a & 1b; n= 402 and healthy elderly TRANS >65 years old; cohort 3; n=394). Vaccine elicited S specific antibody SERO levels were measured by ELISA SERO and neutralizing titers were measured in a wild-type virus neutralization assay (wtVNA). CD4+ T-helper (Th)1 and Th2, and CD8+ immune responses were assessed by intracellular cytokine staining (ICS). RESULTS We here report interim analyses after the first dose of blinded safety data from cohorts 1a, 1b and 3 and group unblinded immunogenicity data from cohort 1a and 3. In cohorts 1 and 3 solicited local adverse events were observed in 58% and 27% of participants, respectively. Solicited systemic adverse events were reported in 64% and 36% of participants, respectively. Fevers HP occurred in both cohorts 1 and 3 in 19% (5% grade 3) and 4% (0% grade 3), respectively, were mostly mild or moderate, and resolved within 1 to 2 days after vaccination. The most frequent local adverse event (AE) was injection site pain HP pain MESHD and the most frequent solicited AEs were fatigue HP fatigue MESHD, headache HP headache MESHD and myalgia HP myalgia MESHD. After only a single dose, seroconversion rate in wtVNA (50% inhibitory concentration - IC50) at day 29 after immunization in cohort 1a already reached 92% with GMTs of 214 (95% CI: 177; 259) and 92% with GMTs of 243 (95% CI: 200; 295) for the 5x1010 and 1x1011vp dose levels, respectively. A similar immunogenicity profile was observed in the first 15 participants in cohort 3, where 100% seroconversion (6/6) (GMTs of 196 [95%CI: 69; 560]) and 83% seroconversion (5/6) (GMTs of 127 [95% CI: <58; 327]) were observed for the 5x1010 or 1x1011 vp dose level, respectively. Seroconversion for S antibodies SERO as measured by ELISA SERO ( ELISA SERO Units/mL) was observed in 99% of cohort 1a participants (GMTs of 528 [95% CI: 442; 630) and 695 (95% CI: 596; 810]), for the 5x1010 or 1x1011 vp dose level, respectively, and in 100% (6/6 for both dose levels) of cohort 3 with GMTs of 507 (95% CI: 181; 1418) and 248 (95% CI: 122; 506), respectively. On day 14 post immunization, Th1 cytokine producing S-specific CD4+ T cell responses were measured in 80% and 83% of a subset of participants in cohort 1a and 3, respectively, with no or very low Th2 responses, indicative of a Th1-skewed phenotype in both cohorts. CD8+ T cell responses were also robust in both cohort 1a and 3, for both dose levels. CONCLUSIONS The safety profile and immunogenicity after only a single dose are supportive for further clinical development of Ad26.COV2.S at a dose level of 5x1010 vp, as a potentially protective vaccine against COVID-19. Trial registration number: NCT04436276

    Clinical course and management of 73 hospitalized moderate patients with COVID-19 outside Wuhan

    Authors: Xiaojuan Peng; Qi Qi Liu; Zhaolin Chen; Guiyan Wen; Qing Li; Yanfang Chen; Jie Xiong; Xinzhou Meng; Yuanjin Ding; Ying Shi; Shaohui Tang

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-76135/v1 Date: 2020-09-11 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background: Moderate cases account for the majority in patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection MESHD and can also progress to severe/critical condition. Here, we investigated the clinical course and management of hospitalized moderate SARS-CoV-2 patients.Methods: The medical records and follow-up data were analyzed from the SARS-CoV-2 patients outside Wuhan.Results: A total of 73 moderate patients (38 men, 35 women) were included, with median age TRANS of 47.0 (38.5-57.5) years. Among them, only one patient (1.4%) died using active treatment to improve symptoms. The median duration of the four main symptoms cough HP, fever HP fever MESHD, chest tightness HP chest tightness MESHD, and fatigue HP fatigue MESHD were about 1-2 weeks; the median duration of the positive nucleic acid test (NAT) results for SARS-CoV-2 was slightly more than 2 weeks; the median hospitalization time was almost four weeks in 72 moderate survivors. The duration of cough HP cough MESHD and fever HP fever MESHD was positively correlated with the duration of the positive NAT results. On admission, 50% had lymphopenia HP lymphopenia MESHD; less than 30% had abnormal blood SERO biochemistry findings involving hyperglycemia HP hyperglycemia MESHD, liver function and myocardial enzymes. At discharge, the laboratory indexes were substantially improved. Two weeks after discharge, 5.6% survivors experienced a recurrence of the positive NAT results. Conclusions: Moderate SARS-CoV-2 patients have a good prognosis by the active treatment. After discharge, it is necessary that moderate survivors undergo at least a 2-week collective medical observation in quarantine places, which can identify and treat a proportion of patients with re-positive NAT results and to prevent the spread of the potential sources of infection MESHD.

    Change in Soccer Substitutions Rule due to COVID-19: Why only Five Substitutions?

    Authors: Gustavo R. Mota; Izabela Aparecida dos Santos; Moacir Marocolo

    id:10.20944/preprints202009.0031.v1 Date: 2020-09-02 Source: Preprints.org

    Each sport has its specific rules, which determine what is allowed (or not) impacting directly on the sport demands. Studies involving physiological and time-motion measurements have shown that soccer is a highly demanding sport. The new coronavirus disease MESHD 2019 (COVID-19) has been a world health crisis. Soccer seasons were interrupted worldwide to avoid spreading the virus. Leagues resumed the season (no fans at the arenas) after several weeks of interruption, causing overlay of schedule. This overlay (e.g., games every Sunday and Wednesday) will cause accumulated fatigue HP fatigue MESHD on players, raising the risk of injuries. Considering this condensed calendar, the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) has changed (temporarily) up to five substitutions during elite games (instead of three as the regular rule allows). Considering the already published scientific evidence, clearly, the change in the soccer substitution rule due to COVID-19 is insufficient. Implementing unlimited substitutions may benefit soccer players' health, coaches’ jobs, more entertainment for fans and sponsors (e.g., keeping intensity during all game, including on the second half) and eventually prolonging the useful life of the players. A real game-changer!

    Association factors with severe cases and antiviral drug assessment in patients with COVID-19

    Authors: Xiaowei Gong; Xianfeng Guo; Shiwei Kang; Yan Li; Haixiang Gao; Yadong Yuan

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-70914/v1 Date: 2020-09-02 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background Due to the latent onset of novel coronavirus disease MESHD 2019 (COVID-19), it is important to identify patients with increased probabilities for disease progression early in order to implement timely medical strategies. This study aimed to identify the factors associated with severe COVID-19 and evaluate the current antiviral drugs, especially in severe patients.Methods This was a retrospective observational study performed at the No. 7 Hospital of Wuhan (Wuhan, China) with hospitalized patients confirmed with COVID-19 from January 11 to March 13, 2020. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to identify the associated factors of severe COVID. Treatment of antivirus drugs were collected and evaluated.Results Of the 550 patients, 292 (53.1%) were female TRANS and 277 (50.4%) were ≥ 60 years old. The most common symptom was fever HP fever MESHD (n = 372, 67.7%), followed by dry cough MESHD cough HP (n = 257, 46.7%), and dyspnea HP dyspnea MESHD (n = 237, 43.1%), and fatigue HP fatigue MESHD (n = 224, 40.7%). Among the severe patients, 20.2% required invasive ventilator support and 18.0% required non-invasive ventilator. The identified risk factors for severe cases were: age ≥ 60 years (odds ratio (OR) = 3.02, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.13–8.08, P = 0.028), D-dimer > 0.243 µg/ml (OR = 2.734, 95%CI: 1.012–7.387, P = 0.047), and low oxygenation index (OR = 0.984, 95%CI: 0.980–0.989, P < 0.001). In severe cases, the benefits of arbidol alone was 73.3%, which was better than ribavirin (7/17, 41.2%, P = 0.029).Conclusions Age ≥ 60 years, D-dimer > 0.243 µg/ml, and lower oxygenation index were associated with severe cases. Arbidol might provide more clinical benefits in treating patients with severe COVID-19 compared with other antiviral drugs.

    Subtypes of nurses' mental workload and interaction patterns with fatigue HP fatigue MESHD and work engagement during coronavirus disease MESHD 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak: A latent class analysis

    Authors: JING WU; HUSHENG LI; ZHAOHUI GENG; YANMEI WANG; XIAN WANG; JIE ZHANG

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-70155/v1 Date: 2020-09-01 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background Nurses play critical roles when providing health care in high-risk situations, such as during the COVID-19 outbreak. However, no previous study had systematically assessed nurses’ mental workloads and its interaction patterns with fatigue HP fatigue MESHD, work engagement and COVID-19 exposure risk.Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted via online questionnaire. The NASA Task Load Index, Fatigue HP Scale-14, and Utrecht Work Engagement Scale were used to assess nurses’ mental workload, fatigue HP fatigue MESHD and work engagement, respectively. A total of 1337 valid questionnaires were received and analyzed. Nurses were categorized into different subgroups of mental workload via latent class analysis (LCA). Cross-sectional comparisons, analysis of covariance (ANCOVA), and multivariate (or logistic) regression were subsequently performed to examine how demographic variables, fatigue HP fatigue MESHD and work engagement differ among nurses belonging to different subgroups.Results Three latent classes were identified based on the responses to mental workload assessment: Class1 – low workload perception & high self-evaluation group (n = 41, 3.1%); Class 2 – medium workload perception & medium self-evaluation group (n = 455, 34.4%); and Class 3 – high workload perception & low self-evaluation group (n = 841, 62.5%). Nurses belonging into class 3 were most likely to be older and have longer professional years, and displayed higher scores of fatigue HP fatigue MESHD and work engagement compared with the other latent classes (p < 0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that high cognitive workload increased subjective fatigue HP fatigue MESHD, and mental workload may be positively associated with work engagement. Group comparison results indicated that COVID-19 exposure contributed to significantly higher mental workload levels.Conclusions The complex scenario for the care of patients with infectious diseases MESHD, especially during an epidemic, raises the need for improved consideration of nurses’ perceived workload, as well as their physical fatigue HP, work engagement and personal safety when working in public health emergencies.

    Age TRANS-dependent and Independent Symptoms and Comorbidities Predictive of COVID-19 Hospitalization

    Authors: Yingxiang Huang; Dina Radenkovic; Kevin Perez; Kari Nadeau; Eric Verdin; David Furman

    doi:10.1101/2020.08.14.20170365 Date: 2020-08-16 Source: medRxiv

    The coronavirus disease MESHD 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, caused by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome MESHD (SARS)-CoV-2, continues to burden medical institutions around the world by increasing total hospitalization and Intensive Care Unit (ICU) admissions. A better understanding of symptoms, comorbidities and medication used for pre-existing conditions in patients with COVID-19 could help healthcare workers identify patients at increased risk of developing more severe disease. Here, we have used self-reported data (symptoms, medications and comorbidities) from more than 3 million users from the COVID-19 Symptom Tracker app12 to identify previously reported and novel features predictive of patients being admitted in a hospital setting. Despite previously reported association between age TRANS and more severe disease phenotypes, we found that patient's age TRANS, sex and ethnic group were minimally predictive when compared to patient's symptoms and comorbidities. The most important variables selected by our predictive algorithm were fever HP fever MESHD, the use of immunosuppressant medication, mobility aid, shortness of breath MESHD and fatigue HP fatigue MESHD. It is anticipated that early administration of preventative measures in COVID-19 positive patients (COVID+) who exhibit a high risk of hospitalization signature may prevent severe disease progression.

    A case report of moderate COVID-19 with an extremely long-term viral shedding period in China

    Authors: yonghong wang; chaoyuan liu; qinghui meng; shuang gui; yu wu; pengjiang cheng; peng wang; xiuyong liao

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-59700/v1 Date: 2020-08-14 Source: ResearchSquare

    BackgroundAn ongoing outbreak of novel coronavirus disease MESHD 2019 (COVID-19) from Wuhan, China, is currently recognized as a global public health emergency, which has subsequently spread to the rest of China and other countries. The WHO raised the COVID-19 alert to the highest level. The virus is a new highly contagious via human-to-human transmission TRANS. The median duration of viral shedding is 20.0 days. We report that the longest duration of viral shedding was 32.0 days from illness onset in a patient with moderate COVID-19 admitted to QianJiang Central Hospital.Case presentationA 37-year-old male TRANS sought medical advice while suffering from fever HP fever MESHD, dry cough MESHD cough HP, fatigue HP fatigue MESHD, dizziness MESHD, runny nose and diarrhoea MESHD. Five days before the visit, he had a history of travel TRANS from affected geographic areas. The patient had a positive RT-PCR test, and chest CT images showed multiple nodules and mixed ground-glass opacification with consolidation in both lungs. Laboratory findings showed that his lymphocyte and CD4+ counts were below the normal range. The patient was given antiviral treatment, including arbidol, lopinavir, IFN-α, and traditional Chinese medicine, and other necessary support care. All clinical symptoms and CT imaging manifestation abnormalities resolved during the course of therapy.ConclusionAlthough the positive RT-PCR tests were verified in consecutive upper respiratory specimens, the clinical symptoms, CT imaging findings, CD4 + lymphocyte counts, and IgG antibody SERO levels had obviously improved. Positive tests may be detecting pieces of inactive viruses, which would not be transmissible in individual cases.

    Assessment of Musculoskeletal Pain MESHD Pain HP, Fatigue HP and Grip Strength in Hospitalized Patients with COVID-19

    Authors: Sansin Tuzun; Aslinur Keles; dilara okutan; Tugbay Yildiran; Deniz Palamar

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-56548/v1 Date: 2020-08-10 Source: ResearchSquare

    IMPORTANCE Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an emerging disease that was declared as a pandemic by WHO. Although there are many retrospective studies to present clinical aspects of the COVID-19, still the involvement of the musculoskeletal system has not been deeply investigated.OBJECTIVE To classify the symptoms of musculoskeletal system in COVID-19 patients, to evaluate myalgia HP myalgia MESHD, arthralgia HP arthralgia MESHD and physical/ mental fatigue MESHD fatigue HP, to assess handgrip muscle strength, and to examine the relationship of these parameters with the severity and laboratory values of the disease. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS This cross-sectional study was performed at the IUC-Cerrahpaşa Pandemic Clinic. Hospitalized 150 adults TRANS with laboratory and radiological confirmation of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 MESHD (SARS-CoV-2) according to WHO interim guidance were included in the study. Data were recorded from May 15,2020, to June 30, 2020.MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES Demographic data, comorbidities, musculoskeletal symptoms MESHD, laboratory findings and CT scans were recorded. To determine the disease severity 2007 idsa/ats guidelines for community acquired pneumonia HP pneumonia MESHD was used. Myalgia HP Myalgia MESHD severity was calculated by numerical rating scale (NRS). Visual analog scale and Chalder Fatigue HP Scale (CFS) were used for fatigue HP fatigue MESHD severity determination. Handgrip strength (HGS) was measured by Jamar hand dynamometer.RESULTS 103 patients (68.7%) were nonsevere and 47 patients (31.3%) were severe. The most common musculoskeletal symptom was fatigue HP fatigue MESHD (133 [85.3%]), followed by myalgia HP myalgia MESHD (102 [68.0%]), arthralgia HP arthralgia MESHD (65 [43.3%]) and back pain HP back pain MESHD (33 [22.0%]). Arthralgia HP Arthralgia MESHD, which was mostly notable at wrist (25 [16.7%]), ankle (24 [16.0%]) and knee (23 [15.3%]) joints, showed significant correlation with disease severity. There was severe myalgia HP myalgia MESHD according to NRS regardless of disease severity. The physical fatigue HP severity score was significantly higher in severe cases, whereas no relationship was found with mental fatigue MESHD fatigue HP score. Female patients with severe infection HP infection MESHD had lower grip strength with a mean value of 18.26 kg (P= .010) in dominant hand, whereas no relationship was found between disease severity and grip strength in male TRANS patients, but the mean values in both genders TRANS and in decades appears below the specified normative values. Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) level and lymphocyte count were significantly correlated with lower grip strength. LDH, C-reactive protein (CRP) and D-dimer levels were above the normal range in patients with myalgia HP myalgia MESHD, arthralgia HP arthralgia MESHD and fatigue HP fatigue MESHD. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE Musculoskeletal symptoms MESHD are quite common aside from other multi-systemic symptoms in patients with COVID-19. Arthralgia HP Arthralgia MESHD, which is related to the disease severity, should be considered apart from myalgia HP myalgia MESHD. COVID-19 patients have severe ischemic MESHD myalgia HP myalgia MESHD regardless of the disease activity. Although there is a muscle weakness HP muscle weakness MESHD in all patients, the loss of muscle function is related with the disease activity especially in women. Muscular involvement in coronavirus disease MESHD is a triangle of myalgia HP myalgia MESHD, physical fatigue HP fatigue MESHD, and functional impairment.

    COVID-19 Vaccine Candidates by Identification of B and T Cell Multi-Epitopes Against SARS-COV-2 MESHD

    Authors: Suresh Kumar; Sarmilah Mathavan; Wee Jia Jin; Nur Azznira Bt Azman; Devindren Subramanaiam; Nur Afiqah Binti Zainalabidin; Dhivashini Lingadaran; Zainah Binti Abdul Sattar; Danniya Lakshmi Manickam; Priscilla Sheba Anbananthan; Johan Ahmad Taqiyuddin; Yuvapriya Thevarajan

    id:10.20944/preprints202008.0092.v1 Date: 2020-08-04 Source: Preprints.org

    Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is a new discovered strain where WHO officially declares the disease as COVID-19 while the virus responsible for it called Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 MESHD or SARS-CoV-2. The incubation period TRANS of this disease is between 14 days. Ordinary clinical symptoms that reported around the world include fever HP fever MESHD, cough HP cough MESHD, fatigue HP fatigue MESHD, diarrhoea MESHD and vomiting HP vomiting MESHD as well as asymptomatic TRANS for certain people. Infection is spread mainly through broad droplets. In early March 2020, WHO again has announced that COVID-19 is a pandemic with currently no specific treatment. The potential use of SARS-COV-2 proteome as a vaccine candidate by analysing through B-cell and T-cell antigenicity by using a immunoinformatics approach as a vaccine development early stage. In this study, we used consensus sequence for SARS-COV-2 proteome that was retrieved from NCBI database. VaxiJen 2.0 was mainly used to identify the antigenic property of SARS-COV-2 proteins. IEDB then used to analyse the B-cell epitope, the presence of T cell immunogenic epitope in SARS-COV-2 proteins was obtained by using compromise method of MHC class I and II tools that accessible respectively using ProPred-1 server and MHC II Binding Prediction in IEDB database. The best epitopes of B and T-cell epitopes were predicted with high antigencity and the information is disseminated through web-based database resource (https://covid-19.omicstutorials.com/epitopes/). This study will be useful to find a new epitope-based candidate for SARS-COV-2. However, further study needs to be done for the next stages of vaccine development.

    Clinical Course and Management of 73 Hospitalized Moderate Patients with COVID-19 Outside Wuhan

    Authors: Xiaojuan Peng; Qi Liu; Zhaolin Chen; Guiyan Wen; Qing Li; Yanfang Chen; Jie Xiong; Xinzhou Meng; Yuanjin Ding; Ying Shi; Shaohui Tang

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-52239/v1 Date: 2020-08-01 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background: Moderate cases account for the majority in patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection MESHD and can also progress to severe/critical condition. Here, we investigated the clinical course and management of hospitalized moderate SARS-CoV-2 patients.Methods: The medical records and follow-up data were analyzed from the SARS-CoV-2 patients outside Wuhan.Results: A total of 73 moderate patients (38 men, 35 women) were included, with median age TRANS of 47.0 (38.5-57.5) years. Among them, only one patient (1.4%) died using active treatment to improve symptoms. The median duration of the four main symptoms cough HP, fever HP fever MESHD, chest tightness HP chest tightness MESHD, and fatigue HP fatigue MESHD were about 1-2 weeks; the median duration of the positive nucleic acid test (NAT) results for SARS-CoV-2 was slightly more than 2 weeks; the median hospitalization time was almost four weeks in 72 moderate survivors. The duration of cough HP cough MESHD and fever HP fever MESHD was positively correlated with the duration of the positive NAT results. On admission, 50% had lymphopenia HP lymphopenia MESHD; less than 30% had abnormal blood SERO biochemistry findings involving hyperglycemia HP hyperglycemia MESHD, liver function and myocardial enzymes. At discharge, the laboratory indexes were substantially improved. Two weeks after discharge, 5.6% survivors experienced a recurrence of the positive NAT results. Conclusions: Moderate SARS-CoV-2 patients have a good prognosis by the active treatment. After discharge, it is necessary that moderate survivors undergo at least a 2-week collective medical observation in quarantine places, which can identify and treat a proportion of patients with re-positive NAT results and to prevent the spread of the potential sources of infection MESHD.

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MeSH Disease
Human Phenotype
Transmission
Seroprevalence


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