Corpus overview


MeSH Disease

Human Phenotype


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    Risk factors for SARS-CoV-2 infection MESHD, hospitalisation, and death in Catalonia MESHD, Spain: a population-based cross-sectional study

    Authors: Judit Villar-Garcia; Rosa Maria Vivanco-Hidalgo; Montserrat Cleries; Elisenda Martinez; David Monterde; Pol Perez-Sust; Luis Garcia-Eroles; Carol Sais; Montserrat Moharra; Emili Vela; Jochen Lennerz; Hetal Desai Marble; Lauren L. Ritterhouse; Julie Batten; N. Zeke Georgantas; Rebecca Pellerin; Sylvia Signorelli; Julia Thierauf; Molly Kemball; Christian Happi; Donald S. Grant; Daouda Ndiaye; Katherine J. Siddle; Samar B Mehta; Jason B. Harris; Edward T Ryan; Virginia M. Pierce; Regina C LaRocque; Jacob Lemieux; Pardis Sabeti; Eric Rosenberg; John Branda; Sarah E Turbett; Gail Carson; Malcolm G Semple; Janet T Scott

    doi:10.1101/2020.08.26.20182303 Date: 2020-09-01 Source: medRxiv

    OBJECTIVE To identify the different subpopulations that are susceptible for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection MESHD and hospitalisation or death MESHD due to coronavirus disease MESHD 2019 (COVID-19) in Catalonia, Spain. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. SETTING Data collected from the Catalan Health Surveillance System (CatSalut) in Catalonia, a region of Spain. PARTICIPANTS Using data collected between 1 March and 1 June 2020, we conducted the following comparative analyses: people infected by SARS-CoV-2 (328 892) vs Catalonia's entire population (7 699 568); COVID-19 cases who required hospitalisation (37 638) vs cases who did not require hospitalisation (291 254); and COVID-19 cases who died during the study period vs cases who did not die during the study period (12 287). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES Three clinical outcomes related to COVID-19 ( infection MESHD, hospitalisation, or death MESHD). We analysed sociodemographic and environment variables (such as residing in a nursing home) and the presence of previous comorbidities. RESULTS A total of 328 892 cases were considered to be infected with SARS-CoV-2 (4.27% of total population). The main risk factors for the diagnostic were: female TRANS gender TRANS (risk ratio [RR] =1.49; 95% confidence interval [95% CI] =1.48-1.50), age TRANS (45-64 years old; RR=1.02; 95% CI=1.01-1.03), high comorbidity burden (GMA index) (RR=3.03; 95% CI=2.97-3.09), reside in a nursing home (RR=11.82; 95% CI=11.66-11.99), and smoking (RR=1.06; 95% CI=1.05-1.07). During the study period, there were 37 638 (11.4 %) hospitalisations due to COVID-19, and the risk factors were: male TRANS gender TRANS (RR=1.45; 95% CI=1.43-1.48), age TRANS > 65 (RR=2.38; 95% CI=2.28-2.48), very low individual income (RR=1.03; 95% CI=0.97-1.08), and high burden of comorbidities (GMA index) (RR=5.15; 95% CI=4.89-5.42). The individual comorbidities with higher burden were obesity HP obesity MESHD (RR=1.23; 95% CI=1.20-1.25), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease HP chronic obstructive pulmonary disease MESHD (RR=1.19; 95% CI=1.15-1.22), heart failure MESHD (RR=1.19; 95% CI=1.16-1.22), diabetes mellitus HP diabetes mellitus MESHD (RR=1.07; 95% CI=1.04-1.10), and neuro-psychiatric MESHD comorbidities (RR=1.06; 95% CI=1.03-1.10). A total of 12 287 deaths (3.73%) were attributed to COVID-19, and the main risk factors were: male TRANS gender TRANS (RR=1.73; 95% CI=1.67-1.81), age TRANS > 65 (RR=37.45; 95% CI=29.23-47.93), residing in a nursing home (RR=9.22; 95% CI=8.81-9.65), and high burden of comorbidities (GMA index) (RR=5.25; 95% CI=4.60-6.00). The individual comorbidities with higher burden were: heart failure MESHD (RR=1.21; 95% CI=1.16-1.22), chronic kidney disease HP chronic kidney disease MESHD (RR=1.17; 95% CI=1.13-1.22), and diabetes mellitus HP diabetes mellitus MESHD (RR=1.10; 95% CI=1.06-1.14). These results did not change significantly when we considered only PCR-positive patients. CONCLUSIONS Female TRANS gender TRANS, age TRANS between 45 to 64 years old, high burden of comorbidities, and factors related to environment (nursing home) play a relevant role in SARS-CoV-2 infection MESHD and transmission TRANS. In addition, we found risk factors for hospitalisation and death MESHD due to COVID-19 that had not been described to date, including comorbidity burden, neuro-psychiatric disorders MESHD, and very low individual income. This study supports interventions for transmission TRANS control beyond stratify-and-shield strategies focused only on protecting those at risk of death. Future COVID-19 studies should examine the role of gender TRANS, the burden of comorbidities, and socioeconomic status in disease transmission TRANS, and should determine its relationship to workplaces, especially healthcare centres and nursing homes.

    Effect of novel coronavirus disease MESHD 2019 infection on chronic HP infection on chronic MESHD kidney disease G1-G5, G5 Dialysis and G5 Transplantation

    Authors: Fateme Shamekhi Amiri

    doi:10.21203/ Date: 2020-08-26 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background: The pneumonia HP pneumonia MESHD caused by the 2019 novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) is a highly infectious disease MESHD that causes lethal disease and multiorgan failure MESHD. The aim of this research is to investigate association between covid-19 infection MESHD and kidney dysfunction MESHD.Methods and materials: In this retrospective study, sixty-eight patients with kidney dysfunction MESHD and covid-19 infection MESHD were investigated. Clinical features, laboratory data at initial presentation, management and outcomes were collected.The paper has written based on searching PubMed Central and Google Scholar to identify potentially relevant articles. Median, percentage, mean ± standard deviation (SD), two-tailed t and chi-square and Cohen᾽s-d tests were used for statistical analyses. Moreover, relative risk, odds ratio, pearson᾽s correlation for statistical analyses were used. Results: The average age TRANS of patients at time of diagnosis in covid-19 nephropathy HP nephropathy MESHD was 52.04 ± 14.42 years (ranging from 24 years to 88 years). There was not statistical significance correlation between lymphocytopenia MESHD and serum SERO creatinine (SCr) in covid-19 nephropathy HP nephropathy MESHD (R2=0.063; p-value= 0.33).  Effect size of elevated IL-6 on decreased estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in covid-19 nephropathy HP nephropathy MESHD was assessed 0.656 (medium effect size). Relative risk and odds ratio of acute kidney disease MESHD ( AKD MESHD) in covid-19 nephropathy HP nephropathy MESHD were assessed 0.57 and 0.4, respectively (p-value: 0.422). Correlation between SCr changes and time of emergent AKI MESHD ( acute kidney injury HP acute kidney injury MESHD), AKD MESHD and chronic kidney disease HP chronic kidney disease MESHD ( CKD MESHD) was assessed with R2 of 0.0003 and p-value of 0.94 (not significant).  Conclusion: The present study revealed medium effect size of elevated IL-6 on decreased eGFR. Future clinical research is required for investigating novel unknown findings in covid-19 nephropathy HP nephropathy MESHD

    Factors Associated with Disease Severity and Mortality among Patients with Coronavirus Disease MESHD 2019: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

    Authors: Vignesh Chidambaram; Nyan Lynn Tun; Waqas Haque; Marie Gilbert Majella; Ranjith Kumar Sivakumar; Amudha Kumar; Angela Ting-Wei Hsu; Izza Ishak; Aqsha Nur; Samuel Ayeh; Emmanuella Salia; Ahsan Zil-E-Ali; Muhammad Saeed; Ayu Sarena; Bhavna Seth; Muzzammil Ahmadzada; Eman Haque; Pranita Neupane; Kuang-Heng Wang; Tzu-Miao Pu; Syed Ali; Muhammad Arshad; Lin Wang; Sheriza Baksh; Petros Karakousis; Panagis Galiatsatos

    doi:10.1101/2020.08.07.20166868 Date: 2020-08-13 Source: medRxiv

    Background: Understanding the factors associated with disease severity and mortality in Coronavirus disease MESHD (COVID19) is imperative to effectively triage patients. We performed a systematic review to determine the demographic, clinical, laboratory and radiological factors associated with severity and mortality in COVID-19. Methods: We searched PubMed, Embase and WHO database for English language articles from inception until May 8, 2020. We included Observational studies with direct comparison of clinical characteristics between a) patients who died and those who survived or b) patients with severe disease and those without severe disease. Data extraction and quality assessment were performed by two authors independently. Results: Among 15680 articles from the literature search, 109 articles were included in the analysis. The risk of mortality was higher in patients with increasing age TRANS, male TRANS gender TRANS (RR 1.45; 95%CI 1.23,1.71), dyspnea HP dyspnea MESHD (RR 2.55; 95%CI 1.88,2.46), diabetes MESHD (RR 1.59; 95%CI 1.41,1.78), hypertension HP hypertension MESHD (RR 1.90; 95%CI 1.69,2.15). Congestive heart failure HP Congestive heart failure MESHD (OR 4.76; 95%CI 1.34,16.97), hilar lymphadenopathy HP lymphadenopathy MESHD (OR 8.34; 95%CI 2.57,27.08), bilateral lung involvement (OR 4.86; 95%CI 3.19,7.39) and reticular pattern (OR 5.54; 95%CI 1.24,24.67) were associated with severe disease. Clinically relevant cut-offs for leukocytosis HP leukocytosis MESHD(>10.0 x109/L), lymphopenia HP lymphopenia MESHD(< 1.1 x109/L), elevated C-reactive protein(>100mg/L), LDH(>250U/L) and D-dimer(>1mg/L) had higher odds of severe disease and greater risk of mortality. Conclusion: Knowledge of the factors associated of disease severity and mortality identified in our study may assist in clinical decision-making and critical-care resource allocation for patients with COVID-19.

    Acute Lung injury MESHD evolution in Covid-19

    Authors: Claudio Doglioni; Claudia Ravaglia; Giulio Rossi; Alessandra Dubini; Federica Pedica; Sara Piciucchi; Antonio Vizzuso; Lorenza Pecciarini; Franco Stella; Stefano Maitan; Vanni Agnoletti; Emiliano Gamberini; Emanuele Russo; Silvia Puglisi; Antonella Arcadu; Luca Donati; Simona Di Cesare; Carmela Grosso; Giovanni Poletti; Vittorio Sambri; Elisabetta Fabbri; Giovanni Pizzolo; Stefano Ugel; Vincenzo Bronte; Athol U Wells; Marco Chilosi; Venerino Poletti; Tobias Boettler; Bertram Bengsch; Robert Thimme; Maike Hofmann; Christoph Neumann-Haefelin

    doi:10.1101/2020.08.09.20170910 Date: 2020-08-13 Source: medRxiv

    BACKGROUND Pathogenesis of Coronavirus disease MESHD 2019 (Covid-19) is poorly understood. Most histologic studies come from post-mortem analysis, with existing data indicating that histologic features of acute respiratory distress syndrome MESHD respiratory distress HP syndrome are typically present in fatal cases. However, this observation may be misleading, due to confounding factors in pre-terminal disease, including injury resulting from prolonged mechanical ventilation. Ante-mortem lung biopsy may provide major pathogenetic insights, potentially providing a basis for novel treatment approaches. AIM This comparative, multicenter, prospective, observational study was planned to identify ante-mortem histological profile and immunohistochemical features of lung tissue in patients with Covid-19 in early and late phases of the disease, including markers of inflammatory cells and major pathways involved in the cytokine storm triggering. METHODS Enrolled patients underwent lung biopsy, according to the study protocol approved by local Ethical Committee, either within 15 days of the first symptoms appearing (early phase) or after > 15 days (more advanced disease). Key exclusion criteria were excessive or uncorrectable bleeding MESHD risk and cardiovascular disease MESHD with heart failure MESHD. Lung samples were obtained by conventional trans-bronchialbiopsy, trans-bronchial lung cryobiopsy or surgical lung biopsy. RESULTS 23 patients were enrolled: 12 patients underwent lung biopsy within 15 days and 11 patients more than 15 days after the onset of symptoms TRANS. Early biopsies were characterized by spots of patchy acute lung injury MESHD ( ALI MESHD) with alveolar type II MESHD cells hyperplasia MESHD and significant vascular abnormalities MESHD (disordered angiogenesis with alveolar capillary hyperplasia, luminal enlargement MESHD and thickened walls of pulmonary venules, perivascularCD4-T-cell infiltration), with no hyaline membranes. In the later stages, the alveolar architecture MESHD appeared disrupted, with areas of organizing ALI MESHD, venular congestion and capillary thromboembolic microangiopathy MESHD. Striking phenotypic features were demonstrated in hyper plastic pneumocytes MESHD and endothelial cells, including the expression of phospho-STAT3 and molecules involved in immunoinhibitory signals (PD-L1 and IDO1). Alveolar MESHD macrophages exhibited macrophage-related markers (CD68, CD11c, CD14) together with unusual markers, such as DC-Lamp/CD208, CD206, CD123/IL3AR. CONCLUSION A morphologically distinct Covid pattern was identified in the earlier stages of the disease, with prominent epithelial and endothelial cell abnormalities, that may be potentially reversible, differing strikingly from findings in classical diffuse alveolar damage MESHD. These observations may have major therapeutic implications, justifying studies of early interventions aimed at mitigating inflammatory organ injury.

    The Spectrum of Cardiovascular Complications MESHD in COVID-19- A Comprehensive Literature Review

    Authors: Raja Shakeel Mushtaque; Rabia Mushtaque; Shahbano Baloch; Aadil Raza; Haseeb Bhatti; Zohaib Khan

    id:10.20944/preprints202008.0257.v1 Date: 2020-08-11 Source:

    A newly identified novel coronavirus named as severe acute respiratory syndrome MESHD-related coronavirus2 (SARS‐CoV 2) has given rise to the global pandemic. SARS-CoV2 which causes coronavirus disease MESHD 2019 (COVID-19), is a positive-stranded RNA virus with nucleocapsid. It binds to host angiotensin-converting enzyme2 (ACE2) receptor through surface glycoprotein (S protein). These ACE 2 receptors are attached to the cell membranes of many organs. Thus, COVID-19 does not only result in acute respiratory distress syndrome MESHD respiratory distress HP syndrome but also affects multiple organ systems, requiring a multidisciplinary approach to manage this disease. COVID-19 can damage the myocardial cells and result in fulminant myocarditis HP myocarditis MESHD, acute cardiac injury MESHD, cardiomyopathy HP cardiomyopathy MESHD, heart failure MESHD, cardiogenic shock HP cardiogenic shock MESHD, or arrhythmia HP arrhythmia MESHD. COVID-19 seeds harmful immune response through cytokine storm leading to indirect organ damage. In this literature review, the available data is comprehended regarding cardiovascular complications in COVID-19, and the correlation of biomarkers with the disease activity is discussed. This literature review also highlights the important treatment options and outcomes of the individual study.

    Impact of tocilizumab administration on mortality in severe COVID-19

    Authors: Andrew Tsai; Oumou Diawara; Ronald G Nahass; Luigi Brunetti

    doi:10.1101/2020.07.30.20114959 Date: 2020-08-02 Source: medRxiv

    Background The novel coronavirus disease MESHD 2019 (COVID-19) worldwide pandemic has placed a significant burden on hospitals and healthcare providers. The immune response to this disease is thought to lead to a cytokine storm, which contributes to the severity of illness. There is an urgent need to confirm whether the use of tocilizumab provides a benefit in individuals with COVID-19. Methods A single-center propensity-score matched cohort study, including all consecutive COVID-19 patients, admitted to the medical center who were either discharged from the medical center or expired between March 1, 2020, and May 5, 2020, was performed. Patients were stratified according to the receipt of tocilizumab for cytokine storm and matched to controls using propensity scores. The primary outcome was in-hospital mortality. Results A total of 132 patients were included in the matched dataset (tocilizumab=66; standard of care=66). Approximately 73% of the patients were male TRANS. Hypertension HP Hypertension MESHD (55%), diabetes mellitus HP diabetes mellitus MESHD (31%), and chronic pulmonary disease MESHD (15%) were the most common comorbidities present. There were 18 deaths (27.3%) in the tocilizumab group and 18 deaths (27.3%) in the standard of care group (odds ratio, 1.0; 95% confidence interval, 0.465 - 2.151; p=1.00). Advanced age TRANS, history of myocardial infarction HP myocardial infarction MESHD, dementia HP dementia MESHD, chronic pulmonary disease MESHD, heart failure MESHD, and malignancy MESHD were significantly more common in patients who died. Interpretation The current analysis does not support the use of tocilizumab for the management of cytokine storm in patients with COVID-19. Use of this therapeutic agent should be limited to the context of a clinical trial until more evidence is available.

    Comorbidities associated with regional variations in COVID-19 mortality revealed by population-level analysis

    Authors: Hongxing Yang; Fei Zhong

    doi:10.1101/2020.07.27.20158105 Date: 2020-07-29 Source: medRxiv

    Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 MESHD (SARS-Cov-2), has developed into a global health crisis. Understanding the risk factors for poor outcomes of COVID-19 is thus important for successful management and control of the pandemic. However, the progress and severity of the epidemic across different regions show great differentiations. We hypothesized the origination of these differences are based on location-dependent variations in underlying population-wide health factors. Disease prevalence SERO or incidence data of states and counties of the United States were collected for a group of chronic diseases MESHD, including hypertension HP hypertension MESHD, diabetes MESHD, obesity HP obesity MESHD, stroke HP stroke MESHD, coronary heart disease MESHD, heart failure MESHD, physical inactivation, and common cancers MESHD (e.g., lung, colorectal MESHD, stomach, kidney and renal MESHD). Correlation and regression analysis identified the prevalence SERO of heart failure MESHD as a significant positive factor for region-level COVID-19 mortality. Similarly, the incidence of gastric cancer MESHD and thyroid cancer MESHD were also identified as significant factors contributing to regional variation in COVID-19 mortality. To explore the implications of these results, we re-analyzed the RNA-seq data for stomach adenocarcinoma MESHD ( STAD MESHD) and colon carcinoma MESHD carcinoma HP ( COAD MESHD) from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) project. We found that expression of genes in the immune response pathways were more severely disturbed in STAD MESHD than in COAD, implicating higher probability for STAD MESHD patients or individuals with precancerous chronic stomach diseases MESHD to develop cytokine storm once infected with COVID-19. Taken together, we conclude that location variations in particular chronic diseases MESHD and cancers MESHD contribute significantly to the regional variations in COVID-19 mortality.

    Poor Outcomes in Patients with Cirrhosis HP Cirrhosis MESHD and COVID-19

    Authors: Shalimar; Anshuman Elhence; Manas Vaishnav; Ramesh Kumar; Piyush Pathak; Kapil Dev Soni; Richa Aggarwal; Manish Soneja; Pankaj Jorwal; Arvind Kumar; Puneet Khanna; Akhil Kant Singh; Ashutosh Biswas; Neeraj Nischal; Lalit Dhar; Aashish Choudhary; Krithika Rangarajan; Anant Mohan; Pragyan Acharya; Baibaswata Nayak; Deepak Gunjan; Anoop Saraya; Soumya Mahapatra; Govind Makharia; Anjan Trikha; Pramod Garg

    doi:10.21203/ Date: 2020-07-06 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background and AimThere is a paucity of data on the clinical presentations and outcomes of Coronavirus disease MESHD 2019(COVID-19) in patients with underlying liver disease MESHD. We aimed to summarize the presentations and outcomes of COVID-19 positive patients and compare with historical controls.MethodsPatients with known chronic liver disease MESHD who presented with superimposed COVID- 19(n=28) between 22nd April and 22nd June 2020 were studied. Seventy-eight cirrhotic patients from historical controls were taken as comparison group.ResultsA total of 28 COVID patients- two without cirrhosis HP cirrhosis MESHD, one with compensated cirrhosis HP cirrhosis MESHD, sixteen with acute decompensation (AD), and nine with acute-on-chronic liver failure MESHD( ACLF MESHD) were included. The etiology of cirrhosis HP cirrhosis MESHD was alcohol(n=9), non-alcoholic fatty liver disease MESHD(n=2), viral(n=5), autoimmune hepatitis MESHD hepatitis HP(n=4), and cryptogenic cirrhosis HP(n=6). The clinical presentations included complications of cirrhosis HP cirrhosis MESHD in 12(46.2%), respiratory symptoms in 3(11.5%) and combined complications of cirrhosis HP cirrhosis MESHD and respiratory symptoms in 11(42.3%) patients. The median hospital stay was 8(7-12) days. The mortality rate in COVID-19 patients was 42.3%(11/26), as compared to 23.1%(18/78) in the historical controls(p=0.077). All COVID-19 patients with ACLF(9/9) died compared to 53.3%(16/30) in ACLF of historical controls(p=0.015). Mortality rate was higher in COVID patients with compensated cirrhosis HP cirrhosis MESHD and AD MESHD as compared to historical controls 2/17(11.8%) vs 2/48(4.2%), though not statistically significant (p=0.278). Requirement of mechanical ventilation independently predicted mortality (hazard ratio, 13.68). Both non-cirrhotic patients presented with respiratory symptoms MESHD and recovered uneventfully.ConclusionCOVID-19 is associated with poor outcomes in patients with cirrhosis HP cirrhosis MESHD, with worst survival rates in ACLF. Mechanical ventilation is associated with a poor outcome.

    Cardiovascular Implications of Coronavirus Disease MESHD 2019 (COVID-19): A Systematic Review

    Authors: Ravi Ranjan Pradhan; Ajay Kumar Yadav; Shobha Mandal

    doi:10.21203/ Date: 2020-07-02 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background: World Health Organization has declared Coronavirus disease MESHD (COVID-19) as a Public Health Emergency of International Concern. It has killed thousands and millions are infected worldwide. Though COVID-19 is supposed to be primarily a disease of respiratory system, it also has widespread implications on other systems as well. The aim of this systematic review is to summarize the cardiovascular implications of COVID-19. Methods: PubMed, PubMed Central, EMBASE, and Google Scholar were searched for peer-reviewed articles which aimed to delineate the cardiovascular implications of COVID-19.Results: A total of six articles (five original articles and one case report) were included. We found diverse cardiovascular implications of COVID-19 ranging from acute cardiac injury to death MESHD. New onset abnormalities in electrocardiogram or echocardiogragram, elevated plasma SERO levels of cardiac troponin, NT-proBNP, and D-dimer have role in early identification of acute cardiac injury MESHD in such patients. Additionally, cardiac troponin and NT-proBNP can be used to evaluate prognosis and possible need for intensive care in these patients.Conclusion: Acute cardiac injury MESHD is common in patients with COVID-19. Aggressive supportive management based on prognostic indicators along with management of heart failure MESHD, arrhythmias HP arrhythmias MESHD, acute coronary syndrome MESHD and thrombosis MESHD can improve clinical outcomes in such patients.

    Risk factors associated with failure of high-flow nasal cannula oxygen therapy in patients with severe COVID-19 in Wuhan, China

    Authors: Xiao-huan Ma; Fang Yin; Jie Zhang; Meng-yun Peng; Hong Guan; Ping Gong

    doi:10.21203/ Date: 2020-06-22 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background Acute hypoxemic respiratory failure MESHD respiratory failure HP is prevalent in severe Coronavirus Disease MESHD 2019 (COVID-19). High-flow nasal canula (HFNC) is currently the most common ventilation strategy for COVID-19 patients with respiratory failure HP respiratory failure MESHD. This study is to analyze the risk factors associated with high-flow nasal canula (HFNC) oxygen therapy failure MESHD in patients with severe COVID-19.Methods: In this single-center, retrospective, observational study, we enrolled patients with confirmed severe COVID-19 admitted to Renmin Hospital of Wuhan university (Wuhan, China) from 1 February 2020 to 26 March 26 2020. Epidemiological, clinical, and laboratory data, and treatments and outcomes upon hospital admission, were obtained from electronic medical records. Sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) scores were calculated.Results: Of 54 patients with severe COVID-19, HFNC was successful in 28 (51.9%) and unsuccessful in 26 (48.1%). HFNC failure MESHD was seen more commonly in patients aged TRANS ≥60 years and in men. In addition, compared with patients successfully treated with HFNC, patients with HFNC failure MESHD had the following characteristics: higher percentage of fatigue HP fatigue MESHD and anorexia HP anorexia MESHD as well as cardiovascular disease MESHD; increased time from onset to diagnosis and SOFA scores; elevated body temperature, respiratory rate, and heart rate; more complications including ARDS, septic shock MESHD shock HP, myocardial damage MESHD, and acute kidney injury HP acute kidney injury MESHD; increased neutrophil counts and prothrombin time; and decreased HP arterial partial pressure of oxygen/fraction of inspired oxygen (PaO2/FiO2) (all P < 0.05). However, binary logistic regression analysis showed that only male TRANS gender TRANS and PaO2/FiO2 were independent risk factors significantly associated with HFNC failure MESHD (both, P < 0.05). Conclusion: Patients with severe COVID-19 had a high HFNC treatment failure rate. Male TRANS gender TRANS and decreased PaO2/FiO2 were independent risk factors associated with HFNC failure MESHD in severe COVID-19 patients.

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MeSH Disease
Human Phenotype

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