Background: Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has become pandemic. The knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) of the public play a major role in the prevention and control of infectious diseases MESHD
. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the KAP of the Chinese public and to assess potential influencing factors related to practices.Methods: A cross-sectional online survey was conducted in China in February 2020 via a self-designed questionnaire comprising 33 questions assessing knowledge, attitudes, and practices.Results: For the 2,136 respondents from 30 provinces or municipalities in China, the accurate response rate for the knowledge section was 72.7–99.5%, and the average was 91.2%. In the attitude section, the percentage of positive attitudes (“strongly agree” and “agree”) ranged from 94.7–99.7%, and the average value was 98.0%. The good practices (“always” and “often”) results ranged from 76.1–99.5%, and the average value was 96.8%. The independent samples t-test revealed that gender TRANS
and ethnic differences had no effect on knowledge, attitude or behaviour (P > 0.05). However, knowledge was associated with age TRANS
(t = 4.842, p < 0.001), marital status (t=-5.323, p < 0.001), education level (t = 8.441, p < 0.001), occupation MESHD
(t=-10.858, p < 0.001), and place of residence (t = 7.929, p < 0.001). Similarly, attitude was associated with marital status (t=-2.383, p = 0.017), education level (t = 2.106, p = 0.035), occupation (t=-4.834, p < 0.001), and place of residence (t = 4.242, p < 0.001). The results of multiple linear regression analysis showed that the factors influencing practices were knowledge (t=-3.281, p = 0.001), attitude (t = 18.756, p < 0.001), occupation MESHD
(t=-3.860, p < 0.001), education level (t = 3.136, p = 0.002), and place of residence (t = 3.257, p = 0.001).Conclusions: The Chinese public exhibited a good level of knowledge of COVID-19, a positive attitude, and high adherence to good practices. COVID-19-related knowledge, attitudes and practices were affected by age TRANS
, marital status, education level, occupation, and place of residence to varying degrees. In addition, practices were affected by knowledge and attitudes toward COVID-19.