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MeSH Disease

Human Phenotype

Transmission

Seroprevalence
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    Nutritional Risk Screening Tools for Elderly TRANS Patients with COVID-19: A Systematic Review

    Authors: David Franciole de Oliveira Silva; Severina Carla Vieira Cunha Lima; Karine Cavalcanti Mauricio Sena-Evangelista; Dirce Marchioni; Ricardo Ney Cobucci; Fábia Barbosa de Andrade

    id:10.20944/preprints202008.0382.v1 Date: 2020-08-18 Source: Preprints.org

    Coronavirus disease MESHD 2019 (COVID-19) is associated with high risk of malnutrition HP malnutrition MESHD, primarily in elderly TRANS people; assessing nutritional risk using appropriate screening tools is critical. This systematic review identified applicable tools and assessed their measurement properties. Literature was searched in the MEDLINE, Embase, and LILACS databases. Four studies conducted in China met the eligibility criteria. Sample sizes ranged from six to 182, and participants’ ages TRANS from 65 to 87 years. Seven nutritional screening and assessment tools were used: the Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 (NRS-2002), Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA), MNA-short form (MNA-sf), Malnutrition HP Malnutrition MESHD Universal Screening Tool (MUST), Nutritional Risk Index (NRI), Geriatric NRI (GNRI), and modified Nutrition Risk in the Critically ill MESHD (mNUTRIC) score. Nutritional risk was identified in 27.5% to 100% of participants. The NRS-2002, MNA, MNA-sf, NRI, and MUST demonstrated high sensitivity SERO; the MUST had better specificity. The MNA and MUST demonstrated better criterion validity. The MNA-sf demonstrated better predictive validity for poor appetite HP and weight loss HP weight loss MESHD; the NRS-2002 demonstrated better predictive validity for prolonged hospitalization. mNUTRIC score demonstrated good predictive validity for hospital mortality. Most instruments demonstrate high sensitivity SERO for identifying nutritional risk, but none are acknowledged as the best for nutritional screening in elderly TRANS COVID-19 patients.

    Prevalence SERO of malnutrition HP in COVID-19 inpatients: the Nutricov study

    Authors: Antoine Rouget; Fanny Vardon-Bounes; Pierre Lorber; Adrien Vavasseur; Olivier Marion; Bertrand Marcheix; Olivier Lairez; Laurent Balardy; Olivier Fourcade; Jean-Marie Conil; Vincent Minville

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-41500/v1 Date: 2020-07-13 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background: Recent ESPEN guidelines highlighted the interest of prevention, diagnosis and treatment of malnutrition HP malnutrition MESHD in the management of coronavirus disease MESHD 19 (COVID-19) patients. The aim of our study was to evaluate the prevalence SERO of malnutrition HP malnutrition MESHD in patients hospitalized for COVID-19. Methods: Prospective observational cohort study on COVID-19 inpatients admitted to a tertiary hospital. Malnutrition HP Malnutrition MESHD was diagnosed according to the Global Leadership Initiative on Malnutrition HP two-step approach. Patients were divided in two groups according to the diagnosis of malnutrition HP malnutrition MESHD. Covariate selection for the multivariate analysis was based on P value <0.2 in univariate analysis, with a logistic regression model and a backward elimination procedure. A partitioning of the population was represented using a Classification and Regression Tree analysis.Results: 80 patients were prospectively enrolled in the study. Thirty patients (37.5%) had criteria for malnutrition HP malnutrition MESHD. The need for ICU admission (n=46, 57.5%) was similar in the two groups. Three patients who died (3.75%) were malnourished. Multivariate analysis exhibited that low BMI (OR=0.83, 95% CI [0.73-0.96], p=0.0083), dyslipidemia MESHD (OR=29.45, 95% CI [3.12-277.73], p=0.0031), oral intakes reduction <50% (OR=3.169, 95% CI [1.04-9.64], p=0.0422) and GFR (CKD-EPI) at admission (OR=0.979, 95% CI [0.96-0.998], p=0.0297) were associated with the occurrence of malnutrition HP malnutrition MESHD in COVID-19 inpatients.Conclusions: We demonstrate the existence of a high prevalence SERO of malnutrition HP malnutrition MESHD (37.5%) in a general cohort of COVID-19 inpatients according to GLIM criteria. Considering this high prevalence SERO, nutritional support in COVID-19 care seems an essential element. Trial registration: Ethical Committee No 2020-A01237-32)(RC31/20/0165 NUTRI-COV

    Experience of N-acetylcysteine airway management in the successful treatment of one case of critical condition with COVID-19

    Authors: Yan Liu; Guoshi Luo; Xin Qian; Chenglin Wu; Yijun Tang; kun lu; Biyu Chen; Elaine Lai-Han Leung; Meifang Wang

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-34193/v1 Date: 2020-06-08 Source: ResearchSquare

    Object: To report the successful diagnosis and treatment of a patient with critical condition of novel coronavirus pneumonia MESHD pneumonia HP (COVID-19) and to summarize its clinical features and airway management experience in successful treatment.Methods: Retrospectively analyzed the successful management of one case of COVID-19 with critical condition combined respiratory failure HP respiratory failure MESHD and discussed the clinical characteristics and airway management of the patient in conjunction with a review of the latest literature.Results: A patient with an anastomotic fistula MESHD after radical treatment of esophageal cancer MESHD and right-side encapsulated pyopneumothorax was admitted with cough HP and dyspnea HP dyspnea MESHD and was diagnosed with novel coronavirus pneumonia MESHD pneumonia HP and malnutrition HP malnutrition MESHD by pharyngeal swab nucleic acid test in combination with chest CT. The patient was treated with antibiotics, antiviral and antibacterial medications, respiratory support, expectorant nebulization, and nutritional support, expressed progressive deterioration. Endotracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation were performed since the onset of the type Ⅱ respiratory failure HP on the 13th day of admission. The patient had persistent refractory hypercapnia HP hypercapnia MESHD after mechanical ventilation. Based on the treatment mentioned above, combined with repeated bronchoalveolar lavage by using N-acetylcysteine ​​(NAC) inhalation solution, the patient's refractory hypercapnia HP hypercapnia MESHD was gradually improved. It was cured and discharged after being given the mechanical ventilation for 26 days as well as 46 days of hospitalization, currently is surviving well.Conclusion: Patients with severe conditions of novel coronavirus pneumonia MESHD pneumonia HP often encounter bacterial infection MESHD in their later illness-stages. They may suffer respiratory failure HP respiratory failure MESHD and refractory hypercapnia HP hypercapnia MESHD that is difficult to improve due to excessive mucus secretion leading to small airway obstruction. In addition to the use of reasonable antibiotics and symptomatic respiratory support and other treatment, timely artificial airway and repeated bronchoalveolar NAC inhalation solution lavage, expectorant and other airway management are essential for such patients.

    COVID-19 in Elderly TRANS Patient: A Case Report

    Authors: Zheng Qin; Xingjian Wang; Wei Wang

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-27253/v1 Date: 2020-05-06 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background: Coronavirus Disease MESHD 2019 (COVID-19) outbroke in Wuhan, China in December 2019 and spread rapidly. Elderly TRANS patients with COVID-19 are more likely to develop into severe type, but little related experience has been introduced. Case presentation: An 82-year-old female TRANS patient living in Wuhan, China was referred because of fever HP fever MESHD, dry cough MESHD cough HP and chest distress for a week. Clinical diagnosis of COVID-19 was considered, confirmed by viral nucleic acid detection. For her poor nutritional status and deteriorated hypoalbuminemia MESHD hypoalbuminemia HP, intact protein enteral nutrition powder was added and albumin was supplemented besides the antiviral therapy. Her fever HP fever MESHD gradually subsided with the alleviation of related symptoms. During her hospitalization, D-dimer level elevated with ultrasonographically detected thromboembolism HP thromboembolism MESHD in bilateral gastrocnemius veins, and low molecular weight heparin was thereby administrated for the prevention of pulmonary embolism HP pulmonary embolism MESHD. Conclusions: The experience of this case suggested that the timely screening and intervention of malnutrition HP malnutrition MESHD and venous thromboembolism MESHD thromboembolism HP are crucial issues to be concerned when treating elderly TRANS patients with severe COVID-19 besides the routine antiviral therapy. 

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MeSH Disease
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Transmission
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