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MeSH Disease

Human Phenotype

Transmission

Seroprevalence
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    High prevalence SERO of deep venous thrombosis HP deep venous thrombosis MESHD in non-severe COVID-19 patients hospitalized for a neurovascular disease MESHD

    Authors: Olivier Rouyer; Irene-Nora Pierre-Paul; Amadou Balde; Damaris Jupitet; Daniela Bindila; Bernard Geny; Valerie Wolff

    doi:10.1101/2020.09.03.20187344 Date: 2020-09-05 Source: medRxiv

    Abstract Introduction: Severe SARS-CoV-2 infection MESHD, responsible for COVID-19, is accompanied by venous thromboembolic MESHD events particularly in intensive care unit. In non-severe COVID-19 patients affected by neurovascular diseases MESHD, the prevalence SERO of deep venous thrombosis HP deep venous thrombosis MESHD ( DVT MESHD) is unknown. The aim of or study was to report data obtained after systematic Doppler ultrasound scanning ( DUS MESHD) of lower limbs in such patients. Methods: Between March 20 and May 2, 2020, consecutive patients with neurovascular diseases MESHD with non-severe COVID-19 were investigated with a systematic bedside DUS. Results Thirteen patients were enrolled including 10 acute ischemic strokes MESHD ischemic strokes HP, one transient ischemic attack HP ischemic MESHD attack, one cerebral venous thrombosis HP cerebral venous thrombosis MESHD and one haemorrhagic stroke MESHD stroke HP. At admission, the median National Institute of Health Stroke HP Stroke MESHD Scale (NIHSS) was of 6 (IQR, 0-20). We found a prevalence SERO of 38.5% of asymptomatic TRANS calves DVT MESHD (n=5) during the first week after admission despite thromboprophylaxis. Among them, one patient had a symptomatic pulmonary embolism HP pulmonary embolism MESHD. Two patients died during hospitalization but the outcome was favourable in the others with a discharge median NIHSS of 1 (IQR, 0-11). Discussion/Conclusion: Despite thromboprophylaxis, systematic bedside DUS showed a high prevalence SERO of 38.5% of DVT MESHD in non-severe COVID-19 patients with neurovascular diseases MESHD. Therefore, we suggest that this non-invasive investigation should be performed in all patients of this category.

    COVID-19 and Ischemic Stroke HP Stroke MESHD

    Authors: Amira Sidig; Khabab Abbasher; Hussien Abbasher; Radi Tofaha Alhusseini; Mohamed Elsayed; Mohammed Abbasher; Sufian Khalid M. N; Khalid Hajnoor; Mohammed Malekaldar; Mutaz F. Digna; Abbasher Hussien; Omer Eladil A. Hamid

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-49338/v1 Date: 2020-07-26 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background: SARS-CoV-2 causes COVID-19 disease. It was identified in December 2019 and rapidly evolved into a pandemic. During the outbreak of COVID-19, researches demonstrated its effect on many systems, including the nervous system. In our clinic, we have reported an impact of SARS-CoV-2, causing the ischaemic stroke MESHD stroke HP.Case Report: A 62-year-old Sudanese male TRANS with some comorbidities brought to the A&E with fever HP fever MESHD, chest symptoms MESHD, and acute evolving left-sided hemiplegia HP hemiplegia MESHD power grade 0/5 MRCS with left upper motor neuron facial palsy HP facial palsy MESHD. Investigations: CT brain: right middle cerebral artery MCA infarction MESHD. CT- chest: bilateral ground-glass appearance. COVID-19 Test was positive. elevated D-dimer and C-reactive protein.Discussion: A retrospective study of data from the COVID-19 outbreak in China showed that the incidence of stroke HP stroke MESHD among hospitalized patients was approximately 5%. The fact that COVID-19 is an acute inflammatory condition associated with an increased incidence of fatty plaques formation, injury of the vascular wall, and hypercoagulability HP hypercoagulability MESHD, causing brain infarct MESHD can be a reasonable hypothesis.ConclusionPatients with COVID-19 are at increased risk of thrombo-embolization MESHD, leading to arterial and venous cerebrovascular accident MESHD. This case report enhances the importance of further studies to clarify the relationship between stroke HP stroke MESHD and COVID-19.

    The 4C Initiative (Clinical Care for Cardiovascular disease MESHD in the COVID-19 pandemic): monitoring the indirect impact of the coronavirus pandemic on services for cardiovascular diseases MESHD in the UK

    Authors: - TC CVD-COVID-UK Consortium; Simon Ball; Amitava Banerjee; Colin Berry; Jonathan Boyle; Benjamin Bray; William Bradlow; Afzal Chaudhry; Rikki Crawley; John Danesh; Alastair Denniston; Florian Falter; Jonine Figueroa; Christopher Hall; Harry Hemingway; Emily Jefferson; Tom Johnson; Graham King; Ken Lee; Paul McKean; Suzanne Mason; Nicholas Mills; Ewen Pearson; Munir Pirmohamed; Michael TC Poon; Rouven Priedon; Anoop Shah; Reecha Sofat; Jonathan Sterne; Fiona Strachan; Cathie LM Sudlow; Zsolt Szarka; William Whiteley; Mike Wyatt

    doi:10.1101/2020.07.10.20151118 Date: 2020-07-11 Source: medRxiv

    Background: The coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic affects cardiovascular diseases MESHD ( CVDs MESHD) directly through infection MESHD and indirectly through health service reorganisation and public health policy. Real-time data are needed to quantify direct and indirect effects. We aimed to monitor hospital activity for presentation, diagnosis and treatment of CVDs MESHD during the pandemic to inform on indirect effects. Methods: We analysed aggregate data on presentations, diagnoses and treatments or procedures for selected CVDs MESHD (acute coronary syndromes, heart failure MESHD, stroke HP stroke MESHD and transient ischaemic attack MESHD, venous thromboembolism MESHD thromboembolism HP, peripheral arterial disease MESHD and aortic aneurysm HP aortic aneurysm MESHD) in UK hospitals before and during the COVID-19 epidemic. We produced an online visualisation tool to enable near real-time monitoring of trends. Findings: Nine hospitals across England and Scotland contributed hospital activity data from 28 Oct 2019 (pre-COVID-19) to 10 May 2020 (pre-easing of lockdown), and for the same weeks during 2018-2019. Across all hospitals, total admissions and emergency department (ED) attendances decreased after lockdown (23 March 2020) by 57.9% (57.1-58.6%) and 52.9% (52.2-53.5%) respectively compared with the previous year. Activity for cardiac, cerebrovascular and other vascular conditions started to decline 1-2 weeks before lockdown, and fell HP by 31-88% after lockdown, with the greatest reductions observed for coronary artery bypass grafts, carotid endarterectomy, aortic aneurysm HP aortic aneurysm MESHD repair and peripheral arterial disease MESHD procedures. Compared with before the first UK COVID-19 (31 January 2020), activity declined across diseases and specialties between the first case and lockdown (total ED attendances RR 0.94, 0.93-0.95; total hospital admissions RR 0.96, 0.95-0.97) and after lockdown (attendances RR 0.63, 0.62-0.64; admissions RR 0.59, 0.57-0.60). There was limited recovery towards usual levels of some activities from mid-April 2020. Interpretation: Substantial reductions in total and cardiovascular activities are likely to contribute to a major burden of indirect effects of the pandemic, suggesting they should be monitored and mitigated urgently.

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MeSH Disease
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Transmission
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