Corpus overview


MeSH Disease

Human Phenotype


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    Mental health of healthcare workers during early phase of COVID19: Variable performance SERO on different factors of stress

    Authors: Sheshadri Shekhar Chatterjee; Madhushree Chakrabarty; Shiv Shekhar Chatterjee; Utpal Dan; Pipina Vlahakis; Samson Mwale; Kapambwe Mwape; Memory C Kalolekesha; Misheck Chileshe; Joseph Mutale; Tobela Mudenda; Grace Manda; Victor Daka; Simon Leonard; Jean Feuillard; Vijay Tiwari; Jean Marc Tadie; Michel Cogne; Karin Tarte; Ulrich Rothbauer; Soumita Das; Pradipta Ghosh

    doi:10.1101/2020.09.22.20199323 Date: 2020-09-22 Source: medRxiv

    Background: Risks to healthcare workers (HCWs) escalate during pandemics and they are likely to experience a greater level of stress. This cross-sectional study investigated mental distress among HCWs during the early phase of the coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19). Method: 140 HCWs of a tertiary care hospital in India were assessed for perceived stress and insomnia HP insomnia MESHD. A factor analysis with principal component method reduced these questions to four components which were categorized as insomnia HP insomnia MESHD, Stress-related Anxiety HP Anxiety MESHD, Stress-related Irritability HP, and Stress-related Hopelessness. Further statistical analyses were done on these factor scores to identify the predictors and investigate the differences between the different categories of HCWs. Result: Doctors were the most anxious among the HCWs. Both doctors and nurses perceived a greater level of irritability HP irritability MESHD than the other HCWs. Compared to the doctors and nurses, other HCWs were more likely to experience insomnia HP insomnia MESHD. Lower age TRANS, higher education, female TRANS gender TRANS, and urban habitat were associated with the perception of anxiety HP anxiety MESHD. Older age TRANS, quarantine, single marital-status predicted irritability HP irritability MESHD. Female TRANS gender TRANS, single marital-status, and greater ailments contributed to perceived hopelessness. Quarantine significantly predicted insomnia HP insomnia MESHD. Conclusion: Different categories of HCWs might experience disparate mental health problems owing to their heterogeneous socio-demographic backgrounds. Customized and personalized care might prove to be helpful in alleviating their problems.

    The German COVID-19 Survey on Mental Health: Primary Results

    Authors: Stefanie Jung; Jonas Kneer; Tillmann Krueger

    doi:10.1101/2020.05.06.20090340 Date: 2020-05-12 Source: medRxiv

    Abstract First cases of COVID-19 were reported in Wuhan, China in early December 2019. Preliminary data from China indicated a substantial impact on mental health by the pandemic and its associated lockdown measures. Such measures are unprecedented for the majority of people and may affect their lives tremendously. The current survey was developed to assess mental health in response to the lockdown in Germany. Methods We conducted a web-based self-report survey including various aspects of mental health (e.g. PHQ-D, PHQ-4, WHO-5 and comparative questions on a 5-point Likert scale concerning sleep, irritability HP irritability MESHD & interpersonal violence). First wave data were taken during the height of lockdown measures in Germany from 1 April to 15 April 2020. Results A total of 3,545 volunteers took part in this cross-sectional survey. Mean age TRANS was 40.36 years (SD = 11.70; 83.1% female TRANS, 15.2% male TRANS). Acute or chronic disease MESHD was reported by 36.7% (physical) and 24.7% (mental) of subjects. Participants scored mild severity distress in the PHQ stress module. Depression MESHD and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD as assessed by PHQ-4 was significantly higher than in reference samples. The mean well-being score (WHO-5) was 50.7, thus pointing towards possible signs of depression MESHD. Furthermore, we found significant gender TRANS differences for anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and depression with women showing higher levels. 45.3% of participants reported worsened sleep, increased levels of irritation, anger and aggression MESHD compared to pre-pandemic times. Most importantly, 5% of all participants reported experiencing interpersonal violence (IPV). Discussion This is one of the first and largest surveys on mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic in a European society reflecting a relatively well educated and financially secure sample. Yet, there is evidence for a substantial mental burden with increased levels of stress, anxiety HP anxiety MESHD, depressive symptoms MESHD, sleep disturbance HP sleep disturbance MESHD and irritability HP. Most importantly and also most concerning is the finding of a one-month prevalence SERO of 5% IPV. We think it is of vital importance to continuously monitor the mental health of the general public during this pandemic and its aftermath and to carefully screen for IPV and its risk factors such as stress, sleep problems and anger.

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MeSH Disease
Human Phenotype

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