Corpus overview


Overview

MeSH Disease

Human Phenotype

Anxiety (140)

Insomnia (7)

Pain (7)

Sleep disturbance (6)

Fever (6)


Transmission

Seroprevalence
    displaying 91 - 100 records in total 140
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    Knowledge, attitudes, anxiety HP anxiety MESHD, and preventive behaviors towards COVID-19 among health care providers in Yemen: an online cross-sectional survey

    Authors: Gamil Ghaleb Alrubaiee; Talal Ali Hussein Al-Qalah; Mohammed Sadeg A. Al-Aawar

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-32387/v1 Date: 2020-05-29 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background: The current rapid prevalence SERO of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic over the world is associated with a considerable level of scared, anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and panic among the public, in particular, healthcare providers (HCPs) as the most vulnerable group at risk for SARS-CoV-2 infection MESHD. To protect and enhance HCPs' capacity to carry out their duties in responding to COVID-19, healthcare authorities should keep them away from stress and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and improve their knowledge, attitude, and practice towards COVID-19 to ensure their compliance to infection control precautions. Therefore, this study aimed to explore knowledge, attitudes, anxiety HP anxiety MESHD, and preventive behaviours among Yemeni HCPs towards COVID-19.Methods: A descriptive, web-based-cross-sectional study was used. It was conducted among a number of 1244 Yemeni HCPs. The COVID-19 related questionnaire was designed using Google forms. The link of the survey was sent to the respondents via emails, WhatsApp messages and WhatsApp groups as well as Telegram and other social media. The data collection started on 22nd April 2020, at 6 PM and closed on 26th April 2020 at 11 AM.Results: The results indicated that out of 1244 of the Yemeni HCPs participating in this study, 61.3% were male TRANS and more than (67%) were in the age group TRANS of 20 to 30 years old with a mean of 29.25±6.75. Most of them (85.9%) had a bachelor degree or above and had 10 years of working experience or less (88.2%). Besides, although 57.1% of the respondents obtained their information via social and news media and 60.3% had never attended lectures/discussions about COVID-19, the results revealed that the majority of respondents had an adequate level of knowledge, an optimistic attitude, moderate anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and high performance SERO in preventive behaviors (60.3%, 85.00%, 50.80 & 87.60%, respectively) toward the COVID-19 pandemic.Conclusion: Although the Yemeni HCPs exhibited an adequate level of knowledge, an optimistic attitude, moderate anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and high performance SERO in preventive behaviours toward the COVID-19 pandemic, the results showed gaps in some themes, particularly in their knowledge and attitude on COVID-19 pandemic which need to be updated or refreshed.

    Knowledge, attitudes, anxiety HP anxiety MESHD, and preventive behaviors towards COVID-19 among health care providers in Yemen: an online cross-sectional survey

    Authors: Gamil Ghaleb Alrubaiee; Talal Ali Hussein Al-Qalah; Mohammed Sadeg A. Al-Aawar

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-32387/v2 Date: 2020-05-29 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background: The current rapid prevalence SERO of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic over the world is associated with a considerable level of scared, anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and panic among the public, in particular, healthcare providers (HCPs) as the most vulnerable group at risk for SARS-CoV-2 infection MESHD. To protect and enhance HCPs' capacity to carry out their duties in responding to COVID-19, healthcare authorities should keep them away from stress and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and improve their knowledge, attitude, and practice towards COVID-19 to ensure their compliance to infection control precautions. Therefore, this study aimed to explore knowledge, attitudes, anxiety HP anxiety MESHD, and preventive behaviours among Yemeni HCPs towards COVID-19. Methods: A descriptive, web-based-cross-sectional study was conducted among a number of 1231 Yemeni HCPs. The COVID-19 related questionnaire was designed using Google forms. The responses were coded and analysed using the software package (IBMSPSS), version 22.0. Descriptive statistics and Pearson's correlation coefficient test were also used in this study. A p-value of < 0.05 levels with a 95% confidence interval was considered as statistically significant. The data collection started on 22nd April 2020, at 6 PM and closed on 26th April 2020 at 11 AM. Results: The results indicated that out of 1231 of the HCPs participating in this study, 61.6% were male TRANS and more than (67%) were in the age group TRANS of 20 to 30 years old with a mean of 29.29±6.75. Most of them (86%) had a bachelor degree or above and had 10 years of working experience or less (88.1%). Besides, although 57.1% of the respondents obtained their information via social and news media and 60.0% had never attended lectures/discussions about COVID-19, the results revealed that the majority of respondents had an adequate level of knowledge, an optimistic attitude, moderate anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and high performance SERO in preventive behaviors (69.8%, 85.10%, 51.0& 87.70%, respectively) toward the COVID-19 pandemic. Conclusion: Although the Yemeni HCPs exhibited an adequate level of knowledge, an optimistic attitude, moderate anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and high performance SERO in preventive behaviours toward the COVID-19 pandemic, the results showed gaps in some themes, particularly in their knowledge and attitude on COVID-19 pandemic which need to be updated or refreshed.

    Knowledge, attitudes, anxiety HP anxiety MESHD, and preventive behaviors towards COVID-19 among health care providers in Yemen: an online cross-sectional survey

    Authors: Gamil Ghaleb Alrubaiee; Talal Ali Hussein Al-Qalah; Mohammed Sadeg A. Al-Aawar

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-32387/v3 Date: 2020-05-29 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background: The current rapid prevalence SERO of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic over the world is associated with a considerable level of scared, anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and panic among the public, in particular, healthcare providers (HCPs) as the most vulnerable group at risk for SARS-CoV-2 infection MESHD. To protect and enhance HCPs' capacity to carry out their duties in responding to COVID-19, healthcare authorities should keep them away from stress and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and improve their knowledge, attitude, and practice towards COVID-19 to ensure their compliance to infection control precautions. Therefore, this study aimed to explore knowledge, attitudes, anxiety HP anxiety MESHD, and preventive behaviours among Yemeni HCPs towards COVID-19. Methods: A descriptive, web-based-cross-sectional study was conducted among a number of 1231 Yemeni HCPs. The COVID-19 related questionnaire was designed using Google forms. The responses were coded and analysed using the software package (IBMSPSS), version 22.0. Descriptive statistics and Pearson's correlation coefficient test were also used in this study. A p-value of < 0.05 levels with a 95% confidence interval was considered as statistically significant.. The data collection started on 22nd April 2020, at 6 PM and closed on 26th April 2020 at 11 AM. Results: The results indicated that out of 1231 of the HCPs participating in this study, 61.6% were male TRANS and 67% were in the age group TRANS of 20 to 30 years old with a mean of 29.29±6.75. Most of them (86%) had a bachelor degree or above and had 10 years of working experience or less (88.1%). Besides, although 57.1% of the respondents obtained their information via social and news media and 60.0% had never attended lectures/discussions about COVID-19, the results revealed that the majority of respondents had an adequate level of knowledge, an optimistic attitude, moderate anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and high performance SERO in preventive behaviors (69.8%, 85.10%, 51.0& 87.70%, respectively) toward the COVID-19 pandemic. Conclusion: Although the Yemeni HCPs exhibited an adequate level of knowledge, an optimistic attitude, moderate anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and high performance SERO in preventive behaviours toward the COVID-19 pandemic, the results showed gaps in some themes, particularly in their knowledge and attitude on COVID-19 pandemic which need to be updated or refreshed.

    Mental health outcomes and associations during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic: A cross-sectional survey of the US general population

    Authors: Bella Nichole Kantor; Jonathan Kantor

    doi:10.1101/2020.05.26.20114140 Date: 2020-05-28 Source: medRxiv

    Pandemic coronavirus disease MESHD 2019 (COVID-19) may lead to significant mental health stresses, potentially with modifiable risk factors. To determine the presence of and magnitude of associations between baseline associations and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and depression in the US general population, we performed an internet-based cross-sectional survey of an age TRANS-, sex-, and race- stratified representative sample from the US general population. Degrees of anxiety HP anxiety MESHD, depression MESHD, and loneliness were assessed using the 7-item Generalized Anxiety HP Anxiety MESHD Disorder scale (GAD-7), the 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), and the 8-item UCLA Loneliness Scale, respectively. Unadjusted and multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed to determine associations with baseline demographic characteristics. A total of 1,005 finished surveys were returned of the 1,020 started, yielding a completion rate of 98.5% in the survey panel. The mean (SD) age TRANS of respondents was 45 (16), and 494 (48.8%) were male TRANS. Baseline demographic data were similar between those that were (n=663, 66.2%) and were not (n=339, 33.8%) under a shelter in place/ stay at home order, with the exception of sex and geographic location. Overall, 264 subjects (26.8%) met criteria for an anxiety HP anxiety MESHD disorder based on a GAD-7 cutoff of 10; a cutoff of 7 yielded 416 subjects (41.4%) meeting clinical criteria for anxiety HP anxiety MESHD. On multivariable analysis, male TRANS sex (OR 0.65, 95% CI [0.49, 0.87]) and living in a larger home (OR 0.46, 95% CI [0.24, 0.88]) were associated with a decreased odds of meeting anxiety HP anxiety MESHD criteria. Rural location (OR 1.39, 95% CI [1.03, 1.89]), loneliness (OR 4.92, 95% CI [3.18, 7.62]), and history of hospitalization (OR 2.04, 95% CI [1.38, 3.03]), were associated with increased odds of meeting anxiety HP anxiety MESHD criteria. 232 subjects (23.6%) met criteria for clinical depression MESHD. On multivariable analysis, male TRANS sex (OR 0.71, 95% CI [0.53, 0.95]), increased time outdoors (OR 0.51, 95% CI [0.29, 0.92]), and living in a larger home (OR 0.35, 95% CI [0.18, 0.69]), were associated with decreased odds of meeting depression MESHD criteria. Having lost a job (OR 1.64, 95% CI [1.05, 2.54]), loneliness (OR 10.42, 95% CI [6.26, 17.36]), and history of hospitalization (OR 2.42, 95% CI [1.62, 3.62]), were associated with an increased odds of meeting depression MESHD criteria. Income, media consumption, and religiosity were not associated with mental health outcomes. Anxiety HP Anxiety MESHD and depression are common in the US general population in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, and are associated with potentially modifiable factors.

    Effect of COVID-19 pandemic on anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and burnout levels in emergency healthcare workers: a questionnaire study

    Authors: Taner Sahin; Humeyra Aslaner; Ozlem Olguner Eker; Mebrure Beyza Gokcek; Murat Dogan

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-32073/v1 Date: 2020-05-28 Source: ResearchSquare

    BackgroundDuring the COVID19 pandemic, an increase in anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and burnout levels may occur unwittingly due to the increased workload and intense stress experienced by emergency healthcare workers dealing with potential or suspected COVID-19 and other emergency patients. In our study, it is aimed to investigate whether there is an increase of anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and burnout levels of the healthcare workers working in ES and pandemic fields fighting against the outbreak of COVID-19 in Turkey, compared to other healthcare workers.MethodsThe study was carried out between April 1 to May 15, 2020, with the online questionnaire method with the participation of 920 healthcare workers that are working actively in pandemic hospitals, emergency call ambulances, primary healthcare institutions and dental hospitals across the country. In the questionnaire, the sociodemographic characteristics of the participants were questioned, and Beck anxiety MESHD anxiety HP scale (BAI) and Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) were applied. ResultsThe median age TRANS of the participants was 35.00 (minimum 20, maximum: 65), 59.2% were female TRANS and 40.8% were male TRANS. 22.3% of the personnel were working in the ES, 20.9% in the ambulance, 12.2% in the pandemic polyclinics. The pandemic area and the intensive care workers' BAI score are similar to those in the emergency service and ambulance (p = 0.05). The MBI-desensitization score of those working in the field of ED, ICUs and pandemics was higher than other places (p <0.05). The MBI-emotional score of the emergency and ambulance workers was higher (p = 0.001), and the MBI-personal accomplishment score was lower than radiology, laboratory and office personnel (p=0.049).ConclusionsThe COVID-19 outbreak may create stress in healthcare workers, leading to various psychiatric disorders MESHD such as anxiety HP anxiety MESHD, depression MESHD, and burnout syndrome MESHD. Early recognition, prevention and coping methods of burnout and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD in healthcare workers play a key role in during the pandemic period.

    Psychological Impact of COVID-19 on Pakistani University Students and How They Are Coping

    Authors: Muhammad Salman; Noman Asif; Zia Ul Mustafa; Tahir Mehmood Khan; Naureen Shehzadi; Khalid Hussain; Humera Tahir; Muhammad Hussnain Raza; Muhammad Tanveer Khan

    doi:10.1101/2020.05.21.20108647 Date: 2020-05-23 Source: medRxiv

    Background: COVID-19 is spreading quickly, causing great deal of fear and unrest in the public. We aimed to assess the psychological impact of COVID-19 on university students and their coping strategies. Methods: This web-based, cross-sectional study was conducted among students of four Pakistani higher education institutions. Google forms were used to disseminate the online questionnaire to assess anxiety HP anxiety MESHD (GAD-7), depression MESHD (PHQ-9), sources of distress (14-items) and the coping strategies (Brief-COPE). Results: A total of 1134 responses ( age TRANS 21.7 {+/-} 3.5 years) were included. The frequency of students having moderate-severe anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and depression (score [≥] 10) were {approx} 34% and 45%, respectively. The respondents' aged TRANS [≥] 31 years had significantly lower depression MESHD score than those below 30 years. Males TRANS had significantly less anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and depression MESHD scores than females TRANS. Additionally, those having a family member TRANS, friend TRANS or acquaintance infected with the disease had significantly higher anxiety HP anxiety MESHD score. The main sources of distress were the changes in daily life due to the ongoing pandemic. Regarding coping strategies, majority of respondents were found to have adopted religious/spiritual coping (6.45 {+/-} 1.68) followed by acceptance (5.58 {+/-} 1.65). Conclusions: COVID-19 have significant adverse impact on students' mental health. The most frequent coping strategy adopted by them are religious/spiritual coping, acceptance, self-distraction and active coping. It is suggested that mental health of students should not be neglected during epidemics.

    Early assessment of knowledge, attitudes, anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and behavioral adaptations of Connecticut residents to COVID-19

    Authors: Toan Ha; Stephen Schensul; Judy Lewis; Stacey Brown

    doi:10.1101/2020.05.18.20082073 Date: 2020-05-20 Source: medRxiv

    Objectives. To assess knowledge, attitudes, anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and behavioral adaptations to COVID-19. Methods. A cross-sectional study was conducted among non-healthcare-related participants after a stringent stay-at-home directive was implemented. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was conducted to identify factors associated with anxiety HP anxiety MESHD, perceived seriousness of COVID-19 and loneliness. Results. A total of 464 participants responded to the survey. Most participants recognized cough HP, shortness of breath MESHD and fever HP fever MESHD as primary symptoms of COVID-19. Nearly 50% reported high levels of anxiety HP anxiety MESHD to COVID-19 and 48% reported being loneliness during the social isolation. Those with higher level of COVID-19 knowledge had 1.20 times higher levels with anxiety HP anxiety MESHD. Being married had 1.79 times higher levels of anxiety HP anxiety MESHD about COVID-19. Older age TRANS was associated with loneliness during the social isolation. Older age TRANS was also associated with taking the pandemic seriously. Females TRANS were less likely to report loneliness than males TRANS. Conclusions. It is crucial for the public health authorities not only provide accurate and scientific information about the COVID-19 promoting protective behavior changes but also to minimize anxiety HP anxiety MESHD through supportive messages and recommendations for positive coping strategies and timely offering of counseling services for those in need.

    Anxiety HP Anxiety MESHD and Depression Symptoms of Patients in Fangcang Shelter Hospital During the COVID-19 Outbreak in China: a Web-Based Cross-Sectional Study

    Authors: Ling-Ling Dai; Xi Wang; Tian-Chi Jiang; Peng-Fei Li; Yu Wang; Shu-Jun Wu; Liu-Qun Jia; Meng Liu; Lin An; Zhe Cheng

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-30347/v1 Date: 2020-05-19 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background The COVID-19 pandemic is a major health crisis has led to adverse mental health consequences in the general public, medical staff, and individual in self isolation. In order to stop transmission TRANS of the virus and save lives, Fangcang shelter hospitals were developed and used for the first time in China. However, there is no research on mental health problems in Fangcang shelter hospitals patients during the COVID-19 outbreak. The aim of this study was to survey the prevalence SERO and major influencing factors of anxiety HP anxiety MESHD, depression MESHD among the hospitalized Coronavirus Disease MESHD 2019 (COVID-19) cases in Fangcang shelter hospital.Methods From February 23rd, 2020, to February 26th, 2020, we obtained the information of demographic data, clinical symptoms, and assessed the mental health status, sleep quality by using an online questionnaire including self-rating anxiety HP anxiety MESHD scale ( SAS MESHD), self-rating depressive MESHD scale (SDS) and pittsburgh sleep quality MESHD index (PSQI) at Jianghan Fangcang shelter hospital. We assessed the prevalence SERO of anxiety HP anxiety MESHD, depression symptoms MESHD and poor sleep quality via the scores of SAS, SDS and PSQI. We explored the influencing factors of anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and depression in COVID-19 patients using multivariable logistic regression models.Results We collected data from 307 COVID-19 patients in Jianghan Fangcang shelter hospital. The prevalence SERO of anxiety HP anxiety MESHD, depression MESHD symptoms were 18.6% and 13.4%, respectively. Poor Sleep quality, number of current physical symptoms ≥ 2 were independent risk factors for anxiety HP anxiety MESHD symptoms (P < 0.05); female TRANS, family member TRANS confirmed COVID-19, number of current physical symptoms ≥ 2 were independent risk factors for depression MESHD symptoms (P < 0.05). PSQI scores were significant positively associate with SAS MESHD scores and SDS scores (P ༜ 0.05).Conclusions Anxiety HP Anxiety MESHD and depression are common among the COVID-19 patients in Fangcang shelter hospital. Those with more current physical symptoms, poor sleep quality are more likely to have anxiety HP anxiety MESHD. Females TRANS, those with their family members TRANS diagnosed with COVID-19, more current physical symptoms are more vulnerable to depression MESHD symptom. Our findings can be used to formulate targeted psychological interventions to reduce adverse psychological impacts MESHD in Fangcang shelter hospital during the outbreak of epidemic disease MESHD in the future.

    How are adversities during COVID-19 affecting mental health? Differential associations for worries and experiences and implications for policy

    Authors: Liam Wright; Andrew Steptoe; Daisy Fancourt

    doi:10.1101/2020.05.14.20101717 Date: 2020-05-19 Source: medRxiv

    Importance: Multiple data sources suggest that COVID-19 is having adverse effects on mental health. But it is vital to understand what is causing this: worries over potential adversities due to the pandemic, or the toll of experiencing adverse events. Objective: To explore the time-varying longitudinal relationship between (i) worries about adversity, and (ii) experience of adversity, and both anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and depression and test the moderating role of socio-economic position. Design: Longitudinal cohort study Setting: Community study Participants: A well-stratified sample of UK adults TRANS recruited into the UCL COVID -19 Social Study (a panel study collecting data weekly during the Covid-19 pandemic) via a combination of convenience and targeted recruitment. The sample was weighted to population proportions of gender TRANS, age TRANS, ethnicity, education and geographical location. Exposures: Worries or experiences of adversities during the COVID-19 pandemic Outcomes: Anxiety HP Anxiety MESHD (GAD-7) and depression MESHD (PHQ-9) Results: Data were analysed from 41,909 UK adults TRANS (weighted data: 51% female TRANS, aged TRANS 18-99) followed up across 6 weeks (178,430 observations). Using fixed effects regression was used to explore within-person variation over time, cumulative number of worries and experience of adversities were both related to higher levels of anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and depression. Number of worries were associated more with anxiety HP anxiety MESHD than depression, but number of experiences were equally related to anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and depression. Individuals of lower socio-economic position were more negatively affected psychologically by adverse experiences. Conclusions & relevance: Measures over the first few weeks of lockdown in the UK appear to have been insufficient at reassuring people given we are still seeing clear associations with poor mental health both for cumulative worries and also for a range of specific worries relating to finance, access to essentials, personal safety and COVID-19. Interventions are required that both seek to prevent adverse events (e.g. redundancies) and that reassure individuals and support adaptive coping strategies.

    Mental health in the UK during the COVID-19 pandemic: early observations

    Authors: Ru Jia; Kieran Ayling; Trudie Chalder; Adam Massey; Elizabeth Broadbent; Carol Coupland; Kavita Vedhara

    doi:10.1101/2020.05.14.20102012 Date: 2020-05-19 Source: medRxiv

    Background: Previous pandemics have resulted in significant consequences for mental health. Here we report the mental health sequela of the COVID-19 pandemic on the UK population and examine modifiable and non-modifiable explanatory factors associated with mental health outcomes. We focus on the short-term consequences for mental health, as reported during the first four-six weeks of social distancing measures being introduced. Methods: A community cohort study was conducted with adults TRANS aged TRANS [≥]18 years recruited through a mainstream and social media campaign between 3/4/20-30/4/20. Consenting participants completed an online survey measuring depression MESHD, anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and stress and explanatory variables hypothesised to be related to these mental health outcomes. Outcomes: N=3097 eligible individuals participated. The cohort was predominantly female TRANS (85%); mean age TRANS forty-four years; 10% from minority ethnic groups; 50% described themselves as key-workers and 20% identified as having clinical risk factors putting them at increased risk of COVID-19. Mean scores for depression MESHD, stress and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD significantly exceeded population norms. Analysis of non-modifiable factors indicated that being younger and female TRANS were associated with all outcomes, with the final multivariable models accounting for 7-13% of variance. When adding modifiable factors, significant independent effects emerged for positive mood, perceived loneliness and worry about getting COVID-19 for all outcomes, with the final multivariable models accounting for 54-57% of variance. Interpretation: Increased psychological morbidity was evident in this UK cohort, with younger people and women at particular risk. Interventions targeting perceptions of: loneliness, risk of COVID-19, worry about COVID-19, and positive mood may be effective.

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MeSH Disease
Human Phenotype
Transmission
Seroprevalence


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