Corpus overview


Overview

MeSH Disease

Human Phenotype

Anxiety (138)

Insomnia (7)

Pain (7)

Sleep disturbance (6)

Fever (6)


Transmission

Seroprevalence
    displaying 21 - 30 records in total 138
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    Mental Health Problems and Related Factors in Chinese University Students During the COVID-19 Pandemic

    Authors: Shuang-Jiang Zhou; Meng Qi; Lei-Lei Wang; Xing-Jie Yang; Lan Gao; Suo-Yuan Zhang; Li-Gang Zhang; Rui Yang; Jing-Xu Chen

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-60938/v1 Date: 2020-08-17 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background: The coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is a serious threat to global public health, including a wide range of metal health problems. Current research focuses mainly on mental health status and related factors among Chinese university students during the COVID-19 pandemic.Methods: Data from 11133 participants was obtained through an online survey of university students in mainland China. Depressive MESHD and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD symptoms were assessed by the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), and the 7-item Generalized Anxiety HP Anxiety MESHD Disorder Scale (GAD-7), respectively.Results: In total, 37.0% of the subjects were experiencing depressive symptoms MESHD, 24.9% anxiety HP anxiety MESHD symptoms, 20.9% comorbid depressive MESHD and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD symptoms, and 7.3% suicidal ideation HP. Multivariable logistic regression analysis revealed an increased presence of mental health problems in female TRANS students, graduate students, and those with personal COVID-19 exposure. Living with family and awareness of COVID-19 were protective factors against depressive MESHD and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD symptoms. In addition, male TRANS, depressive MESHD and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD symptoms were risk factors for suicidal ideation HP. Living with family, graduate students, prevention and control measures and projections of COVID-19 trends were protective factors against suicidal ideation HP.Conclusions: The findings underlined that the mental health of university students should be monitored, and provided important information for healthcare planning during the COVID-19 pandemic.

    Impact of COVID-19 on Health-related Quality of Life in Patients With Cardiovascular Disease MESHD: A Multi-ethnic Asian Study

    Authors: Shir Lynn Lim; Kai Lee Woo; Eleanor Lim; Faclin Ng; Mark YY Chan; Mihir Gandhi

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-60893/v1 Date: 2020-08-17 Source: ResearchSquare

    BackgroundLittle is known about the impact of the global coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic on patients with cardiovascular disease MESHD ( CVD MESHD), the biggest global killer and major risk factor for severe COVID-19 infections. We aim to explore the indirect consequences of COVID-19 on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of patients with CVD MESHD. MethodsEighty-one adult TRANS outpatients with CVD MESHD were assessed using the EQ-5D, a generic health status instrument with five dimensions (mobility, self-care, usual activities, pain HP pain MESHD/discomfort, anxiety HP anxiety MESHD/depression), before and during the pandemic. Changes in the EQ-5D dimensional responses were compared categorically as well as using the dimension-specific sum-score (range 1 to 3, with a higher score indicates worse health). The responses and sum-score were compared using the exact test of symmetry and the paired t-test, respectively. ResultsThese patients [mean age TRANS (SD) 59.8 (10.5); 92.6% males TRANS; 56% New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class I] had coronary artery disease MESHD (69%), heart failure MESHD (28%), or arrhythmias HP arrhythmias MESHD (15%). None experienced change in NYHA class between assessments. About 30% and 38% of patients reported problems with at least one of the EQ-5D dimensions pre- and during the pandemic, respectively. The highest increase in health problems was reported for anxiety HP anxiety MESHD/depression (12.5% pre-pandemic vs 23.5% during pandemic; p = 0.035) with mean domain-specific score from 1.12 (SD 0.33) to 1.25 (SD 0.46) (p = 0.012). There was no meaningful change in other dimensions as well as overall HRQoL. Conclusion The COVID-19 pandemic is associated with a significant worsening of the mental health of patients with CVD MESHD

    ‘I Can’t Breathe’: Anxiety HP Anxiety MESHD and Emotion Awareness in Older Adolescents at The Time of Covid-19

    Authors: Pietro Smirni; Gioacchino Lavanco; Daniela Smirni

    id:10.20944/preprints202008.0342.v1 Date: 2020-08-15 Source: Preprints.org

    The COVID-19 appears as a catastrophic health risk with psychological, emotional, social and relational implications. From the early stages of the virus spread, the elderly TRANS population was identified as the most vulnerable and the health authorities have rightly focused on such frailest population. Conversely, less attention was paid to emotional and psychological dimension of children TRANS and adolescents. Actually, they were less at risk quoad vitam or quoad valetudinem, nevertheless they had to face a reality of anxiety HP anxiety MESHD, fears and uncertainties. The current study investigated state anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and emotion awareness in a healthy sample of older adolescents, 84 females TRANS and 64 males TRANS, aged TRANS 17 to 19, during the pandemic lockdown, using Self-rating Anxiety HP Anxiety MESHD Scale and the Italian Emotion Awareness Questionnaire. An unexpected anxious phenomenology, impacting the anxiety HP anxiety MESHD ideo-affective domain, was found, while the somatic symptomatology appeared to be less severe. The highest anxiety HP anxiety MESHD symptom were the breathing difficulties. These findings supported the hypothesis that the COVID-19 pandemic may be a risk condition for an increased state anxiety HP anxiety MESHD in older adolescents and suggest the need to provide 1. an effective, empathic communication system with the direct participation of older adolescents, 2. a psychological counseling service for stress management of adolescents.

    Immediate Effects of COVID-19 Outbreak on Psychiatric Outpatients: Posttraumatic Stress MESHD and Influencing Factors

    Authors: Burc Cagri Poyraz; Cana Aksoy Poyraz; Senol Turan; Omer Faruk Demirel; Yasin Kavla; Ersel Bulu; Irem Hacisalihoglu; Elif Burcu Ersungur; Li Shen; Dokyoon Kim; Eduardo Marquez-Garcia; Edda Sciutto; Jose Moreno-Rodriguez; Jose Omar Barreto-Rodriguez; Hazel Vazquez-Rojas; Gustavo Ivan Centeno-Saenz; Nestor Alvarado-Pena; Citlaltepetl Salinas-Lara; Carlos Sanchez-Garibay; Gabriela Hernandez-Molina; Criselda Mendoza-Milla; Andrea Dominguez; Julio Granados; Lula Mena-Hernandez; Luis Angel Perez-Buenfil; Guillermo Dominguez-Cheritt; Carlos Cabello-Gutierrez; Cesar Luna-Rivero; Jorge Salas-Hernandez; Patricio Santilla-Doherty; Justino Regalado; Angelica Hernandez-Martinez; Lorena Orozco; Ethel A. Garcia-Latorre; Carmen M. Hernandez-Cardenas; Shabaana A. Khader; Albert Zlotnik; Joaquin Zuniga

    doi:10.1101/2020.08.12.20173468 Date: 2020-08-14 Source: medRxiv

    We aimed to investigate the effects of COVID-19 outbreak and public health measures on the psychological well-being of patients with psychiatric disorders MESHD. This cross-sectional study assessed 436 outpatients recruited from a tertiary psychiatry clinic in Istanbul, Turkey, nearly one month after the government introduced strict measures of lockdown against the ongoing outbreak. Respondents completed a web-based survey on sociodemographic data, subjective sleep quality, and a range of psychiatric MESHD symptoms using the Impact of Events Scale-Revised (IES-R), and Hospital Anxiety HP Anxiety MESHD and Depression Scale (HADS). Respondents reported high frequencies of clinically significant posttraumatic stress disorder MESHD ( PTSD MESHD) (32.6%, IES-R score equal to or above 33), anxiety HP anxiety MESHD (36.4%, HADS anxiety MESHD anxiety HP score > 10), and depression MESHD (51%, HADS depression MESHD score > 10). 20.5% of respondents described that their psychological status worsened during the COVID-19 outbreak, and 12.1% of respondents described poor or very poor sleep in the prior month. Positive predictors of increased PTSD MESHD symptoms included the chronic medical diseases, knowing someone in the social vicinity diagnosed with the COVID-19 infection MESHD, job loss MESHD or being on temporary leave after the outbreak, and increased exposure time to TV or social media. In contrast, male TRANS gender TRANS, older age TRANS, higher educational attainment, and the psychiatric MESHD diagnoses of schizophrenia HP schizophrenia MESHD and (to a lesser degree) bipolar disorder MESHD were the negative predictors. Our results suggest that patients with psychiatric disorders MESHD are prone to substantial psychological distress during the COVID-19 outbreak, and various individual, behavioral, and social factors mediate this effect.

    Risk Factors for Adolescents' Mental Health During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Comparison between Wuhan and Other Areas in China

    Authors: Shitao Chen; Zeyuan Cheng; Jing Wu

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-58710/v1 Date: 2020-08-13 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background: The outbreak of Coronavirus Disease MESHD is causing considerable acute risk to public health and might have an unanticipated impact on the mental health of children TRANS and adolescents in the long run. This study aims to understand whether there is a clinically significant difference in anxiety HP anxiety MESHD, depression MESHD, and parental rearing style when comparing adolescents from Wuhan and other cities in China. This study also intends to examine whether gender TRANS, grade in school, single child TRANS status, online learning participation MESHD, parents TRANS' involvement in COVID-19 related work, and parents TRANS being quarantined or infected due to the disease would lead to clinically significant differences in anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and depression. Beyond that, this study explored the pathways among the different variables in order to better understand how these factors play a part in impacting adolescents' mental health condition. Results: Results showed that there was a statistically significant difference in anxiety HP anxiety MESHD symptoms between participants who were from Wuhan compared to other areas, but not in depressive symptoms MESHD. In addition, participants’ grade level, gender TRANS, relative being infected, and study online have direct positive predictive value SERO for depressive MESHD and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD symptoms, whereas location and sibling status have indirect predictive value. Having relatives who participated in COVID-19 related work had positive direct predictive value only toward depression MESHD, but not anxiety HP anxiety MESHD.Conclusions: This study discovered several risk factors for adolescents’ depression MESHD and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD during the pandemic. It also called for a greater awareness of Wuhan parents’ mental wellbeing and recommended a systematic approach for mental health prevention and intervention. 

    Clinical characteristics and post-intensive care outcomes of COVID-19 pneumonia HP pneumonia MESHD.

    Authors: Neil MD Cody; Samuel M Lakey; Sean M McMahon; Megan K Downey; Megan S Duncan; Julie-Anne Hewitt; Calum B Simpson; Martin J Duffy; Rosalind F O’Reilly; Paul Johnston; Jonathan A Silversides; Belfast COVID ICU Group

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-58685/v1 Date: 2020-08-13 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background: COVID-19 can result in a severe viral pneumonia MESHD pneumonia HP, with high reported mortality rates in patients requiring mechanical ventilation. There is controversy as to whether established therapeutic approaches to acute respiratory distress syndrome MESHD respiratory distress HP syndrome are optimal in this condition, and numerous novel therapies have been used, often outside the context of randomised trials. In addition, longer term quality of life outcomes associated with COVID-19 are as yet unknown. The aim of this case series is to describe demographic, physiological and outcome data of patients with COVID-19 admitted to our intensive care units who were treated according to evidence-based guidelines for acute respiratory distress syndrome MESHD respiratory distress HP syndrome.Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the records of all patients admitted to intensive care units in our institution with COVID-19 between March and June, 2020. Physiological and laboratory data were recorded at baseline and daily until intensive care discharge or death MESHD. Quality of life was assessed at a virtual post-intensive care follow-up clinic around 10 weeks after ICU discharge.Results: 45 patients with COVID-19 were included, 37 (82.2%) of whom were male TRANS, with a mean age TRANS of 55 years. 42 (93.3%) of this cohort met criteria for acute respiratory distress syndrome MESHD respiratory distress HP syndrome at time of admission. Clinical management was consistent with evidence based institutional guidelines introduced for acute respiratory distress syndrome MESHD respiratory distress HP syndrome. Median length of intensive care stay was 14 days. The intensive care mortality rate was 8.9%. Functional and psychological morbidity post intensive care was significant: 45.2% of respondents had at least moderate impairment of mobility and 35.5% described at least moderate symptoms of anxiety HP anxiety MESHD or depression MESHD at the time of follow up.Conclusions : This case series demonstrates low mortality in a cohort of patients treated according to an established evidence-based approach for acute respiratory distress syndrome MESHD respiratory distress HP syndrome. However, COVID-19 survivors have a marked functional and psychological morbidity impacting quality of life following ICU admission. The therapeutic goal in the future will be to achieve similar survival outcomes while minimizing the significant morbidity associated with COVID-19 related critical care admission.

    Mental Health Problems and Related Factors in Chinese University Students During the COVID-19 Pandemic

    Authors: Shuang-Jiang Zhou; Meng Qi; Lei-Lei Wang; Xing-Jie Yang; Li-Gang Zhang; Rui Yang; Jing-Xu Chen

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-58137/v1 Date: 2020-08-12 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background: The coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is a serious threat to global public health, including a wide range of metal health problems. Current research focuses mainly on mental health status and related factors among Chinese university students during the COVID-19 pandemic.Methods: Data from 11133 participants was obtained through an online survey of university students in mainland China. Depressive MESHD and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD symptoms were assessed by the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), and the 7-item Generalized Anxiety HP Anxiety MESHD Disorder Scale (GAD-7), respectively.Results: In total, 37.0% of the subjects were experiencing depressive symptoms MESHD, 24.9% anxiety HP anxiety MESHD symptoms, 20.9% comorbid depressive MESHD and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD symptoms, and 7.3% suicidal ideation HP. Multivariable logistic regression analysis revealed an increased presence of mental health problems in female TRANS students, graduate students, and those with personal COVID-19 exposure. Living with family and awareness of COVID-19 were protective factors against depressive MESHD and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD symptoms. In addition, male TRANS, depressive MESHD and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD symptoms were risk factors for suicidal ideation HP. Living with family, graduate students, prevention and control measures and projections of COVID-19 trends were protective factors against suicidal ideation HP.Conclusions: The findings underlined that the mental health of university students should be monitored, and provided important information for healthcare planning during the COVID-19 pandemic.

    Impacts of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Life of Higher Education Students: A Global Perspective

    Authors: Aleksander Aristovnik; Damijana Keržič; Dejan Ravšelj; Nina Tomaževič; Lan Umek

    id:10.20944/preprints202008.0246.v1 Date: 2020-08-10 Source: Preprints.org

    The paper aims to present the most comprehensive and large-scale study to date of students’ perceived impacts of COVID-19 crisis on different aspects of their lives on a global level. The study with a sample of 30,383 students from 62 countries reveals that due to worldwide lockdown and transition to online learning students were most satisfied with the support of teaching staff and universities’ public relations. Nevertheless, a lack of computer skills and the perception of increased workload prevented them from perceiving higher performance SERO in a new teaching environment. Students were mainly concerned about their future professional career and studying issues, and were feeling boredom, anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and frustration. The pandemic encouraged some hygienic behaviors MESHD (i.e. wearing masks, washing hands) and discouraged certain daily habits (i.e. leaving home, shaking hands). Students were also more satisfied with the role of hospitals and universities during the epidemic, compared to government and banks. Further findings demonstrate that students with selected sociodemographic characteristics ( male TRANS, part-time, first level, applied sciences, lower living standard, from Africa or Asia) were, in general, more strongly affected by the pandemic as they were significantly less satisfied with their academic work/life. Key factors influencing students' satisfaction with the role of university have also been identified. Policymakers and higher education institutions worldwide may benefit from these findings when formulating policy recommendations and tactics on how to support students during the pandemic.

    Perceptions and Behavioral Adoptions of the Preventive Strategies from Person-to-Person Transmission TRANS of COVID-19 among the Public in China: An Online Cross-Sectional Survey

    Authors: Xian Zhu; Yong Gan; Bo Wu; Qinyong Gou; Daikun Zheng; Chenglu Liu; Chang Xu; Zhou Tao; Hong Xu; Qian Long

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-54686/v1 Date: 2020-08-06 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background: The strategies adopted to prevent spreading of COVID-19 are quarantine, social distancing and isolation of infected cases. This study investigates perceptions and behavioral adoptions of COVID-19 prevention strategies among the Chinese public and identified factors predicting individual health behavior.Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional online survey between 22 February and 5 March, 2020. We approached to urban residents aged TRANS over 18 years through snowball sampling method using the Chinese social media. The Health Belief Model was adopted to guide the analysis. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regressions were used to examine impacts of modifying factors (including demographic and socio-economic characteristics) and individual beliefs on individual health behavior.Results: of 5675 valid questionnaires, 95.8% of the respondents well understood the preventive measures from COVID-19 transmission TRANS, while 79.9% of the respondents adopted the behavior advised. 45.7% of the respondents perceived severity of the disease, 75.6% of the respondents perceived benefits of social constraints measures and 62.7% reported anxiety HP anxiety MESHD during the epidemic. After adjusting for modifying factors and individual beliefs, those who were female TRANS, had better income and good knowledge on preventive measures, perceived benefits on social constraint measures and did not feel anxiety HP anxiety MESHD were more likely to adopt behaviors advised.Conclusions: The Chinese public highly accepted and adopted behaviors advised to slow down the COVID-19 epidemic. People with low income or feeling anxiety HP anxiety MESHD were less likely to adopt the behavior advised. The policy support should target on the social vulnerable groups. The psychological support should be disseminated through different means, and the consultation should be provided to those who are in need.

    Level of anxiety HP anxiety MESHD caused by the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic among dentists in Poland.

    Authors: Ewa Rusyan; Agnieszka Mielczarek; Agnieszka Kapała; Kamil Adamczyk; Robert Piec; Barbara Szykuła- Piec

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-52883/v1 Date: 2020-08-03 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background: The early information on both the speed and high morbidity rate and, above all, mortality, triggered the symptoms of COVID-19-related panic and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD. Dentists were listed in the top five professions with the highest risk of transmission TRANS of the virus. The paper aimed to assess the level of anxiety HP anxiety MESHD among dentists in Poland. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted via an online survey questionnaire. The study used a tool developed by the team of Ahorsu et al. The COVID-19 Fear Scale (FCV-19S) translated into the Polish language. The online questionnaire was completed by 356 dentists. Results: In the studied population of dentists, the perceived level of anxiety HP anxiety MESHD associated with COVID -19 should be considered relatively low. Both gender TRANS and work experience had no significant impact on their level. When the respondents had children TRANS, lived with the elderly TRANS, or looked after them the observed level of anxiety HP anxiety MESHD was higher and physical symptoms such as sweating palms and increased heart rate occurred.Conclusion: Despite the high risk of infection TRANS risk of infection TRANS infection MESHD, the tested low level of anxiety HP anxiety MESHD among dentists is a positive predictor of the appropriate level of medical services provided by this group of doctors. 

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MeSH Disease
Human Phenotype
Transmission
Seroprevalence


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