Corpus overview


Overview

MeSH Disease

Human Phenotype

Anxiety (140)

Insomnia (7)

Pain (7)

Sleep disturbance (6)

Fever (6)


Transmission

Seroprevalence
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    Influence Psycho-Sexual Factors on The Quality of Life in Pregnant Women During the COVID-19 pandemic: A Path Analysis

    Authors: Masoumeh Alijanpour; Shahideh Jahanian Sadatmahalleh; Youseflu Samaneh; Bahri Khomami Mahnaz; Yousefi Afrashteh Majid; Ashraf Moini; Anoshiravan Kazemnejad

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-45196/v1 Date: 2020-07-17 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background: Coronavirus has spread rapidly around the world. This epidemic has created stress and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD for pregnant women in different parts of the world. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between quality of life (QoL) with anxiety HP anxiety MESHD, depression MESHD, corona disease anxiety MESHD anxiety HP, sexual function (SF), and marital satisfaction (MS) in pregnant women during the Covid-19 pandemic.Methods: The present study is a cross-sectional study involving 260 pregnant women. The Short-Form Health Survey (SF_12), Marital Satisfaction Scale (MSS), Female TRANS Sexual Function Index (FSFI), Hospital Anxiety HP Anxiety MESHD and Depression Scale (HADS), and coronary disease anxiety MESHD anxiety HP questionnaire, Padua Obsession Questionnaire, General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) are used for data collection. Data were analyzed using the Pearson correlation coefficient and path analysis.Result: The overall goodness-of-fit statistics revealed that the predictors of QOL had perfectly good fitness MESHD indices (RMSEA=0.02; AGFI=0.99). The results show that corona related anxiety HP anxiety MESHD, marital satisfaction (MS), sexual function (SF), depression MESHD, and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD have a direct effect on women’s QOL. Among variables, GHQ has a more direct effect on women’s QOL. General health (GH) considered as a mediator variable; variables such as anxiety HP anxiety MESHD, depression MESHD, and Corona-related Anxiety HP Anxiety MESHD with effect on GH can impress QOL. Anxiety HP Anxiety MESHD as a main predictor of QOL, with direct, and indirect effects through GH, depression MESHD, SF, and MS can impress QOL. Conclusion: Since the QoL in pregnant women is associated with coronavirus epidemics, these results can be used to plan to improve the health and QoL of these people.

    Influence psycho-sexual factors on the quality of life in pregnant women during the COVID-19 pandemic: A Path Analysis

    Authors: Masoumeh Alijanpour; Shahideh Jahanian Sadatmahalleh; Youseflu Samaneh; Bahri Khomami Mahnaz; Yousefi Afrashteh Majid; Ashraf Moini; Anoshiravan Kazemnejad

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-45196/v2 Date: 2020-07-17 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background Coronavirus has spread rapidly around the world. This epidemic has created stress and anxiety HP for pregnant women in different parts of the world. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between quality of life (QoL) with anxiety HP, depression, corona disease anxiety HP, sexual function (SF), and marital satisfaction (MS) in pregnant women during the Covid-19 pandemic. Methods The present study is a cross-sectional study involving 260 pregnant women. The Short-Form Health Survey (SF_12), Marital Satisfaction Scale (MSS), Female TRANS Sexual Function Index (FSFI), Hospital Anxiety HP and Depression Scale (HADS), and coronary disease anxiety HP questionnaire, Padua Obsession Questionnaire, General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) are used for data collection. Data were analyzed using the Pearson correlation coefficient and path analysis. Result The overall goodness-of-fit statistics revealed that the predictors of QOL had perfectly good fitness indices (RMSEA=0.02; AGFI=0.99). The results show that corona related anxiety HP, marital satisfaction (MS), sexual function (SF), depression, and anxiety HP have a direct effect on women’s QOL. Among variables, GHQ has a more direct effect on women’s QOL. General health (GH) considered as a mediator variable; variables such as anxiety HP, depression, and Corona-related Anxiety HP with effect on GH can impress QOL. Anxiety HP as a main predictor of QOL, with direct, and indirect effects through GH, depression, SF, and MS can impress QOL. Conclusion Since the QoL in pregnant women is associated with coronavirus epidemics, these results can be used to plan to improve the health and QoL of these people.

    Knowledge, beliefs, mental health, substance use, and behaviors related to the COVID-19 pandemic among U.S. adults TRANS: A national online survey

    Authors: Ralph J. DiClemente; Ariadna Capasso; Shahmir H. Ali; Abbey M. Jones; Joshua Foreman; Yesim Tozan

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-44532/v1 Date: 2020-07-16 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background: Given the urgent need for data to inform public health messaging to mitigate the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic, this national survey sought to assess the state of COVID-19-related knowledge, beliefs, mental health, substance use changes, and behaviors among a sample of U.S. adults TRANS.Methods: A survey of U.S. adults TRANS was administered online from March 20-30, 2020. The survey collected data on socio-demographic characteristics; COVID-19-related knowledge, awareness and adoption of preventive practices; depression MESHD and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD (assessed by the Patient Health Questionnaire-4); stress (adapted Impact of Event Scale-6); pessimism; and changes in tobacco and alcohol use. Differences between age groups TRANS (18-39 years, 40-59 years and ≥60 years) were tested using Pearson’s chi-squared tests or ANOVAs; associations between drinking and smoking and depression MESHD, anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and stress were tested using adjusted logistic regression models.Results: Approximately, half of the sample (NTotal=6,391) were 50-69 years old and 58% were female TRANS. COVID-19 knowledge (Mean=12·0; SD=1.2; Range=0-13) and protective practice awareness (Mean=9·1; SD=0·8; Range 0-10) were high. However, only 84% of respondents were aware of the protective value of alcohol-based hand sanitizers and 19% had purchased facemasks. Among respondents, 44% had a score consistent with depression MESHD and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD (PHQ-4 score≥6); and 52% reported high stress scores (≥median of 1.33). COVID-19-related anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and depression MESHD were associated with increased drinking (AOR=1.79; 95% CI=1.49, 2.15, p<0.001) and smoking (AOR=2.17; 95% CI=1.64, 2.88, p<0.001). High stress scores were also associated with increased drinking (AOR=1.80; 95% CI=1.49, 2.17, p<0.001) and smoking (AOR=1.75; 95% CI=1.31, 2.33, p<0.001) among respondents.Conclusions: In spite of high knowledge about COVID-19 and protective practices, important gaps were identified. High prevalence SERO of poor mental health outcomes and associated increases in drinking and smoking warrant ongoing risk communications tailoring to effectively disseminate information and expanding psychosocial and substance use treatment services, particularly online telehealth services, to mitigate the negative mental health impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.

    COVID-19 misinformation: mere harmless delusions HP or much more? A knowledge and attitude cross-sectional study among the general public residing in Jordan

    Authors: Malik Sallam; Deema Dababseh; Alaa Yaseen; Ayat Al-Haidar; Duaa Taim; Huda Eid; Nidaa A. Ababneh; Faris G. Bakri; Azmi Mahafzah

    doi:10.1101/2020.07.13.20152694 Date: 2020-07-15 Source: medRxiv

    Abstract Since the emergence of the recent coronavirus disease MESHD 2019 (COVID-19) and its spread as a pandemic, media was teeming with misinformation that led to psychologic, social and economic consequences among the global public. Probing knowledge and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD regarding this novel infectious disease MESHD is necessary to identify gaps and sources of misinformation which can help public health efforts to design and implement more focused interventional measures. The aim of this study was to evaluate the knowledge, attitude and effects of misinformation about COVID-19 on anxiety HP anxiety MESHD level among the general public residing in Jordan. An online survey was used that targeted people aged TRANS 18 and above and residing in Jordan. The questionnaire included items on the following: demographic characteristics of the participants, knowledge about COVID-19, anxiety HP anxiety MESHD level and misconceptions regarding the origin of the pandemic. The total number of participants included in final analysis was 3150. The study population was predominantly females TRANS (76.0%), with mean age TRANS of 31 years. The overall knowledge of COVID-19 was satisfactory. Older age TRANS, male TRANS gender TRANS, lower monthly income and educational levels, smoking and history of chronic disease MESHD were associated with perceiving COVID-19 as a very dangerous disease. Variables that were associated with a higher anxiety HP anxiety MESHD level during the pandemic included: lower monthly income and educational level, residence outside the capital (Amman) and history of smoking. Misinformation about the origin of the pandemic (being part of a conspiracy, biologic warfare and the 5G networks role) was also associated with higher anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and lower knowledge about the disease. Social media platforms, TV and news releases were the most common sources of information about the pandemic. The study showed the potential harmful effects of misinformation on the general public and emphasized the need to meticulously deliver timely and accurate information about the pandemic to lessen the health, social and psychological impact of the disease MESHD.

    Baduanjin Exercise May Improve the Anxiety HP Anxiety MESHD and Insomnia HP in COVID-2019 Patients: A Case-Control Study

    Authors: Ming-Gui Chen; Yinlong Qiu; Haizhen Chen; Erhui Chen; Rui-Xiang Zeng; Qiaomei Wu; Xiaoxuan Zhang; Min-Zhou Zhang; MeiZhen Lin

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-42755/v1 Date: 2020-07-14 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background: Since December 2019, an epidemic caused by novel coronavirus(2019-nCoV) infection MESHD has occurred unexpectedly in China. Because of the sudden nature of the outbreak and the infectious power of the virus, it will inevitably cause people anxiety MESHD anxiety HP and other stress reactions. Previous studies showed that Baduanjin exercise was effective for people in anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and insomnia HP. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the potential benefits of Baduanjin exercise on the anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and insomnia HP insomnia MESHD in COVID-2019 patients.Methods: This is a Case-Control Study. The COVID-2019 patients including 39 Baduanjin exercises or willing to do Baduanjin exercises and 39 age TRANS-and gender TRANS-matched nonexercising controls. The anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and insomnia HP insomnia MESHD in COVID-2019 patients were measured by using the GAD-7 and SMH Sleep Questionnaire at baseline and discharge.Results: In the study, the Paired T-test showed that two groups had improved the GAD-7 scores and SMH Sleep Questionnaire compared with baseline at discharge. Baseline results showed there were no significant differences in the GAD-7 scores and SMH Sleep Questionnaire between the two groups. However, the significant differences found in the Baduanjin group included a 43.9% lower (p<0.001) in the GAD-7 score and an approximately 75.9% higher (p=0.003) in SMH Sleep Questionnaire score compare with the control group at discharge.Conclusion: The Baduanjin exercise may improve the anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and insomnia HP insomnia MESHD in COVID-2019 patients. It can also be used as a form of rehabilitation exercise for discharged patients or patients isolated at home.Trial Registration: ChiCTR2000030528.

    Psychological Distress in Nepalese Residents during COVID-19 Pandemic: A Community Level Survey

    Authors: Dhan Bahadur Shrestha; Bikash Bikram Thapa; Nagendra Katuwal; Bikal Shrestha; Chiran Pant; Bina Basnet; Pankaj Mandal; Amol Gurung; Ankita Agrawal; Ramhari Rouniyar

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-42469/v1 Date: 2020-07-13 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background: COVID-19 pandemic has created unprecedented health and economic impact. Psychological stress, anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and depression are affecting not only COVID-19 patients but also health professionals, and general population. Restrictive measures; fear of contracting COVID-19; hardship to carry out livelihood is causing traumas MESHD to mental health. Nepal is a developing country from South Asia where the COVID-19 pandemic is yet to reach at peak. This online survey has been carried out to understand impact of COVID 19 on mental health of Nepalese community dwellers.Methods: The COVID-19 Peritraumatic Distress MESHD Index (CPDI) questionnaire adapted from the Shanghai Mental Health Centre was used for collecting data in this online survey. Data were collected from 11 April-17 May 2020. Collected data extracted to Microsoft excel-13 and imported and analyzed using SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Sciences) version-22. An initial univariate analysis was conducted for all variables to assess the distribution and logistic regression analyses were done to estimate the odds ratios of relevant predicting variables.Results: A total of 410 participants completed the whole self-rated questionnaires. Mean age TRANS of study participants was 34.8 (± 11.7) with male TRANS preponderance. Overall 88.5% of the respondents were not in distress (score less than 28) while, 11% had mild to moderate distress and 0.5% had severely distress. The prevalence SERO of distress is higher among age > 45 years age group TRANS, female TRANS gender TRANS, and post-secondary educated. Health professional were more likely to get distressed. Respondents with post-secondary education higher odds (OR = 3.32 (p = 0.020) of developing distress as compared to respondents with secondary education or lower.Conclusion: There is lower rate of psychological distress in city dwellers and people with low education. Adequate and timely focus should be directed to mental health awareness, psychosocial support with extra focus on vulnerable groups like health care workers, female TRANS and elderly TRANS individuals.

    Psychosocial impact of respiratory infectious disease pandemics on children TRANS: a systematic review

    Authors: Chenran Wang; Shuyue Xiao; Yijie Sun; Jinpeng Wang; Tao Xu

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-41460/v1 Date: 2020-07-13 Source: ResearchSquare

    Objective To examine the impact of respiratory infectious disease MESHD pandemics in the new millennium on mental health, behavioral responses, and parenting TRANS practices in children TRANS, and provide further intervention directions to mitigate negative effects of the 2019 novel coronavirus disease MESHD (COVID-19).Methods We conducted a systemic literature review of researches from January 2003 to May 2020 with three mainstream electronic databases including PubMed, Web of Science, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure. Quality of included studies were assessed using Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS), and Critical Appraisal Skills Programme (CASP) according to different study design. Further directions were identified for developing appropriate interventions.Results Twenty-four studies conducted in the context of severe acute respiratory syndrome MESHD (SARS) (n = 10), influenza A (H1N1) (n = 3), and COVID-19 (n = 11) pandemics met the inclusion criteria. Children TRANS showed emotional conditions such as anxiety HP anxiety MESHD, fear, and depression MESHD, while psychological responses varied across age TRANS and gender TRANS groups. Children TRANS with mental illness MESHD history experienced an exacerbation of psychological symptoms. The pandemics changed hygiene habits and learning styles, and led to the increased participation in unfavorable lifestyles. For families with pediatric patients, the pandemic decreased parents’ participation in providing family-centered care and threatened to supportive family relationship and effective parents TRANS- child TRANS communication.Conclusion The emerging virus outbreaks and subsequent disease-control measures have impacts on mental health status, behavioral responses, and parenting TRANS practices in children TRANS. In response to COVID-19, greater efforts taking into account children’s developmental stage should be made to implement evidence-based psychological interventions, enhance effective communication, and encourage collaboration.

    Psychological state and family functioning of University of Ibadan students during the COVID-19 lockdown

    Authors: Lucia Yetunde Ojewale

    doi:10.1101/2020.07.09.20149997 Date: 2020-07-11 Source: medRxiv

    Background: The curtailment of social gatherings as well as lack of online academic engagement, due to the COVID-19 lockdown, could have potentially damaging effects on the psychological state of university students in Nigeria. This study examined the prevalence SERO of anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and depression, including associated factors and coping methods among undergraduate students in a Nigerian university. It also examined the association between psychological state and family functioning. Methods: The study design was cross-sectional and involved 386 undergraduate students across the main faculties. The university's ethical review board approved the study with approval number UI/EC/20/0242. An online questionnaire, using Google form, was circulated among the students through their faculty representatives. The Hospital Anxiety HP Anxiety MESHD and Depression scale (HADs) was used in assessing anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and depression MESHD, while family functioning was assessed using the McMaster Family Assessment Device, ( FAD MESHD). Data was entered into Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS), and analysis carried out using descriptive statistics, chi-square, independent t-test, Analysis of Variance (ANOVA), Post-Hoc analysis and linear logistics regression, at 0.05. Results: The mean age TRANS was 21 {+/-} 2.9 years, with a female TRANS population of 60.1%. Prevalence SERO of anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and depression MESHD were 41.5% and 31.9% respectively. Students in health-related faculties were significantly less anxious than those in other faculties. Inability to afford three square meals, negative family functioning, having a chronic illness and living in a State/Region with a high incidence of COVID-19, was significantly associated with depression MESHD. These factors jointly accounted for 14% of depression MESHD seen in undergraduate students. Most of the students coped by engaging themselves in social media, watching television/movies and participating in other online skill development programmes. Conclusion: There was a high prevalence SERO of anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and depression MESHD among university students with poor family functioning, inability to afford three meals/day, living in a state with a high incidence of COVID-19 and having a chronic illness, contributing to depression MESHD. Measures need to be taken to support undergraduate students and their families to prevent the negative consequences of poor mental health. Keywords: COVID-19; lockdown; undergraduate students; anxiety HP anxiety MESHD; depression MESHD; psychological state; family-functioning, coping.

    Predictors of Anxiety HP Anxiety MESHD Regarding The COVID-19 Pandemic Among Health-care Workers in a Hospital Not Assigned to Manage COVID-19 Patients in Nepal.

    Authors: Lekhjung Thapa; Aparna Ghimire; Sulochana Ghimire; Nooma Sharma; Shakti Shrestha; Medha Devkota; Suman Bhattarai; Anzil Maharjan; Subash Lohani; Subash Phuyal; Prathiba Maharjan

    doi:10.1101/2020.07.08.20148866 Date: 2020-07-10 Source: medRxiv

    Introduction: We studied the levels and severity of anxiety HP anxiety MESHD caused by COVID-19 amongst frontline health-care workers (HCWs) in a tertiary care neurological hospital in Nepal, not assigned to manage COVID-19 cases. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 100 frontline Health Care Workers (HCWs) using a 10-point subjective assessment tool, the Anxiety HP Anxiety MESHD Level Index (ALI), and the Zung Self Rating Anxiety HP Anxiety MESHD Score ( SAS MESHD), to assess the level of anxiety HP anxiety MESHD regarding COVID-19. Results: On ALI 55% of HCWs were found to have marked severe anxiety HP anxiety MESHD (6-9), however, on SAS 44% of HCWs reported anxiety HP anxiety MESHD. The majority HCWs were female TRANS (n=78) with nurses forming 62% of the sample size. The mean age TRANS was 26.8 years (SD 8.17). Factors associated with significantly higher levels of anxiety HP anxiety MESHD regarding COVID-19 on ALI were age TRANS (p=0.002), sex (p=0.001), receiving regular COVID-19 updates via social media (p=0.011) and a high frequency of checking for COVID-19 information authenticity (p=0.039). Work experience (p=0.026) and frequency of checking for information authenticity (p=0.029) were factors found to increase SAS MESHD measured anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and were found to be associated with significantly higher levels of anxiety HP anxiety MESHD. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that respondents with work experience of less than or equal to 2 years were 0.380 (95% CI 0.158 to 0.910) times less likely to have anxiety HP anxiety MESHD than those with work experience of more than 2 years. Similarly, the odds of having anxiety HP anxiety MESHD among those who checked information authenticity less frequently was 0.377 (95% CI 0.153 to 0.931) times less than those who often did. Conclusion: The COVID-19 outbreak has caused a substantial impact on the mental health of frontline HCWs in a hospital not assigned to manage COVID-19 patients. Length of time of worked in healthcare and the frequency of checking for COVID-19-related information were significant predictors of anxiety HP anxiety MESHD.

    Mental health of spinocerebellar ataxia MESHD ataxia HP patients during COVID-19 pandemic: a cross-sectional study

    Authors: Yiqing Gong; Zhao Chen; Mingjie Liu; Linlin Wan; Chunrong Wang; Huirong Peng; Yuting Shi; Yun Peng; Kun Xia; Rong Qiu; Beisha Tang; Hong Jiang

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-40489/v1 Date: 2020-07-07 Source: ResearchSquare

    COVID-19 is a global concern nowadays, and the psychological impact of the pandemic cannot be overlooked. People are under insurmountable pressure, which may lead to psychological problems such as anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and depression MESHD. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the mental health of spinocerebellar ataxia MESHD ataxia HP ( SCA MESHD) patients during COVID-19 pandemic and to analyze its influencing factors. We conducted an online questionnaire survey among 307 SCA MESHD patients from China. The contents of the questionnaire included general information, the self-rating anxiety HP anxiety MESHD scale (SAS), the self-rating depression MESHD scale (SDS). The relevant influencing factors included COVID-19 risk factors, age TRANS, gender TRANS, BMI (body mass index), educational background, disease course, and score of the scale for the assessment and rating of ataxia HP ataxia MESHD ( SARA MESHD). Results indicate the 307 SCA MESHD patients had an anxiety HP anxiety MESHD rate of 34.9%, along with a depression MESHD rate of 56.7%. Their SAS MESHD and SDS scores were significantly higher than those of the Chinese norm group (SAS: 45.8±10.1 vs. 37.2±12.6, P < 0.01; SDS: 55.1±12.2 vs. 41.9±10.6, P < 0.01). Risks of exposure to COVID-19, educational level, and disease course may be factors affecting mental health status. The existence of a positive correlation among the scores of SARA, SAS MESHD and SDS scale was demonstrated, the higher the SARA score, the higher the risk of anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and depression. Anxiety HP Anxiety MESHD and depression MESHD were more prevalent in SCA MESHD patients compared with the normal population, and depression MESHD was more common than anxiety HP anxiety MESHD during this pandemic. More psychological attention should be paid to SCA MESHD patients during COVID-19 pandemic.

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MeSH Disease
Human Phenotype
Transmission
Seroprevalence


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