Corpus overview


MeSH Disease

Human Phenotype

Anxiety (140)

Insomnia (7)

Pain (7)

Sleep disturbance (6)

Fever (6)


    displaying 81 - 90 records in total 140
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    Investigation on the Mental Health of Healthcare Workers for Aid in Hu Bei Province During the Outbreak of Covid-19 Based on the Network Survey

    Authors: Peng Zhpu; Na Du; Yingjie OuYang

    doi:10.21203/ Date: 2020-06-08 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background:The objective of this study isto explore the mental health of healthcare workers went to Hubei for assistance during the outbreak of COVID-19.A total of 210 medical staff who traveled TRANS to Hubei Province for assistance in the first time completed the online questionnaire, including the Sleep Self-Assessment Scale (SRSS), Generalized Anxiety HP Anxiety MESHD Scale (GAD-7), and 9-item patient health questionnaire (PHQ-9). Results:The average score of the SRSS of all the subjects(25.13±6.41)was significantly higher than the national norm(22.14±5.48)(p <0.001). The average score of the GAD-7 of all subjects(12.37±4.89)was at the level of moderate anxiety HP anxiety MESHD, while the average score of the PHQ-9 of them (8.90±5.42)was at the level of mild depression MESHD. The scores of SRSS and GAD-7 of all males(26.60±6.38, 14.45±3.80)were significantly higher than those of females(23.67±6.12, 10.28±4.99)(p <0.01).Conclusions: In this epidemic, the sleep quality of frontline medical staff in Hubei Province is poor, and the symptoms of anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and depression are common, while the anxiety HP anxiety MESHD is more prominent. Among them, the sleep and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD symptoms of males TRANS are more obvious than that of women, suggesting that we should pay attention to the psychological support of male TRANS doctors and nurses and provide them with appropriate psychological decompression training. 

    Fear of COVID-19 Scale for Hospital Staff in Regional Hospitals in Mexico: A Survey Study

    Authors: Benjamín García-Reyna; Gilberto Daniel Castillo-García; Francisco José Barbosa-Camacho; Guillermo Alonso Cervantes-Cardona; Enrique Cervantes-Pérez; Blanca Miriam Torres-Mendoza; Clotilde Fuentes-Orozco; Kevin Josue Pintor-Belmontes; Bertha Georgina Guzmán-Ramírez; Aldo Hernández-Bernal; Alejandro González-Ojeda; Gabino Cervantes-Guevara

    doi:10.21203/ Date: 2020-06-08 Source: ResearchSquare

    The presence of COVID-19 has had psychological consequences among health personnel; these include fear, anxiety HP anxiety MESHD, and depression MESHD. In the current study, we used the Fear of COVID-19 Scale (FCV-19S) to assess the response to fear within health staff in Mexico. This was a cross-sectional survey study in which we administered the FCV-19S to hospital staff. A total of 2,860 participants—1,641 female TRANS and 1,218 male TRANS personnel from three hospitals—were included in the study. We found a global FCV-19S mean score of 19.3 ± 6.9, with a significant difference in scores for women and men. There was a high correlation between items 3, 5, 6, and 7, suggesting that these items could indicate the physiological responses to fear, and a high correlation between items 1, 2, and 4, suggesting these items could represent the emotional responses to fear. Our survey shows a significantly higher level of fear in nursing and administrative personnel, which may be explained by the nursing staff being in close contact TRANS with infected MESHD patients and the administrative staff lacking understanding of the possible implications of the infection, compared with non-clinical hospital personnel. The FCV-19S showed validity and reliability in our population to assess fear in response to COVID-19. Our results are consistent with those of other researchers.

    Evaluation of Knowledge, Practices, Attitude and Anxiety HP Anxiety MESHD of Pakistans Nurses towards COVID-19 during the Current Outbreak in Pakistan

    Authors: Shaheena Salman Alwani; Muhammad Mansoor Majeed; Monia Zeeshan Hirwani; Shahzad Rauf; Syed Muhammad Saad; Sheikh Haroon Shah; Faiq Munir Hamirani

    doi:10.1101/2020.06.05.20123703 Date: 2020-06-07 Source: medRxiv

    Since the emergence of novel corona virus the front line soldiers during this pandemic are the healthcare professionals because of their direct association with the patients. In the management of COVID-19 patient nurses play a significant role through proper care and preventive measures. Due to the contagious nature, fatality and no proper medicine, it is a risk to the health and life of nurses and has impact on their psychological health. In the current study we accessed the knowledge, attitude, practices and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD levels of the nurses who are directly involved in the management of COVID-19 patients. It was an online questionnaire based cross sectional survey targeted only those only nurses involved in the management of COVID-19 patients from different hospitals of Karachi, Pakistan. SPSS 21 was used for data analysis. Descriptive analysis, Chi Square and t-tests were applied. Value <0.05 was considered significant. Data of 78 nurses were analyzed .We observed that nurses possess good knowledge about COVID-19, its sources, symptoms, routes of transmission TRANS of virus and etc. The knowledge mean score was calculated 14.67 {+/-} 3.36. Health department /Hospital and social media are the main sources of information regarding COVID-19. We investigated that 92.3% of the nurses had mild to very severe anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD levels are significantly higher among the females TRANS (P<0.05). We conclude that the nurses performing their duties with COVID-19 positive patients have good knowledge and attitude. But their anxiety HP anxiety MESHD levels are high. Psychological interventions along with training should be given.

    Pharmacists’ perceived barriers towards delivering their emergency roles during the COVID-19 pandemic and perceived policymakers’ responsibilities 

    Authors: Iman Basheti; Razan Nassar; Muna Barakat; Rajaa Alqudah; Rana Abu Farha; Tareq Muqatash; Samar Thiab; Bandana Saini

    doi:10.21203/ Date: 2020-06-07 Source: ResearchSquare

    Rational: In March 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the c oronavirus infectious disease MESHDas a pandemic referred to as COVID-19. As an essential service, community pharmacists have been enacting a key role in patient counseling and supply of essential medicines and protective equipment. Objectives: To investigate pharmacists’ perspectives of the role of educational institutes and professional pharmacy organizations in supporting them to take on roles during COVID-19 pandemic and to identify barriers to be able to support themselves and their patients. Methods: This descriptive mixed-method study was conducted via a cross-sectional online survey distributed to pharmacists/pharmacy students in Jordan during the COVID-19 outbreak (15-30 March 2020) using an online questionnaire, followed by an online focus group. Questionnaire items related to participants’ perspectives in being prepared for and supported in their roles during the COVID-19 pandemic and items were tested for face validity. Data were descriptively analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences and triangulated with focus group findings.Results: Considering that fear and anxiety HP nxiety MESHDare a consequence of mass social distancing/quarantine, study participants (n=726, age=26.9 (SD=8.0) years, 71.9% females TRANS), reported needing training on mental healthcare to be able to support themselves and people during pandemics (90.2%). Most respondents agreed/strongly agreed (59.7%) with the statement around pharmacy educators/educational institutes having a key role in preparing pharmacists for practice during epidemics/pandemics, and agreed that their faculties should add a course regarding pandemic preparedness in their curriculum (89.9%). Results were similar regarding roles for the pharmaceutical associations. Focus group findings (n=7) mirrored the survey findings to a large extent.Conclusions: Most participants believed that Pharmacy Educators and pharmaceutical associations have a role in preparing them to deal with the COVID-19 pandemic through online educational workshops/webinars. Online education on mental healthcare is specifically needed.

    Belief of Previous COVID-19 Infection and Unclear Government Policy are Associated with Reduced Willingness MESHD to Participate in App- Based Contact TRANS Tracing TRANS: A UK-Wide Observational Study of 13,000 Patients

    Authors: Patrik Bachtiger; Alexander Adamson; Jennifer K Quint; Nicholas S Peters

    doi:10.1101/2020.06.03.20120337 Date: 2020-06-06 Source: medRxiv

    Background: Contact tracing TRANS and lockdown are health policies being used worldwide to combat the coronavirus (COVID-19). While easing lockdown, the UK National Health Service (NHS) launched its Track and Trace TRANS Service at the end of May 2020, and aims by end of June 2020 also to include app-based notification and advice to self-isolate for those who have been in contact with a person known to have COVID-19. To be successful, such an app will require high uptake, the determinants and willingness for which are unclear but essential to understand for effective public health benefit. Objectives: To measure the determinants of willingness to participate in an NHS app- based contact TRANS tracing TRANS programme using a questionnaire within the Care Information Exchange (CIE) - the largest patient-facing electronic health record in the NHS. Methods: Observational study of 47,708 registered NHS users of the CIE, 27% of whom completed a novel questionnaire asking about willingness to participate in app- based contact TRANS tracing TRANS, understanding of government advice, mental and physical wellbeing and their healthcare utilisation -- related or not to COVID-19. Descriptive statistics are reported alongside univariate and multivariable logistic regression models, with positive or negative responses to a question on app- based contact TRANS tracing TRANS as the dependent variable. Results: 26.1% of all CIE participants were included in the analysis (N = 12,434, 43.0% male TRANS, mean age TRANS 55.2). 60.3% of respondents were willing to participate in app- based contact TRANS tracing TRANS. Out of those who responded "no", 67.2% stated that this was due to privacy concerns. In univariate analysis, worsening mood, fear and anxiety HP anxiety MESHD in relation to changes in government rules around lockdown were associated with lower willingness to participate. Multivariable analysis showed that difficulty understanding government rules was associated with a decreased inclination to download the app, with those scoring 1-2 and 3-4 in their understanding of the new government rules being 45% and 27% less inclined to download the contact tracing TRANS app, respectively; when compared to those who rated their understanding as 5-6/10 (OR for 1-2/10 = 0.57 [CI 0.48 - 0.67]; OR for 3-4/10 = 0.744 [CI 0.64 - 0.87]), whereas scores of 7-8 and 9-10 showed a 43% and 31% respective increase. Those reporting an unconfirmed belief of having previously had and recovered from COVID-19 were 27% less likely to be willing to download the app; belief of previous recovery from COVID-19 infection MESHD OR 0.727 [0.585 - 0.908]). Conclusions: In this large UK-wide questionnaire of wellbeing in lockdown, a willingness for app- based contact TRANS tracing TRANS is 60% - close to the estimated 56% population uptake, and substantially less than the smartphone-user uptake considered necessary for an app- based contact TRANS- tracing TRANS to be an effective intervention to help suppress an epidemic. Given this marginal level of support over an appropriate age TRANS range, the impacts of difficulty comprehending government advice and a policy of not testing to confirm self-reported COVID-19 infection during lockdown indicate that uncertainty in communication and diagnosis in adopted public health policies will negatively impact the effectiveness of a government contact tracing TRANS app.

    The psychological effects of COVID-19 on frontline healthcare workers and how they are coping: a web-based, cross-sectional study from Pakistan

    Authors: Muhammad Salman; Muhammad Hussnain Raza; Zia Ul Mustafa; Tahir Mehmood Khan; Noman Asif; Humera Tahir; Naureen Shehzadi; Khalid Hussain

    doi:10.1101/2020.06.03.20119867 Date: 2020-06-05 Source: medRxiv

    Background: High level stress is expected when crises starts affecting people's lives and communities which is witnessed in the past epidemics. Infectious diseases outbreaks like the ongoing COVID19 pandemic have negative impact on healthcare workers' (HCWs) mental health, which needs to be investigated. Therefore, we aimed to assess the psychological impact of COVID-19 on frontline HCWs and their coping strategies. Methods: A web-based, cross-sectional study was conducted among HCWs of the Punjab province of Pakistan. The generalized anxiety HP anxiety MESHD scale (GAD-7), patient health questionnaire (PHQ-9) and Brief-COPE were used to assess anxiety HP anxiety MESHD, depression MESHD and coping strategies of the respondents. Results: The mean age TRANS of respondents (N = 398) was 28.67 {+/-} 4.15 years, with majority of medical doctors (52%). The prevalence SERO of anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and depression MESHD were 21.4% and 21.9%, respectively. There was no significant difference of anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and depression scores among doctors, nurses and pharmacists. Females TRANS had significantly higher anxiety HP anxiety MESHD (p = 0.003) and depression MESHD (p = 0.001) scores than males TRANS. Moreover, HCWs performing duties in COVID-19 ICU had significantly higher anxiety HP anxiety MESHD score than those from isolation wards (p = 0.020) and other departments (p = 0.014). Depression MESHD, not anxiety HP anxiety MESHD, score were higher among those who did not receive the infection MESHD prevention training. Most frequently adopted coping strategy was religious coping (5.98 {+/-} 1.73) followed by acceptance (5.59 {+/-} 1.55) and coping planning (4.91 {+/-} 1.85). Conclusion: A considerable proportion of HCWs are having generalized anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and depression MESHD during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. Our findings call for interventions to mitigate mental health risks in HCWs.

    The Psychological State and Changes in the Routine of the Patients with Rheumatic Diseases MESHD during the First Month of the Lockdown of the Coronavirus Disease MESHD (COVID-19) Outbreak in Turkey

    Authors: Emire Seyahi; Burc Cagri Poyraz; Necdet Sut; Selma Akdogan; Vedat Hamuryudan

    doi:10.21203/ Date: 2020-06-04 Source: ResearchSquare

    Objective: We hypothesized that patients with rheumatic diseases MESHD ( RD MESHD) would have increased psychological distress during the COVID-19 outbreak; therefore assessed their psychological symptoms and changes in their routine.  Methods: A web-based study was conducted in a cross-sectional design in 3 groups of participants: 1. patients with RD MESHD, 2. hospital workers and 3. high-school teachers/non-medical academic staff. Psychiatric status was evaluated using Hospital Anxiety HP Anxiety MESHD and Depression Scale and Impact of Event Scale-Revised scale.Results: We studied 771 patients with RD MESHD, 535 hospital workers, and 917 teachers/academic staff. Most of the patients with RD MESHD were unwilling to go to the hospital (86 %) while 22 % discontinued their medications (78%). Biological DMARDS were the most frequent drugs whose doses were altered. Only 4 % were willing to take hydroxychloroquine for protection. Moreover, the frequency of anxiety HP anxiety MESHD (20%), depression MESHD (43%) and post- traumatic stress MESHD (28%) among patients with RD MESHD were found to be comparable to that among the teachers/academic staff (23%, 43% and 29%, respectively), whereas significantly less than that among the hospital workers (40%, 62% and 46%, respectively) (p<0.0001). Female gender TRANS, over social media exposure, comorbid disease, or a psychiatric disorder MESHD were found to be independently associated with psychiatric symptoms MESHD in total study population. Conclusions: The majority of the patients were unwilling to attend outpatient visits and one fifth skipped or stopped their immunosuppressive agents. Psychiatric symptoms in patient’s and teacher’s populations were of considerable clinical concern, despite being significantly lower than that observed among the hospital workers.

    Mental distress among frontline healthcare workers outside the central epidemic area during the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak in China:A cross-sectional study

    Authors: YaYun Liu; XinSheng Liu; Bai Gao; chengzhong Li; xuesong Liang

    doi:10.21203/ Date: 2020-06-01 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background and aim:At the initial stage of the fight against COVID-19, a large number of medical staff and materials were dispatched to Wuhan City and Hubei Province to contain the outbreak quickly and effectively. The national infection MESHD prevention and control strategy posed a challenge to the physical and psychological resilience of frontline healthcare workers(HCWs) outside the central epidemic area.This study aims to survey frontline HCWs outside the central epidemic area in China to understand their levels of perceived stress, anxiety HP anxiety MESHD, and depression MESHD during the initial stage of the fight against the COVID-19 outbreak. Methods: From February 11 to February14, 2020, an online survey was conducted in Jinzhong, Shanxi Province using snowball sampling techniques. The survey consisted of two parts, namely, demographic data and psychological screening. Demographic information included gender TRANS, age TRANS, hospital classification, working department, profession type, and working experience. Perceived stress was assessed by Chinese simple Perceived Stress Scale 10, general anxiety HP anxiety MESHD was assessed by the General Anxiety HP Anxiety MESHD Disorder Scale, and depression MESHD was evaluated by the Patient Health Questionnaire-9. Results: A total of 1,315 HCWs were included, of which 646(49.1%) reported a moderate to severe stress (scores≥14), 141(10.7%) reported moderate to severe anxiety HP anxiety MESHD (score≥10), and 164(12.4%) reported a major depression MESHD (score≥10). Female TRANS gender TRANS was significantly associated with high levels of perceived stress, anxiety HP anxiety MESHD, and depression MESHD (P<0.05), and working time was negatively correlated with the level of perceived stress, anxiety HP anxiety MESHD, and depression MESHD (P<0.05). Statistical difference was observed in perceived stress score among different age groups TRANS, levels of hospital group, and working departments (P<0.05). Conclusion: During the initial stage of the fight against COVID-19 in China, more than half of the frontline HCWs outside the central epidemic area rated perceived stress as moderate to severe, and nearly 23% of them reported moderate to severe anxiety HP anxiety MESHD or depression. Female TRANS gender TRANS, low hospital level, and emergency department were associated with a high level of perceived stress.

    Sociodemographic profile, clinical characteristics, anxiety HP anxiety MESHD, and depression MESHD of 74 patients infected with COVID-19: first report from Bangladesh

    Authors: Dr. Mohammad Jahid Hasan; Dr. Md. Abdullah Saeed Khan; Dr. Monjur Rahman; Dr. Md. Shahnoor Islam; Dr Sourav Debnath; Dr. Jannatul Fardous,; Professor Dr. Mohammad Robed Amin

    doi:10.21203/ Date: 2020-05-30 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background: The pandemic of Corona Virus Disease MESHD 2019 (COVID-19) has cost a large number of lives and is causing substantial mental stress among people. We conducted a study to identify the sociodemographic and clinical characteristics and prevalence SERO of anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and depression MESHD among confirmed COVID-19 cases in Bangladesh.Methods: An online cross-sectional survey using a preformed questionnaire adapted in Google form was conducted for data collection. The form was shared along with a brief introduction and rationale via Facebook, Twitter, Facebook Messenger, Viber, and What’s App. Formal ethical clearance was taken from the Biomedical Research Foundation, Bangladesh. Informed consent was ensured before participation.Results: Seventy-four patients with COVID-19 who had an average age TRANS of 42.59±14.43 years with male TRANS predominance (77%) were included. A total of 29.7% were doing health-care related jobs, and 14.9% lost their jobs due to COVID-19. Patients had a median income of BDT 30000. Of all, 87.8% of patients were symptomatic and presented with fever HP fever MESHD (77%), cough HP (58.8%), breathlessness (24.3%), myalgia HP myalgia MESHD (24.3%), sore throat (21.6%), fatigue HP fatigue MESHD (17.6%), nausea and/or vomiting HP nausea and/or vomiting MESHD (12.2%), headache HP headache MESHD (12.2%), runny nose (9.5%), chest pain HP chest pain MESHD (9.5%), diarrhea HP diarrhea MESHD (8.1%), ARDS (2.7%), stuffy nose (2.7%), conjunctivitis HP conjunctivitis MESHD (1.4%) and oral ulcer HP oral ulcer MESHD (1.4%). Overall, the prevalence SERO of anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and depression was 60% and 52.9%, respectively. Among the participants, 11.4% had only anxiety HP anxiety MESHD, 4.3% had only depression MESHD and 48.6% had both.Conclusion: Patients were mostly middle aged TRANS, male TRANS and healthy workers. Typical presentations were fever HP fever MESHD and cough HP cough MESHD. Nearly two-thirds of the patients had either or both anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and depression.

    Emotional distress and associated sociodemographic risk factors during the COVID-19 outbreak in Spain

    Authors: Roger Munoz-Navarro Sr.; Antonio Cano-Vindel Sr.; Florian Schmitz Sr.; Rosario Cabello Sr.; Pablo Fernandez-Berrocal Sr.

    doi:10.1101/2020.05.30.20117457 Date: 2020-05-30 Source: medRxiv

    Background Spain is one of the countries that has been most affected by COVID-19 disease. However, the emotional distress on the Spanish population remains poorly understood. The aim of this study was to determine the presence of emotional disorders MESHD and related symptoms and to assess the influence of sociodemographic characteristics on this population. Methods We conducted a cross-sectional survey using an online platform. Participation was completely voluntary. Sociodemographic variables were collected and symptoms of anxiety HP anxiety MESHD, depression MESHD, and panic were assessed through three questionnaires: Generalized Anxiety HP Anxiety MESHD Disorder-7 (GAD-7), Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), and the Patient Health Questionnaire-Panic Disorder MESHD (PHQ-PD). Chi-squared statistics were applied to determine the influence of sociodemographic variables on symptom severity and diagnosis. Results Most respondents (n=1753) were female TRANS (76.8%), with a mean (SD) age TRANS of 40.4 (12.9) years; 39.1% were married and 39.5% held a high school degree. Severe and moderate symptoms of anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and depression MESHD were high (6.5% and 14.3%; 9.9% and 12.9%, respectively) and more than one in four participants (25.7%) experienced a panic attack HP. A high proportion of participants met diagnostic criteria for emotional disorders MESHD: 15.3% for GAD; 12.2% for MDD MESHD; and 17.2% for PD MESHD. Significant risk factors were as follows: female TRANS, young adult TRANS, single, unemployed, and low income. Conclusion Due to limitations related to the study design (convenience sample), the findings of these study may not be applicable to the general population. Nonetheless, the high prevalence SERO of emotional symptoms and disorders in this sample suggests that mental health interventions are urgently needed in Spain.

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MeSH Disease
Human Phenotype

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