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MeSH Disease

Human Phenotype

Transmission

Seroprevalence
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    Socially Connected during COVID-19: Online social connections mediate the relationship between loneliness and positive coping strategies

    Authors: Kathleen Anne Moore; Evita March

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-35835/v1 Date: 2020-06-16 Source: ResearchSquare

    The novel coronavirus, COVID-19, spend across the world in early 2020. Many countries imposed social isolation restrictions where people were confined to their homes unless their work was deemed an essential service or for short outings to obtain necessary food and household supplies. We hypothesised that a lack of face-to-face social interactions HP social interactions TRANS would contribute to feelings of loneliness and reductions in healthy coping behaviours, and predicted that use of media connections to liaise with others would mediate this negative relationship. Two hundred and ten participants responded to an online survey with useable data available from 181 persons (127 females TRANS) ( age TRANS M = 37.82 years, SD = 13.24). Data from a series of scales designed for this study revealed moderate levels of loneliness that directly predicted reduced engagement in healthy coping behaviours. This direct relationship was mediated by the use of media connections to liaise with others during the period of social isolation. Exploratory Factor Analyses indicated media connections included two factors: Communication (e.g., phoning, texting) and social media (e.g., Facebook, Instagram). While the data were not representative of the wider population in terms of education and gender TRANS spread, the diversity of ages TRANS is a compensating factor. Suggestions for maintaining health and the importance of support during times of trauma MESHD, to wit, the COVID-19 pandemic, are discussed.

    Psychological Distress Among People Losing Work During the COVID-19 Pandemic in Australia

    Authors: Alex Collie; Luke Sheehan; Caryn van Vreden; Genevieve Grant; Peter Whiteford; Dennis Petrie; Malcolm R Sim

    doi:10.1101/2020.05.06.20093773 Date: 2020-05-12 Source: medRxiv

    Introduction: This study estimated the extent of psychological distress among people losing work during the coronavirus disease of 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic in Australia, and examined associations between distress, nature of work loss and degree of social interaction HP social interaction TRANS. Methods: Data were from a baseline online survey of an inception cohort recruited in the weeks following the introduction of physical distancing and movement restrictions to contain the spread of COVID-19 in Australia. These restrictions resulted in widespread unemployment and working hour reduction. Psychological distress was measured using the Kessler-6 scale. Data on nature of work loss, social interactions HP social interactions TRANS, demographic, job and occupational characteristics were also collected. Regression modelling was conducted to determine the relationship between work loss, social interactions HP social interactions TRANS and psychological distress, accounting for confounders. Results: Among the 551 study participants 31% reported severe psychological distress, 35% in those with job loss MESHD and 28% in those still employed but working less. Those who had significantly greater odds of high psychological distress were younger, female TRANS, had lost their job and had lower social interactions HP social interactions TRANS. The relationship between job loss MESHD and distress became non-significant when financial stress, and occupation were included in the regression model, but the protective effect of higher social interactions HP social interactions TRANS remained significant. Discussion: There was a high prevalence SERO of psychological distress in people losing work during the COVID-19 pandemic. Age TRANS, gender TRANS, job loss MESHD and social interactions HP social interactions TRANS were strongly associated with distress. Interventions that promote social interaction HP social interaction TRANS may help to reduce distress during among people losing work during the COVID-19 pandemic.

    Public perceptions and experiences of social distancing and social isolation during the COVID-19 pandemic: A UK-based focus group study

    Authors: Simon N Williams; Christopher J Armitage; Tova Tampe; Kimberly Dienes

    doi:10.1101/2020.04.10.20061267 Date: 2020-04-15 Source: medRxiv

    OBJECTIVE: Explore the perceptions and experiences of the UK public of social distancing and social isolation measures related to the COVID-19 pandemic. DESIGN: Qualitative study comprising five focus groups carried out online during the early stages of the UK's social distancing and isolation measures (5-12 days post lockdown). SETTING: Online video-conferencing PARTICIPANTS: 27 participants, all UK residents aged TRANS 18 years and older, representing a range of gender TRANS, ethnic, age TRANS and occupational backgrounds. RESULTS: The social distancing and isolation associated with COVID-19 policy has had having substantial negative impacts on the mental health and wellbeing of the UK public within a short time of policy implementation. It has disproportionately negatively affected those in low-paid or precarious employment. Practical social and economic losses - the loss of (in-person) social interaction HP social interaction TRANS, loss of income and loss of structure and routine - led to psychological and emotional 'losses' - the loss of motivation, loss of meaning, and loss of self-worth. Participants reported high adherence to distancing and isolation guidelines but reported seeing or hearing of non-adherence in others. A central concern for participants was the uncertainty duration of the measures, and their ability to cope longer-term. Some participants felt they would have lingering concerns over social contact while others were eager to return to high levels of social activity. CONCLUSIONS: A rapid response is necessary in terms of public health programming to mitigate the mental health impacts of COVID-19 social distancing and isolation. Initial high levels of support for, and adherence to, social distancing and isolation is likely to wane over time, particularly where end dates are uncertain. Social distancing and isolation 'exit strategies' must account for the fact that, although some individuals will voluntarily or habitually continue to socially distance, others will seek high levels of social engagement as soon as possible.

The ZB MED preprint Viewer preVIEW includes all COVID-19 related preprints from medRxiv and bioRxiv, from ChemRxiv, from ResearchSquare, from arXiv and from Preprints.org and is updated on a daily basis (7am CET/CEST).
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MeSH Disease
Human Phenotype
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