Corpus overview


Overview

MeSH Disease

Dyspnea (1)

Fever (1)

Infections (1)


Human Phenotype

Cough (2)

Sneeze (2)

Fever (1)


Transmission

Seroprevalence
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    Prevalence SERO and Acceptance of Face Mask Practice among Individuals Visiting Hospital during COVID-19 Pandemic: An Observational Study

    Authors: Gobi Hariyanayagam Gunasekaran; Sera Selvanthan Sundram Gunasekaran; Shargunan Selvanthan Gunasekaran; Fouzia Hanim Binti Abdul Halim

    id:10.20944/preprints202005.0152.v1 Date: 2020-05-09 Source: Preprints.org

    Background: The COVID-19 transmission TRANS has been established to occur through respiratory droplets from coughing HP and sneezing HP. Health agencies have strongly recommended the use of facemask as a precaution from cross- transmission TRANS. Objective: This study investigated the prevalence SERO of facemask use among visitors to the hospital. This study also investigated the demographic factors contributing to unacceptable facemask practice. Setting: This prospective observational study was done among hospital visitors to a district specialist hospital during COVID-19 pandemic outbreak. Methods: Individuals entering through dedicated entry point were observed for the type, category and practice of wearing personal protective equipment. Inclusion criteria for this study were any individual's ≥ 2 years old entering the treatment facility from selected entry points. Patients were categorized into two groups of acceptable and unacceptable facemask practice. The Pearson chi-square was used to test for differences in investigated variables in the univariate setting and Binary Logistic regression model was used in the multivariate setting. Main Outcome Measure: Prevalence SERO, acceptance practice and odds ratio of unacceptance of facemask use. Results: Among 1652 individuals included in the final analysis, 1574 (96.9%) was observed wearing facemask with 1269 (72.0%) of individuals worn medical-grade facemask. However, among them, only 1397 (88.8%) individuals' facemask practice was acceptable while the reaming 177 (11.2) individuals were perceived with unacceptable facemask practice. Male TRANS individuals, Malay ethnic and high risk age group TRANS are 1.47 times (Odds Ratio: OR=1.47; 95% CI, 1.06-2.06; p=.023), 2.18 times (OR=2.18; 95% CI, 1.55-3.08; p<.001) and 1.99 times (OR=2.18; 95% CI, 1.42 - 2.77; p<.001) more likely to exhibit unacceptable facemask practice respectively. Conclusion: Extensive use of facemasks coupled with environmental hygiene measures is a public health strategy which can help to mitigate the COVID-19 epidemic impact. However, a targeted comprehensive strategy to improve compliance to proper facemask practice among the high-risk population is needed to achieve maximal protective benefit.

    A Preliminary Assessment of Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) Knowledge and Perceptions in Nigeria

    Authors: Peter O OLAPEGBA; Olusola AYANDELE; Samson Olowo KOLAWOLE; Rotimi OGUNTAYO; Joshua Chiroma GANDI; Abdullahi Lawal DANGIWA; Iboro Friday Akpan OTTU; Steven Kator IORFA

    doi:10.1101/2020.04.11.20061408 Date: 2020-04-15 Source: medRxiv

    This study assessed knowledge and perceptions about COVID-19 among the general public in Nigeria during the initial week of the pandemic lockdown in the country. From March 28 to April 4, 2020, this cross-sectional survey used an anonymous online questionnaire to collect data from respondents within Nigeria. Purposive and snowball sampling techniques were used to recruit 1357 respondents, aged TRANS 15-70 years, from 180 cities and towns within Nigeria. Study data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Approximately more than half (57.02%) of the respondents were male TRANS with a high level of education (48.86% bachelor degree or higher). Approximately half of the respondents (46.94%) opined that COVID-19 was a biological weapon designed by the Chinese government. About 94% of the respondents identified contact with airborne droplets via breathing, sneezing HP, or coughing HP as the most common mode of transmission TRANS; most respondents associated COVID-19 with coughing HP (81.13%), shortness of breath MESHD (73.47%) and fever HP fever MESHD (62.79%). Regular hand washing and social distancing were selected by most respondents (94.25%) as a way of preventing infection MESHD whereas 11.86% reported consuming gins, garlic, ginger, herbal mixtures and African foods/soups as preventive measures against COVID-19. The majority of the respondents (91.73%) thought COVID-19 is deadly, and most respondents (84.3%) got 4 or more answers correctly. It was also observed that the traditional media (TV/Radio) is the most common source of health information about COVID-19 (93.5%). Findings revealed that Nigerians have relatively high knowledge, mostly derived from traditional media, about COVID-19. Their perceptions of COVID-19 bear implications across public health initiatives, compliance with precautionary behavior as well as bilateral relations with foreign nations. Evidence-based campaign should be intensified to remove misconceptions and promote precautionary measures.

The ZB MED preprint Viewer preVIEW includes all COVID-19 related preprints from medRxiv and bioRxiv, from ChemRxiv, from ResearchSquare, from arXiv and from Preprints.org and is updated on a daily basis (7am CET/CEST).
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MeSH Disease
Human Phenotype
Transmission
Seroprevalence


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