Corpus overview


Overview

MeSH Disease

Human Phenotype

Transmission

Seroprevalence
    displaying 1 - 10 records in total 66
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    Measurement lessons of a repeated cross-sectional household food insecurity survey during the COVID-19 pandemic in Mexico

    Authors: Pablo Gaitan-Rossi; Mireya Vilar-Compte; Graciela Teruel; Rafael Perez-Escamilla

    doi:10.1101/2020.08.04.20167650 Date: 2020-08-06 Source: medRxiv

    Objective To validate the telephone modality of the Latin American and Caribbean Food Security Scale (ELCSA) included in three waves of a phone survey to estimate the monthly household food insecurity (HFI) prevalence SERO during the COVID-19 pandemic in Mexico. Design We examined the reliability and internal validity of the ELCSA scale in three repeated waves of a cross-sectional surveys with Rasch models. We estimated the monthly prevalence SERO of food insecurity in the general population and in households with and without children TRANS, and compared them with a national 2018 survey. We tested concurrent validity by testing associations of HFI with socioeconomic status and anxiety HP. Setting ENCOVID-19 is a monthly telephone cross-sectional survey collecting information on the well-being of Mexican households during the pandemic lockdown. Surveys used probabilistic samples and we used data from April (n=833), May (n=850), and June 2020 (n=1,674). Participants Mexicans 18 years or older who had a mobile telephone. Results ELCSA had adequate model fit and HFI was associated, within each wave, with more poverty and anxiety HP. The COVID-19 lockdown was associated with an important reduction in food security; decreasing stepwise from 38.9% in 2018 to 24.9% in June 2020 in households with children TRANS. Conclusions Telephone surveys are a feasible strategy to monitor food insecurity with ELCSA.

    Sooner than you think: a very early affective reaction to the COVID-19 pandemic and quarantine in Argentina

    Authors: Fernando Torrente; Adrian Ezequiel Yoris; Daniel Low; Pablo Lopez; Pedro Bekinschtein; Marcelo Cetkovich; Facundo Manes

    doi:10.1101/2020.07.31.20166272 Date: 2020-08-04 Source: medRxiv

    The unique circumstances created by the COVID-19 pandemic pose serious challenges to mood stability and emotional regulation at all ages TRANS. Although many people tend to react resiliently to stress, others appear to display emotional anxiety HP and depression-related symptoms. In this study, we carried out a survey (N = 10,053) during the first week of the general lockdown (quarantine) in Argentina to measure early affective reactions in Argentine adults TRANS. Respondents showed substantial anxious and depressive symptoms, with 33 % and 23% of participants reporting possible depressive andanxious syndromes MESHD, respectively, with the youngest group (18 to 25 y.o.) showing the highest prevalence SERO of symptoms. Even if prior mental health problems predisposed or aggravated the reaction, participants without prior complaints showed signs of psychological impact. Using linear regression, the most important independent variables related to depressive symptoms was the feeling of loneliness followed by daily stress. In the case of anxious states, the strongest variables were negative repetitive thinking and feeling of loneliness. Other psychological, economic, and social factors are discussed. This study is in line with previous literature that highlights the importance of the psychological impact of pandemics but additionally demonstrates that these reactions are present at a large scale immediately after the start of quarantine with very low infectious rates as an early anticipatory adaptive reaction leading to potentially negative outcomes from adjustment disorders to major disorders. In addition, the present results provide potentially relevant information about sudden environmental impacts on affective states and specific pathways for anxiety HP and depression to be expressed. We end by discussing implications for public policy based on considering the most vulnerable groups.

    Persistent fatigue MESHD fatigue HP following SARS-CoV-2 infection MESHD is common and independent of severity of initial infection MESHD

    Authors: Liam Townsend; Adam H Dyer; Karen Jones; Jean Dunne; Rachel Kiersey; Fiona Gaffney; Laura O'Connor; Aoife Mooney; Deirdre Leavy; Katie Ridge; Catherine King; Fionnuala Cox; Kate O'Brien; Joanne Dowds; Jamie Sugrue; David Hopkins; Patricia Byrne; Tara Kingston; Cliona Ni Cheallaigh; Parthiban Nadarajan; Anne Marie McLaughlin; Nollaig M Bourke; Colm Bergin; Cliona O'Farrelly; Ciaran Bannan; Niall Conlon

    doi:10.1101/2020.07.29.20164293 Date: 2020-07-30 Source: medRxiv

    Fatigue MESHD Fatigue HP is a common symptom in those presenting with symptomatic COVID-19 infection MESHD. However, it is unknown if COVID-19 results in persistent fatigue MESHD fatigue HP in those recovered from acute infection MESHD. We examined the prevalence SERO of fatigue MESHD fatigue HP in individuals recovered from the acute phase of COVID-19 illness using the Chalder Fatigue MESHD Fatigue HP Score (CFQ-11). We further examined potential predictors of fatigue MESHD fatigue HP following COVID-19 infection MESHD, evaluating indicators of COVID-19 severity, markers of peripheral immune activation and circulating pro-inflammatory cytokines. Of 128 participants (49.5 {+/-} 15 years; 54% female TRANS), more than half reported persistent fatigue MESHD fatigue HP (52.3%; 45/128) at 10 weeks (median) after initial COVID-19 symptoms. There was no association between COVID-19 severity (need for inpatient admission, supplemental oxygen or critical care) and fatigue MESHD fatigue HP following COVID-19. Additionally, there was no association between routine laboratory markers of inflammation MESHD and cell turnover (leukocyte, neutrophil or lymphocyte counts, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, lactate dehydrogenase, C-reactive protein) or pro-inflammatory molecules (IL-6 or sCD25) and fatigue MESHD fatigue HP post COVID-19. Female TRANS gender TRANS and those with a pre-existing diagnosis of depression/ anxiety HP were over-represented in those with fatigue MESHD fatigue HP. Our findings demonstrate a significant burden of post-viral fatigue MESHD fatigue HP in individuals with previous SARS-CoV-2 infection MESHD after the acute phase of COVID-19 illness. This study highlights the importance of assessing those recovering from COVID-19 for symptoms of severe fatigue MESHD fatigue HP, irrespective of severity of initial illness, and may identify a group worthy of further study and early intervention.

    The Impact of COVID-19 on Mental Health outcomes among hospital fever MESHD fever HP clinic attendants across Nepal: A community-based cross-sectional study

    Authors: Hridaya Raj Devkota; Tula Ram Sijali; Ramji Bogati; Meraj Ahmad; Karuna Laxmi Shakya; Pratik Adhikary

    doi:10.1101/2020.07.28.20163295 Date: 2020-07-29 Source: medRxiv

    Background: The COVID 19 pandemic has been creating a panic and distressing situations among the entire population globally including Nepal. No study has been conducted assessing the psychological impact of this pandemic on the general public in Nepal. The objective of this study is to assess the mental health status during COVID 19 outbreak and explore the potential influencing factors among the population attending the hospital fever MESHD fever HP clinics with COVID 19 symptoms. Methods: A cross sectional survey was conducted between May to June, 2020 with a sample of 645 participants aged TRANS 18 and above in 26 hospitals across Nepal. Telephone interviews were conducted using a semi-structured questionnaire along with a validated psychometric tool, the Depression, Anxiety HP and Stress (DASS21) scale. The metrics and scores of symptoms and their severity were created and analyzed. Multivariate logistic regression was used to determine the association of potential covariates with outcome variables. Results: The prevalence SERO of anxiety HP, depression and stress were 14%, 7% and 5% respectively. Participants from Bagmati province reported higher level of anxiety HP (OR 3.87, 95% CI 1.42 10.59), while stress (OR 4.78, 95% CI 1.09 21.29) and depressive symptoms (OR 3.37, 95% CI 1.10 10.35) observed higher among the participants in Province 1. Women were more at risk of anxiety HP (OR 4.26, 95% CI 2.21 8.20) and depression (2.75, 95% CI 1.16 6.51) than men. Similarly, people with primary level education found more prone to all factors, stress (OR 20.35, 95% CI 2.06 201.19), anxiety HP (OR 3.10, 95% CI 1.24 7.91), and depression (OR 4.41, 95% CI 1.29 15.07). More farmers than labors showed higher odds (OR 2.25, 95% CI 1.01 5.01) for anxiety HP, while individuals surveyed who reported their health status as poor-had higher odds (OR 5.95, 95% CI 1.08 32.68) for depression. Also, people currently living in rented houses reported more stress (OR 3.11, 95% CI 1.07 9.05) and those living far from family reported higher rates of depressive symptoms (OR 3.57, 95% CI 1.01 12.58). Conclusion: The study identified increased prevalence SERO of stress, anxiety HP and depressive symptoms during the initial stage of COVID 19 pandemic in Nepal. Considering the findings, there is urgent need to develop and implement appropriate community-based mental health programs targeting individuals who have had COVID 19 symptoms and who are prone to develop adverse mental health outcomes. Key words: COVID 19, Depression, Anxiety HP, Stress, Pandemic, Public Health, Nepal

    A Survey Among Italian Pregnant Women and New-mothers During the COVID-19 Pandemic Lockdown.

    Authors: Viviana STAMPINI; Alice MONZANI; Silvia CARISTIA; Gianluigi FERRANTE; Martina GERBINO; Roberta AMADORI; Ivana RABBONE; Daniela SURICO

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-50602/v1 Date: 2020-07-29 Source: ResearchSquare

    In response to the COVID-19 pandemics, drastic measures for social distancing have been introduced also in Italy. The purpose of this study was to describe some aspects of lifestyle, access to health services, and mental wellness of Italian pregnant women and new-mothers during the lockdown. We carried out a web-based survey to assess how pregnant women and new-mothers were coping with the lockdown. Expected outcomes were categorized in different analysis domains: psychological well-being and support, physical exercise, dietary habits, access to care, delivery and obstetric care, neonatal care and breastfeeding.We included 742 respondents (response rate 86.2%), 603 were pregnant (81.3%) and 139 (18.7%) had delivered during lockdown. We found a high score for anxiety HP and depression in 62.7% of pregnant women and 61.9% of new-mothers. During the lockdown, 61.9% of pregnant women reduced their physical exercise, and 79.8% reported to eat in a healthier way. 94.2% of new-mothers reported to have breastfed their babies during hospital staying. Regarding the impact of restrictive measures on breastfeeding, no impact was reported by 56.1% of new-mothers, a negative impact by 36.7%.The higher prevalence SERO of anxiety HP and depressive symptoms in pregnant women and new-mothers should be a public health issue. Clinicians might also consider to recommend and encourage “home” physical exercise. On the other hand, most women improved their approach towards healthy eating during the lockdown and a very high breastfeeding rate was reported soon after birth: these data are an interesting starting point to develop new strategies for public health.

    Mental Health and Marital Satisfaction Changes of Pregnant and Lactating Women During the COVID-19 Pandemic

    Authors: Mahshid Gharagozloo; Shahideh Jahanian Sadatmahalleh; Mahnaz Bahri Khomami; Ashraf Moini; Anoshirvan Kazemnejad

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-49590/v1 Date: 2020-07-27 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background: Women during pregnancy and in the first year after childbirth are vulnerable to mental disorders in the outbreaks of infectious diseases such as Coronavirus MESHD Disease MESHD (COVID-19). There is a relationship between mental health and marital satisfaction. This study aimed to assess mental health, anxiety HP, depression, and marital satisfaction among pregnant and lactating women and compared the results with non-pregnant/lactating (as control group) during the COVID-19 pandemic in Iran.Methods: A cross-sectional study among married women in range of 18 to 45 years via online questionnaires was conducted from 20 March to 25 April, 2020. A total of 604 valid questionnaires were analyzed, including 200 pregnant women, 203 lactating women, and 201 non-pregnant/lactating women. Mental health, COVID-19-related anxiety HP, and marital satisfaction were respectively assessed by the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ), the Corona Disease MESHD Anxiety HP Scale (CDAS), and ENRICH Marital Satisfaction Scale (EMS Scale). The data were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) software. Results: The scores of mental health problems in pregnant and lactating women were significantly higher than the control group (18.86±12.56 and 18.83±13.99 vs. 13.01±8.15, P<0.00). The total CDAS score in the control group was significantly less than pregnant women (30.87±10.56 vs. 26.05±6.12, P<0.001) and lactating women (30.80±11.37 vs. 26.05±6.12, P<0.001). The mean of marital satisfaction was significantly lower in the pregnant women (28.06±2.67 vs. 29.64±3.18, P < 0.001) and lactating women (28.74±3.58 vs. 29.64±3.18, p = 0.01) compared with the control group. There was no statistically significant difference in the depression among three groups (P < 0.05).Conclusions: Pregnant and lactating women had more mental health problems, more anxiety HP and less marital satisfaction in comparison to non-pregnant/lactating women in the course of COVID-19 outbreaks. Further study is needed to investigate the effect of COVID-19 prevalence SERO on mental health and marital satisfaction of pregnant and lactating women, considering the socioeconomic status. 

    Mental Health Impacts for International Students During the COVID-19 Pandemic in China

    Authors: Xiaoping Wang; Khamlesh Hujjaree; Fanglan Wang

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-49168/v1 Date: 2020-07-26 Source: ResearchSquare

    The outbreak of Coronavirus disease MESHD 2019 (COVID-19), has led to the quarantine of many residents in their homes worldwide. Some of these people might develop mental health problems, and many solutions have been put in place to address the mental health issues of patients and health professionals affected by the disease MESHD. However, not much attention has been given to international students studying in China. The present study aims to conduct an online survey to investigate the mental health status of international students from Changsha city, China.Materials and Methods: A WeChat-based survey program comprised of questions on demographic information gender TRANS, grade year, duration and status of quarantine, duration of sleep, worries about graduation, being able to go to school and presence or absence of a sense of security; as well as questions from the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), Generalized Anxiety HP Disorder-7 (GAD-7) scale and State-Trait Anxiety HP Inventory(STAI).Results: The prevalence SERO of depression was 59.4% and the prevalence SERO of anxiety HP was 37.8%. The STAI-Y1 STATE scores had a mean value (mean) of 41.42, standard deviation (S.D) of 10.89 and STAI-Y2 TRAIT scores had a mean value (mean) of 41.85, standard deviation (S.D) of 11.13.  The risk factors of anxiety HP or depression were Sleep duration, worrying about graduation in varying degrees, School time, and feeling secure in varying degrees. Higher the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 score and higher Generalized Anxiety HP Disorder-7 score and higher STAI-Y1 STATE scores were associated with higher STAI-Y2 TRAIT scores.Conclusion: The present study implies that the university needs to consider planning for acute and long-term psychological help services for international students.

    Prevalence SERO of Depression, Anxiety HP, Delirium MESHD Delirium HP, and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Among COVID-19 Patients: Protocol for A Living Systematic Review

    Authors: Jiyuan Shi; Yuanyuan Li; Liang Zhao; Meili Yan; MingMing Niu; Yamin Chen; Ziwei Song; Gao Ya; Jinhui Tian

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-48077/v1 Date: 2020-07-23 Source: ResearchSquare

    BackgroundPrevious studies on the impact of COVID-19 on the mental health of the patients has been limited by the lack of relevant data. With the rapid and sustained growth of the publications on COVID-19 research, we will perform a living systematic review (LSR) to provide comprehensive and continuously updated data to explore the prevalence SERO of depression, anxiety HP, delirium MESHD delirium HP, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among COVID-19 patients.MethodsWe will perform a comprehensive search of the following databases: Cochrane library, PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, and Chinese Biomedicine Literature to identify relevant studies. We will utilize different tools to examine the bias risks (quality) regarding studies of varying design types, such as the revised Cochrane risk-of-bias tool (RoB 2) for randomized controlled trials (RCT), the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS) for cohort and case-control studies, etc. The literature searches would be updated every month. We will perform meta-analysis if any new eligible studies or data are obtained and resubmit an updated systematic review if any change in outcomes and heterogeneity is determined after the addition of the new studies. There will be no restrictions on language or year of publication.DiscussionThis LSR would provide an in-depth and up-to-date summary of the psychological impact of COVID-19 diagnosis and treatment on the patients. Systematic review registrationPROSPERO CRD42020196610 

    Prevalence SERO of depression, anxiety HP, delirium MESHD delirium HP, and post-traumatic stress disorder among COVID-19 patients: protocol for a living systematic review

    Authors: Jiyuan Shi; Yuanyuan Li; Liang Zhao; Meili Yan; MingMing Niu; Yamin Chen; Ziwei Song; Gao Ya; Jinhui Tian

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-48077/v2 Date: 2020-07-23 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background Previous studies on the impact of COVID-19 on the mental health of the patients has been limited by the lack of relevant data. With the rapid and sustained growth of the publications on COVID-19 research, we will perform a living systematic review (LSR) to provide comprehensive and continuously updated data to explore the prevalence SERO of depression, anxiety HP, delirium MESHD delirium HP, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among COVID-19 patients.Methods We will perform a comprehensive search of the following databases: Cochrane Library, PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, and Chinese Biomedicine Literature to identify relevant studies. We will utilize different tools to examine the bias risks (quality) regarding studies of varying design types, such as the revised Cochrane risk-of-bias tool (RoB 2) for randomized controlled trials (RCT), the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS) for cohort and case-control studies, etc. The literature searches would be updated every month. We will perform meta-analysis if any new eligible studies or data are obtained and resubmit an updated systematic review if any change in outcomes and heterogeneity is determined after the addition of the new studies. There will be no restrictions on language or year of publication.Discussion This LSR would provide an in-depth and up-to-date summary of the psychological impact of COVID-19 diagnosis and treatment on the patients. Systematic review registration PROSPERO CRD42020196610 

    The psychological impact of COVID-19 among a sample of Italian individuals with High Functioning Autism HP Spectrum Disorder

    Authors: Veronica Nisticò; Orsola Gambini; Raffaella Faggioli; Benedetta Demartini

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-47184/v1 Date: 2020-07-21 Source: ResearchSquare

    Aim of this study was to assess the prevalence SERO of stress, anxiety HP, depression and symptoms related to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) across a sample of 45 adult TRANS subjects with High Functioning Autism HP Spectrum Disorder (HF-ASD) during the first two months of COVID-19 pandemic in Italy, with respect to a sample of 45 healthy controls (HC). We also explored some specific aspects of their psychological well-being through an ad-hoc questionnaire. Our results showed subjects with HF-ASD to have higher rates of depression, anxiety HP, stress and PTSD related symptoms than HC during the first two months of COVID-19 pandemic. However, subjects with HF-ASD, with respect to HC, reported to feel subjectively more comfortable and less tired during the lockdown than before.

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MeSH Disease
Human Phenotype
Transmission
Seroprevalence


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