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MeSH Disease

Human Phenotype

Transmission

Seroprevalence
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    Coronavirus Disease MESHD (COVID-19) and the Liver: A comprehensive systematic review and meta-analysis

    Authors: Praveen Kumar-M; Shubhra Mishra; Daya Krishna Jha; Jayendra Shukla; Arup Choudhury; Ritin Mohindra; Harshal S Mandavdhare; Usha Dutta; Vishal Sharma

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-37723/v1 Date: 2020-06-24 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background: Liver function derangements have been reported in coronavirus disease MESHD (COVID-19) but reported rates are variable. Methods: We searched Pubmed and Embase with terms COVID and SARS-COV-2 from December 1, 2019 till April 5, 2020. We estimated overall prevalence SERO, stratified prevalence SERO based on severity, estimated risk ratio (RR) and estimated standardized mean difference (SMD) of liver function parameters in severe as compared to nonsevere COVID. Random effect method utilizing inverse variance approach was used for pooling the data. Results: In all, 128 studies were included. The most frequent abnormalities were hypoalbuminemia HP hypoalbuminemia MESHD [61.27% (48.24 - 72.87)], elevations of gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) [27.94%(18.22 -40.27)], alanine aminotransferase (ALT) [23.28%(19.92 - 27.01)] and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) [23.41%(18.84 - 28.70)]. Further the relative risk of these abnormalities was higher in the patients with severe COVID-19 when compared to non-severe disease [ Hypoalbuminemia HP Hypoalbuminemia MESHD - 2.65(1.38 - 5.07); GGT - 2.31(1.6 - 3.33); ALT - 1.76(1.44 - 2.15); AST 2.30(1.82 - 2.90)]. The SMD of hypoalbuminemia HP hypoalbuminemia MESHD, GGT, ALT and AST elevation in severe as compared to nonsevere were -1.05(-1.27 - -0.83), 0.76(0.40 - 1.12), 0.42(0.27 - 0.56) and 0.69 (0.52 - 0.86) respectively. The pooled prevalence SERO and RR of chronic liver disease MESHD as a comorbidity was 2.64% (1.73- 4) and 1.69(1.05-2.73) respectively. Conclusion: The most frequent abnormality in liver HP functions was hypoalbuminemia HP hypoalbuminemia MESHD followed by derangements in gamma-glutamyl transferase and aminotransferases and these abnormalities were more frequent in severe disease.  The systematic review was, however, limited by heterogeneity in definitions of severity and liver function derangements.  

    Low albumin levels are associated with poorer outcomes in a case series of COVID-19 patients in Spain: a retrospective cohort study

    Authors: Roberto de la Rica; Marcio Borges; Maria Aranda; Alberto del Castillo; Antonia Socias; Antoni Payeras; Gemma Rialp; Lorenzo Socias; Lluis Masmiquel; Marta Gonzalez-Freire

    doi:10.1101/2020.05.07.20094987 Date: 2020-05-11 Source: medRxiv

    OBJECTIVE To describe the clinical characteristics and epidemiological features of severe (non-ICU) and critically patients (ICU) with COVID-19 at triage, prior hospitalization, in one of the main hospitals in The Balearic Islands health care system. DESIGN Retrospective observational study SETTING Son Llatzer University Hospital in Palma de Mallorca MESHD (Spain) PARTICIPANTS Among a cohort of 52 hospitalized patients as of 31 March 2020, 48 with complete demographic information and severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 MESHD (SARS-CoV-2) positive test, were analyzed. Data were collected between March 15th, 2020, and March 31th 2020, inclusive of these dates. MAIN OUTCOMES Clinical, vital signs and routine laboratory outcomes at the time of hospitalization, including symptoms reported prior to hospitalization. Demographics and baseline comorbidities were also collected. Mortality was reported at the end of the study. RESULTS 48 patients (27 non-ICU and 21 ICU) resident in Mallorca, Spain (mean age TRANS, 66 years, [range, 33-88 years]; 67% males TRANS) with positive SARS-CoV-2 infection MESHD were analyzed. There were no differences in age TRANS or sex among groups (p >.05). Initial symptoms included fever HP fever MESHD (100%), coughing HP (85%), dyspnea HP dyspnea MESHD (76%), diarrhea HP diarrhea MESHD (42%) and asthenia HP asthenia MESHD (21%). The majority of patients in this case series were hospitalized because of low SpO2 (SpO2 below 90%) and presentation of bilateral pneumonia MESHD pneumonia HP (94%) at triage. ICU patients had a higher prevalence SERO of dyspnea HP dyspnea MESHD compared to non-ICU patients (95% vs 61%, p = .022). Acute respiratory syndrome MESHD ( ARDS MESHD) was presented in 100% of the ICU-patients. All the patients included in the study required oxygen therapy. ICU-patients had lymphopenia HP lymphopenia MESHD as well as hypoalbuminemia HP hypoalbuminemia MESHD. Inflammatory markers such as lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), C-reactive protein (CRP), and procalcitonin were significantly higher in ICU patients compared to non-ICU (p < .001).Lower albumin levels were associated with poor prognosis measured as longer hospital length (r= -0.472, p

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MeSH Disease
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