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Overview

MeSH Disease

Human Phenotype

Transmission

Seroprevalence
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    Emotional distress and associated sociodemographic risk factors during the COVID-19 outbreak in Spain

    Authors: Roger Munoz-Navarro Sr.; Antonio Cano-Vindel Sr.; Florian Schmitz Sr.; Rosario Cabello Sr.; Pablo Fernandez-Berrocal Sr.

    doi:10.1101/2020.05.30.20117457 Date: 2020-05-30 Source: medRxiv

    Background Spain is one of the countries that has been most affected by COVID-19 disease. However, the emotional distress on the Spanish population remains poorly understood. The aim of this study was to determine the presence of emotional disorders MESHD and related symptoms and to assess the influence of sociodemographic characteristics on this population. Methods We conducted a cross-sectional survey using an online platform. Participation was completely voluntary. Sociodemographic variables were collected and symptoms of anxiety HP anxiety MESHD, depression MESHD, and panic were assessed through three questionnaires: Generalized Anxiety HP Anxiety MESHD Disorder-7 (GAD-7), Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), and the Patient Health Questionnaire-Panic Disorder MESHD (PHQ-PD). Chi-squared statistics were applied to determine the influence of sociodemographic variables on symptom severity and diagnosis. Results Most respondents (n=1753) were female TRANS (76.8%), with a mean (SD) age TRANS of 40.4 (12.9) years; 39.1% were married and 39.5% held a high school degree. Severe and moderate symptoms of anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and depression MESHD were high (6.5% and 14.3%; 9.9% and 12.9%, respectively) and more than one in four participants (25.7%) experienced a panic attack HP. A high proportion of participants met diagnostic criteria for emotional disorders MESHD: 15.3% for GAD; 12.2% for MDD MESHD; and 17.2% for PD MESHD. Significant risk factors were as follows: female TRANS, young adult TRANS, single, unemployed, and low income. Conclusion Due to limitations related to the study design (convenience sample), the findings of these study may not be applicable to the general population. Nonetheless, the high prevalence SERO of emotional symptoms and disorders in this sample suggests that mental health interventions are urgently needed in Spain.

    Compare the severity of psychological distress among four groups of Iranian society in COVID-19 pandemic

    Authors: Amir Vahedian-Azimi; Malihe Sadat Moayed; Farshid Rahimibashar; Sajad Shojaei; Sara Ashtari; Mohamad Amin Pourhoseingholi

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-23828/v1 Date: 2020-04-19 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background: Coronavirus Disease MESHD 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has caused serious psychological problems, such as panic attack HP, anxiety HP anxiety MESHD, stress and depression MESHD. The main objective of this study was to measure the prevalence SERO and compare the severity of this psychological distress among four groups of Iranian population.Method: In cross-sectional survey, the mental health status of four groups of Iranian society such as community population, patients with COVID-19, medical staff and medical students were investigated by self-report questionnaire Depression MESHD, Anxiety HP Anxiety MESHD and Stress Scale (DASS). DASS-21 questionnaire and the demographic data sheet were filled in by all participants. All statistical analyses were done using SPSS version 21.0. P-values less than 0.05 were considered statistically significant.Results: Of the 886 participants in this survey, 554 (62.5%) were male TRANS and 332 (37.5%) were female TRANS, and the mean ± standard division (SD) age TRANS of subjects was 40.91±10.7 years. Among these participants, 241 (27.2%) were selected from community population, 221 (24.9%) were patients with COVID-19, 217 (24.5%) were medical staff and 207 (23.4%) were medical students. The mean score of stress, anxiety HP anxiety MESHD and depression in medical students and patients with COVID-19 was significantly higher than medical staff and community population (P<0.05). In overall, the score of anxiety HP anxiety MESHD level in male TRANS was higher than that in female TRANS (27.4±4.6 vs. 26.48±4.8, P=0.006), and the score of depression MESHD in unmarried participants was significantly higher than that in married group (27.5±4.8 vs. 26.7±4.6, P=0.023). In addition, the score of depression MESHD in female TRANS medical staff (27.08±4.6 vs. 25.33±4.3, P=0.011) and community population (26.6±4.3 vs. 25.3±4.3, P=0.02) was higher than that in male TRANS.Conclusion: In COVID-19 pandemic, the severity of anxiety HP anxiety MESHD, stress and depression MESHD was high among Iranian population. Patients with COVID-19 and medical students who spent time with patients with COVID-19, with low experience than professional medical staff and community population were at high risk for mental illness MESHD. Continuous surveillance and monitoring of psychological distress for outbreaks should become routine as part of preparedness efforts worldwide. 

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MeSH Disease
Human Phenotype
Transmission
Seroprevalence


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