Corpus overview


MeSH Disease

Human Phenotype


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    Diet and Lifestyle Changes During COVID-19 Lockdown in the United Arab Emirates: Results of a Cross-Sectional Study

    Authors: Hadia Radwan; Mahra Al Kitbi; Hayder Hasan; Marwa Al Hilali; Nada Abbas; Rena Hamadeh; Eman Rashid Saif; Farah Naja

    doi:10.21203/ Date: 2020-09-12 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background: Lockdown measures were implemented in many countries to limit the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic. However, such restrictions could precipitate unintended negative consequences on lifestyle behaviors. The main objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence SERO and determinants of unhealthy behavior changes during the COVID-19 lockdown among residents of the United Arab Emirates (UAE).Methods: A cross-sectional web-based survey of adults TRANS residing in the UAE was carried out during lockdown (n=2060). Using a multi-component questionnaire, the collected data included questions regarding the following lifestyle changes: Increased dietary intake, increased weight, decreased physical activity, decreased sleep, and increased smoking. An unhealthy lifestyle change score was calculated based on the number of unhealthy lifestyle changes each participant reported.  In addition, sociodemographic and living conditions information was collected. Descriptive statistics as well as simple and multiple linear regression analyses were used to examine the prevalence SERO and determinants of the unhealthy lifestyle changes considered in this study.Results: Among the unhealthy lifestyle changes examined, increased food intake was the most common (31.8%), followed by decreased physical activity (30%), increased weight (29.4%), decreased sleep (20.8%), and increased smoking (21%). In addition to identifying the correlates of each of the aforementioned lifestyle changes, the results of the multiple regression linear analyses revealed the following correlates for the overall unhealthy lifestyle change score: females TRANS (β=0.32, CI: 0.22;0.42), living in an apartment (β=0.12, CI: 0.003;0.23) and being overweight HP/ obese MESHD (β=0.24, CI: 0.15;0.32) had higher scores, while older adults TRANS (>40 years) had lower scores (β=-0.23, CI: -0.34;-0.12).Conclusion: The COVID-19 lockdown has resulted in a high prevalence SERO of unhealthy lifestyle behaviors and practices among UAE residents. The findings of this study provided the evidence base for officials to design interventions targeting high-risk groups and aiming to improve healthy lifestyle factors among residents during the pandemic.

    Right Ventricular-Arterial Uncoupling Independently Predicts Survival in COVID-19 ARDS

    Authors: Michele D'Alto; Alberto Marra; Sergio Severino; Andrea Salzano; Emanuele Romeo; Rosanna C De Rosa; Francesca Stagnaro; Gianpiero Pagnano; Raffaele Verde; Patrizia Murino; Andrea Farro; Giovanni Ciccarelli; Maria Vargas; Giuseppe Fiorentino; Giuseppe Servillo; Ivan Gentile; Antonio Corcione; Antonio Cittadini; Robert Naeije; Paolo Golino

    doi:10.21203/ Date: 2020-09-07 Source: ResearchSquare

    Aim. To investigate the prevalence SERO and prognostic impact of right heart failure MESHD failure and right ventricular HP-arterial uncoupling in Corona Virus Infectious Disease MESHD 2019 (COVID-19) complicated by an acute respiratory distress HP respiratory distress MESHD syndrome ( ARDS MESHD).Methods. Ninety-four consecutive patients (mean age TRANS 64 yrs) admitted for acute respiratory failure HP respiratory failure MESHD on COVID-19 were enrolled. Coupling of right ventricular function to the pulmonary circulation was evaluated by a comprehensive trans-thoracic echocardiography with focus on the tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) to systolic pulmonary artery pressure (PASP) ratio Results. The majority of patients needed ventilatory support, which was non-invasive in 22 and invasive in 37. There were 25 deaths, all in the invasively ventilated patients. Survivors were younger (62±13 vs 68±12 years, p=0.033), less often overweight HP or usual smokers, had lower NT-proBNP and interleukin-6, and higher arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2)/fraction of inspired O2 (FIO2) ratio (270±104 vs 117±57 mmHg, p<0.001). In the non-survivors, PASP was increased (42±12 vs 30±7 mmHg, p<0.001), while TAPSE was decreased (19±4 vs 25±4 mm, p<0.001). Accordingly the TAPSE/PASP ratio was lower than in the survivors (0.51±0.22 vs 0.89±0.29 mm/mmHg, p<0.001). At univariate/multivariable analysis, the TAPSE/PASP (HR:0.026; 95%CI:0.01-0.579; p:0.019) and PaO2/FIO2 (HR:0.988; 95%CI:0.988-0.998; p:0.018) ratios were the only independent predictors of mortality, with ROC-determined cut-off values of 159 mmHg and 0.635 mm/mmHg respectively.Conclusions. COVID-19 ARDS is associated with clinically relevant uncoupling of right ventricular function from the pulmonary circulation; bedside echocardiography of TAPSE/PASP adds to the prognostic relevance of PaO2/FIO2 in ARDS on COVID-19.

    Does COVID-19 Change Dietary Habits MESHD and Lifestyle Behaviours in Kuwait?

    Authors: Wafaa Husain; Fatemah Ashkanani

    id:10.20944/preprints202006.0154.v1 Date: 2020-06-12 Source:

    Aim: This study was designed to understand the changes in dietary and lifestyle behaviours that are major determinants of health during the COVID-19 outbreak. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted through an online questionnaire using a convenience sample of 415 adults TRANS living in Kuwait ( age TRANS range 18-73 years). Results: The overall prevalence SERO of being overweight HP and obesity HP obesity MESHD among participants was 37.2% and 33.1% respectively. The study identified significant changes in the dietary habits and lifestyle behaviours of participants during COVID-19. In general, there was an increase in the percentage of participants that consumed four or more meals a day, skipped breakfast, and engaged in frequent late night snacking. Moreover, there was a drastic decrease in the frequency of fast food consumption and an increase in the percentage of participants who had their main meal freshly made. Furthermore, there was a great reduction in physical activity and an increase in the amount of screen time and sedentary behaviours. A notable increase was detected in day-time sleep MESHD and a decrease in night-time sleep among participants. Conclusion: This study indicates that due to the increased prevalence SERO of habits conducive to increased rates of being overweight HP and obesity HP obesity MESHD during the COVID-19 outbreak, there is a high likelihood that the pandemic will further exacerbate the already widespread problem of obesity HP obesity MESHD and being overweight HP in Kuwait.

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MeSH Disease
Human Phenotype

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