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    The global distribution of COVID-19 MESHD vaccine: The role of macro-socioeconomics measures

    Authors: Ali Roghani; Samin Panahi

    doi:10.1101/2021.02.09.21251436 Date: 2021-02-15 Source: medRxiv

    Since coronavirus disease 2019 MESHD ( covid-19 MESHD) has continued to spread globally, many countries have progressed clinical trials and started vaccinations at the end of December 2020. This report aims to analyze the association of COVID-19 MESHD vaccine distribution and two macro-socioeconomics measures, including human development index ( HDI MESHD) and Gross domestic product (GDP), among 25 countries till the first week of February 2021. Our results indicate that a higher GDP per Capita is positively associated with higher COVID-19 MESHD vaccine distribution. However, UAE and Israel have more successful vaccine distribution outcomes regardless of their GDP. In addition, the result shows HDI does not have a significant relationship with vaccine distribution. Although these macro-socioeconomic measures may be counted as a vital indicator for vaccine distribution, other factors may play roles in vaccine distribution, including well-developed health infrastructure, a centralized political system, and population size.

    Spatial variation in the basic reproduction number of COVID-19 MESHD: A systematic review

    Authors: Renate Thiede; Nada Abdelatif; Inger Fabris-Rotelli; Raeesa Manjoo-Docrat; Jennifer Holloway; Charl Janse van Rensburg; Pravesh Debba; Nontembeko Dudeni-Tlhone; Zaid Kimmie; Alize le Roux

    id:2012.06301v1 Date: 2020-12-10 Source: arXiv

    OBJECTIVES: Estimates of the basic reproduction number (R0) of COVID-19 MESHD vary across countries. This paper aims to characterise the spatial variability in R0 across the first six months of the global COVID-19 MESHD outbreak, and to explore social factors that impact R0 estimates at national and regional level. METHODS: We searched PubMed, LitCOVID and the WHO COVID-19 MESHD database from January to June 2020. Peer-reviewed English-language papers were included that provided R0 estimates. For each study, the value of the estimate, country under study and publication month were extracted. The median R0 value was calculated per country, and the median and variance were calculated per region. For each country with an R0 estimate, the Human Development Index ( HDI MESHD), Sustainable Mobility Index (SMI), median age, population density and development status were obtained from external sources. RESULTS: A total of 81 studies were included in the analysis. These studies provided at least one estimate of R0, along with sufficient methodology to explain how the value was calculated. Values of R0 ranged between 0.48 and 14.8, and between 0.48 and 6.7 when excluding outliers. CONCLUSIONS: This systematic review provides a comprehensive overview of the estimates of the basic reproduction number of COVID-19 MESHD globally and highlights the spatial heterogeneity in R0. Higher values were recorded in more developed countries, and countries with an older population or more sustainable mobility. Countries with higher population density had lower R0 estimates. For most regions, variability in R0 spiked initially before reducing and stabilising as more estimates became available.

    The Association Between COVID-19 MESHD Incidence and Mortality with Socioeconomic Development - A Global Ecological Study

    Authors: Samaneh Torkian; Samira Kazemi; Marzieh Eslahi; Elham Khatooni; Reza Etesami; Narges Khanjani; Roya Rashti

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-117325/v1 Date: 2020-11-27 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background: There is some evidence about the role of human development in the incidence and mortality of some diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between COVID-19 MESHD incidence and mortality with development indexes in different regions of the world.Methods: This ecological study was conducted on data from January 11 to August 23, 2020. The development indexes included were Human development index ( HDI MESHD), Inequality-adjusted HDI (IHDI), the Gini Coefficient, Gender Development Index (GDI), Gender Inequality Index (GII) and their components. The development indexes was obtained from the United Nations Development Program (UNDP). COVID-19 MESHD cases and mortality data of the countries involved in the pandemic were obtained from the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC). Data was analyzed by Spearman correlation coefficients and negative binomial regression through SPSS26. Results:  The highest and lowest incidence and mortality rates were in the AMRO and WPRO regions, respectively. The development indexes had no a significant linear correlation with COVID-19 MESHD incidence and mortality except in WPRO, where there was direct significant correlation between life expectancy at birth and inequality adjusted life expectancy with COVID-19 MESHD incidence and mortality (P<0.05).Conclusions: Our findings suggests limited evidence that countries level of development may directly influence morbidity and mortality from COVID-19 MESHD. However, with regard to the ecological nature of this study, the reason for this association is difficult to determine.

The ZB MED preprint Viewer preVIEW includes all COVID-19 related preprints from medRxiv and bioRxiv, from ChemRxiv, from ResearchSquare, from arXiv and from Preprints.org and is updated on a daily basis (7am CET/CEST).
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MeSH Disease
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SARS-CoV-2 Proteins


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