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    Outcome of COVID-19 MESHD with Co-Existing Surgical Emergencies in Children: Our Initial Experiences and Recommendations

    Authors: Samiul Hasan; Md Ayub Ali; Umama Huq

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-71589/v1 Date: 2020-09-03 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background:  COVID-19 MESHD has changed the practice of surgery vividly all over the world. This has already lead to a huge burden of rescheduled pediatric surgical cases worldwide. Though children are less likely to be infected MESHD and suffer less when infected, there is a growing fear among health care workers of being self-infected, which is limiting the surgical care of children globally. This study aims to share our experiences with the outcome of COVID-19 MESHD in children who had a co-existing surgical emergency, which might help the pediatric surgeons globally to mitigate the effect of COVID 19 on pediatric surgery.Methods: This is a retrospective observational study. We reviewed the epidemiological, clinical, and laboratory data of all patients admitted in our surgery department through the emergency department and later diagnosed to have COVID-19 MESHD by RT-PCR. During April 2020 – June 2020. A nasopharyngeal swab was taken from all patients irrespective of symptoms to detect SARS CoV 2 by RT-PCR to identify and isolate asymptomatic patients and patients with atypical symptoms. We divided the test positive patients into 4 age groups for the convenience of data analysis. Data were retrieved from hospital records and analyzed using SPSS (version 25) software. Ethical permission was taken from the hospital ethical review board.Results: Total patients were 32. Seven (21.9%) of them were neonates. Twenty-four (75%) patients were male. The predominant diagnosis was acute abdomen followed by infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis MESHD (IHPS), myelomeningocele, and intussusception. Only two patients had mild respiratory symptoms MESHD ( dry cough MESHD). Fever MESHD was present in 13 (40.6%) patients. Fourteen (43.8%) patients required surgical treatment. The mean duration of hospital stay was 5.5 days. One neonate with ARM died in the post-operative ward due to cardiac arrest MESHD. No patient had hypoxemia or organ failure MESHD. Seven health care workers (5.51%) including doctors & nurses got infected with SARS Co V2 during this period.Conclusion: Our study has revealed a milder course of COVID-19 MESHD in children with minimal infectivity even when present in association with emergency surgical conditions. This might encourage a gradual restart to mitigate the impact of COVID-19 MESHD on children’s surgery.

    Outcome of COVID-19 MESHD with co-existing surgical emergencies in children: our initial experiences and recommendations

    Authors: Md Samiul Hasan; Md Ayub Ali; Umama Huq

    doi:10.1101/2020.08.01.20166371 Date: 2020-08-04 Source: medRxiv

    Background: COVID 19 has changed the practice of surgery vividly all over the world. Pediatric surgery is not an exception. Prioritization protocols allowing us to provide emergency surgical care to the children in need while controlling the pandemic spread. The aim of this study is to share our experiences with the outcome of children with COVID 19 who had a co existing surgical emergency. Methods: This is a retrospective observational study. We reviewed the epidemiological, clinical, and laboratory data of all patients admitted in our surgery department through the emergency department and later diagnosed to have COVID 19 by RT PCR. The study duration was 3 months (April 2020 to June 2020). A nasopharyngeal swab was taken from all patients irrespective of symptoms to detect SARS CoV 2 by RT PCR with the purpose of detecting asymptomatic patients and patients with atypical symptoms. Emergency surgical services were provided immediately without delay and patients with positive test results were isolated according to the hospital protocol. We divided the test positive patients into 4 age groups for the convenience of data analysis. Data were retrieved from hospital records and analyzed using SPSS (version 25) software. Ethical permission was taken from the hospital ethical review board. Results: Total patients were 32. Seven (21.9%) of them were neonates. Twenty four (75%) patients were male. The predominant diagnosis was acute abdomen followed by infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis MESHD (IHPS), myelomeningocele, and intussusception. Only two patients had mild respiratory symptoms MESHD ( dry cough MESHD). Fever MESHD was present in 13 (40.6%) patients. Fourteen (43.8%) patients required surgical treatment. The mean duration of hospital stay was 5.5 days. One neonate with ARM died in the postoperative ward due to cardiac arrest MESHD. No patient had hypoxemia or organ failure MESHD. Seven health care workers (5.51%) including doctors & nurses got infected with SARS Co V2 during this period. Conclusion: Our study has revealed a milder course of COVID 19 in children with minimal infectivity even when present in association with emergency surgical conditions. This might encourage a gradual restart to mitigate the impact of COVID 19 on children surgery. Keywords: COVID 19, COVID 19 in children, Children Surgery, Surgical emergency, Surgery in COVID 19 positive patients.

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MeSH Disease
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SARS-CoV-2 Proteins


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