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    Prevalence and Associated Factors of Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) against Women in Bangladesh amid COVID-19 Pandemic MESHD

    Authors: Istihak Rayhan; Khaleda Akter

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-103437/v1 Date: 2020-11-05 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background: The study attempted to explore the prevalence and associated factors of Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) in Bangladesh amid the COVID-19 pandemic MESHD. IPV is a complete violation of women's human rights and a dominant chronic global public health problem. Methods: The target population of the study was Bangladeshi married women, aged between 16 to 49 years, and lived with an intimate partner. Data were collected from Dhaka city with eight other districts of Bangladesh, and among 605 married women response rate was 84.30%. WHO multi-country study tools for screening domestic violence were used to screen emotional, physical, and sexual violence MESHD. Results: The study found the prevalence of IPV about 45.29%, where emotionally abused 44.12%, physically 15.29%, sexually 10.59%, and either physically or sexually 19.22%. Adjusted with marital duration, residence, women’s level of education, husband’s age, and monthly family income, multivariate logistic regression results revealed that comparatively older women, employed, non-Muslims and women with educated husband were less likely to experience violence, while arranged marriage, family income reduction amid the pandemic and husbands’ pandemic induced depression MESHD or anxiety MESHD caused more likely to commit violence. Limitations: Self-reported cross-sectional study has some methodological limitations, and the present study is not free from them. Conclusions: The study contributes to the existing literature by highlighting the associated factors of IPV amid the COVID-19 pandemic MESHD, which will help to make preventive policy.

    “INSIDE” Project on Sexual Health in Spain: The Impact of the Lockdown Caused by COVID-19 MESHD

    Authors: Rafael Ballester-Arnal; Juan E. Nebot-Garcia; Estefanía Ruiz-Palomino; Cristina Giménez-García; María Dolores Gil-Llario

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-61952/v1 Date: 2020-08-18 Source: ResearchSquare

    Introduction. The COVID-19 pandemic MESHD COVID-19 pandemic MESHD is becoming a major hazard to public health worldwide. This is causing a significant impact on life and physical health, as well as on the psychological well-being of the general population. Since the emotional distress and the social restrictions caused by this epidemic, it must be expected that its impact will also extend to sexual health. The purpose of this study, the first including a large sample of the Spanish general population, was to analyze sexual behavior during the 99 days of confinement in Spain (INSIDE Project). Method. 1,448 Spanish people, between 18 and 60 years old, were evaluated through an online survey during April 2020. The variables analyzed were the physical and social environment during confinement, sexual desire, type of sexual activity, masturbation, sexual intercourse, online sexual activity, general sexual frequency, sexual fantasies, degree of self-control over sexual drive, sexual abuse MESHD, general impact of confinement on sexuality and emotional mood MESHD. Results. Confinement has affected the sexual life of half of the Spanish population (47.7%), especially women. Those who reported a worsening of their sexual life are almost three times more (37.9%) than those who reported an improvement (14.4%). Conclusions. Different factors have been significant predictors of the positive or negative valoration about the impact of this confinement on sexual life, such as gender, couple life, privacy, stress level and the perception of confinement as unbearable. Policy Implications. These results have important implications for the public health and more especially sexual health of the Spanish population.

    Abusers indoors and coronavirus outside: an examination of public discourse about COVID-19 MESHD and family violence on Twitter using machine learning

    Authors: Jia Xue; Junxiang Chen; Chen Chen; Ran Hu; Tingshao Zhu

    doi:10.1101/2020.08.13.20167452 Date: 2020-08-15 Source: medRxiv

    Purpose: This brief report aims to provide the first large-scale analysis of public discourse regarding family violence and the COVID-19 pandemic MESHD COVID-19 pandemic MESHD on Twitter. Method: We analyzed 301,606 Tweets related to family violence and COVID-19 MESHD from April 12 to July 16, 2020, for this study. We used the machine learning approach, Latent Dirichlet Allocation, and identified salient themes, topics, and representative Twitter examples. Results: We extracted nine themes on family violence and COVID-19 pandemic MESHD, including (1) the Impact of COVID-19 MESHD on family violence (e.g., rising rates, hotline calls increased, murder & homicide); (2) the types (e.g., child abuse, domestic violence, sexual violence MESHD) and (3) forms of family violence (e.g., physical aggression MESHD, coercive control); (4) risk factors of family violence (e.g., alcohol abuse MESHD, financial constraints, gun, quarantine); (5) victims of family violence (e.g., LGBTQ, women, and women of color, children); (6) social services of family violence (e.g., hotlines, social workers, confidential services, shelters, funding); (7) law enforcement response (e.g., 911 calls, police arrest, protective orders, abuse reports); (8) Social movement/ awareness (e.g., support victims, raise awareness); and (9) domestic violence-related news (e.g., Tara HGNC Reade, Melissa Derosa). Conclusions: The COVID-19 MESHD has an impact on family violence. This report overcomes the limitation of existing scholarship that lacks data for consequences of COVID-19 MESHD on family violence. We contribute to the understanding of family violence during the pandemic by providing surveillance in Tweets, which is essential to identify potentially effective policy programs in offering targeted support for victims and survivors and preparing for the next wave.

    Factors that influenced access and utilisation of sexual and reproductive health services among Ugandan youths during the COVID-19 pandemic MESHD lockdown: An online cross-sectional survey

    Authors: Simon Binezero Mambo; Franck K. Sikakulya; Robinson Ssebuufu; Yusuf Mulumba; Henry Wasswa; Kelly Thompson; Jean Christophe Rusatira; Fiona Bhondoekhan; Louis K. Kamyuka; Surat Olabisi Akib; Claude Kirimuhuzya; Jane Nakawesi; Patrick Kyamanywa

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-48529/v4 Date: 2020-07-24 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background The COVID-19 pandemic MESHD has disrupted health care access in many countries. The aim of this study was to explore factors that influenced access and utilisation of sexual and reproductive health services among Ugandan youths during the COVID-19 pandemic MESHD lockdown. Methods This was across-sectional study carried out from April 2020 to May 2020 in Uganda. A questionnaire was administered online to participants aged 18 to 30 years. Subjects were recruited using a snowballing approach. STATA version 14.2 was used for statistical analysis.Results Of 724 participants, 203 (28%) reported that they did not have access to information and/or education concerning sexual and reproductive health (SRH). More than a quarter of the participants (26.9%, n=195) reported that testing and treatment services of sexually transmitted infections were not available during the lockdown. 27.2% could not obtain contraceptive supplies. Access to HIV services and menstrual supplies were also impaired. Lack of transportation was the commonest factor cited as limiting access to SRH services during the lockdown (68.7%), followed by the long distance from home to SRH facilities (55.2%), high cost of services (42.2%) and the curfew (39.1%). Sexually transmitted infections were the commonest SRH problems related to SRH during the lockdown (40.4%) followed by unwanted pregnancy (32.4%) and sexual abuse MESHD (32.4%). Marital, educational, and employment status were significantly correlated with the reported experiences of the participants. Conclusion Access to SRH information and services for Ugandan youths was restricted during the COVID-19 MESHD lockdown and may have increased the incidence of poor SRH outcomes. Lack of transportation, distance to health facilities, and high cost of services were important limiting factors. The Government and other stakeholders should incorporate SRH among the priority services to be preserved during future outbreaks. 

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