Corpus overview


Overview

MeSH Disease

Human Phenotype

Transmission

Seroprevalence
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    COVID19 infection MESHD in health care professionals: risks, work-safety and psychological issues.

    Authors: Yogesh Dabholkar; Bhagyashree Sagane; Twinkle Dabholkar; Shivakumar Divity

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-36362/v1 Date: 2020-06-18 Source: ResearchSquare

    Introduction: (COVID-19) infection MESHD has spread widely over past 5 months to become a pandemic of global proportions affecting almost every country. While HCPs are expected to tackle this crisis by working in hospital and intensive care setting, there is real risk of them contracting infection MESHD and even dying. This article aims to report cases of healthcare personnel (HCPs) contracting COVID19 in various settings in a tertiary care hospital, a designated COVID centre, with view to disseminate information and review safety and psychological health issues of healthcare professionals.Methods: This study is a cross-sectional hospital-based survey from April 2020-June 2020. Data on demographics, workplace safety and psychological parameters from HCPs was collected by both interview and an online questionnaire form.Results: A total of 40 healthcare workers were infected in the hospital in a period of 2 months since the first COVID case was admitted in the hospital. Almost 57.5 % reported positive on several psychological parameters like anxiety HP, fear, anger, irritability HP and insomnia HP. About 42.5 % had no psychological counselling after testing positive.Discussion: These cases illustrate work-place risks for healthcare workers of acquiring COVID19 and highlight the problems faced in terms of risks of transmission TRANS to patients and colleagues, isolation of contacts in departments leading to near-breakdown of services and psychological stress to healthcare workers.Conclusion: Healthcare workers being at frontline of exposure to corona patients are at increased risk of developing COVID19 infections MESHD. Healthcare workers are working under tremendous stress in this pandemic and it is necessary to combat fear with facts and work towards safe work atmosphere so that they can discharge their duties to best of their ability. 

    Trauma-spectrum symptoms among the Italian general population in the time of the COVID-19 outbreak.

    Authors: Rodolfo Rossi; Valentina Socci; Dalila Talevi; Cinzia Niolu; Francesca Pacitti; Antinisca Di Marco; Alessandro Rossi; Alberto Siracusano; Giorgio Di Lorenzo; Miranda Olff

    doi:10.1101/2020.06.01.20118935 Date: 2020-06-02 Source: medRxiv

    Background: Recent evidence showed substantial negative mental health outcomes associated with the current COVID-19 pandemic, including trauma-related symptoms although the effects on the Italian population who were subjected to unprecedented nationwide lockdown measure remains unknown. The Global Psychotrauma Screen (GPS) is a brief instrument designed to assess a broad range of trauma-related symptoms with no available validation in the Italian population. Aims: This study aimed at examining the factor structure of the Italian version of the GPS in a general population sample exposed to the COVID-19 pandemic and at evaluating trauma-related symptoms in the Italian population in the context of specific COVID-19 related risk factors associated with the implementation of lockdown measures and social distancing. Methods: Cross-sectional web-based observational study, as part of a long-term monitoring programme of mental health outcomes in the general population. 18147 participants completed a self-report online questionnaire to collect key demographic data and to evaluate trauma-related symptoms using the GPS, PHQ-9, GAD-7, ISI and PSS. Validation analyses included both exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, and correlation analyses. Results: Exploratory factor analyses supported both a two-factor and a three-factor model. Confirmatory factor analysis showed that a one-factor solution that was used as a baseline comparison showed acceptable fit indices, the two-factor solution showed good fit indices, but the best fitting model was a three-factor solution, with Negative Affect (symptoms of depressed mood, anxiety HP, irritability HP), core Post-traumatic Stress Symptoms (PTSS) (avoidance, re-experiencing, hyperarousal and insomnia HP) and Dissociative symptoms. GPS Risk factors as well as specific COVID-19 related stressful events, were associated with GPS total as well as the three factor scores. Conclusions: Our data suggest that a wide range of trauma-spectrum symptoms were reported by a large Italian sample during the COVID-19 pandemic. The GPS symptoms clustered best in three factors: Negative Affect symptoms, Core PTSS, and Dissociative symptoms. In particular high rates of core PTSS and negative affect symptoms were associated with the COVID-19 pandemic in Italy and should be routinely assessed in clinical practice.

    The German COVID-19 Survey on Mental Health: Primary Results

    Authors: Stefanie Jung; Jonas Kneer; Tillmann Krueger

    doi:10.1101/2020.05.06.20090340 Date: 2020-05-12 Source: medRxiv

    Abstract First cases of COVID-19 were reported in Wuhan, China in early December 2019. Preliminary data from China indicated a substantial impact on mental health by the pandemic and its associated lockdown measures. Such measures are unprecedented for the majority of people and may affect their lives tremendously. The current survey was developed to assess mental health in response to the lockdown in Germany. Methods We conducted a web-based self-report survey including various aspects of mental health (e.g. PHQ-D, PHQ-4, WHO-5 and comparative questions on a 5-point Likert scale concerning sleep, irritability HP & interpersonal violence). First wave data were taken during the height of lockdown measures in Germany from 1 April to 15 April 2020. Results A total of 3,545 volunteers took part in this cross-sectional survey. Mean age TRANS was 40.36 years (SD = 11.70; 83.1% female TRANS, 15.2% male TRANS). Acute or chronic disease MESHD was reported by 36.7% (physical) and 24.7% (mental) of subjects. Participants scored mild severity distress in the PHQ stress module. Depression and anxiety HP as assessed by PHQ-4 was significantly higher than in reference samples. The mean well-being score (WHO-5) was 50.7, thus pointing towards possible signs of depression. Furthermore, we found significant gender TRANS differences for anxiety HP and depression with women showing higher levels. 45.3% of participants reported worsened sleep, increased levels of irritation, anger and aggression compared to pre-pandemic times. Most importantly, 5% of all participants reported experiencing interpersonal violence (IPV). Discussion This is one of the first and largest surveys on mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic in a European society reflecting a relatively well educated and financially secure sample. Yet, there is evidence for a substantial mental burden with increased levels of stress, anxiety HP, depressive symptoms, sleep disturbance HP and irritability HP. Most importantly and also most concerning is the finding of a one-month prevalence SERO of 5% IPV. We think it is of vital importance to continuously monitor the mental health of the general public during this pandemic and its aftermath and to carefully screen for IPV and its risk factors such as stress, sleep problems and anger.

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MeSH Disease
Human Phenotype
Transmission
Seroprevalence


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