Corpus overview


Overview

MeSH Disease

Human Phenotype

Transmission

There are no transmission terms in the subcorpus


Seroprevalence
    displaying 1 - 2 records in total 2
    records per page




    The Impact of COVID-19 on Medical Practice: A Nationwide Survey of Dermatologists and Healthcare Providers

    Authors: Mohammed Shanshal; Hayder Saad Ahmed; Hayder Asfoor; Raad Ibrahim Salih; Shehab Ahmed Ali; Yusif k. Aldabouni

    doi:10.1101/2020.07.26.20156380 Date: 2020-08-04 Source: medRxiv

    Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has dramatically changed medical practice worldwide. It posed a significant impact on different health services, including dermatology. Methods and objectives: Two online surveys were conducted to determine the prevalence SERO of personal protective equipment-related skin complications (200 healthcare providers were included) and to demonstrate the outbreak s impact on dermatology practice (100 dermatologists were included). Results: In the first survey, the response rate was 72.46%. PPE- related dermatoses were reported by 147 (73%) participants, including frictional dermatitis MESHD (51.9%), mechanical acne HP (33.1%), contact dermatitis MESHD contact dermatitis HP (29.9%), nonspecific rash (17.5%), urticaria MESHD urticaria HP (9.1%) and skin infections MESHD (3.2%). The response rate of the second survey was 64%. COVID-19 emerging cutaneous manifestations were recognized by 20% of dermatologists, including maculopapular rash (41.67%), urticaria MESHD urticaria HP (37.50%), chilblain MESHD chilblain HP (25%) and vasculitis MESHD vasculitis HP (16.67). Telemedicine was provided by 73% of the dermatologists. The relapse rates of psoriasis MESHD, atopic dermatitis MESHD atopic dermatitis HP, rosacea MESHD, vitiligo MESHD vitiligo HP and alopecia areata MESHD alopecia areata HP were noticeably increased as observed by 62%, 50%, 20%, and 4% of dermatologists, respectively. Most dermatologists (89%) reported minimal use of immunosuppressive drugs amid the pandemic. Conclusions: This article highlights the pivotal role of dermatologists in the leading edge during the current health crisis and how they adapt to these unfamiliar circumstances to meet the challenges. It documents the emergence of PPE-related dermatoses among healthcare providers and the impact of COVID-19 on different aspects of dermatology practice.

    Dual-Histamine Blockade with Cetirizine - Famotidine Reduces Pulmonary Symptoms in COVID-19 Patients

    Authors: Reed B Hogan II; Reed B Hogan III; Tim Cannon; Maria Rappi; John Studdard; Doug Paul; Thomas P Dooley

    doi:10.1101/2020.06.30.20137752 Date: 2020-07-06 Source: medRxiv

    Background: The COVID-19 pandemic due to SARS-CoV-2 infection MESHD can produce Acute Respiratory Distress HP Syndrome MESHD as a result of a pulmonary cytokine storm. Antihistamines are safe and effective treatments for reducing inflammation MESHD and cytokine release. Combinations of Histamine-1 and Histamine-2 receptor antagonists have been effective in urticaria MESHD urticaria HP, and might reduce the histamine-mediated pulmonary cytokine storm in COVID-19. Can a combination of Histamine-1 and Histamine-2 blockers improve COVID-19 inpatient outcomes? Methods: A physician-sponsored cohort study of cetirizine and famotidine was performed in hospitalized patients with severe to critical pulmonary symptoms. Pulmonologists led the inpatient care in a single medical center of 110 high-acuity patients that were treated with cetirizine 10 mg and famotidine 20 mg b.i.d. plus standard-of-care. Results: Of all patients, including those with Do Not Resuscitate directives, receiving the dual-histamine blockade for at least 48 hours, the combination drug treatment resulted in a 16.4% rate of intubation, a 7.3% rate of intubation after a minimum of 48 hours of treatment, a 15.5% rate of inpatient mortality, and 11.0 days duration of hospitalization. The drug combination exhibited reductions in symptom progression when compared to published reports of COVID-19 patients. Concomitant medications were assessed and hydroxychloroquine was correlated with worse outcomes. Conclusions: This physician-sponsored cohort study of cetirizine and famotidine provides proof-of-concept of a new safe and effective method to reduce the progression in symptom severity, presumably by minimizing the histamine-mediated cytokine storm. Further clinical studies in COVID-19 are warranted of the repurposed off-label combination of two historically-safe histamine blockers.

The ZB MED preprint Viewer preVIEW includes all COVID-19 related preprints from medRxiv and bioRxiv, from ChemRxiv, from ResearchSquare, from arXiv and from Preprints.org and is updated on a daily basis (7am CET/CEST).

Sources


Annotations

All
None
MeSH Disease
Human Phenotype
Transmission
Seroprevalence


Export subcorpus as Endnote

This service is developed in the project nfdi4health task force covid-19 which is a part of nfdi4health.

nfdi4health is one of the funded consortia of the National Research Data Infrastructure programme of the DFG.