Corpus overview


Overview

MeSH Disease

Human Phenotype

Transmission

Seroprevalence
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    SARS-CoV-2 and Stroke MESHD Stroke HP Characteristics: A Report from the Multinational COVID-19 Stroke MESHD Stroke HP Study Group

    Authors: Shima Shahjouei; Georgios Tsivgoulis; Rohan Arora; Mohammad Hossein Harirchian; Nasrin Rahimian; Afshin Borhani-Haghighi; Stefania Mondello; Arash Kia; Alireza Vafaei Sadr; Ashkhan Mowla; Venkatesh Avula; Saeed Ansari; Ramin Zand; Vida Abedi; Ghasem Farahmand; Eric Koza; Martin Punter; Annemarei Ranta; Achille Cernigliaro; Alaleh Vaghefi Far; Afshin Borhani-Haghighi; Jiang Li; Oluwaseyi Olulana; Durgesh Chaudhary

    doi:10.1101/2020.08.05.20169169 Date: 2020-08-07 Source: medRxiv

    Background: Stroke MESHD Stroke HP is reported as a consequence of SARS-CoV-2 infection MESHD. However, there is a lack of regarding comprehensive stroke MESHD stroke HP phenotype and characteristics Methods: We conducted a multinational observational study on features of consecutive acute ischemic stroke HP stroke MESHD (AIS), intracranial hemorrhage MESHD intracranial hemorrhage HP (ICH), and cerebral venous or sinus thrombosis MESHD (CVST) among SARS-CoV-2 infected patients. We further investigated the association of demographics, clinical data, geographical regions, and countrie's health expenditure among AIS patients with the risk of large vessel occlusion (LVO), stroke MESHD stroke HP severity as measured by National Institute of Health stroke MESHD stroke HP scale (NIHSS), and stroke MESHD stroke HP subtype as measured by the TOAST criteria. Additionally, we applied unsupervised machine learning algorithms to uncover possible similarities among stroke MESHD stroke HP patients. Results: Among the 136 tertiary centers of 32 countries who participated in this study, 71 centers from 17 countries had at least one eligible stroke MESHD stroke HP patient. Out of 432 patients included, 323(74.8%) had AIS, 91(21.1%) ICH, and 18(4.2%) CVST. Among 23 patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage MESHD subarachnoid hemorrhage HP, 16(69.5%) had no evidence of aneurysm MESHD. A total of 183(42.4%) patients were women, 104(24.1%) patients were younger than 55 years, and 105(24.4%) patients had no identifiable vascular risk factors. Among 380 patients who had known interval onset of the SARS-CoV-2 and stroke MESHD stroke HP, 144(37.8%) presented to the hospital with chief complaints of stroke MESHD stroke HP-related symptoms, with asymptomatic TRANS or undiagnosed SARS-CoV-2 infection MESHD. Among AIS patients 44.5% had LVO; 10% had small artery occlusion according to the TOAST criteria. We observed a lower median NIHSS (8[3-17], versus 11[5-17]; p=0.02) and higher rate of mechanical thrombectomy (12.4% versus 2%; p<0.001) in countries with middle to high-health expenditure when compared to countries with lower health expenditure. The unsupervised machine learning identified 4 subgroups, with a relatively large group with no or limited comorbidities. Conclusions: We observed a relatively high number of young, and asymptomatic TRANS SARS-CoV-2 infections MESHD among stroke MESHD stroke HP patients. Traditional vascular risk factors were absent among a relatively large cohort of patients. Among hospitalized patients, the stroke MESHD stroke HP severity was lower and rate of mechanical thrombectomy was higher among countries with middle to high-health expenditure.

    30-day mortality and morbidity in COVID-19 versus influenza: A populationbased study

    Authors: Vardan Nersesjan; Moshgan Amiri; Hanne Krarup Christensen; Michael E. Benros; Daniel Kondziella

    doi:10.1101/2020.07.25.20162156 Date: 2020-07-28 Source: medRxiv

    Background As of July 2020, COVID-19 has caused 500,000 deaths MESHD worldwide. However, large-scale studies of COVID-19 mortality and new-onset comorbidity compared to influenza and individuals tested negative for COVID-19 are lacking. We aimed to investigate COVID-19 30-day mortality and newonset comorbidity compared to individuals with negative COVID-19 test results and individuals tested for influenza. Methods and findings This population-based cohort study utilized electronic health records covering roughly half (n=2,647,229) of Denmark's population, with nationwide linkage of microbiology test results and death MESHD records. All individuals [≥]18 years tested for COVID-19 and individuals tested for influenza were followed from November 1, 2017 to June 30, 2020. The main outcome was 30-day mortality after a test for either COVID-19 or influenza. Secondary outcomes were major comorbidity diagnoses 30-days after the test for either COVID-19 or influenza. In total, 224,639 individuals were tested for COVID-19. Among inpatients positive for COVID-19, 356 of 1657 (21%) died within 30 days, which was a 3.0 to 3.1-fold increased 30-day mortality rate, when compared to influenza and COVID-19-negative inpatients (all p<0.001). For outpatients, 128 of 6,263 (2%) COVID-19-positive patients died within 30 days, which was a 5.5 to 6.9-fold increased mortality rate compared to influenza and COVID-19-negative patients, respectively (all p<0.001). Compared to hospitalized patients with influenza, new-onset ischemic stroke HP stroke MESHD, diabetes and nephropathy HP occurred more frequently in inpatients with COVID-19 (all p<0.05). Conclusions In this population-based study comparing COVID-19 with influenza, COVID-19 was associated with increased rates of major systemic and vascular comorbidity and substantially higher mortality, which is likely even higher than the stated 3.0 to 5.5-fold increase owing to more extensive testing for COVID-19.

    The Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on the Emergency MESHD Department Visits: A Retrospective Analysis in Shanghai, China

    Authors: Wei Long; Jiudong Hu; Lijuan Li; Sheng Zuo; Qian Yang; Zenghua Ren

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-49525/v1 Date: 2020-07-27 Source: ResearchSquare

    BackgroundThe novel coronavirus diseases MESHD (COVID-19) has led to a pandemic and affected people's lives greatly, including their health seeking behavior. We aimed to evaluate the impact of the current COVID-19 pandemic on characteristics and trends of emergency MESHD department (ED) visits in Shanghai, China.MethodsThis was a retrospective observational study using medical record databases from the Shanghai Sixth People's Hospital (East Campus) for years 2016 through 2020. All the patients referred to the ED between January 2016 and June 2020 were retrospectively reviewed. January 1, 2020, was chosen as the cutoff date for the statistical analysis and data of January and February in 2020 was compared with the same period of 2019.ResultsDuring the first two months of 2020, there was a 60.9% decline in ED visits when compared with the same period of 2019 (9,904 vs. 25,316, respectively), and the waiting time in ED has been greatly reduced correspondingly (12±4 vs. 66±19 min, p < 0.001); ED visits for acute ischemic stroke HP stroke MESHD (AIS) and acute coronary syndrome MESHD(ACS) decreased by 53.9% and 41.2% respectively; proportion of intravenous thrombolysis for AIS has dropped(42.1% vs. 11.4%, p = 0.003), and percutaneous coronary intervention for ACS was similar (70.6% vs. 63.3%, p = 0.668); and onset-to-door time (ODT) of these patients increased significantly (AIS: 217(136-374) vs. 378(260-510)min, ACS: 135(85-195) vs. 226(155-368)min, all p < 0.001).ConclusionThe outbreak of COVID-19 pandemic was correlated with a significant decline in the number of ED visits including AIS and ACS patients when compared to the pre-COVID-19 period. ODT of AIS and ACS patients increased significantly. Raising public awareness is necessary to avoid serious healthcare and economic consequences of undiagnosed and untreated stroke MESHD stroke HP and myocardial infarction MESHD myocardial infarction HP attack.

    COVID-19 and Ischemic Stroke HP Stroke MESHD

    Authors: Amira Sidig; Khabab Abbasher; Hussien Abbasher; Radi Tofaha Alhusseini; Mohamed Elsayed; Mohammed Abbasher; Sufian Khalid M. N; Khalid Hajnoor; Mohammed Malekaldar; Mutaz F. Digna; Abbasher Hussien; Omer Eladil A. Hamid

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-49338/v1 Date: 2020-07-26 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background: SARS-CoV-2 causes COVID-19 disease MESHD. It was identified in December 2019 and rapidly evolved into a pandemic. During the outbreak of COVID-19, researches demonstrated its effect on many systems, including the nervous system. In our clinic, we have reported an impact of SARS-CoV-2, causing the ischaemic stroke MESHD stroke HP.Case Report: A 62-year-old Sudanese male TRANS with some comorbidities brought to the A&E with fever MESHD fever HP, chest symptoms, and acute evolving left-sided hemiplegia MESHD hemiplegia HP power grade 0/5 MRCS with left upper motor neuron facial palsy HP. Investigations: CT brain: right middle cerebral artery MCA infarction MESHD. CT- chest: bilateral ground-glass appearance. COVID-19 Test was positive. elevated D-dimer and C-reactive protein.Discussion: A retrospective study of data from the COVID-19 outbreak in China showed that the incidence of stroke MESHD stroke HP among hospitalized patients was approximately 5%. The fact that COVID-19 is an acute inflammatory condition associated with an increased incidence of fatty plaques formation, injury of the vascular wall, and hypercoagulability HP, causing brain infarct can be a reasonable hypothesis.ConclusionPatients with COVID-19 are at increased risk of thrombo-embolization, leading to arterial and venous cerebrovascular accident. This case report enhances the importance of further studies to clarify the relationship between stroke MESHD stroke HP and COVID-19.

    The Incidence of SARS-COV-2 Manifestations in the Central Nervous System: A Rapid Review and Meta-Analysis

    Authors: Verena Mayr; Glechner Anna; Gerald Gartlehner; Irma Klerings; Peter Lackner

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-44795/v1 Date: 2020-07-17 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background: Coronavirus disease MESHD 2019 (COVID-19) is caused by SARS-CoV-2 and presents itself mainly as a respiratory tract infection MESHD respiratory tract infection HP. However, reports of associated central nervous system (CNS) manifestations are increasing.Methods: We conducted this rapid review to determine the frequency of CNS manifestations of COVID-19 (CNS symptoms, acute cerebrovascular disease MESHD, and infectious/inflammatory CNS diseases MESHD) and to summarize the current evidence for direct invasion of the CNS by SARS-CoV-2. An information specialist searched Ovid MEDLINE, the CDC: COVID-19 Research Articles Downloadable and WHO COVID-19 Databases, CENTRAL, and Epistemonikos.org on May 13, 2020. Two reviewers screened abstracts and potentially relevant full-text publications independently. The data extraction, assessment of risk of bias,and certainty of evidence using GRADE was done by one reviewer and double-checked by another. If possible and reasonable, a meta-analysis was carried out.Results: We identified 13 relevant studies (four cohort studies, nine case studies) with a total of 866 COVID-19 patients.In a Chinese cohort, dizziness MESHD (16.8%; 36 of 214) and headache MESHD headache HP (13.1%; 28 of 214) were the most common CNS symptoms reported. A meta-analysis of four cohort studies including 851 COVID-19 patients showed an incidence of 3.3% (95% CI: 2.2–4.9) for ischemic stroke HP stroke MESHD (follow-up: one to five weeks). In 13 of 15 encephalitis MESHD encephalitis HP case studies, PCR testing of the cerebrospinal fluid did not detect any virus components.Conclusion: CNS manifestations occur frequently in patients with COVID-19. It is important to integrate neurologists into the multiprofessional COVID-19 treatment team to detect neurological complications early and to treat them correctly. 

    Neurological manifestations associated with COVID-19: a nationwide registry

    Authors: Elodie Meppiel; Nathan Peiffer-Smadja; Alexandra Maury; Imen Bekri; Cecile Delorme; Virginie Desestret; Lucas Gorza; Geoffroy Hautecloque-Raysz; Sophie Landre; Annie Lannuzel; Solene Moulin; Peggy Perrin; Paul Petitgas; Francois Sellal; Adrien Wang; Pierre Tattevin; Thomas de Broucker; - contributors to the NeuroCOVID registry

    doi:10.1101/2020.07.15.20154260 Date: 2020-07-16 Source: medRxiv

    Background: The clinical description of the neurological manifestations in COVID-19 patients is still underway. This study aims to provide an overview of the spectrum, characteristics and outcomes of neurological manifestations associated with SARS-CoV-2 infection MESHD. Methods: We conducted a nationwide, multicentric, retrospective study during the French COVID-19 epidemic in March-April 2020. All COVID-19 patients with de novo neurological manifestations were eligible. Results: We included 222 COVID-19 patients with neurological manifestations from 46 centers throughout the country. Median age TRANS was 65 years (IQR 53-72), and 136 patients (61.3%) were male TRANS. COVID-19 was severe or critical in almost half of the patients (102, 45.2%). The most common neurological diseases MESHD were COVID-19 associated encephalopathy HP (67/222, 30.2%), acute ischemic cerebrovascular syndrome MESHD (57/222, 25.7%), encephalitis MESHD encephalitis HP (21/222, 9.5%), and Guillain-Barre Syndrome MESHD (15/222, 6.8%). Neurological manifestations appeared after first COVID-19 symptoms with a median (IQR) delay of 6 (3-8) days in COVID-19 associated encephalopathy HP, 7 (5-10) days in encephalitis MESHD encephalitis HP, 12 (7-18) days in acute ischemic cerebrovascular syndrome MESHD and 18 (15-28) days in Guillain-Barre Syndrome MESHD. Brain imaging was performed in 192 patients (86.5%), including 157 MRI (70.7%). Brain MRI of encephalitis MESHD encephalitis HP patients showed heterogeneous acute non vascular lesion in 14/21 patients (66.7%) with associated small ischemic lesion or microhemorrhages in 4 patients. Among patients with acute ischemic cerebrovascular syndrome MESHD, 13/57 (22.8%) had multi territory ischemic strokes HP strokes MESHD, with large vessel thrombosis MESHD in 16/57 (28.1%). Cerebrospinal fluid was analyzed in 97 patients (43.7%), with pleocytosis in 18 patients (18.6%). A SARS-CoV-2 PCR was performed in 75 patients and was positive only in 2 encephalitis MESHD encephalitis HP patients. Among patients with encephalitis MESHD encephalitis HP, ten out of 21 (47.6%) fully recovered, 3 of whom received corticosteroids (CS). Less common neurological manifestations included isolated seizure MESHD seizure HP (8/222, 3.6%), critical illness MESHD neuropathy (8/222, 3.6%), transient alteration of consciousness (5/222, 2.3%), intracranial hemorrhage MESHD intracranial hemorrhage HP (5/222, 2.3%), acute benign lymphocytic meningitis MESHD meningitis HP (3/222, 1.4%), cranial neuropathy (3/222, 1.4%), single acute demyelinating lesion (2/222, 0.9%), Tapia syndrome MESHD (2/222, 0.9%), cerebral venous thrombosis HP venous thrombosis MESHD (1/222, 0.5%), sudden paraparesis MESHD paraparesis HP (1/222, 0.5%), generalized myoclonus MESHD myoclonus HP and cerebellar ataxia MESHD ataxia HP (1/222, 0.5%), bilateral fibular palsy (1/222, 0.5%) and isolated neurological symptoms ( headache MESHD headache HP, anosmia HP, dizziness MESHD, sensitive or auditive symptoms, hiccups MESHD, 15/222, 6.8%). The median (IQR) follow-up of the 222 patients was 24 (17-34) days with a high short-term mortality rate (28/222, 12.6%). Conclusion: Neurological manifestations associated with COVID-19 mainly included CAE, AICS, encephalitis MESHD encephalitis HP and GBS. Clinical spectrum and outcomes were broad and heterogeneous, suggesting different underlying pathogenic processes.

    Impact of COVID-19 on Neurological Manifestations: An Overview of Stroke MESHD Stroke HP Presentation in Pandemic.

    Authors: Nida Fatima; Maher Saqqur; Ashfaq Shauib

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-36387/v1 Date: 2020-06-18 Source: ResearchSquare

    Introduction: Corona virus disease MESHD 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has become a globally challenging issue after its emergence in December 2019 from Wuhan, China. Despite its common presentation as respiratory distress HP, patients with COVID-19 have also shown neurological manifestation especially stroke MESHD stroke HP. Therefore, the authors sought to determine the etiology, underlying risk factors, and outcomes among patients with COVID-19 presenting with stroke MESHD stroke HP. Methods: We conducted a systematic review of the electronic database (PubMed, Google Scholar, Scopus, Medline, EMBASE, and Cochrane library) using different MeSH terms from January 2000 to June 2020. Results: A total of 39 patients with stroke MESHD stroke HP from 6 studies were included. The mean age TRANS of our included patients was 61.4±14.2 years. Majority of the patients (92.3%) with COVID-19 had ischemic stroke HP stroke MESHD, 5.1% had hemorrhagic stroke MESHD stroke HP, and 2.6% had cerebral venous thrombosis HP venous thrombosis MESHD at the time of initial clinical presentation. Almost all of the patients presented had underlying risk factors predisposing to stroke MESHD stroke HP which included, diabetes mellitus MESHD diabetes mellitus HP, hyperlipidemia MESHD hyperlipidemia HP, hypertension MESHD hypertension HP, and previous history of cerebrovascular disease MESHD. 51.2% of the included patients infected with COVID-19 with stroke MESHD stroke HP died, while remaining patients were either discharged home or transferred to a rehabilitation unit.  Conclusion: Exploring the neurological manifestation in terms of stroke MESHD stroke HP among patients with COVID-19 is a step towards better understanding of the virus, preventing further spread, and treating the patients affected by this pandemic.

    Ischemic Stroke HP Stroke MESHD: An Emerging Complication of COVID-19

    Authors: Geoffroy Hautecloque; Francois sellal; Simon Gravier; Thomas Bonijoly; Celine Iltis; Pierre Anthony; Catherine Renglewicz; Marie-Hélène Arentz-Dugay; Mahsa Mohseni-Zadeh; Martin Martinot

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-35504/v1 Date: 2020-06-14 Source: ResearchSquare

    BackgroundCovid-19 affects mainly the respiratory tract but extra-pulmonary manifestations have been reported including neurologic disorders. Stroke MESHD Stroke HP is uncommonly reported in hospitalized patients with Covid-19. To assess the real burden of stroke MESHD stroke HP during Covid-19 we performed a single-center review of stroke MESHD stroke HP among patients with laboratory-confirmed Covid-19.MethodsWe retrospectively searched Colmar Hospital’s database for all the patients with laboratory confirmed Covid-19 who had a stroke MESHD stroke HP between March 3 and April 21, 2020. Results We report seven cases (mean age TRANS 73 years) of ischemic stroke HP stroke MESHD among 674 patients hospitalized for laboratory-confirmed coronavirus disease MESHD 2019 (Covid-19). Three patients experienced a stroke MESHD stroke HP during hospitalization, and four patients were tested positive 24 h after their admission for stroke MESHD stroke HP. Patients with stroke MESHD stroke HP experienced a predominance of cardioembolic mechanisms, high levels of inflammatory markers, and procoagulative states. ConclusionIschemic stroke MESHD stroke HP is a serious threat in patients with Covid-19, mainly due to an embolic mechanism and cardiologists and neurologists must collaborate in management and prevention of stroke MESHD stroke HP during the Covid-19 pandemic

    Cytokine Release Syndrome MESHD-Associated Encephalopathy HP in Patients with COVID-19

    Authors: Peggy Perrin; Nicolas Collongues; Seyyid Baloglu; Dimitri Bedo; Xavier Bassand; Thomas Lavaux; Gabriela Gautier; Nicolas Keller; Stephane Kremer; Samira Fafi-Kremer; Bruno Moulin; Ilies Benotmane; Sophie Caillard

    id:10.20944/preprints202006.0103.v1 Date: 2020-06-07 Source: preprints.org

    Severe disease MESHD and uremia MESHD are risk factors for neurological complications of coronavirus disease MESHD-2019 (COVID-19). An in-depth analysis of a case series was conducted to describe the neurological manifestations of patients with COVID-19 and gain pathophysiological insights that may guide clinical decision-making – especially with respect to the cytokine release syndrome MESHD (CRS). Extensive clinical, laboratory, and imaging phenotyping was performed in five patients. Neurological presentation included confusion MESHD confusion HP, tremor MESHD tremor HP, cerebellar ataxia MESHD ataxia HP, behavioral alterations, aphasia MESHD aphasia HP, pyramidal syndrome MESHD, coma MESHD coma HP, cranial nerve palsy, dysautonomia, and central hypothyroidism HP hypothyroidism MESHD. Neurological disturbances were remarkably accompanied by laboratory evidence of CRS. SARS-CoV-2 was undetectable in the cerebrospinal fluid. Hyperalbuminorachy and increased levels of the astroglial protein S100B were suggestive of blood SERO-brain barrier (BBB) dysfunction. Brain MRI findings comprised evidence of acute leukoencephalitis (n = 3, of whom one with a hemorrhagic form), cytotoxic edema MESHD edema HP mimicking ischemic stroke HP stroke MESHD (n = 1), or normal results (n = 2). Treatment with corticosteroids and/or intravenous immunoglobulins was attempted – resulting in rapid recovery from neurological disturbances in two cases. Patients with COVID-19 can develop neurological manifestations that share clinical, laboratory, and imaging similarities with those of chimeric antigen receptor-T cell-related encephalopathy HP. The pathophysiological underpinnings appear to involve CRS, endothelial activation, BBB dysfunction, and immune-mediated mechanisms.

    ACUTE VISION LOSS IN A PATIENT WITH COVID-19

    Authors: Vijairam Selvaraj; Daniel Sacchetti; Arkadiy Finn; Kwame Dapaah-Afriyie

    doi:10.1101/2020.06.03.20112540 Date: 2020-06-05 Source: medRxiv

    To date, there have been reports of neurologic manifestations MESHD in Covid-19 patients including ischemic strokes HP strokes MESHD, Guillain-Barre Syndrome MESHD and anosmia HP. In this case report, we report a patient who presented with dysosmia, dysgeusia MESHD along with monocular peripheral vision loss after being diagnosed with Covid-19.

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MeSH Disease
Human Phenotype
Transmission
Seroprevalence


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