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MeSH Disease

Human Phenotype

Transmission

Seroprevalence
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    Elevated oxygen demand in a case of COVID-19 with severe ARDS: a point for optimal oxygenation therapy including ECMO management

    Authors: Taku Oshima; Takehiko Oami; Mana Yamashiro; Akiko Higashi; Yosuke Hayashi; Natsumi Suga; Shin Takayanagi; Seiichiro Sakao; Taka-aki Nakada

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-51286/v1 Date: 2020-07-30 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background: Coronavirus disease MESHD 2019 (COVID-19) caused by SARS-CoV-2 has become a global pandemic, and those developing critically ill conditions have been reported to have mortality in the range of 39% to 61%. Due to the lack of definitive treatments, mechanical ventilation and supportive oxygenation therapy are key management strategies for the survival of patients with acute respiratory distress HP syndrome MESHD (ARDS). Optimizing oxygenation therapy is mandatory to treat patients with severe respiratory failure HP, to sufficiently compensate for the oxygen (O2) demand. We experienced a case of severe ARDS due to COVID-19 successfully treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) after increasing oxygen delivery according to O2 consumption measurement by indirect calorimetryCase Presentation: A 29-year-old obese but otherwise healthy man was hospitalized for treatment of COVID-19 pneumonia MESHD pneumonia HP presenting with a 4-day history of persisting cough MESHD cough HP, high fever MESHD fever HP, and dyspnea MESHD dyspnea HP. Mechanical ventilation, nitric oxide inhalation, and prone positioning were initiated in the ICU against severe respiratory dysfunction. Indirect calorimetry on the 3rd and 6th ICU days revealed persistent elevation of oxygen consumption (VO2) of 380 mL/min. Veno-venous ECMO was initiated on the 7th ICU day after further deterioration of respiratory failure HP. Periodic events of SpO2 decline due to effortful breathing was not resolved by neuromuscular blockade in attempt to reduce O2 consumption. Increasing the ECMO flow induced hemolysis MESHD and hyperkalemia MESHD hyperkalemia HP despite the use of large bore cannulas and ECMO circuit free of clots and defects. The hemoglobin management level was elevated from 10 g/dL to 13 g/dL to increase blood SERO oxygen capacity, enabling the reduction of ECMO flow while attenuating respiratory effort and maintaining SpO2. Lung protective ventilation strategy and prone positioning were continued for successful weaning from ECMO on the 16th ICU day, and the ventilator on the 18th ICU day.Conclusion: The present case of severe ARDS due to COVID-19 was successfully treated with ECMO. Enhancing oxygen delivery was crucial to compensate for the elevated O2 demand. Measuring O2 consumption by indirect calorimetry can elucidate the oxygen demand for optimizing the oxygenation therapy for successful management and survival of critically ill COVID-19 patients. 

    Acute kidney injury MESHD Acute kidney injury HP in patients hospitalized with COVID-19 in Wuhan, China: A single-center retrospective observational study

    Authors: Guanhua Xiao; Hongbin Hu; Feng Wu; Tong Sha; Qiaobing Huang; Haijun Li; Jiafa Han; Wenhong Song; Zhongqing Chen; Zhenhua Zeng

    doi:10.1101/2020.04.06.20055194 Date: 2020-04-08 Source: medRxiv

    Background: The kidney may be affected in coronavirus-2019 disease MESHD (COVID-19). This study assessed the predictors and outcomes of acute kidney injury MESHD acute kidney injury HP (AKI) among individuals with COVID-19. Methods: This observational study, included data on all patients with clinically confirmed COVID-19 admitted to Hankou Hospital, Wuhan, China from January 5 to March 8, 2020. Data were extracted from clinical and laboratory records. Follow-up was censored on March 8, 2020. This is a single-center, retrospective, observational study. Patients clinically confirmed COVID-19 and admitted to Hankou Hospital, Wuhan, China from January 5 to March 8, 2020 were enrolled. We evaluated the association between changes in the incidence of AKI and COVID-19 disease MESHD and clinical outcomes by using logistic regression models. Results: A total of 287 patients, 55 with AKI and 232 without AKI, were included in the analysis. Compared to patients without AKI, AKI patients were older, predominantly male TRANS, and were more likely to present with hypoxia MESHD and have pre-existing hypertension MESHD hypertension HP and cerebrovascular disease MESHD. Moreover, AKI patients had higher levels of white blood SERO cells, D-dimer, aspartate aminotransferase, total bilirubin, creatine kinase, lactate dehydrogenase, procalcitonin, C-reactive protein, a higher prevalence SERO of hyperkalemia MESHD hyperkalemia HP, lower lymphocyte counts, and higher chest computed tomographic scores. The incidence of stage 1 AKI was 14.3%, and the incidence of stage 2 or 3 AKI was 4.9%. Patients with AKI had substantially higher mortality. Conclusions: AKI is an important complication of COVID-19. Older age TRANS, male TRANS, multiple pre-existing comorbidities, lymphopenia MESHD lymphopenia HP, increased infection MESHD indicators, elevated D-dimer, and impaired heart and liver functions were the risk factors of AKI. AKI patients who progressed to stages 2 or 3 AKI had a higher mortality rate. Prevention of AKI and monitoring of kidney function is very important for COVID 19 patients.

    2019 novel coronavirus disease MESHD in hemodialysis (HD) patients: Report from one HD center in Wuhan, China

    Authors: Yiqiong Ma; Bo Diao; Xifeng Lv; Jili Zhu; Wei Liang; Lei Liu; Wenduo Bu; Huiling Cheng; Sihao Zhang; Lianhua Yang; Ming Shi; Guohua Ding; Bo Shen; Huiming Wang

    doi:10.1101/2020.02.24.20027201 Date: 2020-02-25 Source: medRxiv

    The outbreak of COVID-19 originated in Wuhan has become a global epidemic of contagious diseases MESHD, which poses a serious threat to human life and health, especially for those with underlined diseases MESHD. However, Impacts of COVID-19 epidemic on HD center and HD patients are still unknown. In this report, we reviewed the whole course of the epidemic emerged in the HD center of Renmin Hospital, Wuhan University from January 14, 2020, the day the first case was confirmed TRANS, to February 17, 2020, the day the epidemic extinction. There are totally 37 cases among 230 HD patients and 4 cases among 33 staff being diagnosed with COVID-19. The epidemiology, clinical presentation and immune profile of dialysis patients contracted COVID-19 were further studied. We found that the two key measures we took in response to the epidemic, one was upgrading level of prevention and protection on January 21 and the other one starting universal screening, isolating, and distributing the infected cases on February 4, were effective in the epidemic control. No new COVID-19 case had been diagnosed since February 13. During the epidemic, 7 HD patients died, including 6 with COVID-19 and 1 without COVID-19. The presumed causes of death MESHD were not directly related to pneumonia MESHD pneumonia HP, but due to cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases MESHD, hyperkalemia MESHD hyperkalemia HP, etc. Most of the leukocytes in the peripheral blood SERO of the HD patients infected with COVID-19 decreased, and the CT images of the chest mostly showed the ground glass like changes on the right side. The symptoms of most of the patients were mild, and there were no cases admitted to ICU. The frequency of lymphocytes in PBMCs and the serum SERO level of inflammatory cytokines were assessed in HD patients contracted COVID-19 or not, non-HD COVID-19 patients, as well as healthy volunteers. The results showed that lymphocytes of T cell, Th cells, killer T cells, as well as NK cells in PBMCs of HD patients decreased significantly than other groups. HD patients with COVID-19 also displayed remarkable lower serum SERO level of inflammatory cytokines than other COVID-19 patients. Our study indicates that HD patients are the highly susceptible population and HD centers are high risk area in the outbreak of COVID-19 epidemic. Measures of prevention, protection, screening, isolation, and distribution are essential in the epidemic management and should be taken in the early stage. HD Patients with COVID-19 are mostly clinical mild and unlikely progress to severe pneumonia MESHD pneumonia HP due to the impaired cellular immune function and incapability of mounting cytokines storm. More attention should be paid to prevent cardiovascular events, which may be the collateral impacts of COVID-19 epidemic on HD patients.

The ZB MED preprint Viewer preVIEW includes all COVID-19 related preprints from medRxiv and bioRxiv, from ChemRxiv, from ResearchSquare, from arXiv and from Preprints.org and is updated on a daily basis (7am CET/CEST).

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MeSH Disease
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