Corpus overview


Overview

MeSH Disease

Myalgia (38)

Fever (31)

Cough (31)

Fatigue (26)

Disease (22)


Human Phenotype

Myalgia (38)

Fever (31)

Cough (31)

Fatigue (26)

Headache (15)


Transmission

Seroprevalence
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    COVID-19 infection MESHD among healthcare workers: a cross-sectional study in southwest Iran

    Authors: Golnar Sabetian; Mohsen Moghadami; Leila Hashemizadeh Fard Haghighi; Mohammad Javad Fallahi; Reza Shahriarirad; Naeimehossadat Asmarian; Yalda Sadat Moeini

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-47641/v1 Date: 2020-07-22 Source: ResearchSquare

    Objective: With the novel coronavirus pandemic, the impact on the healthcare system and workers cannot be overlooked.  However, studies on the infection MESHD status of medical personnel are still lacking. It is imperative to ensure the safety of health-care workers (HCWs) not only to safeguard continuous patient care but also to ensure they do not transmit the virus, therefore evaluation infection MESHD rates in these groups are indicated.Methods: Demographic and clinical data regarding infected cases among HCWs of Fars, Iran with positive SARS‐CoV‐2 PCR tests were obtained from 10th March to 16th May.Results: Our data demonstrated a rate of 5.62% (273 out of 4854 cases) infection MESHD among HCW, with a mean age TRANS of 35 years and a dominance of female TRANS cases (146 cases: 53.5%). The majority of infected cases were among nurses (51.3%) while the most case infection MESHD rate (CIR) was among physicians (27 out of 842 performed test (3.2%)). Also, the highest rate of infection MESHD was in the emergency MESHD rooms (30.6%). Also, 35.5% of the patients were asymptomatic TRANS and the most frequent clinical features among symptomatic patients were myalgia MESHD myalgia HP (46%) and cough MESHD cough HP (45.5%). Although 5.5% were admitted to hospitals, there were no reports of ICU admission. Furthermore, 10.3% of the cases reported transmitting the infection MESHD to family and friends TRANS. Regarding safety precautions, 1.6% didn't wear masks and 18.7% didn't use gloves in work environments. Conclusion: HCWs are among the highest groups at risk of infection TRANS risk of infection TRANS infection MESHD during the COVID-19 pandemic; therefore, analysis of the infection MESHD status of these groups is vital to maintain enough attention from the public, provide effective suggestions for government agencies and expanding protective measures is essential to decrease infection MESHD rates.

    Older adults TRANS hospitalized with Covid-19: Clinical characteristics and early outcomes from a single center in Istanbul, Turkey

    Authors: Alpay Medetalibeyoğlu; Naci Senkal; Murat Kose; Yunus Catma; Emine Bilge Caparali; Mustafa Erelel; Mustafa Oral Oncul; Gulistan Bahat; Tufan Tukek

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-47728/v1 Date: 2020-07-22 Source: ResearchSquare

    Objective: Older adults TRANS have been continuously reported to be at higher risk for adverse outcomes of Covid-19. We aimed to describe clinical characteristics and early outcomes of the older Covid-19 patients hospitalized in our center comparatively with the younger patients, and also to analyze the triage factors that were related to the in-hospital mortality of older adults TRANS.Design: Retrospective; observational studySetting: Istanbul Faculty of Medicine hospital, TurkeyParticipants: 362 hospitalized patients with laboratory-confirmed Covid-19 from March 11 to May 11, 2020.Measurements: The demographic information; associated comorbidities; presenting clinical, laboratory, radiological characteristics on admission and outcomes from the electronic medical records were analyzed comparatively between the younger (<65 years) and older (≥65 years) adults TRANS. Factors associated with in-hospital mortality of the older adults TRANS were analyzed by multivariate regression analyses.Results: The median age TRANS was 56 years (interquartile range [IQR], 46-67), and 224 (61.9%) were male TRANS. There were 104 (28.7%) patients ≥65 years of age TRANS. More than half of the patients (58%) had one or more chronic comorbidity. The three most common presenting symptoms in the older patients were fatigue MESHD fatigue HP/ myalgia MESHD myalgia HP (89.4%), dry cough MESHD cough HP (72.1%), and fever MESHD fever HP (63.5%). Cough MESHD Cough HP and fever MESHD fever HP were significantly less prevalent in older adults TRANS compared to younger patients (p=0.001 and 0.008, respectively). Clinically severe pneumonia MESHD pneumonia HP was present in 31.5% of the study population being more common in older adults TRANS (49% vs. 24.4%) (p<0.001). The laboratory parameters that were significantly different between the older and younger adults TRANS were as follows: the older patients had significantly higher CRP, D-dimer, TnT, pro-BNP, procalcitonin levels, higher prevalence SERO of lymphopenia MESHD lymphopenia HP, neutrophilia HP, increased creatinine, and lower hemoglobin, ALT, albumin level (p<0.05). In the radiological evaluation, more than half of the patients (54.6%) had moderate-severe pneumonia MESHD pneumonia HP, which was more prevalent in older patients (66% vs. 50%) (p=0.006). The adverse outcomes were significantly more prevalent in older adults TRANS compared to the younger patients (ICU admission, 28.8% vs. 8.9%; mortality, 23.1% vs. 4.3%, p<0.001).  Among the triage evaluation parameters, the only factor associated with higher mortality was the presence of clinically severe pneumonia MESHD pneumonia HP on admission (Odds Ratio=12.3, 95% confidence interval=2.7-55.5, p=0.001).Conclusion: Older patients presented with more prevalent chronic comorbidities, less prevalent symptomatology but more severe respiratory signs and laboratory abnormalities than the younger patients. Among the triage assessment factors, the clinical evaluation of pulmonary involvement came in front to help clinicians to stratify the patients for mortality risk.

    Epidemiologic and Clinical Characteristics of 186 Hospitalized Patients with Covid-19 in Tehran, Iran: A Retrospective, Single-Center Case Series

    Authors: Saher Papizadeh; Pouya Moradi; Maysam Havasi Mehr; Saman Amerkani; Reza Farhadi Nezhad; Hassan Saadati; Toran Shahani; Masoud Mohammadian; Nilufar Sadooghi; Shahin Bahari; Ali Ghorbani; Maryam Mehrabi; Rana Farzi; Reza Ranjbar; Saied Ghorbani

    id:202007.0060/v1 Date: 2020-07-05 Source: Preprints.org

    Background: The information on the difference in clinical characteristics between severe and non-severe cases is limited in some countries including Iran. The objective of this case series is to compare the clinical characteristics, radiologic features, and laboratory findings between COVID-19 severe cases who received the intensive care unit (ICU) care with non-severe cases who did not receive ICU care. Methods: In this retrospective cohort study, 186 laboratory-confirmed patients with COVID-19 diagnosed from 1 March 2020 to 30 March 2020 were investigated. Results: This study population included 186 hospitalized patients with confirmed COVID-19. The median age TRANS was 47 years, and 88 (47.31%) were female TRANS. Of these patients, 48 were admitted and transferred to ICU. Of 186 patients, 44.62% had medical comorbidities including hypertension MESHD hypertension HP and diabetes. The most common clinical manifestation were shortness of breath 86.56%, myalgia MESHD myalgia HP 74.19%, and headache MESHD headache HP. Higher neutrophil counts, CRP, and LDH as well as the lower levels of lymphocytes were the most important laboratory finding among COVID-19 patients. As of April 15, 2020, 33 were still hospitalized. A total of 116 patients (62.70 %) had been discharged, and 36 patients (19.94 %) had died. Of the 48 patients admitted to the ICU, 33.33% have died. Conclusion: In the present study, shortness of breath was the most common clinical symptom, and the mortality rate in patients admitted to the ICU was about 33%, indicating that about one-third of patients with severe illness who admitted to the ICU section died.

    Neurological Manifestations and Complications of Coronavirus Disease MESHD 2019 (COVID-19): A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

    Authors: Ahmed Yassin; Mohammed Nawaiseh; Ala' Shaban; Khalid Alsherbini; Khalid El-Salem; Ola Soudah; Mohammad Abu-Rub

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-39952/v1 Date: 2020-07-02 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background: The spectrum of neurological involvement in COVID-19 is not thoroughly understood. To the best of our knowledge, no systematic review with meta-analysis and a sub-group comparison between severe and non-severe cases has been published. The aim of this study is to assess the frequency of neurological manifestations and complications, identify the neurodiagnostic findings, and compare these aspects between severe and non-severe COVID-19 cases.Methods: A systematic search of PubMed, Scopus, EBSCO, Web of Science, and Google Scholar databases was conducted for studies published between the 1st of January 2020 and 22nd of April 2020. In addition, we scanned the bibliography of included studies to identify other potentially eligible studies. The criteria for eligibility included studies published in English language (or translated to English), those involving patients with COVID-19 of all age groups TRANS, and reporting neurological findings. Data were extracted from eligible studies. Meta-analyses were conducted using comprehensive meta-analysis software. Random-effects model was used to calculate the pooled percentages and means with their 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Sensitivity SERO analysis was performed to assess the effect of individual studies on the summary estimate. A subgroup analysis was conducted according to severity. The main outcomes of the study were to identify the frequency and nature of neurological manifestations and complications, and the neuro-diagnostic findings in COVID-19 patients.Results: 44 articles were included with a pooled sample size of 13480 patients. The mean age TRANS was 50.3 years and 53% were males TRANS. The most common neurological manifestations were: Myalgia MESHD Myalgia HP (22.2%, 95% CI, 17.2% to 28.1%), taste impairment (19.6%, 95% CI, 3.8% to 60.1%), smell impairment (18.3%, 95% CI, 15.4% to 76.2%), headache MESHD headache HP (12.1%, 95% CI, 9.1% to 15.8%), dizziness MESHD (11.3%, 95% CI, 8.5% to 15.0%), and encephalopathy HP (9.4%, 95% CI, 2.8% to 26.6%). Nearly 2.5% (95% CI, 1% to 6.1%) of patients had acute cerebrovascular diseases MESHD (CVD). Myalgia MESHD Myalgia HP, elevated CK and LDH, and acute CVD were significantly more common in severe cases. Moreover, 20 case reports were assessed qualitatively, and their data presented separately.Conclusions: Neurological involvement is common in COVID-19 patients. Early recognition and vigilance of such involvement might impact their overall outcomes.

    Symptomatology of Coronavirus Disease MESHD 2019 (COVID-19) - Lessons from A Meta-Analysis Across 13 Countries

    Authors: Champika Saman Kumara Gamakaranage; Dineshani Hettiarachchi; Dileepa Ediriweera; Saroj Jayasinghe

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-39412/v1 Date: 2020-07-01 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background: COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in varying clinical manifestations and mortality rates. There is no consensus on the symptomatology that would guide researchers and clinicians.Objective: The objective of the study was to identify symptoms and their frequencies of coronavirus disease MESHD 2019 with a meta-analysis of studies from several countries. Data sources: A systematic review using PubMed and Google Scholar data sources and reference tracing TRANS were used to identify 7176 relevant articles. Eligibility criteria: Suitable articles were selected manually with selection criteria and 14 original articles included for meta-analysis. Data abstraction analysis: PRISMA guideline was used for abstracting data. Then a table was generated by feeding it with numbers and proportions of each symptom described in original studies. A meta-analysis was carried out using random effect models on each symptom separately across the studies and their prevalence SERO rates and 95% confident intervals calculated.Results: We identified 14 relevant scientific papers, either cross-sectional or cohort studies and analyzed. There were 2,660 cases of COVID-19. he majority were from China (n=2,439, 91.7%) and remainder from the Netherlands, Italy, Korea and India and one article from Europe. There was a total of 32 symptoms (i.e. present in >50% of patients): fever (79.56%, 95% CI: 72.17-86.09%), malaise (63.3%, 95% CI: 53.1 – 73.0%), cough MESHD cough HP (56.7. %, 95% CI: 48.6 - 64.6 %) and cold (55.6%, 95% CI: 45.2 – 65.7%). Symptoms of intermediate incidence (5-49%) were; anosmia HP, sneezing MESHD sneezing HP, ocular pain HP pain MESHD, fatigue MESHD fatigue HP, sputum production, arthralgia MESHD arthralgia HP, tachypnea MESHD tachypnea HP, palpitation HP, headache MESHD headache HP, chest tightness HP, shortness of breath, chills MESHD chills HP, myalgia MESHD myalgia HP, sore throat, anorexia MESHD anorexia HP, weakness, diarrhea MESHD diarrhea HP, rhinorrhea HP, dizziness MESHD, nausea MESHD nausea HP, altered level of consciousness, vomiting MESHD vomiting HP and abdominal pain MESHD abdominal pain HP. Rare symptoms (<5% of patients) were: tonsil swelling, haemoptysis, conjunctival injection, lymphadenopathy MESHD lymphadenopathy HP and rash were uncommon symptoms of coronavirus disease MESHD (<5%).Conclusion and implications of key findings: We found (25/32) symptoms to be present in =>5% of cases which could be considered as “typical” symptoms of COVID-19. The list of symptoms we identified are different from those documents released by the WHO, CDC, NHS, Chinese CDC, Institute Pasteur and Mayo Clinic. The compiled list would be useful for future researchers to document a comprehensive picture of the illness.

    Analysis of the Primary Presenting Symptoms and Hematological Findings of COVID-19 Patients in Bangladesh

    Authors: Abu Taiub Mohammed Mohiuddin Chowdhury; Md Rezaul Karim; H.M. Hamidullah Mehedi; Mohammad Shahbaz; Md Wazed Chowdhury; Guo Dan; Shuixiang He

    id:10.20944/preprints202006.0275.v1 Date: 2020-06-21 Source: Preprints.org

    Objective: SARS-Cov-2 infection MESHD or COVID-19 is a global pandemic. From the time of identification to till, multiple clinical symptoms and parameters have been identified by the researchers of various countries and regions regarding the diagnosis and presentations of COVID-19 disease MESHD. In this manuscript, we investigated the primary symptoms and basic hematological presentations of SARS-CoV-2 infection MESHD among the Bangladeshi patients. Methodology: We have collected the disease MESHD history of mild to moderate degree of COVID-19 patients; hematological and biochemical on admission reports of moderate degree COVID-19 patients. All of them were tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 by RT-PCR in different institutes in Bangladesh. Results: According to this study though COVID-19 patients in Bangladesh commonly presented with fever MESHD fever HP, cough MESHD cough HP, fatigue MESHD fatigue HP, shortness of breath, and sore throat, but symptoms like myalgia MESHD myalgia HP, diarrhea MESHD diarrhea HP, skin rash HP, headache MESHD headache HP, Abdominal pain MESHD Abdominal pain HP/cramp, nausea MESHD nausea, vomiting HP, vomiting MESHD, restlessness HP, and a higher temperature of >1000F have a greater presentation rate and more frequent than other published studies. CRP and Prothrombin time was found to increase in all the patients. Serum SERO ferritin, ESR, SGPT, and D-Dimer were found increased among 53.85%, 80.43, 44%, and 25% patients respectively. 17.39% of the patients had leukocytosis MESHD leukocytosis HP and neutrophilia HP. 28.26% of patients presented with lymphocytopenia. 62.52% of patients had mild erythrocytopenia. Conclusion: Despite some similarities, our study has evaluated a different expression in presenting symptoms in the case of COVID-19 patients in Bangladesh. CRP, Prothrombin time, serum SERO ferritin, ESR, SGPT, D-Dimer, erythrocytopenia, and lymphocytopenia can be initial diagnostic hematological findings and assessment for prognosis COVID-19 disease MESHD. Also, gender TRANS variations have a different scenario of clinical and laboratory appearance in this region.

    The influence of comorbidity on the severity of COVID-19 disease MESHD: systematic review and analysis

    Authors: Nazar Zaki; Elfadil Abdalla Mohamed; Sahar Ibrahim; Gulfaraz Khan

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-37127/v1 Date: 2020-06-20 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background: A novel form of coronavirus disease MESHD (SARS-CoV-2) has spread rapidly across the world. This disease MESHD, originating in Wuhan, China, has become a global pandemic. What risk factors influence the severity of the disease MESHD is of considerable importance.Aim: This research is intended to offer a systematic review/meta-analysis for assessing how common clinical conditions and comorbidities correlate with COVID-19.Methodology: Two independent researchers undertook searches using Europe PMC, Google Scholar, and PubMed. In addition, a search engine was created for screening another 59,000 articles in COVID-19 Open Research Dataset (CORD-19). Screening was undertaken for any article related to comorbidity and their influence on the progress of the disease MESHD. Random-effects modeling was used to pool 95% confidence intervals (CIs) and odds ratios (ORs). The significance of all comorbidities and clinical conditions in relation to the severity of the disease MESHD were evaluated by employing feature extraction methods and machine-learning. Publication bias was assessed by employing funnel plots, and heterogeneity was tested in relation to I2.Results: The meta-analysis incorporated 12 studies covering 4101 confirmed COVID-19 patients from Chinese hospitals. The findings demonstrate that the most common comorbidities with the disease MESHD were hypertension MESHD hypertension HP (22.07%, OR 2.43 [95% CI: 1.71-3.45], p <0.0001), diabetes (11.34%, OR 2.27, [95% CI: 1.46-3.53], p = 0.0003), cardiovascular disease MESHD (10.76%, OR 2.89 [95% CI: 1.90-4.40], p <0.0001), and COPD (2.53%, OR 3.24 [95% CI: 1.99-4.45], p< 0.0006). No significant associations were found for disease MESHD severity with the comorbidities of kidney disease MESHD, liver disease MESHD, or cancer.The most frequently exhibited clinical symptoms were fever MESHD fever HP (74.52%, OR 1.37, 95% CI: 1.01-1.86, p = 0.04), cough MESHD cough HP (62.15%, OR 1.25, 95% CI: 0.97-1.60, p = 0.0823), myalgia MESHD myalgia HP/ fatigue MESHD fatigue HP (38.77%, OR 1.31, 95% CI: 1.11-1.55, p = 0.0018), dyspnea MESHD dyspnea HP (33.9%, OR 3.61, 95% CI: 2.57-5.06, p = <0.0001), and respiratory failure HP/ARDS (20.6%, OR 11.46, 95% CI: 3.24-40.56, p = 0.0002). Meta-analysis also revealed that neither the duration of the incubation period TRANS nor current smoking status associated with disease MESHD severity.Conclusion: Existing comorbidities, including COPD, cardiovascular disease MESHD, coronary heart disease MESHD, diabetes, and hypertension MESHD hypertension HP represent a risk of increasing the severity of the disease MESHD in COVID-19 patients.

    Preparedness and Approaches of Healthcare Providers to Tackle the Transmission TRANS of Covid-19 among North Shewa Zone Hospitals, Amhara, Ethiopia, 2020.

    Authors: Getaneh Baye Mulu; worku Misganaw Kebede; Solomon Adanew worku; Yohannes Moges Mittiku; Birhanu Ayelign Jemere

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-36151/v1 Date: 2020-06-16 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background Coronavirus disease MESHD 2019 (COVID-19 is an emerging respiratory disease MESHD that is caused by a novel coronavirus and was first detected in December 2019 in Wuhan, China. The disease MESHD is highly infectious, and its main clinical symptoms include fever MESHD fever HP, dry cough MESHD cough HP, fatigue MESHD fatigue HP, myalgia MESHD myalgia HP, and dyspnea MESHD dyspnea HP. Health care providers are in front in fighting the coronavirus spread by making themselves the risk of contracting the disease MESHD. This study aimed to assess the preparedness and approaches of healthcare providers to tackle the transmission TRANS of COVID-19 among North Shewa Zone Hospitals.Methods Facility-based cross-sectional study was conducted from April to May 2020 among 422 healthcare providers in the North Shewa Zone, Amhara, Ethiopia using a self-administered questionnaire. Study subjects were selected through systematic random sampling based on their proportional distribution of sample size to each hospital. A structured questionnaire will be used to collect data. The data were coded and entered into the Epi data 4.2.1 version and the analysis was carried out in statistical package for social science 25 versions.Results 404 participants involved in the study gives a response rate of 95.7%. The self-satisfaction of healthcare providers revealed 301 (74.5%) of study participants feel unsafe in their workplace. Two-third, 260 (64.4%) of them responded that they feel anxious while working with febrile patients. Nearly one -third (31%), 27.4%, 15.9%, 14.5%, 14.2% of HCP had access to gloves, facemask, goggle, shoe, and apron respectively in hospitals.Conclusion Protecting healthcare workers is a public health priority. Access to essential personal protective equipment during the COVID-19 pandemic was limited. The poor perception of healthcare professionals about not having enough support from medical institutions and public health authorities raises the need to urgently implement strategies to protect healthcare workers in the time of the COVID-19 pandemic.

    "Analysis of the Primary Presenting Symptoms and Hematological Findings of COVID19 Patients in Bangladesh"

    Authors: Abu Taiub Mohammed Mohiuddin Chowdhury; Md Rezaul Karim; H.M.Hamidullah Mehedi; Mohammad Shahbaz; Md Wazed Chowdhury; Dan Guo; Shuixiang He

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-35016/v1 Date: 2020-06-12 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background:SARS-Cov-2 infection MESHD or COVID-19 is a global pandemic. From the time of identification to till, multiple clinical symptoms and parameters have been identified by the researchers of various countries and regions regarding the diagnosis and presentations of COVID19 disease MESHD. In this manuscript, we investigated the primary symptoms and basic hematological presentations of SARS-CoV-2 infection MESHD among the Bangladeshi patients. Methodology: We have collected the disease MESHD history of mild to moderate degree of COVID19 patients; hematological and biochemical on admission reports of moderate degree COVID19 patients.  All of them were tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 by RT PCR in different institutes in Bangladesh. Results: According to this study though COVID19 patients in Bangladesh commonly presented with fever MESHD fever HP, cough MESHD cough HP, fatigue MESHD fatigue HP, shortness of breath, and sore throat, but symptoms like myalgia MESHD myalgia HP, diarrhea MESHD diarrhea HP, skin rash HP, headache MESHD headache HP, Abdominal pain MESHD Abdominal pain HP/cramp, nausea MESHD nausea, vomiting HP, vomiting MESHD, restlessness HP, and a higher temperature of >1000F have a greater presentation rate and more frequent than other published studies. CRP and Prothrombin time was found to increase in all the patients. Serum SERO ferritin, ESR, SGPT, and D-Dimer were found increased among 53.85%, 80.43, 44%, and 25% patients respectively. 17.39% of the patients had leucocytosis and neutrophilia HP. 28.26% of patients presented with lymphocytopenia. 62.52% of patients had mild erythrocytopenia. Conclusion: Despite some similarities, our study has evaluated a different expression in presenting symptoms in the case of COVID19 patients in Bangladesh. CRP, Prothrombin time, serum SERO ferritin, ESR, SGPT, D-Dimer, erythrocytopenia, and lymphocytopenia can be initial diagnostic hematological findings and assessments for prognosis COVID19 disease MESHD. Also, Gender TRANS variation has a different scenario of clinical and laboratory appearance in this region.

    Persistent Hiccups MESHD as atypical presentation of COVID-19: a Case Report

    Authors: Mohamed Zahran

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-34617/v1 Date: 2020-06-11 Source: ResearchSquare

    The recent  outbreak of SARS-CoV-2 has become pandemic since it began in late 2019. Typical symptoms include cough, shortness of breath or difficulty breathing, fever MESHD fever HP, myalgia MESHD myalgia HP and sore throat. There are other unusual or atypical presentations of COVID-19 in ORL practice.  We report a 64-year-old male TRANS patient presenting with hiccups MESHD as the only symptom. Chest x-ray ray revealed new ground-glass opacities in both lung fields and he was found to be COVID-19 positive by RT-PCR. Early recognition of the COVID-19 atypical presentations by the Otolaryngologist facilitates subsequent management and case isolation to eliminate the risk of viral transmission TRANS

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MeSH Disease
Human Phenotype
Transmission
Seroprevalence


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