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MeSH Disease

Human Phenotype

Transmission

There are no transmission terms in the subcorpus


Seroprevalence
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    A phenome-wide association study (PheWAS) of COVID-19 outcomes by race using the electronic health records data in Michigan Medicine

    Authors: Maxwell Salvatore; Tian Gu; Jasmine A. Mack; Swaraaj Prabhu Sankar; Snehal Patil; Thomas S. Valley; Karandeep Singh; Brahmajee K. Nallamothu; Sachin Kheterpal; Lynda Lisabeth; Lars G. Fritsche; Bhramar Mukherjee

    doi:10.1101/2020.06.29.20141564 Date: 2020-07-01 Source: medRxiv

    Blacks/African Americans are overrepresented in the number of hospitalizations and deaths MESHD from COVID-19 in the United States, which could be explained through differences in the prevalence SERO of existing comorbidities. We performed a disease MESHD- disease MESHD phenome-wide association study (PheWAS) using data representing 5,698 COVID-19 patients from a large academic medical center, stratified by race. We explore the association of 1,043 pre-occurring conditions with several COVID-19 outcomes: testing positive, hospitalization, ICU admission, and mortality. Obesity MESHD Obesity HP, iron deficiency anemia MESHD iron deficiency anemia HP and type II diabetes were associated with susceptibility in the full cohort, while ill-defined descriptions/complications of heart disease MESHD and stage III chronic kidney disease HP kidney disease MESHD were associated among non-Hispanic White (NHW) and non-Hispanic Black/African American (NHAA) patients, respectively. The top phenotype hits in the full, NHW, and NHAA cohorts for hospitalization were acute renal failure, hypertension MESHD hypertension HP, and insufficiency/ arrest respiratory HP failure, respectively. Suggestive relationships between respiratory issues and COVID-19-related ICU admission and mortality were observed, while circulatory system diseases MESHD showed stronger association in NHAA patients. We were able to replicate some known comorbidities related to COVID-19 outcomes while discovering potentially unknown associations, such as endocrine/metabolic conditions related to hospitalization and mental disorders related to mortality, for future validation. We provide interactive PheWAS visualization for broader exploration.

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MeSH Disease
Human Phenotype
Transmission
Seroprevalence


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