Corpus overview


Overview

MeSH Disease

There are no MeSH Disease terms in the subcorpus


Human Phenotype

Transmission

Seroprevalence
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    Outpatient screening of health status and lifestyle among post-bariatric patients during the Covid-19 pandemic in Sao Paulo, Brazil.

    Authors: Karla Fabiana Goessler; Carolina Ferreira Nicoletti; Diego Augusto Nunes Rezende; Sofia Mendes Sieczkowska; Gabriel Perri Esteves; Rafael Genario; Gersiel Nascimento Oliveira-Junior; Kamila Meireles; Ana Jessica Pinto; Michele Nakahara-Melo; Roberto Cleva; Marco Aurelio Santo; John Kirwan; Hamilton Roschel; Bruno Gualano

    doi:10.1101/2020.07.30.20165068 Date: 2020-08-02 Source: medRxiv

    Background/Objectives: This was an out-of-hospital screening of health status and lifestyle during the Covid-19 pandemic in post-operative bariatric patients from Sao Paulo, Brazil, prevented from face-to-face health care. Subjects/Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 66 patients were remotely (via phone call) and in-person (by home visit) assessed for health status and lifestyle habits. Results: Mean age TRANS was 47.4 years. Patients were obese grade I (30.0%), II (22.0%), and III (30.0%), and 94.2% had above reference waist circumference values. Sixty-four percent displayed high blood SERO pressure, whereas 24% showed CRP levels above normal range. Nineteen percent of patients reported irregular use of nutritional supplementation and 6.0% reported binge eating habits. Thirty-three exhibited symptoms of depression. Mild-to-moderate and moderate-to-severe anxiety HP symptoms were reported by 27.4% and 11.3% of the patients; 4.5% exhibited suicidal ideation HP and were referred to a specialist for healthcare. Of relevance, inactive patients (59.6%) had poorer global mental and physical health scores as compared to active peers (both p<0.05). Conclusion: This out-of-hospital screening revealed that the absence of face-to-face health care due to the Covid-19 pandemic is associated with suboptimal status of physical and mental health as well as lifestyle inadequacies among patients who have recently undergone bariatric surgery.

    Psychiatric symptoms, risk, and protective factors among university students in quarantine during the COVID-19 pandemic in China

    Authors: Shufang Sun; Simon B Goldberg; Danhua Lin; Shan Qiao; Don Operario

    doi:10.1101/2020.07.03.20144931 Date: 2020-07-04 Source: medRxiv

    This study investigated psychiatric symptoms (depression, anxiety HP, and traumatic stress) during state-enforced quarantine among university students in China. We conducted a cross-sectional survey with 1,912 university students during March and April 2020. Psychiatric symptoms in the mild or higher range based on clinical cut-offs were alarmingly prevalent: 67.05% reported traumatic stress symptoms, 46.55% had depressive symptoms, and 34.73% reported anxiety HP symptoms. Further, 19.56% endorsed some degree of suicidal ideation HP. We explored factors that may contribute to poor psychological health as well as those that may function as protective factors. Risk and protective factors examined included demographic variables, two known protective factors for mental health (mindfulness, perceived social support), four COVID-specific factors (COVID-19 related efficacy, perceived COVID-19 threat, perceived COVID-19 societal stigma, COVID-19 prosocial behavior) and screen media usage. Across psychiatric symptom domains, mindfulness was associated with lower symptom severity, while COVID-19 related financial stress, perceived COVID-19 societal stigma, and perceived COVID-19 threat were associated with higher symptom severity. COVID-19 threat and COVID-19 stigma showed main and interactive effects in predicting all mental health outcomes, with their combination associated with highest symptom severity. Average screen media device usage was 6 hours and usage was positively associated with depression. Female TRANS gender TRANS and COVID-19 prosocial behavior were associated with higher anxiety HP, while COVID-19 self-efficacy associated with lower anxiety HP symptoms. Study limitations and implications for treatment and prevention of affective disorders during crisis are discussed.

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MeSH Disease
Human Phenotype
Transmission
Seroprevalence


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