Corpus overview


Overview

MeSH Disease

Human Phenotype

Transmission

Seroprevalence
    displaying 1 - 3 records in total 3
    records per page




    Lesson by SARS-Cov 2 disease (COVID-19): whole body CT angiography detection of relevant and other/incidental systemic vascular findings

    Authors: Gaetano Rea; Francesco Lassandro; Roberta Lieto; Giorgio Bocchini; Federica Romano; Giacomo Sica; Tullio Valente; Emanuele Muto; Patrizia Murino; Antonio Pinto; Vincenzo Montesarchio; Maurizio Muto; Daniela Pacella; Ludovica Capitelli; Marialuisa Bocchino

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-65060/v1 Date: 2020-08-24 Source: ResearchSquare

    Objectives: The aim of our study was to assess the frequency distribution of relevant and incidental vascular events in a retrospective cohort of 42 COVID-19 patients. Methods: All patients were studied by whole-body CT angiography.Twenty-three out of 42 patients were admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU). Results: Relevant vascular events were recorded in the 71.4% of the whole study population. Pulmonary embolism HP Pulmonary embolism MESHD was the most frequent one both in ICU and no-ICU cases (56.5% vs10.5%, p=0.002). Ischemic infarction MESHD of other organs was affecting with an increasing prevalence SERO the gut, the spleen, the liver, the brain and the kidney, with a simultaneous ischemic MESHD occurrence in some cases. Multi-focal venous thrombosis HP venous thrombosis MESHD was also represented especially in ICU patients (p=0.005). Among incidental findings, splanchnic vessels little-size aneurysms MESHD were reported in the 40% of the whole population, with relative frequencies similarly distributed in ICU and no-ICU patients.Conclusions: Vascular involvement is not negligible in COVID-19 and should be carefully investigated as may significantly affect disease behavior and prognosis.

    SARS-CoV-2 and Stroke HP Stroke MESHD Characteristics: A Report from the Multinational COVID-19 Stroke HP Stroke MESHD Study Group

    Authors: Shima Shahjouei; Georgios Tsivgoulis; Rohan Arora; Mohammad Hossein Harirchian; Nasrin Rahimian; Afshin Borhani-Haghighi; Stefania Mondello; Arash Kia; Alireza Vafaei Sadr; Ashkhan Mowla; Venkatesh Avula; Saeed Ansari; Ramin Zand; Vida Abedi; Ghasem Farahmand; Eric Koza; Martin Punter; Annemarei Ranta; Achille Cernigliaro; Alaleh Vaghefi Far; Afshin Borhani-Haghighi; Jiang Li; Oluwaseyi Olulana; Durgesh Chaudhary

    doi:10.1101/2020.08.05.20169169 Date: 2020-08-07 Source: medRxiv

    Background: Stroke HP Stroke MESHD is reported as a consequence of SARS-CoV-2 infection MESHD. However, there is a lack of regarding comprehensive stroke HP stroke MESHD phenotype and characteristics Methods: We conducted a multinational observational study on features of consecutive acute ischemic stroke MESHD ischemic stroke HP ( AIS MESHD), intracranial hemorrhage HP intracranial hemorrhage MESHD ( ICH MESHD), and cerebral venous or sinus thrombosis MESHD ( CVST MESHD) among SARS-CoV-2 infected MESHD patients. We further investigated the association of demographics, clinical data, geographical regions, and countrie's health expenditure among AIS MESHD patients with the risk of large vessel occlusion (LVO), stroke HP stroke MESHD severity as measured by National Institute of Health stroke HP stroke MESHD scale (NIHSS), and stroke HP stroke MESHD subtype as measured by the TOAST criteria. Additionally, we applied unsupervised machine learning algorithms to uncover possible similarities among stroke HP stroke MESHD patients. Results: Among the 136 tertiary centers of 32 countries who participated in this study, 71 centers from 17 countries had at least one eligible stroke HP stroke MESHD patient. Out of 432 patients included, 323(74.8%) had AIS MESHD, 91(21.1%) ICH MESHD, and 18(4.2%) CVST MESHD. Among 23 patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage HP subarachnoid hemorrhage MESHD, 16(69.5%) had no evidence of aneurysm MESHD. A total of 183(42.4%) patients were women, 104(24.1%) patients were younger than 55 years, and 105(24.4%) patients had no identifiable vascular risk factors. Among 380 patients who had known interval onset of the SARS-CoV-2 and stroke HP stroke MESHD, 144(37.8%) presented to the hospital with chief complaints of stroke HP stroke MESHD-related symptoms, with asymptomatic TRANS or undiagnosed SARS-CoV-2 infection MESHD. Among AIS MESHD patients 44.5% had LVO; 10% had small artery occlusion MESHD according to the TOAST criteria. We observed a lower median NIHSS (8[3-17], versus 11[5-17]; p=0.02) and higher rate of mechanical thrombectomy (12.4% versus 2%; p<0.001) in countries with middle to high-health expenditure when compared to countries with lower health expenditure. The unsupervised machine learning identified 4 subgroups, with a relatively large group with no or limited comorbidities. Conclusions: We observed a relatively high number of young, and asymptomatic TRANS SARS-CoV-2 infections MESHD among stroke HP stroke MESHD patients. Traditional vascular risk factors were absent among a relatively large cohort of patients. Among hospitalized patients, the stroke HP stroke MESHD severity was lower and rate of mechanical thrombectomy was higher among countries with middle to high-health expenditure.

    Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Haemorrhage MESHD After COVID-19 Infection

    Authors: Sajjad Muhammad; Soheil Naderi; Mostafa Ahmadi; Askar Ghorbani; Daniel Hänggi

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-48374/v1 Date: 2020-07-24 Source: ResearchSquare

    BackgroundSARS-CoV-2 virus infection leads to a severe and dysbalanced inflammatory MESHD response with hypercytokinemia and immunodepression. Systemic inflammation MESHD due to viral infections MESHD can potentially cause vascular damage MESHD including disruption of blood SERO-brain barrier (BBB) and alterations in coagulation system that may also lead to cardiovascular and neurovascular events. Here, we report the first case of COVID-19 infection MESHD leading to aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage MESHD ( aSAH MESHD). Case DescriptionA 61-year-old woman presented with dyspnea HP dyspnea MESHD, cough HP cough MESHD and fever HP. She was over weight with Body mass-index of 34 and history of hypertension HP hypertension MESHD. No history of subarachnoid hemorrhage HP subarachnoid hemorrhage MESHD in the family. She was admitted in ICU due to low oxygen saturation (89%). A chest CT showed typical picture of COVID-19 pneumonia HP pneumonia MESHD. Oropharyngeal swab with a PCR-based testing was COVID-19 positive. She was prescribed with favipiravir and hydroxychloroquine in Addition to oxygen support. On second day she experienced sudden headache HP headache MESHD and losst conciousness. A computer tomography (CT) with CT-angiography revealed subarachnoid haemorrhage MESHD in basal cisterns from a ruptured anterior communicating artery aneurysm MESHD. The aneurysm MESHD was clipped microsurgically through a standard pterional approach and the patient was admitted again to intensive care unit for further intensive medical treatment. Post-operative the patient showed slight motor dysphasia HP dysphasia MESHD. No other neurological deficits.ConclusionAneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage MESHD secondary to COVID-19 infection MESHD might be triggered by systemic inflammation MESHD. COVID-19 infection MESHD could be one of the risk factors leading to instability and rupture of intracranial aneurysm MESHD.

The ZB MED preprint Viewer preVIEW includes all COVID-19 related preprints from medRxiv and bioRxiv, from ChemRxiv, from ResearchSquare, from arXiv and from Preprints.org and is updated on a daily basis (7am CET/CEST).
The web page can also be accessed via API.

Sources


Annotations

All
None
MeSH Disease
Human Phenotype
Transmission
Seroprevalence


Export subcorpus as...

This service is developed in the project nfdi4health task force covid-19 which is a part of nfdi4health.

nfdi4health is one of the funded consortia of the National Research Data Infrastructure programme of the DFG.