INTRODUCTION – During Covid-19 pandemic, some elective non-deferrable surgical procedures has been maintained on a local basis to avoid complications of time-dependent issues. The aim of this paper is to suggest a possible strategy for the management of patients with Hirschsprung MESHD
( HSCR MESHD
) during this dramatic Covid-19 pandemic considering.MATERIALS AND METHODS - A systematic literature search on PubMed and Embase of all available literature addressing “Hirschsprung”, “preoperative enterocolitis MESHD
”, “preoperative mortality”, “complications”, and “timing” in all possible combination has been performed limiting documents to the last 10 years and excluding non-English papers.RESULTS – Systematic review assessed 170 papers and focused on 10 full-text papers addressing the same issues as above. The incidence of preoperative HAEC proved to be as high as 34% with a mortality between 2.4% and 8%. Age TRANS
at surgery varied in literature reports but recent evidences suggested that patients should be operated around 3 months of age TRANS
after effective bowel decompression. Rectal irrigations should not be continued over 2 to 4 months to avoid nutritional issues and subsequent possible increase of surgical complications.CONCLUSIONS – Based on available literature, contingent shortage of health resources and necessity to avoid hospital overcrowding during this pandemic, we suggest as follows: 1) surgery should be delayed for healthy neonates up to 3 months of age TRANS
, and a diverting enterostomy consider for those with ultralong HSCR MESHD
, unwell or with ineffective nursing; 2) surgery can be delayed but rectal irrigations cannot be maintained indefinitely (ideally within 2 to 4 months at maximum); 3) Surgery could be postponed in older patients, provided previous bouts of HAEC are excluded. This chosen behaviour of our Center for Digestive Diseases aims at avoiding risk of complication and serve the best for our patients in this delicate setting of Covid-19 pandemic.