Corpus overview


Overview

MeSH Disease

Human Phenotype

Obesity (1)


Transmission

Seroprevalence

There are no seroprevalence terms in the subcorpus

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    Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights Challenges among Ugandan Youth during COVID-19 Pandemic lockdown: An online Cross-Sectional Study

    Authors: Simon Binezero Mambo; Franck K. Sikakulya; Robinson Ssebuufu; Yusuf Mulumba; Henry Wasswa; Kelly Thompson; Jean Christophe Rusatira; Fiona Bhondoekhan; Louis K. Kamyuka; Surat Olabisi Akib; Claude Kirimuhuzya; Jane Nakawesi; Patrick Kyamanywa

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-48529/v1 Date: 2020-07-24 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background The COVID-19 pandemic threatens access to sexual and reproductive health and rights. With global health emergencies MESHD, there is often a total reversal of priorities and sexual and reproductive health rights services may become challenging. The aim of this study was to establish the challenges to sexual and reproductive health and rights among Ugandan youth during the lockdown due to COVID-19 pandemic. Methods This was an online cross-sectional study carried out from April 2020 to May 2020 in Uganda. An online questionnaire was used and participants aged TRANS 18 to 30 years recruited using the snowballing approach. The statistical analysis was done using STATA version 14.Results Out of 724 participants, 203 (28%) reported not having information and/or education concerning sexual and reproductive health (SRH). About a quarter of the participants (26.5%) reported not having testing and treatment services of Sexual transmitted Infections MESHD available during the lockdown. Lack of transport means was the commonest (68.7%) limiting factor to access to SRH services during the lockdown followed by the long distance from home to health facility where to get the services (55.2%), cost of services (42.2%) and curfew (39.1%). Sexually transmitted diseases MESHD were the commonest (40.4%) challenge relating to SRH during this lockdown followed by unwanted pregnancy (32.4%) and sexual abuses (32.4%). The Multivariate Regression Analysis shows that challenges were more prevalent among the co-habiting youth [APR: 2.3 (1.6 - 3.29), p<0.001] followed by unemployed (Volunteer or unpaid) [APR: 1.6 (1.03 - 2.64), p: 0.037] than others participants. Conclusions The findings of this study show that Ugandan youths have challenges to access to SRHR information and services during lockdown due to COVID-19. Cohabiting and unemployed participants were mostly affected among Ugandan youths. Lack of transport means and cost of services were the limiting factors to access SRHR services among youths. Therefore, effective measures should be put in place to ensure access and availability of SRHR for Ugandan youths during the COVID-19 lockdown.

    COVID-19 Growth Rate Decreases with Social Capital

    Authors: Lav R. Varshney; Richard Socher

    doi:10.1101/2020.04.23.20077321 Date: 2020-04-29 Source: medRxiv

    Background: Social capital has been associated with many public health variables including mortality, obesity MESHD obesity HP, diabetes, and sexually-transmitted disease MESHD rates. However, the relationship of social capital to the spread of infectious disease MESHD like COVID-19 is lacking. The COVID-19 pandemic presents an unprecedented threat to global health and economy, for which control strategies have relied on aggressive social distancing. However, an understanding of how social capital is related to changes in human mobility patterns for adherence to social distancing is lacking. Objective: This study examines the association between state- and county-level social capital indices and community health indices in the United States, and the growth rate of COVID-19 cases. It also examines changes in human mobility. Methods: Using publicly available state- and county-specific time series data for COVID-19 cases from March 13 to March 31, we used exponential fits to determine growth rate. We obtained publicly available mobility change data, originally measured from GPS-enabled mobile devices. The design was then state- and county-level correlation analysis with social capital and community health indices from the Social Capital Project (United States Senate). Results: In bivariate linear correlation analyses, we find social capital and community health indices were negatively associated with COVID-19 growth rates at both the state and county levels. The correlation was strongest at the county level for the community health index: a one-unit increase in the county community health index was associated with a decrease in the COVID-19 growth rate exponent by 0.045. In further bivariate correlation analyses, we find that social capital indices were negatively associated with retail/recreation movement and positively associated with residential movement. That is, an increase in social capital is correlated with slower COVID-19 infection MESHD spread and more adherence to social distancing protocols. Conclusion: Our results indicate the potential benefit of incorporating social capital concepts in planning policies to control the spread of COVID-19, e.g. different social distancing requirements in different communities. The results also indicate a need for further research into this potentially causal relationship, including examining interventions to increase social capital, community health, and institutional health.

The ZB MED preprint Viewer preVIEW includes all COVID-19 related preprints from medRxiv and bioRxiv, from ChemRxiv, from ResearchSquare, from arXiv and from Preprints.org and is updated on a daily basis (7am CET/CEST).

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MeSH Disease
Human Phenotype
Transmission
Seroprevalence


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