Corpus overview


MeSH Disease

Infections (2)

Nausea (2)

Vomiting (2)

Vertigo (2)

Fever (1)

Human Phenotype


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    A Randomized Trial of Ivermectin-Doxycycline and Hydroxychloroquine-Azithromycin therapy on COVID19 patients.

    Authors: Abu Taiub Mohammed Mohiuddin Chowdhury; Mohammad Shahbaz; Md Rezaul Karim; Johirul Islam; Dan Guo; Shuixiang He

    doi:10.21203/ Date: 2020-06-29 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background The worldwide COVID-19 pandemic was caused by a newly discovered Coronavirus. The treatment methods for COVID-19 are emerging and rapidly evolving. Existing drugs, including Ivermectin and Hydroxychloroquine, offer the hope of effective treatment in early disease MESHD. In this study, we investigated and compared outcomes of Ivermectin-Doxycycline vs. Hydroxychloroquine-Azithromycin combination therapy COVID19 patients with mild to moderate disease MESHD.Methods Patients with mild to moderate COVID-19 disease MESHD, tested positive by RT PCR for SARS-CoV-2 infection MESHD at Chakoria Upazilla Health Complex, Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh, were included in this study. Patients were divided randomly into two groups: Ivermectin 200µgm/kg single dose + Doxycycline 100 mg BID for 10days in group A, and Hydroxychloroquine 400 mg 1st day, then200mg BID for 9days + Azithromycin 500 mg daily for 5 days in group B. PCR for SARS-CoV-2 was repeated in all symptomatic patients on the second day onward without symptoms, or, for those who were asymptomatic TRANS (throughout the process), on the 5th day after taking medication and repeated every two days onward if the result is positive. Time to negative PCR and time to full symptomatic recovery was measured for each group.Results All subjects in the Ivermectin-Doxycycline group (group A) reached a negative PCR for SARS-CoV-2, at a mean of 8.93days, and all reached symptomatic recovery, at a mean of 5.93days, with 55.10% symptom-free by the 5th day. In the Hydroxychloroquine-Azithromcyin group (group B), 96.36% reached a negative PCR at a mean of 6.99days and were symptoms-free at 9.33days. Group A patients had symptoms that could have been caused by the medication in 31.67% of patients, including lethargy MESHD lethargy HP in 14(23.3%), nausea MESHD nausea HP in 11(18.3%), and occasional vertigo MESHD vertigo HP in 7(11.66%) of patients. In Group B, 46.43% had symptoms that could have been caused by the medication, including 13(23.21%) mild blurring of vision HP and headache MESHD headache HP; 22(39.2%) increased lethargy MESHD lethargy HP and dizziness MESHD, 10(17.85%) occasional palpitation HP, and 9(16.07%) nausea MESHD nausea and vomiting HP and vomiting MESHD.Conclusion The Ivermectin-Doxycycline combination showed a trend toward superiority to the Hydroxychloroquine-Azithromycin combination therapy in the case of patients with mild to moderate COVID19 disease MESHD, though the difference in time to becoming symptom-free and the difference in time to negative PCR was not statistically significant.

    Anaesthetic managment and clinical outcomes of parturients with COVID-19: a multicentre, retrospective, propensity score matched cohort study

    Authors: Yuan Zhang; Rong Chen; Jie Wang; Yuan Gong; Qin Zhou; Hui-hui Cheng; Zhong-yuan Xia; Xiangdong Chen; Qing-tao Meng; Daqing Ma

    doi:10.1101/2020.03.24.20042176 Date: 2020-03-27 Source: medRxiv

    Objective:To analyse the clinical features of COVID-19 parturients, and to compare anaesthetic regimen and clinical outcomes in parturients with or without COVID-19 undergoing cesarean delivery.Methods: Data were extracted from the electronic medical record of 3 medical institutions in Hubei Province, China, from June 1, 2019 to March 20, 2020 according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. After propensity score matching with demographics, the clinical and laboratory characteristics of parturients with or without COVID-19 were analysed. The anaesthetic regimen and clinical outcomes of themselves and their infants were compared in these two groups of parturients. Results: A total of 1,588 patients without SARS-CoV-2 infection MESHD undergoing cesarean delivery were retrospectively included. After achieving a balanced cohort through propensity score matching, 89 patients (COVID-19 group), who were diagnosed with COVID-19 by SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid test and CT scan matched with 173 patients without COVID-19 (Control group). The SARS-CoV-2 infected parturients in the early stages of COVID-19 outbreak was much more than during the later stage. The main clinical characteristics of parturients with COVID-19 were fever MESHD fever HP (34.8%), cough MESHD cough HP (33.7%), an increased plasma SERO CRP (52.8%) and a decreased lymphocyte counting (33.7%). A high rate of emergency MESHD and a high incidence of anaesthesia-related complications, such as pharyngalgia, multiple puncture, intraoperative hypotension MESHD hypotension HP, nausea MESHD nausea, vomiting HP, vomiting MESHD, vertigo MESHD vertigo HP and chills MESHD chills HP in the COVID-19 parturients. In addition, the parturients with COVID-19 had a long duration of operation and hospital stay, and an increased intraoperative oxytocin utilization and postoperative oxygen therapy. The newborns from the SARS-CoV-2 infected mothers, who received general anaesthesia, had a high risk of Apgar score [≤]8 at 1 and 5 minutes after delivery and a higher rate of neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admission. Conclusions: Anaesthesia-related complications occur more frequently in the COVID-19 parturients and their newborns have a high risk of distress.

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MeSH Disease
Human Phenotype

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