Corpus overview


Overview

MeSH Disease

Human Phenotype

Transmission

Seroprevalence
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    Mental distress and its associations with behavioral outcomes during the COVID-19 pandemic: A national survey of Chinese adults TRANS

    Authors: Lu Ma; Liwang Gao; Joseph Tak-fai Lau; Rahman Atif; Blair T. Johnson; Alice Fang Yan; Zumin Shi; Yixin Ding; Peng Nie; Jinge Zheng; Youfa Wang; Weidong Wang; Qian-Li Xue

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-56290/v1 Date: 2020-08-09 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background This study primarily aimed to evaluate the associations between mental distress and COVID-19-related changes in behavioral outcomes, and potential modifiers ( age TRANS, gender TRANS, and educational attainment) of such associations.Methods An online survey using anonymous network sampling was conducted in China during April-May, 2020 using a 74-item questionnaire distributed through social media. A national sample of 10,545 adults TRANS in 31 provinces provided data on socio-demographic characteristics, COVID-19-related mental distress, and changes in behavioral outcomes. Structural equation models were used for data analyses.Results About 13% of adults TRANS reported experiencing at least one symptom of mental distress. After adjusting for covariates, greater mental distress was associated with increased smoking and alcohol consumption (among current smokers and drinkers) and with both increased and decreased physical activity. Underweight adults TRANS were more likely to lose body weight MESHD (≥ 1 kg) whereas overweight MESHD overweight HP adults TRANS were more likely to gain weight MESHD by the same amount. Association between mental distress and change in physical activity was stronger in adults TRANS aged TRANS 40 and above and those with high education.Conclusions Mental distress was associated with increased smoking in males TRANS but not females TRANS. These findings inform the design of tailored public health interventions aimed to mitigate long-term negative consequences of mental distress on outcomes.

    Providing breastfeeding support during the COVID-19 pandemic: Concerns of mothers who contacted the Australian Breastfeeding Association

    Authors: Naomi Hull; Renee L Kam; Karleen D Gribble

    doi:10.1101/2020.07.18.20152256 Date: 2020-07-20 Source: medRxiv

    Concerns of mothers seeking breastfeeding support during the COVID-19 pandemic, and the experiences of Australian Breastfeeding Association (ABA) volunteers who assisted them, were explored via an online survey. Surveys were completed 16th March to 18th of May 2020 and described the COVID-19 related concerns of 340 individuals. One hundred and thirty six mothers (64%) sought support to protect their infants by continuing breastfeeding, increasing milk supply, or restarting breastfeeding. Mothers were commonly stressed, isolated and needing reassurance. Thirty four (10%) raised concerns about COVID-19 and breastfeeding safety. One hundred and twenty nine (61%) informed volunteers they were unable to access face-to-face health services because of fear or unavailability. Most common breastfeeding concerns were related to insufficient milk or weight gain MESHD, painful breasts, relactation, and reducing supplemental milk. Volunteers reported mothers were worried stress had reduced milk supply, that milk supply concerns were exacerbated by the inability to weigh infants, and that seeking medical treatment was being delayed. ABA volunteers stated they felt supported and confident assisting mothers while also expressing distress at mothers situation. ABAs role in emergency MESHD response should be recognised and national planning for infant and young child TRANS feeding in emergencies MESHD, must be urgently developed, funded, and implemented.

    The effect of the COVID-19 induced lockdown on nutrition, health and lifestyle patterns among adults TRANS in Zimbabwe

    Authors: Tonderayi M Matsungo; Prosper Chopera

    doi:10.1101/2020.06.16.20130278 Date: 2020-06-19 Source: medRxiv

    Background: The 2019 coronavirus disease MESHD (COVID-19) is a global public health nightmare resulting in lockdowns, associated diet and lifestyle changes and constraint public health delivery. Objective: To investigate the impacts of the COVID-19 induced lockdown in Zimbabwe on nutrition, physical activity and lifestyle patterns among Zimbabwean population aged TRANS [≥]18years. Methods: A cross-sectional online survey was conducted using a structured questionnaire to collect information on demographics ( age TRANS, gender TRANS, place of residence, current employment), food system dimensions, diet and physical activity patterns, stress and anxiety HP, body image perceptions, lifestyle behaviours like smoking, alcohol intake, screen time, and ease of access to health services. Electronic informed consent was obtained from all participants prior to completing the survey. Results: The majority of the participants were between the ages TRANS of 31-40 years, were female TRANS (63.0%) and had tertiary education (91.3%). The lockdown resulted in increase in food prices (94.8%) and decrease in availability of nutritious foods (64%). Most (62.5%) of the participants reported a reduction in their physical activity levels. The prevalence SERO of Generalised Anxiety HP Disorder (GAD) was 40.4% and mostly affecting females TRANS [63.5%, P=0.909), 31-40 years age group TRANS (49.6%, P=0.886). Based on the BMI-based Silhouette Matching Test (BMI-SMT) 44.5% gained weight MESHD, 24.3% lost weight and 31.2% did not have weight change. The paired samples T test showed that there was a significant increase in perceived body weight MESHD (P<0.001). More than half (59.6%) reported having difficulties accessing drugs and medication and 37.8% growth monitoring services. Conclusions: The lockdown period was associated with increase in food prizes, decrease in dietary diversification, elevated stress, disrupted diet and consumption patterns. There was low levels of physical activity and perceived weight gained MESHD during the lockdown period. However, there are still lots on unknowns concerning the COVID-19 pandemic future studies with larger population are required.

    Self-reported changes in energy balance behaviors during COVID-19 related home confinement: A Cross-Sectional Study

    Authors: Surabhi Bhutani; Jamie A Cooper; Michelle R Vandellen

    doi:10.1101/2020.06.10.20127753 Date: 2020-06-12 Source: medRxiv

    Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has caused people to shelter-at-home for an extended period, resulting in a sudden rise in unstructured time. This unexpected disruption in everyday life has raised concerns about weight management, especially in high-risk populations of women and individuals with overweight MESHD overweight HP and obesity MESHD obesity HP. This study aimed to investigate the changes in behaviors that may impact energy intake and/or energy expenditure in U.S. adults TRANS during the home confinement. Methods: Cross-sectional data from 1,779 adults TRANS were collected using an online Qualtrics survey between April 24th and May 4th, 2020. Self-reported data on demographics, eating behaviors, physical activity, sleep, screen time, takeout food intake, and food purchasing behaviors were collected. Chi-Square analyses were conducted to evaluate differences in the percent of participants reporting increasing, decreasing, or staying the same in each health behavior since the COVID-19 outbreak in their area. Each analysis was followed by comparing whether increases or decreases were more likely for each health behavior. Similar comparisons were made between male TRANS and female TRANS participants and between body mass index (BMI) categories. Results: We observed an increase in the intake of both healthy and energy-dense unhealthy foods and snacks during the home confinement. Participants also reported increases in sedentary activities and decrease in physical activity, alcohol intake, and consumption of takeout meals during this time. In women, several behavioral changes support greater energy intake and less energy expenditure than men. No clear difference in patterns was observed across BMI status. Conclusion: Acute changes in behaviors underscore the significance of a sudden increase in unstructured time at home on potential weight gain MESHD. Our findings support the need to implement and support measures that promote strategies to maintain body weight MESHD and establish a methodology to collect body weight MESHD data at multiple time points to longitudinally assess the dynamic relationship between behaviors and body weight change MESHD.

    Diet and physical activity during the COVID-19 lockdown period (March-May 2020): results from the French NutriNet-Sante cohort study

    Authors: Melanie Deschasaux-Tanguy; Nathalie Druesne-Pecollo; Younes Esseddik; Fabien Szabo de Edelenyi; Benjamin Alles; Valentina A Andreeva; Julia Baudry; Helene Charreire; Valerie Deschamps; Manon Egnell; Leopold K Fezeu; Pilar Galan; Chantal Julia; Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot; Paule Latino-Martel; Jean-Michel Oppert; Sandrine Peneau; Charlotte Verdot; Serge Hercberg; Mathilde Touvier

    doi:10.1101/2020.06.04.20121855 Date: 2020-06-05 Source: medRxiv

    Background: Since December 2019, the coronavirus disease MESHD (COVID-19) has massively spread, with overwhelming of health care systems and numerous deaths MESHD worldwide. To remedy this, several countries, including France, have taken strict lockdown measures, requiring the closure of all but essential places. This unprecedented disruption of daily routines has a strong potential for disrupting nutritional behaviours. Nutrition being one of the main modifiable risk factors for chronic disease MESHD risk, this may have further consequences for public health. Our objective was therefore to describe nutritional behaviours during the lockdown period and to put them in light of individual characteristics. Methods: 37,252 French adults TRANS from the web-based NutriNet-Sante cohort filled lockdown-specific questionnaires in April-May 2020 (nutritional behaviours, body weight MESHD, physical activity, 24h-dietary records). Nutritional behaviours were compared before and during lockdown using Student paired t-tests and associated to individual characteristics using multivariable logistic or linear regression models. Clusters of nutritional behaviours were derived from multiple correspondence analysis and ascending hierarchical classification. Results: During the lockdown, trends for unfavourable nutritional behaviours were observed: weight gain MESHD (for 35%; +1.8kg on average), decreased physical activity (53%), increased sedentary time (63%), increased snacking, decreased consumption of fresh food products (especially fruit and fish), increased consumption of sweets, biscuits and cakes. Yet, opposite trends were also observed: weight loss MESHD weight loss HP (for 23%, -2kg on average), increased home-made cooking (40%), increased physical activity (19%). These behavioural trends related to sociodemographic and economic position, professional situation during the lockdown (teleworking or not), initial weight status, having children TRANS at home, anxiety HP and depressive symptoms, as well as diet quality before the lockdown. Modifications of nutritional practices mainly related to routine change, food supply, emotional reasons but also to voluntary changes to adjust to the current situation. Conclusion: These results suggest that the lockdown led, in a substantial part of the population, to unhealthy nutritional behaviours that, if maintained in the long term, may increase the nutrition-related burden of disease MESHD and also impact immunity. Yet, the lockdown situation also created an opportunity for some people to improve their nutritional behaviours, with high stakes to understand the leverages to put these on a long-term footing.

    Impact of COVID-19 on clinical practice, income, health and lifestyle behavior of Brazilian urologists

    Authors: Cristiano M Gomes; Luciano Favorito; João Victor T Henriques; Alfredo F Canalini; Karin M. J. Anzolch; Roni de C Fernandes; Carlos H S Bellucci; Caroline S Silva; Marcelo L Wroclawski; Antonio Carlos L Pompeo; Jose Bessa-Junior

    doi:10.1101/2020.06.05.20121566 Date: 2020-06-05 Source: medRxiv

    Objectives: To evaluate the impact of COVID-19 on clinical practice, income, health and lifestyle behavior of Brazilian urologists during the month of April 2020. Materials and Methods: A 39-question, web-based survey was sent to all urologist members of the Brazilian Society of Urology. We assessed socio-demographic, professional, health and behavior parameters. The primary goal was to evaluate changes in urologists ' clinical practice and income after two months of COVID-19. We also looked at geographical differences based on the incidence rates of COVID-19 in different states. Results: Among 766 urologists who completed the survey, a reduction [≥] 50% of patient visits, elective and emergency MESHD surgeries was reported by 83.2%, 89.6% and 54.8%, respectively. An income reduction of [≥] 50% was reported by 54.3%. Measures to reduce costs were implemented by most. Video consultations were performed by 38.7%. Modifications in health and lifestyle included weight gain MESHD (32.9%), reduced physical activity (60.0%), increased alcoholic intake (39.9%) and reduced sexual activity (34.9%). Finally, 13.5% of Brazilian urologists were infected with SARS-CoV-2 and about one third required hospitalization. Urologists from the highest COVID-19 incidence states were at a higher risk to have a reduction of patient visits and non-essential surgeries (OR=2.95, 95% CI 1.86 - 4.75; p < 0.0001) and of being infected with SARS-CoV-2 (OR=4.36 95% CI 1.74 - 10.54, p = 0.012). Conclusions: COVID-19 produced massive disturbances in Brazilian urologists' practice, with major reductions in patient visits and surgical procedures. Distressing consequences were also observed on physicians' income, health and personal lives. These findings are probably applicable to other medical specialties.

    Eating habits and lifestyle Changes during COVID-19 lockdown: an Italian survey

    Authors: Laura Di Renzo; Paola Gualtieri; Francesca Pivari; Laura Soldati; Alda Attinà; Giulia Cinelli; Claudia Leggeri; Giovanna Caparello; Luigi Barrea; Francesco Scerbo; Ernesto Esposito; Antonino De Lorenzo

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-30403/v1 Date: 2020-05-19 Source: ResearchSquare

    Background: On December 12, 2019 a new coronavirus (SARS-Cov2) emerged in Wuhan, China, sparking a pandemic of acute respiratory syndrome MESHD in humans (COVID-19). At 24th of April 2020, the number of COVID-19 deaths MESHD in the world, according to the COVID-Case Tracker by Johns Hopkins University, was 195,313 and the number of Covid-19 confirmed cases TRANS was 2,783,512. The COVID-19 pandemic represents a massive impact on human health, causing sudden lifestyle changes, through social distancing and isolation at home, with social and economic consequences. Optimizing public health during this pandemic requires not only knowledge from the medical and biological sciences, but also of all human sciences related to lifestyle, social and behavioural studies, including dietary habits and lifestyle. Methods: Our study aimed to investigate the immediate impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on eating habits and lifestyle changes among Italian population aged TRANS ≥12 years. The study instrument comprised a structured questionnaire packet that inquired demographic information ( age TRANS, gender TRANS, place of residence, current employment); anthropometrics data (reported weight and height); dietary habits information (Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet, daily intake of certain foods, food frequency, number of meals/day); lifestyle habits information (grocery shopping, smoke habit, sleep quality and physical activity). The survey was conducted from 5th to 24th of April 2020. Results: the perception of weight gain MESHD was observed in 48.6% of the population; 3.3% of smokers decided to quit smoking; a slight increased physical activity has been reported, especially for bodyweight training, in 38.3% of respondents; the population group aged TRANS 18-30 years resulted to have a higher adherence to the Mediterranean Diet when compared to the youngers and the olders (p=0.000; p=0.000); 15% of respondents turned to farmers or organic purchasing groups for fruit and vegetables, especially in North and Center Italy, where BMI values were lower. Conclusions: In the present study, we provided for the first time data on the Italian population lifestyle, eating habits and adherence to the Mediterranean Diet pattern during the COVID-19 lockdown. However, as the COVID-19 pandemic is ongoing, our data need to be confirmed and investigated in future larger population studies.

    Poor Eating Habits and Predictors of Weight Gain MESHD During the COVID-19 Quarantine Measures in Kuwait: A Cross Sectional Study

    Authors: Nouf S ALMughamis; Shaimaa AlAsfour; Shariq Mehmood

    doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-29219/v1 Date: 2020-05-14 Source: ResearchSquare

    Objective Despite the public health importance of documenting the burden of physical inactivity and weight gain MESHD, there is a paucity of such data in Kuwait during the lockdown for Covid-19 pandemic. Therefore, this survey was designed to estimate: the burden of poor eating habits particularly binge eating habits, fluctuations in weight and its predictors among the Kuwaiti public. Results There was a total of 522 valid respondents, with a mean age TRANS of 41.78 (11.75) years. There was a significant increase in weight of respondents during the quarantine (mean difference= -1.13, SD 5.39, t= -4.52, p < 0.001). Those with reporting unhealthy diets were 4.5 times more likely to report an increase in weight. Those reporting having anxiety HP throughout the day were 2.45 times more likely and those consuming snacks excessively were associated with 3.27 times higher odds of increase in weight than those not consuming it. 

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MeSH Disease
Human Phenotype
Transmission
Seroprevalence


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