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MeSH Disease

Human Phenotype

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Transmission

Seroprevalence
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    Mental health and health behaviours before and during the COVID-19 lockdown: Longitudinal analyses of the UK Household Longitudinal Study

    Authors: Claire L Niedzwiedz; Michael Green; Michaela Benzeval; Desmond Campbell; Peter Craig; Evangelia Demou; Alastair H Leyland; Anna Pearce; Rachel M Thomson; Elise Whitley; Srinivasa Vittal Katikireddi

    doi:10.1101/2020.06.21.20136820 Date: 2020-06-23 Source: medRxiv

    Background: There are concerns that COVID-19 mitigation measures including lockdown may have unintended health consequences. We examined trends in mental health and health behaviours in the UK before and during the COVID-19 lockdown and differences across population subgroups. Methods: Repeat cross-sectional and longitudinal analysis of the UK Household Longitudinal Survey, including representative samples of adults TRANS ( aged TRANS 18+) interviewed in four surveys between 2015 and 2020 (n=48,426). 9,748 adults TRANS had complete data for longitudinal analyses. Psychological distress was assessed using the General Health Questionnaire-12 (GHQ). Binary outcomes were created for loneliness, current smoking and use of e-cigarettes. Alcohol consumption was assessed using three binary measures assessing frequent, binge and heavy drinking. Cross-sectional weighted prevalence SERO estimates were calculated and multilevel Poisson regression assessed associations between time period and the outcomes of interest, as well as differential effects by age TRANS, gender TRANS, education level and ethnicity. Results: Psychological distress substantially increased one month into the COVID-19 lockdown, with the prevalence SERO rising from 19.4% (95% CI 18.7%-20.0%) in 2017-19 to 30.3% (95% CI 29.1%-31.6%) in April 2020. Women's mental health was particularly affected, as was that of the most educated and young adults TRANS. Loneliness remained stable overall. Smoking and e-cigarette use declined and the proportion of people drinking on four or more days per week increased, as did binge drinking MESHD. Conclusions: Psychological distress increased one month into lockdown, particularly among women and young adults TRANS. Smoking declined, but the frequency of alcohol consumption increased. Effective treatment and prevention are required to mitigate adverse impacts on health.

    Effects of COVID-19 home confinement on physical activity and eating behaviour Preliminary results of the ECLB-COVID19 international online-survey

    Authors: ACHRAF AMMAR; Michael Brach; Khaled Trabelsi; Hamdi Chtourou; Omar Boukhris; Liwa Masmoudi; Bassem Bouaziz; Ellen Bentlage; Daniella How; Mona Ahmed; Patrick Mueller; Notger Mueller; Asma Aloui; Omar Hammouda; Laisa Liane Paineiras-Domingos; Annemarie Braakman-jansen; Christian Wrede; Sophia Bastoni; Carlos Soares Pernambuco; Leonardo Mataruna; Morteza Taheri; Khadijeh Irandoust; Aimen Khacharem; Nicola Bragazzi; Karim Chamari; Jordan M Glenn; Nicholas T Bott; Faiez Gargouri; Lotfi Chaari; Hadj Batatia; Gamal Mohamed Ali; Osama Abdelkarim; Mohamed Jarraya; Kais El Abed; Nizar Souissi; Lisette Van Gemert-Pijnen; Bryan L Riemann; Laurel Riemann; Wassim Moalla; Jonathan Gomez-Raja; Monique Epstein; Robbert Sanderman; Sebastian Schulz; Achim Jerg; Ramzi Al-Horani; Taysir Mansi; Mohamed Jmail; Fernando Barbosa; Fernando Santos; Bostjan Simunic; Rado Pisot; Donald Cowan; Andrea Gaggioli; Stephen J Bailey; Jurgen Steinacker; Tarak Driss; Anita Hoekelmann

    doi:10.1101/2020.05.04.20072447 Date: 2020-05-08 Source: medRxiv

    Abstract Background Public health recommendations and governmental measures during the COVID-19 pandemic have enforced numerous restrictions on daily living including social distancing, isolation and home confinement. While these measures are imperative to abate the spreading of COVID-19, the impact of these restrictions on health behaviours and lifestyle at home is undefined. Therefore, an international online survey was launched in April 2020 in seven languages to elucidate the behavioral and lifestyle consequences of COVID-19 restrictions. This report presents the preliminary results from the first thousand responders on physical activity (PA) and nutrition behaviours. Methods Thirty-five research organisations from Europe, North-Africa, Western Asia and the Americas promoted the survey through their networks to the general society, in English, German, French, Arabic, Spanish, Portugese, and Slovenian languages. Questions were presented in a differential format with questions related to responses before and during confinement conditions. Results 1047 replies (54% women) from Asia (36%), Africa (40%), Europe (21%) and other (3%) were included into a general analysis. The COVID-19 home confinement had a negative effect on all intensities of PA (vigorous, moderate, walking and overall). Conversely, daily sitting time increased from 5 to 8 hours per day. Additionally, food consumption and meal patterns (the type of food, eating out of control, snacks between meals, number of meals) were more unhealthy during confinement with only alcohol binge drink MESHD decreasing significantly. Conclusion While isolation is a necessary measure to protect public health, our results indicate that it alters physical activity and eating behaviours in a direction that would compromise health. A more detailed analysis of survey data will allow for a segregation of these responses in different age groups TRANS, countries and other subgroups which will help develop bespoke interventions to mitigate the negative lifestyle behaviors manifest during the COVID-19 confinement.

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MeSH Disease
Human Phenotype
Transmission
Seroprevalence


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